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新概念一111-112

发布时间:2013-11-15 09:41:18  

比较级、最高级变化规则
1.单音节和少数双音节单词,一般在词尾加 “er”或“est”。 2.以不发音字母“e”结尾的单词,直接在词尾 加 “r”或“st”。 3.以重读闭音节结尾的单词,如果词尾只有一个 辅音字母时,应先双写这一辅音字母,再加 “er”或“est”。 4.以辅音字母+y结尾的单词,应先改“y”为 “i”,在加“er”或“est”。 5.其他双音节单词和多音节单词,都在其前面加 “more”或“the most”。

不规则变化

1. 2. 3. 4.

good/well – better – the best bad - worse - the worst many/ much – more – the most little – less - the least

? many、few + [C] much、little + [U] ? ? ? ? I have many friends. I have more friends. I have much money. I have more money.

Read and compare :
hot few big short small old fine easy hungry early heavy exciting carefully hotter fewer bigger shorter smaller older finer easier hungrier earlier heavier
more exciting

the hottest the fewest the biggest the shortest the smallest the oldest the finest the easiest the hungriest the earliest the heaviest
the most exciting

more carefully

the most carefully

Key words & expressions
model afford deposit instalment price millionaire n. v. n. n. n. n. 型号,式样 付得起(钱) 预付定金 分期付款 价格 百万富翁

★ model [‘m?dl] n.型号、式样,模特
1)型号,样式, This phone machine is the latest model. 这部手机是最新型的 这台电视是最新型的。 This television is the latest model. 2)模型 model plane飞机模型 注意,把model 放在名词前面 3)模特儿 a fashion model 时装模特 凯特是个模特。 Kate is a model.

£ 100

£ 300

It costs … This model is less expensive than that one. It costs… It ‘s the most expensive model in the shop.

£ 500

★ afford [?'f?:d] v.
1 )付得起(钱)afford to do We can’t afford (to buy) a new car. 我们买不起一辆新车 有足够的(金钱/时间)做?. I can’t afford the time. 我抽不出时间。 2 )给予,供给 Music affords us pleasure. (afford sb sth) Music affords pleasure to us. (afford sth to sb) 音乐给我们快乐。

★ deposit [di'p?zit]
n.1) 预付定金,押金,保证金(通常以单数的形式表示) Make a deposit of 500 yuan on a new camera. 为买新的照相机付500块的定金。 2) 存款 定期存款 a fixed deposit 活期存款 a current deposit 提取存款 draw out one’s deposit v. 3) 付定金 He deposited 100 dollars on the bike. 他付了100美元的定金买那辆自行车。 4) 把(钱)存起来 deposit money in a bank 把钱存入银行

★ instalment [in'st?:lm?nt] n.
分期付款,分期摊付的钱 ? 以分期付款的方式 in/by/on instalment ? He paid for the car in instalment. 他以分期付款的方式买那辆车。

★ price [prais]
n. 1)价格,prices表示物价的意思 The prices of vegetables are

going up. 蔬菜的价格正在上涨。 ? the mark price 市价,市场价格 ? 表示price 价格的高,低时,用形容词high,low,, The prices of watches are very low at that store. 那家店的手表很便宜。 ? 询问价钱时,price与what连用, What is the price of this watch? 这手表多少钱? How much is the watch? ? How much is the price of?(错误?)

v. 2) 定价 This book is priced at 10 yuan.

蔬菜价格正在上涨。 The prices of vegetables are going up.

★ millionaire [,milj?'nε?] n.百万富翁
? millionairess 女百万富翁 ? 亿万富翁 billionair ? 《贫民窟的百万富翁》 (Slumdog Millionaire)

MR. FRITH: I like this television very much. How much does it cost? ASSISTANT: It's the most expensive model in the shop. It costs five hundred pounds. MR. FRITH: That's too expensive for us. We can't afford all that money. ASSISTANT: This model's less expensive than that one. It's only three hundred pounds. But, of course, it's not as good as the expensive one. MR. FRITH: I don't like the model. The other model's more expensive, but it's worth the money.

ASSISTANT: Of course. You can pay a deposit of thirty pounds,and then fourteen pounds a month for three years.

MR. FRITH: Do you like it, dear?
MRS. FRITH:I certainly do, but I don't like the price. You always want the best, but we can't afford it. Sometimes you think you're a millionaire! MR. FRITH: Millionaires don’t buy things on instalments!

Watch the video and answer question: Can Mr. Frith buy the television on instalments?

MR. FRITH: I like this television very much. How much does it cost? ASSISTANT: It's the most expensive model in the shop. It costs five hundred pounds. MR. FRITH: That's too expensive for us. We can't afford all that money.

1.How much does it cost?
cost表示花费时间,金钱,主语一般是物
eg.This book cost me 10 yuan. 这本书 我花了10美元。 spend 花时间,金钱,主语一般是人 spend (money)on sth. 在?方面花钱 eg.She spent much money on the clothes.她 花很多钱在衣服上。 spend (time) in doing sth 花时间做某事 eg.I spent a lot of time in reading. 我花很多时间读书。

How much 可以用来询问不可数名词的数 量,也可以用来询问价格。 eg.How much milk is in the cup? 杯 子里还有多少牛奶?

2. It's the most expensive model in the shop. It costs five hundred pounds.
? expensive 形容词,昂贵的,多音节词,比较级 和最高级要用more 和 most ? five hundred pounds ? hundred 有具体数字在前面,不用复数 ? pounds 复数形式 more/less expensive
the most/least expensive
two hundred students hundreds of students

ASSISTANT: This model's less expensive than that one It's only three hundred pounds.But, of course, it's not as good as the expensive one.
MR. FRITH: I don't like the model.The other model's more expensive, but it's worth the money.

3. This model's l

ess expensive cheaper than that one.

4. That's too expensive for us. We can't afford all that money.

to buy

afford,动词,付得起,一般用于否定句和疑问 句中, can’t afford 负担不起 He can’t afford so much money for a house. 他负担不起买这座房子的这么多钱。 Can you afford a car? 你买得起一辆轿车吗?

5. But, of course, it's not as good as the expensive one.
? as good as 和?一样好 ? as?as? 和?一样 ? Your brother is as tall as I am. 你的哥哥和我 一样高。 ? Not as?as 不如?怎么样 ? 这辆车没有那辆车新。 ? the expensive one This car is not as new as that one.
television

6. The other model's more expensive, but it's worth the money.
? the other 是指两者中的另外一个 eg.I have two sisters:one is tall;the other is short.我有两个姐姐,一个高,一个矮。 ? be worth 值??钱 eg.This book is worth 50yuan. 这本书值50元。 eg.It's worth the money. 它值这么多钱。

Can we buy it on instalments?
? 情态动词的一般疑问句。介词短语on instalments作方式状语。 buy … on instalments以分期付款方式购买 =buy …in (by) instalments ? Can we buy it on instalments? ? Can we buy it in instalments? ? Can we buy it by instalments?

ASSISTANT: Of course.You can pay a deposit of thirty pounds,and then fourteen pounds a month for three years.
MR. FRITH: Do you like it, dear? MRS. FRITH:I certainly do, but I don't like the price.You always want the best, but we can't afford it.Sometimes you think you're a millionaire!

MR. FRITH: Millionaires don’t buy things on instalments!

7. Can we buy it on instalments?
? buy …on instalments 以分期付款的方式 购买 ? 你为什么不以分期付款的方式购买这座房 子呢?

Why don’t you buy this house on instalments?

8. You can pay a deposit of thirty pounds, and then fourteen pounds a month for three years.
? pay a deposit of 付…的定金 ? You need to pay a deposit of three pounds for this car. 你要先付300英镑的定金来买这辆车。 ? 钱数前面用 of ,买什么东西用for ? fourteen pounds 前面省略了一个动词 pay ? for three years 分期付款,3年付清

pay a deposit 付??的定金

eg.为购买这辆车,你需要先付10,000元。 You need to pay a deposit of 10,000 yuan for this car.
价格高 The price is high. 价格低 The price is low. 东西的贵或便宜用 expensive & cheap

Grammar
形容词与副词都有三个等级,原级,比较级, 最高级。 原级常用于“as+ adj./ adv. 原级+ as“表示 原级比较:as… as Bill is as fat as Tom . Bill和Tom一样胖。 He runs as fast as you. 他和你跑得一样快。 在as …as 中间使用的形容词和副词一定要用 原级.
否定用not as… as

在“as…as”中间使用的形容词和副词一定要用 原级,中间也可使用名词,但要遵循以下规则: “as + many + n

. (复) + as” “as + much +n. (不可数) + as” 她读过的书和你一样多。 She read as many books as you did. 他尽可能地多喝水。 He drank as much water as he could.

有时为了避免重复,在从句中常用the one代替单 数可数名词,用those代替复数名词,用that代替 不可数名词和某些可数名词。 我希望这个和你给我的一样好。 I hope it was as good as the one you give me. 你们班的女生和我们班的女生一样美丽。 The girls in your class are as pretty as those in our class. 桂林的气候和昆明的一样好。 The climate of Guilin is as good as that of Kunming.

否定原级比较用“not as…as”结构

也可用“less…than”结构 这个问题没有那个问题重要 This question is not as important as that one. This question is less important than that one. 我没有Tom高。 I’m not as tall as Tom. I’m less tall than Tom.

1

as……as

像……一样

2

not as……as

不像……一样

_____is handsome
_____is more handsome _____is the most handsome

? 形容词原级比较结构: as+adj. (原级)+as
? 李敏镐和陈柏霖一样帅。 ? Lee MinHo is as handsome as Berlin.

? 她和蜜蜂一样忙。 ? She is as busy as a bee.

? 形容词原级否定比较结构: not as+adj. +as
? 绿苹果没有红苹果甜。 ? The green apple not as sweet as the red one.

Exercises
1. Of all the students in our class, she is ______. ? A. most careful B. careful C. more careful D. the most careful 2. The snow storm which hit this area last night was _________ in recent years. ? A. heavy B. heavier C. heaviest D. the heaviest 3. Some of the doctors are paid almost twice as ________ as the nurses. ? A. much B. many C. more D. most 4. -All of us are proud of the progress he’s made during the past few years. -Yes, we’re sure he will be even________. ? A. successful B. more successful C. most successful D. successfully 5. –Lily and Jane are both good at singing. ? -Who sings _______? ? A. nice B. well C. better D. the best

Lesson 112 How do they compare?

Pattern Drills 1 The green apple is sweet.

The red apple is sweet, too.
The red apple is as sweet as the green one.

Lesson 112 How do they compare?

Pattern Drills 2 The white car is dirty.

But the black car is clean.
The black car is cleaner than the white one.

The white car is not as clean as the black one.

Quiz

Look at the chart and do the exercises

Apartme nt
Gary’s Tom’s Lily’s Linda’s

Price $7,200.00 $6,300.00 $8,900.00 $7,450.00

Square 94 95 120 120

Bedroom 2 1 3 2

Quiz

Look at the chart and do the exercises

Whose apartment is as large as Lily’s? Whose apartment is not as expensive as Linda’s? Whose apartment has as many bedrooms as Linda’s? Whose apartments are not as small as Tom’s?

Whose apartments are not as cheap as Gary’s?

Quiz

用平级比较写出句子(价格)

Gary’s apartment-Lily’s Linda’s apartment-Lily

’s Tom’s apartment-Gary’s Gary’s apartment-Lily’s (bedroom) Lily’s apartment-Linda’s


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