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发布时间:2013-09-19 10:32:00  

Review some sports we learned before:









mountain climbing



bowling golf

1. see sb. do sth. “看某事发生的全过 程 ”,常与every day; often等连用。 see sb. doing sth. “看某事正在进行 ” 。

e.g. I saw them playing basketball at 5 p.m. yesterday. (打篮球的动作正在进行, 表示部分 进行着的动作) I saw them play basketball yesterday. (打篮球的动作已完成, 表示全过程 的动作)

典型例题 1) They knew her very well. They had seen her _________ up from childhood. A A. grow B. grew C. was growing D. to grow 答案:A。因题意为,他们看着她长大, 因此强调的是成长的过程,而非正在长的 动作,因此用 see sb. do sth. 的句型。

2) The missing boy was last seen _____ A near the river. A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play 答案 A。本题强调其动作,正在河边玩, 因此用 see sb. doing sth. 的句型。

2. be going to结构: ①表示主语进行某一将来行动的打算、意 图。这种打算常经过预先考虑并含有自 己做好准备的意思。 e.g. I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday. 我打算这个周日和同学们一起打篮球。 She is going to buy a sweater for herself. 她打算为她自己买一件毛衣。

② 表预测。指根据迹象推测, 而且马


What bad weather! It is going to
snow tomorrow. 多糟的天气!看来明天要下雪。

3. against prep. 意为“靠着; 对着; 反对”, 后跟名词或代词作宾语, 反义词是for。 e.g. Are you against or for the plan? 你是同意这项计划还是反对? The soldiers fought against the enemy bravely. 士兵们勇敢地和敌人战斗。 The teacher’s desk is against the wall. 老师的办公桌靠墙放着。

4. cheer sb. on “(比赛、赛跑等中)以 喝彩声鼓励; 为某人加油”。

e.g. The teacher cheered his students
on in the relay race.

I hope you can cheer us on.
cheer up

“(使)高兴起来; (使)振奋起来”。

e.g. Don’t be too worried about the

exam. Cheer up!
The satisfying result cheered him up.

5. win 可表示“赢得比赛, 战斗”等, 宾 语一般是比赛, 竞赛, 战争等名词, 与 beat 近义。 知识拓展: win 与 beat 的用法 win 和 beat 都可用作及物动词, 作 “赢” 、“战胜”讲时, 其区别主要 在于宾语的不同。

1) 充当 win的宾语的是比赛、战争、奖品、
金钱等名词, 即 race, match, game,

competition, war, prize 之类的词。
e.g. They won the match this time. 这次比赛他们赢了。 He won the first prize in the surfing competition. 他在冲浪比赛中获得第一。

2) 充当beat的宾语的则是比赛、竞争的对手, 即指人或球队的名词或代词。 e.g. The girls’ team beat us in the football match. 在那场足球比赛中, 女子队打败了

我们。 We beat the strongest team in the football match this time. 在这次足球赛中我们战胜了最强的那个 队。

6. prefer v. 表示宁愿, 更喜欢。后可接

构或 v.-ing 形式。

e.g. Which do you prefer, milk or tea?
牛奶和茶, 你较喜欢哪一种?

I’d prefer you to wash the clothes.

prefer A to B (= like A better than B) “喜欢A而不喜欢B/喜欢A胜过喜欢B” e.g. I prefer dogs to cats. 我喜欢狗不喜欢猫。 prefer to do rather than do “宁愿……而不……” e.g. She preferred to go with us rather than stay behind. 她宁愿和我们一道去, 而不愿留下。

7. quite adv. “相当, 十分, 完全”
quite 修饰形容词、副词等。

e.g. She is quite right. 她完全正确。
This is quite impossible. 这是完全不可能的。 I know how to use the machine quite well. 我完全知道怎么使用这台机器。 He worked quite hard. 他工作很努力。

quite 修饰名词。
? 当名词前没有形容词修饰时, quite要

e.g. quite a lot (许多), quite a time (很长

一段时间), quite an effort (很大努
力), quite a while (一段相当长的时 间), quite a few (相当多), quite a little (相当多; 大量的)

? 当名词前有形容词修饰时, quite可放

在冠词前, 也可放在冠词之后, 但放在

e.g. He is quite a clever boy. (较普遍)
或 He is a quite clever boy. 他是一个相当聪明的孩子。

quite与not连用, 常构成“not quite”结构,

表示部分否定, 意思是“没有完全……”。
e.g. She is not quite well.

I don’t quite understand the


8. join sb. “参与;加入到......” “与...... 一道去” join + 组织 “加入某个组织” take part in “参加/出席某个活动” e.g. Will you join us for lunch? I will join the skiing club. She is planning to take part in the high jump.

join in 参加,加入(活动) e.g. She listens but she never joins in. He is going to join in with the other children.

9. during 介词,指“在……期间,在某 段时间内”,其后跟表示时间段的名 词。 during the day 意为“在白天”, 相当于 in the day。 e.g. We often go swimming during the summer vacation. 在暑假期间,我们经常去游泳。

10. practice [例句] practice有哪些用法呢?请仔细观 察下面的例句,并补全结论部分所缺的内 容。 a. If you want to learn Japanese well, you must practice every day. b. Jenny is practicing English now. c. Anna often practices playing the piano. d. Learning a language needs a lot of practice.

[结论] 由例句a、b和c可知,practice为 ______ (动词/名词),意为“练习;实 动词 践”。由例句a可知practice可作不及物 动词;由例句b和c可知practice也可作 及物动词,它

后面接动词时,要用动词 的_____形式,如例句c。由例句d可知, -ing practice还可作名词,意为“训练;练 习”。

用括号中单词的正确形式填空。 playing 1. I saw you _______ (play) volleyball just now. are going to have 2. We _______________ (have) a volleyball game next week. 3. Would you like _______ (come) to my to come house tomorrow? skating 4. I prefer _______ (skate) to rowing.


1. Do you skate ____? A A. quite a lot B. a quite lot C. a lot quite 2. I saw you ____ soccer with your A classmates yesterday. A. play B. to play C. played 3. I prefer ___, which sport do you prefer? B A. sking B. skating C. swim

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