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九年级英语上册 被动语态学案

发布时间:2013-09-19 12:01:31  

被 动 语 态 学 案

【教师寄语】Practice makes perfect!熟能生巧!

课型:语法课

【学习目标】

1. 能够正确使用动词的过去式和过去分词;

2. 掌握被动语态的概念和用法;

3. 能够使用被动语态进行简单的语言交际;

4. 在应用英语中体验学习英语的乐趣。

【课前朗读 】

build built built bring brought brought buy bought bought

catch caught caught choose chose chosen see saw seen

sing sang sung find found found hold held held

know knew known leave left left make made made

grow grew grown show showed shown

【教学重难点】

1.重点:

一般现在时被动语态的构成:主语(动作的接受者)+be(am, is, are) +done + (by+动作的执行者)

一般过去时被动语态的构成:主语(动作的接受者)+was/were + done + (by+动作的执行者)

一般将来时被动语态的构成:(1) 主语(动作的接受者)+will+ be + done + (by+动作的执行者)

(2) 主语(动作的接受者)+ be(am, is, are) + going to + be +done + (by+动作的执行者)

2.难点:(1)如何判断一个句子是主动语态还是被动语态;

(2)掌握一般现在时、一般过去时和一般将来时被动句的用法。

【教学过程】

【温故知新】

到目前为止,我们已学过的常用时态有__________ 时,__________ 时,__________时,__________时,__________ 时 和__________时。其中,一般现在时的构成:________________________________________

一般将来时的构成:

________________________________________

一般过去时的构成:

________________________________________

1

【巩固提升】

用动词的适当形式填空。

1. Hundreds of people __________ (visit) the Great Wall every day.

2. I often __________ (play) basketball.

3. Most of the students in our class __________ (like) watching TV.

4. Our teacher told us that light __________ (travel) faster than sound.

5. They __________ (have) an English class yesterday.

6. I __________ (not be) at home last night. I __________ (be) at school.

7. Henry Ford __________ (invent) the first car one hundred years ago.

8. I __________ (show ) you some photos tomorrow.

9. We __________ (learn) Module 3 next week.

10.They __________ (help) us with our English if they __________ (have) time.

【导学释疑】

英语按陈述对象的不同分两种语态,即__________ 语态和__________ 语态。其中,动作的__________ (执行者/接受者)作主语,使用__________ 语态;动作的__________ (执行者/接受者)作主语,使用__________ 语态。被动语态的谓语动词由“__________ +____________________”构成。

(一)一般现在时被动语态的结构为:______________________________

【巩固提升一】

1.Chinese people respect their parents.

Parents __________ __________ by Chinese people.

2.Confucious’ thoughts influence people in the world.

People in the world __________ __________ by Confucious thoughts.

3.Farmers grow rice in spring.

Rice __________ __________ in winter in the north.

(二)一般过去时被动语态的结构为:______________________________

【巩固提升二】

1. Sun Haiping trained Liu Xiang.

Liu Xiang __________ __________ by Sun Haiping.

2. They chose Daming for the school team.

Daming __________ __________ for the school team by them.

3. We saw a film last night.

A film __________ __________by us last night.

(三)一般将来时被动语态的结构为:______________________________

【巩固提升三】

1.New stars will use the programme.

The programme __________ __________ __________ by the new stars.

2.Children will sing an English song.

2

An English song __________ __________ __________ by children.

3.When will they hold the match?

When will the match __________ __________?

同学们请注意:

(一)被动语态的句型转换要借助于__________,变否定句在助动词后加__________,变一般疑问句将____________________,变特殊疑问句是__________ + ____________________。

【巩固提升四】

将下列句子变为否定句和一般疑问句。

1. My classroom is cleaned every day.

否定句:My classroom __________ __________ every day.

一般疑问句:__________ your classroom __________ every day?

2. Trees were planted in the ground last spring.

否定句:Trees __________ __________ in the ground last spring.

一般疑问句:__________ trees __________ in the ground last spring?

3.This film will be loved by the children.

否定句:This film __________ __________ __________ by the children.

一般疑问句:__________ this film __________ __________ by the children?

(二)被动语态句子变特殊疑问句,句式为:

_____________ + ____________________。

【巩固提升五】

就划线部分提问。 1.Most books are written at home.

__________ __________ most books __________? 2.A present will be given to the child.

__________ __________ __________ ___________ to the child?

我的疑问:

1. ________________________________________________________________

2. ________________________________________________________________

3. ________________________________________________________________

4. ________________________________________________________________

【检测反馈】

按要求做题:

1.They will build a new swimming pool.(改为被动语态)

A new swimming pool __________ __________ __________.

2.People __________ (not know) Mark Twain as a great thinker.(用动词的适当形式填空)

3. My teacher use the computer. (改为被动语态)

The computer __________ __________ by the teacher.

3

4. Children are taught at school. (就划线部分提问)

__________ __________ children taught?

5. A new school __________ (build) in the city last year. (用动词的适当形式填空)

6.The villagers are buiding a library. I hope it __________ before December this year.

A.will be finished B.will finish C.is finished D.finishes

7.She sent me a New Year card last week. (改为被动语态)

A New Year card __________ __________ (by her) to me last week.

我的感悟:

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

【拓展延伸】

用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

Mollions of people around the world __________ (watch) the last Olympic Games. And the next Olympic Games _____________ (see) by millions more. Some stars of the last Olympics _____________ (train) at special schools. Special programmes were set up to help them. There, students’ performance ____________ (record) and __________ (compare) with the world’s best sports stars. The coashes __________ (use) the information to change training programmes. The same programmes __________ also __________ (help) to make the stars of the future.

【homework】

用所学三种时态的被动语态写关于你运动、学习、爱好、郊游等方面的句子。不少于三句话。

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