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新概念一 119 120

发布时间:2013-11-15 09:41:19  

Lesson 119 A True Story Lesson 120 It Had Already Happened

Quick Review 复习
过去进行时 概念: 1、在过去某个特定的时间正在进行或发生的 动作。 2、当过去的一个动作发生的时候另外 一个动作正在进行。

结构 1、肯定句:主语+was/were + 现在分词 I was having breakfast. 2、否定句:主语+was/were not +现在分词 They were not watching TV. 3、疑问句:was/were + 主语+ 现在分词 Was he writing a letter last night?

Let’s review.
1. What______ you _______(do) when I ______(come) in just now? were doing came 2. I___________ (play) the piano while mum was cooking ___________(cook) the was playing dinner yesterday. 3. Theywere having (have) a party at this time last Sunday. __________ was cleaning 4. When she___________ (clean) the room, someone opened the door. 5. We were watching TV at ten last night.(改为一般疑问句) Were you watching TV at ten last night? 6. Amy was writing a letter when the telephone rang.(对划线部分提问) What was Amy doing when the telephone rang?

中考链接
? — Amy, I called you yesterday evening, but nobody answered the phone. ? — Oh, I _________ a walk with my mother at that time. ? A. take B. took ? C. am taking D. was taking

have/has+过去分词
1.现在完成时态表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或 结果.
我们的老师已经离开了。 Our teacher has left.

我已经完成作业了。
I have already finished the homework. 他成为了一名医生。 He has become a doctor.

2.某个动作从过去已经开始,一直持续到现在,还有可 能持续到将来.动作的持续性要通过一段时间来表示.
一段时间的表达方法有两种: for: +一段时间 for a year
Since

for two weeks for three years since last week

过去的某一时刻, since nine

一般过去时态的时间状语从句

since you came

since you got home.

注意:for 和since 所引导的时间状语都表示一段时间. He has been away since last week. He has been away for one week. 对划线部分提问都用 How long

N ew
The Past Perfect Tenses 过去完成时

1. cleaned the blackboard
2. closed the window
——————∣—————∣—————→∣——→
had cleaned the blackboard closed the window now

She had cleaned the blackboard before she closed the window. After she had cleaned the blackboard , she closed the window.

1. ate an apple 2. slept
——————∣—————∣—————→∣——→
had eaten an apple slept now

She had eaten an apple before she slept.
After she had eaten an apple , she slept.

1. did his homework 2. played ping pong
——————∣—————∣—————→∣——→
had done his homework played ping pong now

He had done his homework before he played ping pong.

After he had done his homework , he played Ping pong.

by the time 意思是 “到…的时候”, 相当于 when , 后接过去时的

句子 时, 主句的谓语动词用过去完成时态.

By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.

构成:

主语+had + 动词的过去分词 (p.p.)

①表示发生在过去的动作对过去晚些 时候造成的影响或结果 定义: ②过去某一动作一直持续到过去晚些 时候将来可能还要延续。

常以before, by+过去时间,或when, before等引导的过去时态的从句来表 示,也可以通过上下文来表示。

过去完成时的判断依据:
由“过去的过去”来判定。 过去完成时表示“过去的过去”,先发生的动作用过去完 成时,后发生的动作用一般过去时。 first When I got to the station, the train had already left. first

After he had finished his homework, he went to bed.

用法:

1. 过去完成时动词表示过去某一时间或某 一动作之前完成的动作或状态。强调过去 某一动作发生在另一动作之前时。

1.他说他以前见过你。 He said that he ______________ (see) you before. had seen
2. 当我们到那儿时火车已经离开了。 The train __________ (leave) when we arrived had left there.

2. 过去完成时词可以表示过去
用法: 某一时刻之前发生的动作或呈 现的状态,这一动作一直持续 或将继续下去。
1. 到了六点钟为止,他们已经工作了八小时了。

By six o’clock they ____________ (work)for eight hours. had worked
2. 我到广州时,他在那里很长时间了。

had been When I came to Guangzhou , he _____________(be) there for a long time.

用法:

3. 过去完成时和 already, just, ever, yet 等连用表示过去的过去。

1. 他告诉我说他们队已经赢了。 He told me that his team _________ already had won ___________ (win). 2. 她说她仍没去过长城。 She said that she _______________(not go to) the hadn’t been to Great Wall yet.

用法:

过去完成时与when, before, 等引导的 过去时间状语的从句连用,强调动作 发生的时间前后。

1. 她到家之前她的孩子已经睡着了。

When she got home her children ____________(sleep). had slept
2. 在他们到达之前电影已经开始了。 Before they arrived here the film _________ already had started ___________ (start).

when、while、after 、before等常与过去完成时连用, 以强调事件发生的先后次序。

过去完成时的例句: 1.The thieves had already gone when he came downstairs. 2.The train had left when we arrived there.

1. cleaned the blackboard 2. closed the window
——————∣—————∣—————→∣——→
had cleaned the blackboard

closed the window

now

She had cleaned the blackboard before she closed the window.
After she had cleaned the blackboard , she closed the window.

1. ate an apple 2. slept
——————∣—————∣—————→∣——→
had eaten an apple slept now

She had eaten an apple before she slept. After she had eaten an appl

e , she slept.

1. did his homework 2. played ping pong
——————∣—————∣—————→∣——→
had done his homework

played ping pong

now

He had done his homework before he played ping pong. After he had done his homework , he played ping pong.

总结
? 两个事件都发生在过去,如果哪个在前发生用 过去完成时表示,哪个在后用一般过去时表示 本课当中出现before和after 引导的时间状语 从句 Before+一般过去时,主句用过去完成时 After + 过去完成时, 主句用一般过去时

过去完成时的否定形式:
主语+had not/hadn’t+ p.p.+其它.

过去完成时的疑问形式:
Had+主语+p.p.+其它?

肯定回答: Yes,主语+had. 否定回答: No,主语+had + not.

写出下列动词的过去完成时形式(5’/1)
had been be _________________ had seen see_________________ had begun begin _______________ had sung sing_________________ had brought bring________________ had opened open________________

1. We ___________(learn) two thousands words by had learned the end of last year.
had known 2. I ___________ (know) him when I was a student.

3. When we _______(arrive) at the station, they arrived __________(wait) for more than twenty minutes. had waited
had broken 4. One of the men couldn’t move, because he __________ (break) his legs.

1.I ran to the platform quickly,but the train had already left (already leave). ________________ had finished 2. She________ already___________ (finish) the housework before she went out.

句型转换
We had had dinner before they arrived. After _________ we had had dinner,they arrived. 2. He bought another car. He sold his old one. (用after合并句子) He bought _________ another car after he had sold ______ ______ his old car

按要求改写下列句子.
Tom had finished his homework before he watched TV.
Tom hadn’t finished his homework before 否定句:he watched TV.

疑问句:Had Tom finished his homework before he
watched TV?

肯定回答: Yes, he had. 否定回答: No, he hadn’t.

选择题
1. Alice _____________ some Chinese before she came to China. A. learned B. has learned

C. learnt D. had learned 2. The students _________ their classroom when the visitors arrived. A . have cleaned B. had cleaned C. was cleaned D. have been cleaned

改错题
We hadn’t seen something interesting in the park before last Sunday.
anythin g

2. When she woke up this morning, it stopped snowing.
had stopped

翻译题
1. 在我们到达电影院之前,电影已 经开始了.
had begun before The film ________ _________ ________ we got _____ to the cinema.

2. 踢完足球之后我买了瓶果汁.
After had played _________ I ________ _________

bought football, I _________ a bottle of juice.

用所给动词的正确形式填空.(10’/1)
had finished 1. He____________ (finish) the housework before he went out.

Had had 2. _________ your parents _______(have) lunch when

you arrived at home?

? She went on holiday after she had taken the exam. ? After he had came home,he went back to work .

? We had had dinner before they arrived.
? The patient had died when the doctor arrived. ? When I arrived at the train station , the train had already gone .

? 1. I ______ 900 English words by the time I was ten。 C A. learned B. was learning C. had learned D. learnt ? 2. By the time my parents reached home yesterday, I _____ A the dinner already. A had cooked B. cooked C. have cooked D. was cooked D ? 3. By the time he was ten years old, he _________. A has completed university B. has completed the university C had completed an university D. had completed university ? 4. He _____ to play ____ before he was 11 years old. A A had learned, piano B. had learned, the piano C. has learned, the piano D. learns ,piano. ? 5.The students _________ their classroom when the B visitors arrived. A . have cleaned B. had cleaned C. was cleaned D. have been cleaned

用动词的适当形式填空
1. I asked the price of the car, but they _________ (sell ) it. had sold
2. She___________ (clean) the room before she went out. had cleaned had had 3. We__________ ( have ) dinner before they arrived. 4. She went on holiday after she __________( take ) the exam. had taken 5. He went home after he__________ ( see ) the film . had seen had made 6. After she__________ (make ) the dumplings, we ate them. 7. By the time of last term, the boy had learned learn )2000 ___________( words. had been 8. She________ (be) to many cities by the time she was ten.

总结:过去完成时态
? 两个事件都发生在过去,如果哪个在前发 生用过去完成时表示,哪个在后用一般过 去时表示 本课当中出现before和after 引导的时间状 语从句 before+一般过去时,主句用过去完成时
e.g. The film had already begun before I came back.

after + 过去完成时, 主句用一般过去时
e.g. He left the room after he had turned off the light .

Revision
当两个动作都发生在过去,先发生的用过去 完成时,后发生的用一般过去时。 本课当中出现before和after 引导的时间状语 从句。 before +一般过去时,主句用过去完成时
e.g. The film had already begun before I came back.

after + 过去完成时, 主句用一般过去时
e.g. He left the room after he had turned off the light .

Exercise
一. 用动词的适当形式填空: had painted moved 1. We _____________ (paint) the house before we ______________
(move) in. 【翻译】________________________________________________

had made 2. That rich old man _____________ (make) a will before he ____________ (die). died 【翻译】________________________________________________
3. After theyhad studied ___________(study) the map of the country, they___________ (leave) . left 【翻译】________________________________________________
4. When the chairman ______________ (finish) speaking, he had

finished left _____________ (leave)the hall. 【翻译】 5.Tom________(have) lunch when I ________________(get) to their had had got house. 【翻译】________________________________________________

Exercise
二.句型转换:
1.I had sold the ticket when she came.(改否定句)

I had not sold the ticket when she came.
2.She had sung a song to us before she danced.(改否定 句)

She had sung a song to us before she danced.
3.By 10:00 a.m, I had been very hungry. (改一般疑问句并 做肯定回答)

Had you been very hungry by 10:00 a.m.? Yes, I had.
4.Lucy had already completed the project when I arrived. (改一般疑问句并做否定回答)

Had Lucy already completed the project when I arrived? No, she hadn't.

二、过去完成时与现在完成时的比较

形式
现在完成时
主语+have/has+动词的过去分词 主语为三人称单数,则用“has+过 去分词” She has waited here for an hour. 主语为非单三,则用“have+过去 分词” I have waited here for an hour.

过去完成时
主语+ had + 过去分词 had 可用于各种人称和数 By the end of this term, we had learned 1000 English words.

三、过去完成时与一般过去时的比较
一般过去时表示在过去某个时间发生的动作或 存在的状态;而过去完成时表示在过去某一时 间之前完成的动作。
1.We got to the station at 8:00, but the train had left. 我们八点到达车站,但火车已开走了。 2. We got to the station at 8:00, but the train left at 7:30. 我们八点到达车站,但火车七点半就开走了。

Exercise
B 1. —______ you______ your homework yet? —Yes, I _____ it just now. A. Did; do; finished B. Have; done; finished C. Have; done; have finished D. Will; do; finish A 2. —Where is Li Lei? —He ___ Shanghai. A. has gone to B. has been to C. went to D. goes to 3. Those foreign friends left Guangzhou __________. B A. since last week B. a week ago C. for a week D. since a week ago 4. By the end of last year he______ about 1500 English words. D A. learns B. learned C. was learning D. had learned C 5.Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years . A. was ; studying B. will ; study C. has ; studied D. are ; studying

Revision: Lesson119-120 Exercises:
( )1. Mr LuXun died in 1936. He _______ a lot of famous novels. A. wrote B. was writing C. has written D. would write
( )2. --- How was your weekend on the farm? --- Great! We _______ with the farmers. A. enjoy ourselves B. went fishing C. will work D. make friends ( )3. --- What did Mr Jones do before he moved here? --- He _______ a city bus for over twenty-five years. A. is driving B. drove C. has driven D. drives ( )4. He turned off the light and then _______. A. leaves B. has left C. will leave D. left

Revision: Lesson119-120 Exercises:
( ) 5. Father usually ______ his newspaper after dinner. A. read B. reads C. reading D. is reading ( )6.Look! The boy ______ with his mother in the p

ool. A. is swiming B. is swimming C. are swimming D. are swiming ( ) 7. It’s ten o’clock and Jack ______ still(仍然) ______ his homework. A. is, do B. is, doing C. are, do D. are, doing ( )8. Does your mother ______ English now? A. teaches B. teach C. taught D. is teaching

Revision: Lesson119-120 Exercises:
( )9. I’ll go swimming with you if I _____ free tomorrow. A. will be B. shall be C. am D. was ( )10. --- Jimmy is leaving for a holiday. --- Really? Where _______ he _______? A. has; gone B. will; go C. did; go D. would; go ( )11. Frank _______ to see his grandma if he _______ free tomorrow. A. will come; will be B. comes; is C. will come; is D. comes; will be ( )12. Jane has _____ to BeiJing. She will come back tomorrow. A. been B. gone C. went D. never been

Revision: Lesson119-120 Exercises:
( )13.--Who will go to the station to meet Lorry? --I will. I _____ her several times. A. met B. have met C. had met D. will meet

( )14. --____ you ever ____ to the US? -- Yes, twice. A. Have, gone B. Have, been

C, Do, go

D. were, going

( )15.When I reached home, my parents __________their supper. A.are having B.have already had C.have had D. had already had
( )16.We _________the work by six yesterday evening. A. finished B.would finish C. had finished D. had been finished

单词学习
story happen thief enter dark torch voice parrot n. 故事 v. 发生 n. 贼 v. 进入 adj. 黑暗的 n. 手电筒 n. (说话的)声音 n. 鹦鹉

?story n.
1) 故事,小说 a ghost story 2)(关于某事的)陈述,说法 Her story is hard to believe. 她的说法很难令人相信 It’s another story. 那是另一回事。 3)(口语)谎话,说谎者 Don’t tell stories. 不要撒谎。

? happen v.
1)发生 那是怎么发生的?How did it happen? What happened next? The accident happened yesterday. 2) 碰巧 我碰巧在街上见到他。 I happened to see him on the street. It (so) happens + that…. 碰巧… 那个有名的演员碰巧是她的哥哥。 It so happened that the famous actor was her

? thief n. 贼
小偷偷走了我的全部钱财 A thief stole all my money. thief的复数形式:thieves robber 使用暴力抢夺他人财物的强 盗 housebreaker 侵入屋内抢劫财物的强盗

? enter v.
①进入 enter the room ②加入 enter the Party ③输入 enter into the computer 1) 进入 她悄悄地进入屋中。She entered the room quietly. 2)加入…,参加 他21岁上了大学。 He entered the university at the age of 21. Enter for 报名参加 很多学生报名参加这个竞赛。 Many students entered for this competition.

? Dark
adj. ①黑暗的 too dark ②深色的 dark blue
③阴暗的 dark future

1) adj. 黑暗的 太暗了,无法看书It’s too dark to read. 2) 深色的,暗色的 她的眼睛是深色的。She has dark eyes. 3) 阴暗的,忧郁的,暗淡的 The future looked dark in those days. 4)n. 黄昏,傍晚,黑夜(通常不加冠词) before dark

天黑以前 at dark 天黑时 in the dark 在暗处

? torch n.
1) 手电筒 开手电筒 turn on a torch 关手电筒 turn off a torch He used a torch to see into the dark cupboard. 2)火炬 Kindle a torch 燃起火炬 torch relay 火炬传递 light the torch

? voice n.
in an angry voice 以生气的声音 in a sad voice以伤心的声音 Tom called Anna’s name in a weak voice. He told me this news in a sad voice. lose one’s voice 嗓子变哑 我因重感冒,嗓子都哑了。 I’ve lost my voice because of a bad cold.
voice 表示人说话时嗓子发出的声音 sound 表示世间万物的声音 noise表示杂音,不悦人的声音

? Parrot n. 鹦鹉

Key words&expressions
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? story n. happen v. thief n. enter v. dark adj. torch n. voice n. parrot n. exercise book n. 故事 发生 贼 进入 黑暗的 手电筒 (说话的)声音 鹦鹉 练习本

Do you like stories? I want to tell you a true story. It happened to a friend of mine a year ago. While my friend, George, was reading in bed, two thieves climbed into his kitchen. After they had entered the house, they went into the dining room. It was very dark, so they turned on a torch. Suddenly, they heard a voice behind them. "What's up? What's up?" someone called.

The thieves dropped the torch and ran away as quickly as they could. George heard the noise and came downstairs quickly. He turned on the light, but he couldn't see anyone. The thieves had already gone. But George's parrot, Henry, was still there. "What's up, George?" the called. 'Nothing, Henry,' George said and smiled. 'Go back to sleep.

1.What was George doing when the thieves climbed into his kitchen?
He was reading in bed.

2.Did the thieves turn on the torch? Why?
Yes. Because it was very dark.

3.Suddenly what did they hear behind them?
They heard a voice behind them.

4.What did they do when they heard a voice?
They dropped the torch and ran away.

5.What did George do when he heard the noise? Could he see anyone?
George came downstairs. No, he couldn’t.

6. Who called out to the thieves?
George’s parrot, Henry.

Do you like stories? I want to tell you a true story. It happened to a friend of mine a year ago. stories是story的复数形式,前面没有定冠词the,表示泛指,而不是 数量概念。 She likes cats. We like reading books. I hate the dog. tell a story 讲故事 tell sb a story 给某人讲故事 Can you tell us a story? The mother always tells her children stories. true adj. 真实的 a true story 真实故事 truth n. 事 实,真相 Tell me the truth. 告诉我事情的真相。 sth. happen to sb 某事发生在某人的身上 Good things always happen to me. mine = my friend; 双重所有格:a friend of I don’t believe that it happened to him. a friend of my father’s = my father’s friend sb happen to do sth 某人碰巧做某事 I lost my key to the front door yesterday. My mother happened to find it in the garden.

While m

y friend, George, was reading in bed, two thieves climbed into his kitchen. ? in bed 躺在床上 ? stay in bed 躺在床上 ? climb into… 爬到… 里 面去 ? while 表示“当…的时候”,相当when,强调 主句与从句的动作同时发生。 ? While my father was cooking, the doorbell rang. ? While I was typing a letter, my friend called.

After they had entered the house, they went into the dining room. It was very dark, so they turned on a torch. =They had entered the house before they went into the dining room. 强调两个动作的前后顺序时,较早的动作要用过去 完成时。 = They turned on a torch because it was very dark. 连词so,所以、因此,表示结果。 turn on a torch 打开手电筒。

Suddenly, they heard a voice behind them. "What's up? What's up?" someone called. The thieves dropped the torch and ran away as quickly as they could. suddenly 忽然,突然地 I suddenly remembered his name. What’s up? 干什么?有什么事? run away 跑开了,跑掉了,逃跑 Don’t run away. I have something nice to tell you. as...as...can/could/possible 尽可能…地 Run as fast as you can! Please write to me as soon as possible. --as quickly as they could 能跑多快就跑多快。 我尽量地多带东西。I try to bring as many things as I can. He wrote the letter as clearly as he could 她尽可能地把车开快She drove as fast as the could.

George heard the noise and came downstairs quickly.

? heard the noise 听到声响 ? came downstairs 下楼来

He turned on the light, but he couldn't see anyone. The thieves had already gone. ? turn on the light 开灯 ? someone用在肯定句中 ? anyone用在否定句中

But George's parrot, Henry, was still there. "What's up, George?" the called. 'Nothing, Henry,' George said and smiled. 'Go back to sleep. ? Henry 是George’s parrot的同位语。 ? still 仍然 ? he called 指the parrot called 动物有时用he 或she来代 替,是“拟人“的写法 ? nothing 指什么事也没有 ? go back to… 回到(地方,某种状态) ? 我现在期望尽快回到工作上来。 ? I now look forward to going back to work as soon as possible. go back to do sth. 回去继续做某事。go back to work go back to some place 回到某地。 go back to one’s hometown

Language points:
1. It happened to a friend of mine a year ago. 2. While my friend was reading in bed, two thieves climbed into his kitchen. 3. “What’s up?” 4. The thieves dropped the torch and ran away as quickly as they could. 5. He turned on the light, but he couldn’t see anyone.

Revision: Lesson119 A true story Exercise(Text):
Do you like stories? I want to tell you a true story. It happened to a friend of mine a year ago. While my friend, George, was reading in bed, two thieves climbed into his kitchen. After they had entered the house, they went into the dining room. It was very dark, so they turned on a torch. Suddenly

, they heard a voice behind them. 'What's up? What's up?' someone called. The thieves dropped the torch and ran away as quickly as they could.

Revision: Lesson119 A true story Exercise(Text):
George heard the noise and came downstairs quickly. He turned on the light, but he couldn't see anyone. The thieves had already gone. But George's parrot, Henry, was still there. 'What's up, George?' he called. 'Nothing, Henry,' George said and smiled. 'Go back to sleep.'

Now please open your books and turn to Lesson120. Let's look at the pictures.

? Open your books. ? Let's do the exercises.

Lesson 120 A 1 He dropped the vase after he had taken it into the living room. 2 He bought another car after he had sold his old one. 3 He swept the floor after he had dusted everything. 4 She drank the milk after she had boiled it. 5 He turned off the television after he had seen the programme. 6 He went to bed after he had done his homework. B 1 Yes, I have just seen it. I had never seen it before. 2 Yes, I have just read it. I had never read it before. 3 Yes, I have just tried it. I had never tried it before. 4 Yes, I have just been there. I had never been there before. 5 Yes, I have just written a letter in English. I had never written a letter in English before. 6 Yes, I have just watched this programme. I had never watched this programme before.

Lesson 120 C 1 It was too late. He had already painted it. 2 It was too late. She had already dusted it. 3 It was too late. You had already telephoned him. 4 It was too late. You had already corrected it. 5 It was too late. They had already shut it. 6 It was too late. She had already made it.
D 1 I went to the doctor after I had made an appointment. 2 The boss left the office after he had finished work. 3 My wife went out after she had finished the housework. 4 My teacher gave me my exercise book after he had corrected it. 5 My sister went on holiday after she had taken the examination. 6 I bought a new car after I had sold my old one.


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