? To use positive and negative imperatives when giving orders and instructions. ? To organize and understand how to use imperatives appropriately.
1. 遛狗 2. 拽兔子的耳朵
3. 照顾我的宠物狗 4. 刷狗毛
5. 保持安静 6. 喂它鱼骨头
7. 清洗鱼缸 8. 吓唬小孩
9. 和你的宠物玩 10. 不要追狗
1. __________ your sister __________ (go) to school by bike every day?
2. Where __________ Jill __________ (come) from?
3. __________ (not talk) in class!
4. They want __________ (see) Uncle Wang today.
5. He __________ __________ (watch) CCTV news in the evening.
6. He should __________ (put) up his hand when he has a question.
7. Are there any students __________ (play) on the playground?
8. She __________ (miaow) when she wants some food.
9. How __________ (beauty) the girl looks in the new dress!
10. My mother learned __________ (dance) when she was 10.
Step 1 Revision
1. Have a revision of the rang of animals’ features.
2. Practise reading the texts on Page 97 together and then individually.
3. Try the language points in the text points.
Step 2 Presentation
1. Talk to students about the purpose of instructions.
Give them a few examples using classroom situations.
Write some instructions on the board.
Then ask them about the situations when we use them.
Ask stronger classes to create a list of different instructions and then write the different situations as titles above it, e.g.,
? Sit down. Open the door. Be quiet. Stop talking. Please close the window. Walk quietly. Don’t run. Don’t take the lift. Take the stairs. Line up. Go to the playground. Leave your bags. ? Don’t push.
? Stand clear of the door.
For weaker classes, jumble the sentences up and ask students to group them under the correct situations.
2. Explain that these sentences are all imperative sentences. Imperative sentences do not normally include a subject, because the subject ‘you’ is implied. However, a noun or pronoun can sometimes be used to identify the person receiving an order or instruction,
e.g., the speaker wants to attract Mary’s attention and so he/she says, ‘Mary, don’t push.’ / ‘Don’t push, Mary.’
Make sure students understand the imperative form and avoid the common mistake of placing a pronoun in front of the imperative.
3. T: One of my friends will leave home for some time. So he asked me to look after his dog. I don’t know how to look after a dog. My friend gave me some instructions. Can you help me take some notes? Please take out your notebooks and write down the following instructions:
(1). Give him enough food every day.
(2). Give him clean water.
(3). Brush his fur every morning.
(4). Take him out for a walk at least once a day.
(5). Play with him for some time every day.
(6). Keep him warm at night.
(7). Don’t pull his tail.
(8). Don’t kick him.
4. Practise the above sentences.
Step 3 Practice
1. Go through the explanations and grammar table on Page 98 to clarify the rules for using imperatives when giving positive and negative instructions.
2. Ask students to study the pictures in Part A1.
Check their understanding of the situations presented in the pictures. For weaker classes, review the verbs in the box before students start working on matching the sentences.
3. Ask less able students to work in pairs to select the correct word to fill in each gap, then match the pictures with the instructions. When they have finished, ask them to read each instruction to their partner.
4. Explain the rubric in Part A2, making sure students understand the exercise. Students rearrange the words to make positive and negative instructions.
5. Ask students to read out the instructions they formed.
Step 4 Extension activity
Ask students to present the instructions in Part A2 in the form of a poster with pictures. Encourage them to think of more instructions for the care and feeding of a cat or a pet of their choice.
Step 5 Homework
1. Recite the new words, phrases and sentences.
2. Finish off the relevant excises.
1. You should b_____________ your teeth twice every day.
2. I have three goldfish in my t____________.
3. Te dog’s f____________ is white.
4. Don’t ____________（拉）the rabbit’s ears.
5. Don’t ____________（吓唬）the children. They are afraid.
6. We must keep our classroom c_____________ every day.
7. The students in our school do morning exercises o______________ a day.
8. Can you help me, _____________（夫人）?
9. You shouldn’t ______________（喂食）your cat at the table.
1. Cats are friendly, and you don’t need _____________ (walk) them.
2. _____________ (not run) quickly on the road.
3. _____________ (go) to bed before 9 o’clock.
4. What beautiful _____________ (feather) Polly has!
5. Do you like eating chicken _____________ (wing)?
6. _____________ (not be) late again!
7. Dogs like lots of _____________ (exercise).
8. It is a good idea _____________ (go) fishing this Sunday.
9. It is very important ______________ (not be) late again.
( ) 1. Please __________ me move the table.
A. help B. helps C. helped D. helping
( ) 2. __________ make so much noise, Daniel.
A. Don’t B. Doesn’t C. Can’t D. Mustn’t
( ) 3. We should __________ polite to our teachers.
A. be B. are C. were D. to be
( ) 4. I never __________ my dog and he is always __________ to others.
A. frighten, friend B. frightened, friend
C. frighten, friendly D. frightened, friendly
( ) 5. Bring me some water, __________ ?
A. will you B. shall we C. are you D. aren’t you
Please ______________________________________every week.
Please ____________________________________________ birds.
_______________, please! Do __________________________.