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新概念一 117 118

发布时间:2013-11-15 09:41:19  

Lesson 117

Tommy?s breakfast

Free talk
? What do you have at breakfast? ? When do you have breakfast? ? Have you ever eaten something wrong? ? How do you do after that?

New words and expressions

dining room
coin

饭厅
n.硬币

mouth
swallow later

n.嘴
v.吞下 adv.后来

toilet

n. 厕所,盥洗室

Key words&expressions
? ? ? ? ? ? ? dining room coin n. mouth n. swallow v. later adv. toilet n. ring v. 饭厅 硬币 嘴 吞下 后来 厕所 响

★dining room
? ? ? ? ? ? dining table sitting room / living room bedroom kitchen balcony garden

饭厅,餐室
餐桌 客厅 卧室 厨房 阳台 花园

★ coin n. 硬币 (note 纸币) That is a one-yuan coin. a silver coin 银币 ? 你能把这个一美元的纸币换成硬币吗? ? Could you change the one-dollar bill into coin? toss a coin 掷硬币(打赌正面或反面) ? Pay a person back in his own coin. 以其人之道还治其人之身。

★ mouth
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

n. 嘴 Open your mouth. 张开你的嘴。 eyebrows, eyes, nose, ears, mouth Shut your mouth. 闭嘴(口) 眉毛,眼睛,鼻子,耳朵,嘴巴 have a big mouth大嘴巴,嘴不严 from hand to mouth from mouth to mouth Don?t talk with your mouth full!

★ swallow
1)v. 吞……,咽…… Tommy swallowed the coins. He swallowed (up) the medicine with water. 他把药和水一起吞下。 The baby swallowed some milk. 2) n. 一口(一口的量) take a swallow of beer 喝一口啤酒 at one swallow 一饮而尽

★ later

late 迟的,晚的
1) adv. 后来,较迟地,较后地 three days later 三天后 He came later than usually.他比平常来得 晚。 See you later. 回头见,再见。 sooner or later 早晚,总有一天 She will come sooner or later. Let?s take a later train.

★ toilet n.

厕所,盥洗室

? bathroom/washroom /restroom ? Water Closet (wc) 委婉用语(欧) ? toilet paper/ toilet roll 卫生纸 ? toilet water 花露水

Questions on the text

Listen to the tape then answer some questions.

? What does she mean by ‘change’ in the last sentence?

Text

When my husband was going into the dining room this morning, he dropped some coins on the floor.
今天早晨我丈夫走进饭厅时,把一些硬币掉在地上了。
美.mp3◇

There were coins everywhere. We looked for them, but we could not find them all.
到处都是硬币。我们虽然找了,但没能把它们 全部找到。

While we were having breakfast, our little boy, Tommy, found two small coins on the floor.
正当我们吃早饭时,我们的小男孩汤米在地上找到了两枚小硬 币。

He put them both into his mouth. We both tried to get the coins, but it was too late. Tommy had already swallowed them!
他把这两枚硬币全都放进了嘴里。我们俩都试图把这两枚硬币 拿出来,但太迟了。汤米已经把硬币咽了下去!

Later that morning, when I was doing the housewo

rk, my husband phoned me from the office.
那天上午的晚些时候,当我正做家务时,我丈夫从办公室打来 电话。

?How's Tommy?? he asked. ?I don't know,? I answered, ?Tommy's been to the toilet three times this morning, but I haven't had any change yet!?
“汤米怎么样?”他问。 “我不知道,”我回答说,“今天上 英.mp3◇ 午汤米去了3次厕所了,但我还没看到硬币!”

? When my husband was going into the dining room this morning, he dropped some coins on the floor.

过去进行时:强调过去某个时间正在发生的事。 was/were + doing
go into 走进,强调“进入”的动作 反义词 go out of 走出…

drop: 掉下还可以表示丢失,丢掉 丢失,丢掉 I dropped my pen at school.
小心,别把花瓶摔了。 Be careful! Don?t drop the vase. 回家的路上,我把等弄丢了。 I dropped my pen on the way home.

? There were coins everywhere. We looked for them, but we could not find them all.
? everywhere 到处 ? look for,寻找(强调动作过程); ? find,找到(强调寻找的结果)。 例:I looked for the dog everywhere, and found it in the garden at last. He looked for his pen everywhere, but he couldn?t find it. all 用来强调每一个硬币。从语法上讲,all 是 them 的同 位语,也可以说成 all of them 。 them all= all of them 例:We all like apple.= All of us like apple.

While we were having breakfast, our little boy, Tommy, found two small coins on the floor. 在某事发生的同时,发生了某事。While引导的 时间状语从句。 过去进行时的时间状语从句一般由when, while及 as等引导,说明主句中动作发生的情景。 当她正在打扫房间的时候,她的丈夫给她打了电 话。 While she was cleaning the room, her husband telephoned her. 当孩子正在花园玩的时候,开始下雨了。 As the children were playing in the garden, it began to rain.

He put them both into his mouth. We both tried to get the coins. But it was too late. Tommy had already swallowed them!
? both 两者都。 他们俩都想去法国。They both want to go to France. 三者或三者以上用all 他们大家都幸福 They were all happy. put…into 把…放进…里去 把书放在桌子上 Put the books on the desk. 过去完成时 <过去的过去>发生的事。 has/ have done 与had done 的区别: Tommy had already swallowed them! 句中用了过去完成时形式 had swallowed。过去完成时用来表 示过去两个动作中发生在前的那个动作。显然,句中咽下硬币 的动作发生在夫妇俩能够把硬币从汤米手中抢过来之前。

? Later that morning, When I was doing the housework, my husband phoned me from the office. ? later that morning 那天上午晚些时候 ? when I was doing the housework… ? 是过去进行时态,表示过去正在进行的动作。 ? my husband phoned me from the office

? 是一般过去时,表示比较短晢的动作或事情。
? later是副词late的比较级。’晚些时候’ ? earlier是early 的比较近。‘早些时候’

‘How?s Tommy?? he asked. ?I don?t know,? I answered, ?Tommy?s been to the toilet three times this morning, but I haven?t had any change yet!?
change是个多义词, “零钱”. “变化”. 此处既可指 “硬 币”;也可指“情况的变化”。这是双关(pun)修辞 法。 I wish to change some pocket money. 我希望换些零钱。 has been to 去过某地 几次(time 次数,可数): three times > twice > once have had这里的had 原形是have=get=see弄到,看到。

翻译句子
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 过一会我们再谈论这件事。 你今天早上在做什么? 我昨天下午一直在写信。 我昨天晚上一直在看电影。 当我进门的时候,我妈妈正在听音乐。 我妈妈在我正在做作业的时候打来了电话。 我爸爸给我了3块钱,我把它们都花了。 我有两个苹果,我妹妹把它们都吃了。 我今天去了三次赵总的办公室,但是他都不在。

Text

When my husband was going into the dining room this morning, he dropped some coins on the floor.
今天早晨我丈夫走进饭厅时,把一些硬币掉在地上了。
美.mp3◇

There were coins everywhere. We looked for them, but we could not find them all.
到处都是硬币。我们虽然找了,但没能把它们 全部找到。

While we were having breakfast, our little boy, Tommy, found two small coins on the floor.
正当我们吃早饭时,我们的小男孩汤米在地上找到了两枚小硬 币。

He put them both into his mouth. We both tried to get the coins, but it was too late. Tommy had already swallowed them!
他把这两枚硬币全都放进了嘴里。我们俩都试图把这两枚硬币 拿出来,但太迟了。汤米已经把硬币咽了下去!

Later that morning, when I was doing the housework, my husband phoned me from the office.
那天上午的晚些时候,当我正做家务时,我丈夫从办公室打来 电话。

?How's Tommy?? he asked. ?I don't know,? I answered, ?Tommy's been to the toilet three times this morning, but I haven't had any change yet!?
“汤米怎么样?”他问。 “我不知道,”我回答说,“今天上 英.mp3◇ 午汤米去了3次厕所了,但我还没看到硬币!”

Grammar 1.构成

过去进行时

was/were +现在分词 疑问句式 把 was/were 提前 否定句式 在 was/were 的后面加 not 疑问句式:把was/ were提前

I was doing my homework this morning. I was not doing my homework this morning. What were you doing this morning?

2. 过去进行时的基本用法: 1)表示过去某一时间正进行的动作。这一特定 的过去时间通常用时间状语,时间状语从句或 由上下文来表示。 they were shaving at seven this morning. 今晨7点钟的时候他们

正在刮胡子。 she was telephoning a friend when I came in. 当我进来时,她在给一个朋友打电话。

2)表示过去某一阶段一直在进行的动作

They were waiting for you yesterday. 他们昨天在等你。 她去年在写一部小说。 She was writing a story last year.

3)表示从过去的某一个时间角度看将要发生 的动作,用语某些瞬间动词:go ,come, leave, stay, fly 等。
they were leaving a few days later. they are leaving a few days later. 几天后他们要离开。 4)与always等副词连用,表示感情色彩

my brother was always losing his keys.
我哥哥总是把他的钥匙弄丢。

Grammar

如果过去的两个动作同时发生,我们可以 用when /while连接这两个同时发生的动作。 译作“正当…的时候”.

When I was doing the housework, my husband telephoned me from the office. 当我正在干家务时,我丈夫从办公室打电话给我。 While I was listening to the stereo, my mother came into the room. 我正在听立体声节目时,我母亲进房间了。 Just as she was cleaning her shoes, George knocked at the door. 她正在擦鞋时,乔治敲门了。 While I was cooking the dinner ,he was working in the garden. 我做饭时,他正在花园里劳作。

What is he doing now?
He is singing now! What was he doing at the concert? He was singing at the concert!

What was she doing at 11 O’clock yesterday morning?
She was cooking at 11 O’clock yesterday morning.

Joe was reading a book. Carfield was watching TV.
while

When Joe was reading a book,Carfield was watching TV.

Translation 1)别把你的秘密告诉她。她说话嘴松。 (秘密 secret) 2)昨天,当电话响起时,我正在做饭。 3)当我回到家的时候,他没有在读报纸。 4)昨天下午三点半,你正在卧室里读书吗?

过去进行时和一般过去时用法的比较
1.过去进行时通常有示在过去某一时刻或某一段 时间正在进行的动作,强调在这一过程中所进 行的动作或展开的情景;而一般过去时则只表 示在过去某一时间发生某一件事。-He drew a picture yesterday afternoon.
(过去某一时间发生的事情,昨天下午画了一副画)

He was drawing a picture yesterday afternoon.
(昨天下午这一段时间所进行的动作是画画,强调这一 过程中所进行的动作)

2. 过去进行时可以表示过去反复做的动作,而 一般过去时表示具体的某一次行为动作。 青蛙跳上跳下 The frog jumped up and down. 青蛙不停的跳上跳下。 The frog was jumping up and down. 他点了点头。 He nodded. 他不停地点头。 He was nodding.

3.leave, arrive, start, die 等用在过去进行 时表示“快要完成,即将…”。而用在一 般过去时当中则表示“己经完成”。 火车快要停了。 The train was stopping. 火车停了。 The train stopped.

Thank you


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