Unit Module 3 Culture and history
Revision The present perfect tense
has/have done something
We can use the present perfect tense to talk about things that happened in the past but have a connection to the present. It is formed with has/have + the past participle of the verb. They’ve gone and we’ve won. I have finished. She has not gone. Have they won? Yes, they have. No, they have not. They’ve left their horse.
Look and read
This is a soldier’s room. It is in a mess. The captain is giving him the order to clean it.
Sweep the floor. Make the bed. Wash the dishes. Hang up the clothes. Fix the chair. Empty the rubbish bin. Paint the wall. Mend the hole in the carpet. And get rid of those rats!
At once, sir!
True or false
Now look at the pictures below and decide whether the following statements are T (True) or F (False).
1 2 3 4
The soldier has swept the floor. He has not made the bed. He has washed the dishes. He has not painted the
____ ____ ____
Look and complete
Later the soldier reported back to the captain. This is part of what he said. Look at the pictures below and complete the sentences with have or have not, and the right forms of the verbs.
I (1)_________________ the chair. I (2)_________________ the rubbish bin. I (3)_________________ the clothes. I (4)_________________ ___________ the carpet.
Look and complete
The captain also asked the soldier some questions. Complete their conversations and answers with Yes or No, have or haven’t and the right forms of the verbs. The first one has been done for you.
_______ you _______ the floor? _______, I _______. _______ you _______ the wall? _______, I _______. _______ you _______ the dishes? _______, I _______. _______ you _______ the bed? _______, I _______.
Grammar A The present perfect tense with since and
We often use since and for with the present perfect tense. I have not laughed like this since my childhood. The Greeks have tried to capture our city for ten years. Work out the rule
We use since with (a period of time/a point in time).
We use for with (a period of time/a point in time).
Read and complete
Use since or for to complete the following sentences.
1. He has lived in Nanjing ________ the year before last.
2. I’ve known him __________ we were children.
3. Our teacher has studied Japanese _________ three years.
4. She has been away from the city ___________ about ten years. 5. It has been about ten years __________ she left the city.
Read and answer
A1 Hans is from Hamburg in Germany. He is talking to Doris. Read their conversation and answer the questions.
Doris: So you live in Hamburg, Hans? Hans : Yes, I’m a Hamburger. Have you ever met a Hamburger? Doris: Yes, I met one yesterday at the fast-food restaurant, and I ate it. Hans: Ah, yes. I’ve heard that joke before, Doris. Doris: Sorry, Hans. Tell me, how long have you lived in Hamburg? Hans: Since 1996.
And how long have you lived in Shanghai? Doris: For 14 years. I was born here. 1 Where does Hans live? 3 How long has Doris lived in Shanghai? He _______ in _______. She _______ _______ here _______ 2 How long has Hans lived in ______ ________. Hamburg? 4 Where was Doris born? He _______ _______ there She _______ _______ _______ _______ _______. _______.
A2 Doris is talking about herself. Read what she says and then decide whether the following sentences are T (True) or F (False). Correct any false ones.
Doris has lived in Shanghai for four years. She has studied at New Point Junior High School since September 2010. She has been in the Science Club since November 2011. She has been in the Volleyball Club for two months.
Hello. I’m Doris. It’s now November 2012. I’ve lived in Shanghai since November 1998. I’ve studied at New Point Junior High School for one year and two months. I’ve been in the Science Club for one year. I joined the Volleyball Club two months ago.
Grammar B The present perfect tense and the simple past tense
We can use both the present perfect tense and the simple past tense to talk about a past experience. I have studied History for two years. I had a History lesson yesterday. I have learnt a lot about Greek history. I read the story of the Trojan War last week.
Work out the rule
? We use (the present perfect tense/the simple past tense) to talk about a past experience which has a connection to the present. ? We use (the present perfect tense/the simple past tense) to talk about a completed action in the past.
Read and say
Read the following sentences and tell the differences between them.
Read and complete
B1 Read the following conversation between the captain and a soldier from the story “The Trojan horse”. Complete it with the correct tenses of the verbs in brackets.
B2 Complete the diary below with the correct tenses of the verbs in brackets.
Read the following dialogues and complete them.
? — ______ Uncle Wang ______ (mend) the TV yet? — Yes, he______. — When _____ he _____ it? — Yesterday. ? — I ___________ (watch) the film. — When and where ________ you _______ (watch) it? — Last week at the Guangming Cinema. ? — ____ you _____ (watch) the film last night? — No, but I ____________ (watch) it for several times. ? — _______ you _______ (return) the book to the library? — Not yet. I _________ (return) it this afternoon.
1. 用since或for完成下列练习。 ?_______ two years ?_______ two years ago ?_______ last month ?_______ 1999 ?_______ yesterday ?_______ 4 o’clock ?_______ 4 hours ?_______ an hour ago ?_______ we were children ?_______ ten minutes ?_______ she left here ?He has worked in this company _______ last year. ?We’ve been friends _______ we were ten. ?Our teacher has studied Japanese _______ three years. ?She has waited here _______ about half an hour. ?It has been about a y
ear _______ we last met. 2. 运用下列句型，进行自我介绍。 Hello. I’m ... I’m ... now. I’ve lived in ... since ... I’ve studied at ... for ... I’ve been in ... for ... I joined ... ago. 3. 完成《练习册》第83至85页Grammar的练习。