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2013八上Unit 6知识点小结

发布时间:2013-11-18 10:37:57  

Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science

1. Different kinds of professions(职业)

computer programmmer cook docter nurse engineer teacher violinist driver soldier pianist (basketball) player scientist actor/actress waiter farmer writer reporter pilot musician magician policeman/policewoman worker postman firefighter babysitter artist conductor shopkeeper salesman clerk lawyer judge model poet guide bookseller sailor manager director photographor painter dancer singer secretary

2. 询问职业:What do you do? What are you? What’s your job?

3. grow up成长;长大 4. a race car driver 一个赛车手 5. the coming year 来年

6. get a lot of exercise 多锻炼 7. write down 写下;记下 8. physical health 身体健康

9. study medicine at a university 在大学学医 10. take medicine. 吃药

11. New Year’s resolutions 新年的决心 12. eat healthier food 吃更健康的食物

13. give the meaning of resolution 解释决心的含义 14. make the soccer team 组建足球队

15. a cooking school 一所厨师学校 16. another foreign language 另一门外语

17. at the beginning of… 在…开始时 18. at the end of … 在…结束时/的终点

生长;发育 逐渐变得;渐渐 种植 People grow rice in South China.

留长;蓄长(头发、胡须等 I’ve dicided to grow my hair.

grow up 长大;成长 grow into... 长成 He has grown into a young man

20. 我将继续写故事。

: 如: keep healthy.

如: keep a diary

;饲养(动) 如: keep his family; keep a pet.

如: You can keep the book for two days.

keep (sb.)doing sth. (不停)做… 如:They kept me talking.

keep on doing sth. (间歇后)做… 如:keep on trying

keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做… keep up with 跟上;赶上

一定会... 如:She is sure to pass the text. 对...有把握 如:I’m sure of the result. 确信... 如:I’m sure that he will succeed. /务必 如:Be sure to come tomorrow.

如:You should make sure of the time. 如:Make sure (that) anyone else knows the secrets sure = certainly = of course 当然(回答请求)

22. I’m going to write articles and 如:send a letter/ message

如:send sb. to sp. ; send sb to do sth. 如: Will you send a car for him?

发射;使上升 send away 开除;赶走; send for 派(人)去请

23.听起来像一个好计划。 (n)声音 voice: 嗓音;说话声 noise:噪音

(v)听起来 sound+adj 听起来像 It sounds like a good idea.

24. 有些人也许会说他们将会开始一项业余爱好,比如绘画或摄影

please take up your book and read.

He took up (playing) golf when he was a child. (时、空) The desk takes up too much room. I’m sorry to take up your time.

新的一年的开始常常是下决心的时候。

朝/向;(电话礼物)给 如:

I’

为了... 如: 在...期间(时) 如: I’ 适于... 如: 对...来说 如: It’ 以为…交换/代价 如:

因为 如: 支持 如:(反对) the plan?

have to do with... 与...有关 每周(一次)的 a weekly newspaper have nothing to do with...与...无关每周(一次)= every week day---daily每周(的); month---monthly每月(的) ; year---yearly 每年(的)

28.Most of the time, we make promises to other people. 大部分时候,我们向别人做出承诺。 (n)承诺;诺言 make promises (to sb.)to do sth. 许下承诺...

promise (sb.) to do sth. I promise (you) not to tell anyone.

承诺 promise that从句 He promised (that) he would help me. 保证 promise sb.sth.=promise sth. to sb. I can’t promise you anything.

keep a promise :遵守承诺 break a promise 违背承诺

29. The first resolution is about my own personal improvement. 第一个决心与自我提高有关。

(v) 拥有 : 他拥有自己的书房。 自己的 : 我亲眼看到的这起事故。 owner: 所有者;拥有者 the owner of the house on one’s own: 单独;独自 (=alone)

2). improve(v):(使)好转;改善 I expect to improve my English. improve on sth. 对…做出改进: He improved on his plan.

问题;疑问 提问;盘问;询问 她被询问有关火灾的事情。

;对...表示疑问: No one has ever questioned his honesty. 没有人怀疑他的忠诚。

一般将来时

1. 含义:一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复

发生的动作,常与tomorrow, soon, 等表示将来的时间状语连用.

2. 结构: 助动词 + 动词原形: 1) will +动词原形 2) be going to +动词原形

1). 否定: 一加二改 : 一加(助动词 + not ); 二改 (some 改为 any )

1). He will visit you tomorrow. ----- He won’t visit you tomorrow. (won’t = will not)

2). They’re going to buy some food. ---- They aren’t going to buy any food.

2). 一般疑问:一提二改三升调:把(will / be)提 到句首;把some改为any、句号改为问好;读声调

1). Will he visit you tomorrow? ------ Yes, he will. / No, he won’t.

2). Are they going to buy any food? ------ Yes , they are. / No, they aren’t.

3. 辨析:从不严格的语法角度而言 ,be going to与 will二者可以互换, 但:

1)be going to 表示根据主观判断及将要发生的事情,或含有“计划,准备”的意思。

2)will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。 He will be twenty years old next month.

4.注意:

1). There be 句型的一般将来时结构为:将会有...

2). come, go, leave, arrive等表示位置移动的动词常用现在进行时表示将来:He is leaving.

3). 在条件、时间状语从句中,一般是主将从现。

If it is fine tomorrow, I’m going on a trip.

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