江苏省徐州市沛县张寨镇中学七年级英语下册《Unit 4 Grammar》活
1. New words:（The prepositions of place）
2. To use “ a” , “ an” , “ the” .
Learning procedure: Activity 1.pre-read write down the words and phrases:
1.在草地上（ ）2.看起来像（ ） 3.半小时 （ ）
4.在那边 （ ）5.一个美丽的湖（ ）6.踢足球 （ ）
7.在左边 （ ）8.在右边（ ）9.在商店外面（ ） Activity 2.Language points;
A: a/an 泛指“一个”。“a”用于辅音音素前，“an”用于元音音素前 。the特指
(1) 用于第一次提到某人或某物时用a / an。
例：这是一本书 This is __ book. 这是一本有趣的书This is __ interesting book.
例：鸟会飞。A bird can fly.
有个年轻人在等你。A young man is waiting for you .
(3)用在事物的度量单位前, 如时间、 速度、 价格等, 表示 “每一个”。
例：我们常常一天两次去学校。 We often go to school two times a day.
(4) 用于某些特定的词组。 例如：a few 几个， a little 有点，等等。
例：瓶子里有点牛奶。 There is a little milk in the bottle.
例：我有一本书，在桌子上。I have a book ,the book is on the desk.
桌子里的书包是我的。The bag in the desk is mine.
例：the sun the moon the earth the sky the world the winter night
太阳比月亮大。The sun is bigger than the moon.
(3)the 用在姓名复数之前, 表示一家人。
格林一家人待我们很好。 The Greens is very kind to us.
你住在哪？我住在二层。Where do you live？I live on the second(第二) floor.
I like playing the violin.我喜欢拉小提琴。
I like playing football. 我喜欢踢足球。
3.表示方位的介词:in/ on/ in front of /in the front of /under/ over /below / above /outside/inside /behind/near
below反义词above outside反义词 inside under 反义词over
Write your name below the line．在线下写上你的名字
The cat was under the table．猫在桌子下面。
There is a bridge over the river.河上有座桥。
in the front of -------I am standing in the front of the classroom.
in front of ------You can see a garden in front of the library.
The boy is outside the shop.
1.I spend(花费)_____ hour doing my homework every day.
2.He has _____ uncle.
3.There is ____ “s”in the word “his”.
4._______Wangs are form Nanjing.
5.Tommy is _____tallest(最高的) boy in his class.
6.We know that ______ moon moves around ______sun.
7.They had ______ good time in the park yesterday.
8.I like playing _____ football very much.my sister likes playing _____ piano(钢琴).
9.I have ____pen,____pen is in my pencilbox.
10.---Did you get there by _______ bike?-----No,I took______ taxi.
（ ）1.Beijing,_____capital( )of China,has _____long history.(2011徐州中考) A. a; a B.the; / C.the; a D./; the
（ ）2.Mr Wang has worked as____ English teacher for more than 10 years. (2011连云港中考)
A. / B.a C.an D. the
( ) 3. “Will the charity show be ________ success?” I kept asking myself. (2012徐州中考)
A. a B. an C. the D. 不填
( )4. In order to find ______ better job, she planned to learn ______ second
foreign language. (2012徐州中考) A. the； a B. a； a C. the； the D. a； the ( )5. China has 考)
A. above area of about 9,600,000 square kilometers. (2012盐城中B. an C. the D. / D. in the front of D. under （ ）6.There is a playground __________ the building. B. in front of C. behind B.over B.over C. in ( )7.You can see a bridge______the river. ( )8.There is a cat ________ the door. C. behind D. under
( )9._____the left of the hill,you can see a lake.
A. in B.On C. above D. below
( )10. The 30th London Olympic Games will begin _______ 27th July 2012. (2011徐州中考)
A. in B. on C. at D. for
1.Look,two boys __________(row) a boat in the lake.
2.He _____ (look)like his father.
3.Let’s _____(go) across the bridge and see the elephant.
4.Women’s Day is on the ______(eight)of March.
5.They ______(have) a trip next Friday.
6.This is ______(Lucy)bedroom.