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内蒙古阿鲁科尔沁旗天山第六中学八年级英语《Unit6 enjoying cycling Topic2 Section B》导学案

发布时间:2013-11-14 13:41:51  

内蒙古阿鲁科尔沁旗天山第六中学八年级英语《Unit6 enjoying cycling Topic2 Section B》导学案(无答案) 人教新目标版

预习目标

① 必会主要生词和短语 mark, face, camel, east, eastern, north

② 必会主要句型

They surveyed the area to make sure their tombs faced south and had mountains at the back. Qingling is to the east of Yuling. It’s in the southeast of China.

It’s on the north of Hubei.

Did most emperors start to build their tombs when they became emperors?

It’s about two and a half hours by bike..

二.课文探究

1.尝试自己拼读新单词并识记

2.认真阅读文章,翻译下列词组

告诉某人关于某事.____________山脚下,在下端, 在底部_____________

在?. 西北部_________________-.散布,传播__________

标志,表明,记号___________? 的开端.____________

在?两边_____________ 动词,调查,测量,仔细全面审查.___________

弄清楚,查明._________________顺便问一下._____________

两个半小时____________ 另一种表达是: _________________

熟读1a,讨论并翻译

再次阅读1a,回答下列问题(在文章中做记号)

Where are the Ming Tombs? (2) What’s on both sides of the Sacred Way?

When did the emperors start to build their tombs?

What kind of place did the emperors choose for their tombs?

How long does it take them to get there by bike?

找出文中表示方位的句子

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

6. 阅读知识链接,完成3a

三.知识链接 (在划线处填上汉语)

介词 in,on,to 都可以用来表示某个位置的方向,它们的意义不同,故表示的方向及范围也不同:

in 表示方位,含义是“在??之内”,即一个小地方处在一个大地方的范围(疆域)之内。例如: China is in the east of Asia. 。(中国是亚洲的一个国家,处于亚洲的范围之内) Guilin is in the north of Guangxi. 。(桂林是广西的一座城市)

Shanghai lies in the east of China. 。(上海是中国的一个行政区域,在中国的疆域之内) The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 说明:表示某个地方的地理位置时,be,lie 的意义是一样的,可以互换使用。

2. on 表示方位,含义是“在??端/边”,即一个地方在另一个地方的某一端或某一边,两 1

个地方只是相邻或接壤,却互不管辖。例如:

Guangdong Province is on the southeast of Guangxi. 。(广东省与广西在地理位置上是连在一起的,即两者相邻,却互不管辖)

China faces the Pacific on the east. 中国东临太平洋。(中国与太平洋相邻)

Sichuan Province is on the north of Guizhou Province. 。(四川省与贵州省在地理上也是连在一起的,但互不管辖)

3. to 表示方位,含义是“在??面”,即一个地方在另一个地方的范围之外,互不管辖。尤其当两个地方相隔较远,且有湖泊、大海等区域相隔时,通常用 to。例如: Japan is to the east of China. (日本在中国范围之外,且有日本海分隔) Taiwan is to the southeast of Fujian Province. 。(台湾在福建省的范围之外,且两者之间有台湾海峡分隔)

Jinzhou is to the west of Shenyang. 。(锦州和沈阳分别为两座城市,地理位置上互不相连,也互不管辖) There is a beautiful park to the east of the station. 车站东面有一座景色宜人的公园。

四.随堂练习

I.单项选择

1.Fujian is ______ the south of China, and Taiwan is _____ the south of Fujian. A.in, to B.to, in C.to, to D.in, on 2.There are many trees on _____ side of the road.

A.Every B.each C.both D.all

3.-- ______ is it from our school to Lupu Bridge?

--About half an hours’ bus ride.

A.How long B.How often C.How far D.How much

4.It took her _____ to cook the delicious food.

A.Three and a half hour B.three and a half hours C.a half and three hour D.three hour and a half

II.根据下图填空(用in on to of from填空)

1.A is ______ B.

2.C is ______ the west of D.

3.C is very close______ D

4.E is a little far away______ D 5.E is _______the east _____ D

6.F is ______ the east of E. 7.D is _______ the east of C.

2

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