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发布时间:2013-11-14 13:41:52  

Unit 6 定语从句专项练习




3、关系词:引导定语从句的词 ①引导定语从句 ②代替先行词 ③在定语从句中担当一个成分 关系代词:who(主、宾) whom(宾) whose(定) that(主、宾) which(主、宾) 关系副词:where(地点状语), when(时间状语), why(原因状语)



(1)The boys are from Class One.

(2)Yesterday I helped an old man .

2. whom指人,在定语从句中充当宾语,常可省略。

(1) The person is my math teacher.

The person is my math teacher.



(2) The man ( is my friend.

3. which指物,在定语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略

(1) Football is a game . ( which作主语)

(2) This is the pen . ( which作宾语)

4. that指人时,相当于who或者whom;指物时,相当于which。

(1) The people are all here. (作主语)

(2) Where is the man (? (作宾语)

5. whose通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语

(1) He has a friend is a doctor.

(2) I lived in a house has fallen in.


(3)The classroom will soon be repaired.

=The classroom will soon be repaired.

(4)Do you like the book ?

=Do you like the book ? 注:that 用法


(a) 在引导非限制性定语从句时。

The tree, which is four hundred years old, is very famous here.

(b) 介词后不能用。

We depend on the land from which we get our food.

We depend on the land that/which we get our food from.

(2) 只能用that作为定语从句的关系代词的情况

(a) 在there be 句型中,只用that,不用which。

(b) 在不定代词,如:anything, nothing, the one, all等作先行词时,只用that,不用which。 (c) 先行词有the only, the very, the same, the last, just修饰时,只用that。

(d) 先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高级时,只用that,不能用which。.

(e) 先行词既有人,又有物时。

(f) 先行词指物,在主句中作表语时.

(g) 主句是疑问词who /which引导的疑问句时

(h) 先行词是the way或the reason时,that可作关系副词,也可省略

Who that break the window should be punished. 谁打碎了窗户都要受到惩罚.

All that is needed is a supply of oil. 所需的只是供油问题。

Finally, the thief handed everything that he had stolen to the police.


关系副词: 在句中作状语 关系副词=介词+关系代词

why =for which where = in/ at/ on/ ... which (介词同先行词搭配)

when = during/ on/ in/ ... which (介词同先行词搭配)

1. where指地点,在定语从句中做地点状语。

Shanghai is the city where/ in which I was born. (I was born in the city.)

2. when引导定语从句表示时间。在定语从句中做时间状语也可做连接词用

I still remember the day when/ on which I first came to the school. (I first came to the school on the day.)


(1) By the time you arrived in London, we had stayed there for two weeks.

(2) I still remember the first time I met her. 我仍然记得我第一次见到她。

(3)Each time he goes to business trip, he brings a lot of living necessities

3. why指原因 在定语从句中做原因状语

(1) Please tell me the reason why/ for which you missed the plane. (You missed the plane for the reason.)

(2) I don’t know the reason why/ for which he looks unhappy today.



( )1. The book doesn’t say much _____ interests children.

A. what B. that C. which D. who

( )2. This is the best TV set _____ is made in China. A. one B. which C. that D. it

( )3. He was watching the children and bags _____ were in the car.

A. that B. who C. what D. which

( )4. —Who is the man _____ is talking to our English teacher?—Oh! It’s Mr. Baker, our new math teacher.

A. he B. that C. whom D. which

( )5. Don’t talk about such things of you are not sure.

A. which B. that C. what D. who

( )6. Is this the factory you visited the other day?

A. where B. that C. in which D. the one

( )7. Is this factory you visited the other day?

A. where B. that C. in which D. the one

( )8. Is this the factory you worked ten years ago?

A. where B. that C. which D. the one

( )9. The wolves hid themselves in the places couldn’t be found.

A. where B. that C. in which D. in that

( )10. I will tell you he told me last week.

A. all which B. that C. all that D. which

( )11. We’re talking about the piano and the pianist were in the concert we attended last night.

A. which B. whom C. who D. that

( )12. Can you lend me the novel the other day?

A. that you talked B. you talked about it C. which you talked with D. you talked about

( )13. The great day we looked forward to at last.

A. come B. came C. coming D. comes

( )14. I like the second football match was held last week.

A. which B. who C. that D. /

( )15. They were interested you told them.

A. in which B. in that C. all that D. in everything


( )1. Parents shouldn’t let their children _____ too much junk food.

A. eat B. to eat C. eats D. eating

( )2. If Mr. Green _____ back, please let me know.

A. will come B. comes C. came D. had come

( )3. Scientists are trying to _____ new ways to protect the environment.

A. catch up with B. keep up with C. come up with D. make up with

( )4. What Jack did made them _____.

A. to angry B. to be angry C. are angry D. angry

( )5. You have many ways to _____ help when you are in trouble.

A. care for B. wait for C. ask for D. pay for


( )1. There are many tall buildings on ____ sides of the street .

A. each B. every C. both D. either

( )2. “Help ____ to some fish .” Mrs. Smith said to the children.

A. you B. yourself C. yourselves D. yours

( )3. We ____ here two hours ago . We____ here for two hours .

A. have arrived , have been B. have come , have been C. came , have come D. arrived , have been

( )4. Though it was late , _____ he went on with his work .

A. but B. and C. so D. \

( )5. We will have a _____ holiday after the exam .

A. two month B. two-month C. two-months D. two months

( )6. Never eat food that stays overnight(过夜的), _______it tastes _________.

A. if; good B. but; well C. even though; good D. even if; well

( )7. Eating well and _________ can keep you _________.

A. more exercise; healthy B. exercising more; health C. exercising more; healthy D. more exercise; health

( )8. He is expecting me _________tomorrow.

A. to coming B. come C. coming D. to come

( ) 9. The girl, Mary, is easy _________.

A. get along with B. to get along with C. to get with D. to get along

( )10. Beijing is one of the ______ in the world today.

A. busiest city B. busiest cities C. busy city D. busy cities


1. Let’s be good friends and share my________(快乐).

2. ___(练习)speaking English every day.

3.The girl with long hair is the__________(苗条的)of the three.

4. 问候)to your sister,Ann.

5.____(语言)in the world.

6. __ (健康的), you’d take more exercise and eat less food. 生气地).

8. __(起初) of the term,he worked hard.

9.—How many___________(长途汽车)are there? —None.

10. Do you know all the____________(获胜者)names?

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