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定语从句综合复习

发布时间:2013-11-15 10:53:32  

The Attributive Clause

(Attributive clause)
一、概念: 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的句子. ? (在句子中作定语)

Harry Porter is a smart boy.
形容词作定语

Harry Porter is a boy who has magic power. 句子作定语,修饰boy, 叫做定语从句

Harry Porter is a boy who has magic power.

先行词

引导词

定语从句

The book that he gave me is Harry Porter.

二)1、引导词的选择:

that

who
whom

先 行 词 是 人

These are the students who / that won the first place last year.

that
先行词是物

which

These are the trees which / that were planted last year.

Exercise 1 :用关系代词填空
1. The boy ____________ is playing ping-pong is who / that my classmate. 2. The e-mail ___________ I received yesterday which/ that was from my sister. who / that 3. I hate people ______________ talk much but do little. which / that 4. The car _____________ my father bought last month is very beautiful.

2.引导词在定语从句的成份:
主语 指 人 指 物 指 人 和 物 宾语

主语

who who/whom that that Which Which that that that that

1.The woman who has long hair is my English teacher . 宾语 2.I like the book which you gave me yesterday.

Have a try
指出引导词在定语从句中的成份:
1.The man who came to our school is Mr. Wang. ( 主语 ) 2、The camel ( that/ which ) had a bad temper was Tony’s.( 主语 )

2.The girl (who/whom) I met is Lucy. ( 宾语 )
4.I like the book (which) you bought yesterday. ( 宾语 )

3. 只能用that的情况
Tom is the cleverest boy that I have ever known. This is the first play that I have seen since I came here.

① 序数词或形容词最高级修饰先行词时

I’ve read no books that you lend me. ②先行词被 no, any等修饰时。

Everything that we saw in this film was true.

③all, little, much, anything, everything,
something, nothing, 等不定代词作先行词时

This is the very book that belongs to him.

④ 先行词被the only, the very,the last修
饰时。 Who is the girl that is standing under the tree? Which is the machine that we used last Sunday.

⑤ 主句已有who或which时

I’ve never heard of the people and things that you talked about just now.

⑥ 当先行词同时指人和物时

4、不用that的情况
1).关系代词前有介词时 (介词提前) . 指人只用whom, 指物只用which This is the boy with whom he talked. This is the ring on which she spent 1000 dollars.

2 A)What’s that which is under the desk ?
B) Those who are with red hair are his friends。 先行词为that、those时,不用that。

3)Tom,which made us happy is a Lucy’s brother。
引导非限制性定语从句,用which,不用that。

引导词的省略
读课本181页,回答下列问题。 什么情况下引导词可以省略、什么情况下 引导词不可以省略?请举例说明。

who / that / which 作主语. (不能省略) This is the film star who / that is very popular in China

. 1. The boy who / that broke the window is called Roy. 2. The girl who / that is watering the flowers is my cousin. 3. The book which / that is lying on the floor is mine.

who / whom / that /which 作宾语: 可省略) ( The man ( who/ whom/ that ) he described just now is a famous writer.

1.The boy that /who(m) I ‘m looking for is my friend.
2.This is the mistake which /that I always make.

3.I lost the pen which/that my father bought me.

定语从句的主谓一致 观察(Module 7—9)Unit 3 Language practice 中的句子,分析定语从句的谓语用法。 一、引导词在定语从句中做主语时

二、引导词在定语从句中做宾语时

三、主句的谓语

定语从句的主谓一致

1)当引导词在句中做主语时,其谓语动词与 先行词
保持人称和数的一致。

This is one of the trees thatwere planted last year .(plant) 2)当引导词在句中做宾语时,其谓语动词与 定语从句的主语保持人称和数的一致。 The teacher who he likes best is Mr Zhang(like)

3、主句的谓语由

主句的主语

确定。

The cartoons which I like have (have)lots of jokes。 The girl who is waiting for me Mary。 is (be)

练一练 用所给词的适当形式填空。

1、I like books that

are

(be)interesting。

2、I have a friend who plays (play)the piano well。 3、The girl who often helps (help)me with my English is from England。

4、The boy who you met (meet)yesterday is my brother。
5、It is the only cartoon that I have ever seen (see) 6、I am one of the boys who are(be)never late for school。

Check your answers :

1—10 B C A B A 6--10 B B A C A 11—15 B C B C B 16—21 C B B B B B

定语从句考点分析
1、引导词的选择 who that which whom 2、引导词成份

引导词

3、只用that的情况 4、不用that的情况 5、引导词的省略

定语从句中谓语的 确定 英译汉 句子 汉译英 连词成句

当引导词在句中做主语时 当引导词在句中做宾语时 主句的谓语动词确定

Which
中考链接

that

who

1、Steve jobs is one of the persons A founded Apple Computer Company,His death marked the end of an era(时代)。( 2012.东营)

A who

B whom

C which

D/

2、Please pass me the cartoon book D has a Mickey Mouse on the cover。 .(2012 天 津 A whom B whose C who D which ______ make A 3. What do you think of the school uniforms?” “Very good. I like clothes me feel comfortable.”(2012 贵阳)“ A. that B. what C. who

4—Do you enjoy My heart will go on? —No, I prefer songs loud. 【2012四川】 A. that is B. which is C. that are D. what are C

5、The second book

C I want to read is Business。

A which
6 The picture best.

B what C that

D as
the one I like

Ba house and flowers

A which have,is C that have ,are

B which has ,is D who is,has

7、He realized that there were many possibilities for the disabled. One of the things he became int

erested in was (be ) foreign languages.

8、我骑的骆驼有坏脾气(have a bad temper)
The camel that/which I rode had a bad temper. 9、This is the kind of worry that troubles you for hours, or even days. (翻译成汉语) 这是一种麻烦你几个小时,甚至几天的担心。 10.The cartoon is from my friend .I received it 2 hours ago. The cartoon that I received 2 hours ago is from my friend。

达标检测
1、The characters I like are heroes like Superman or Batman . 我喜欢的角色是像超人和蝙蝠侠那样的英雄。

2、I think we should say no to the students who waste(浪费) things every day . 我想我们应该向那些每天浪费东西的同学说不。
3、The nurse is very friendly。She wears glasses。 The nurse who wears glasses is very friendly。 4、Have you finished reading the story ?The story ends in a very funny way。

Have you finished reading the story which ends in a very funny way?

达标检测 1、我正在寻找你在澳大利亚拍的照片。
I’m looking for the photos that you took in Australia。

2、我喜欢的卡通有很多笑话。
The cartoons which /that I like have lots of jokes.

3、它是使每个人跳舞的乐队。
It’s the band which gets everyone dancing.

4、他是上次赢得摄影比赛的摄影师。
He is the photographer who won the photo competition last time.

Homework
1、整理笔记,做配套练习册 P 42 T四 P 44 T一 P 53 T五

2、写三个定语从句来描述你的一位同学或你的一 位老师,让你的同桌或小组内的同学来猜是哪位同 学或哪位老师。


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