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发布时间:2013-11-18 08:40:43  

got up washed clothes




By the time her brother got up, she had already washed all the clothes.

My son went to bed



I got home

By the time I got home, my son had gone to bed

The teacher came into the classroom
8:00 am


I got to school

By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom

1. cleaned the blackboard
2. closed the window
had cleaned the closed the window blackboard now

She had cleaned the blackboard before she closed the window.

1. ate an apple 2. slept
had eaten an apple slept now

She had eaten an apple before she slept.

1. did his homework 2. played ping pong
had done his homework played ping pong now

He had done his homework before he played ping pong.

By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.

The Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时

助动词 had (用于各种人称和数) + 过去分词 When I got to school, the bell had rung.

2. 过去完成时的用法:

主要是表示在过去某个时间,或是动 作之前已经发生或完成的动作.也就 是过去的过去.

过去完成时态的用法: 1、表示过去的过去,通常由by引导的短语做时间状 语或者由by / when / before引导的从句做时间状 语从句 ① By the end of last year, I had learned about one thousand English words. ② By the time he was twenty, he had won about ten medals. ③ When I got there, they had already left.

④ They had already had breakfast before they arrived at the hotel. ⑤He said that he had never seen such a beautiful bird before.

The whole day’s work depends on the plan in the morning.

What do you usually do in the morning?

What do you usually do in the morning before school?

brush my teeth

What do you usually do in the morning before school?

take a shower

What do you usually do in the morning before school ?
have breakfast

What do you usually do in the morning before school?
go to school

?Why or why not?

Tina’s morning

she overslept / slept late

Someone was taking a By the time she got up, her brother shower
had already gotten in the shower.

The bus By the time she got outside, left
the bus had already left

She had to run to school quickly

She left her backpack at home
When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home.


Look at the pictures 1a and tell what happened to Tina this morning.
A;What happened? B;I overslept. And by the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower.

Number the pictures 1-4 in the correct order.






1.When Igot home (get home), I realized (realize) I had left (leave) my keys in the backpack. 2.By the time I got (get) back to school, the bell had rung (ring)

. 3.By the time I walked (walk) into class, the teacher had started (start) teaching already.


pair work

Make up an ending for the story and share it with the rest of the class.
The teacher looked at Tina and asked her to sit back her seat. After class, the teacher asked Tina to come to her office and why she was late. Tina told her the whole story this morning. The teacher asked her to get up earlier and not to be late for class.

It’s a good habit to go to bed early in the evening and get up early in the morning. So you will never be in a hurry in the morning. Also, the whole day’s work depends on the plan in the morning.

had learned 1. We ___________(learn) two thousand words by the time I went to Middle School.

2. I ___________him when I was a student. (know) 3. When we _______(arrive) at the station, they had waited __________(wait) for more than twenty minutes. 4. One of the men didn’t move, because he __________ had his legs. (break)broken

had known

5.By yesterday evening he _______________ that had written important letter.(write) had met 6.I thought I _______ the man before.(meet)
had worked 7.By six o’clock they ____________ for ten hours.(work) 8.I went to Nick’s house,but he ____________ out.(go) 9.I ________________ the problem when class was over. had gone (not understand) hadn’t understood


ring get go leave start be take run wake

rang got went left started was/were took ran woke

rung gotten gone left started been taken run woken

Did you have an unforgettable experience like Tina? Please tell us something about it and write down your unforgettable experience

Thanks !

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