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江苏省东台市头灶镇中学中考英语二轮复习课时方案 名词

发布时间:2013-11-19 11:52:29  

江苏省东台市头灶镇中学中考英语二轮复习课时方案 名词(无答案) 牛津

专 题 内 容:

第 一 课时(总第 35 课时)复习目标:

1.理解并能区分所学的可数和不可数名词

2. 熟练掌握可数名词的复数形式构成及用法。

3.掌握物质名词及其量的表达方式。

4.熟练掌握名词所有格的用法

导学活动(以达成复习目标作为贯穿全课活动的一根“红线”,从助你补缺、给你定标、请你点击、

引你运用、为你指点、推你提升等6个环节去设计整个教学过程):

复习研讨:

Task1 名词复数的规则变化

1、 一般情况加 -s map-maps bag-bags car-cars

2、 以s, sh, ch, x等结尾的词 加 –es bus-buses 、watch-watches

3、以辅音字母+y结尾的词,变y 为i 再加es baby---babies

但是,以y 结尾的专有名词,或元音字母+y 结尾的名词变复数时,直接加s变复数:

如:monkey---monkeys, holiday---holidays 比较: 楼层:storey ---storeys,

story---stories

4、以o 结尾的名词,变复数时:

a. 加s,如: photo---photos piano---pianos radio---radios zoo---zoos;

b. 加es,如:potato--potatoes tomato--tomatoes

5、 以f或fe 结尾的名词变复数时:

去f,fe 加ves,如 knife---knives, thief---thieves, leaf---leaves

wolf---wolves, wife---wives, life---lives

Task2 名词复数的不规则变化

1、child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth mouse---mice man---men

woman---women

注意:与 man 和 woman构成的合成词,其复数形式也是 -men 和-women。

如: an Englishman,two Englishmen. 但German不是合成词,故复数形式为Germans;,

2、单复同形 如:deer,sheep,fish,Chinese,Japanese

实战演习

写出下列名词的复数形式。 baby, nurse, wish, fly, way, potato, fox, sheep, tooth, hero, mouse, wolf, photo, German, potato, Frenchman, Chinese,

Task3 不可数名词量的变化

1、 物质名词: 结构: 数词+量词(可以是复数形式) + of +不可数名词

a glass of water 一杯水; two glasses of water

a. 当物质名词转化为个体名词时。

比较: Cake is a kind of food. 蛋糕是一种食物。 (不可数) These cakes are sweet. 这些

1

蛋糕很好吃。 (可数)

b. 当物质名词表示该物质的种类时,名词可数。

This factory produces steel. (不可数) We need various steels. (可数) c. 当物质名词表示份数时,可数。

Our country is famous for tea. 我国因茶叶而闻名。

Two teas, please. 请来两杯茶。

Task4 名词的所有格

在英语中有些名词可以加’s来表示所有或所属关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该名词的所有格,如:a teacher’s book。名词所有格的规则如下:

名词的所有格的表示方法: (1) (2)

1)表示有生命的东西(人或动物)的名词所有格一般在名词后加’s。

2) 表示无生命东西的名词一般与of构成词组,表示所有关系。

the cover of the book 书的封面 the content of the story故事的内容

当堂训练:

( )1 (2010·沈阳)I'm not sure about the meaning of the word. You'd better look it up

in a ________.

A.letter B.dictionary C.postcard D.notice

( )2 —What's your job, Henry?

—I'm a __ ______. I work late. I'm very busy when people go out to dinners.

A.waiter B.reporter C.teacher D.nurse

( )3 (2010·内江)________ mothers can't go to the meeting, because they have gone to

New York on business.

A.Alice and Lily's B.Alice's and Lily's C.Alice's and Lily

( )4 —Whose computer doesn't work?

—________, I think.

A.John has B.John does C.John D.John's

( )5 (2010·攀枝花)It's said that more than 100 ________ will attend this meeting in

Shanghai.

A.man teachers B.woman teachers

C.men teachers D.womans teachers

( )6 There are twenty ________ in my class.

A.boy student B.boy students C.boys students D.boys student

( )7.(2010·安徽)—Could you tell me something about the boy who helped you just now?

—Sorry, I know nothing about him. We are ________.

A.friends B.neighbors C.classmates D.strangers

( )8.(2010·河北)I don't think looking after children is just ________ work.

A.woman B.woman's C.women D.women's

( )9. (2010·武汉)—Why are you still waiting in line?—I've missed my ________.

A.place B.order C.turn D.time

( )10.(2010·晋江)—Lily has a silk ________. Listen, she is singing in the next room!—How nice!

A.look B.noise C.voice

课后巩固:

2

一、将下列句子中的词变成复数形式。

Example: This is a bus. — These are buses.

She has a red bag. — They have red bags.

1. This is a brush.

2. That is a tomato.

3. He has a radio.

4. There is a photo on the wall.

5. He is a salesman.

二、选择正确的选项填空。

( ) 1. Please remember to give the horse some tree___.

A. leafs B. leaves C. leaf D. leave

( ) 2. -Would you like___ tea? -No, thanks. I have drunk two____.

A. any, bottles of orange B. some, bottles of orange

C. many, bottles of oranges D. few, bottle of oranges

( ) 3. John bought__ _for himself yesterday.

A. two pairs of shoes B. two pair of shoe

C. two pair of shoes D. two pairs shoes

( ) 4. -What would you like to have for lunch, sir? -I'd like____. !

A. chicken B. a chicken C. chickens D. the chicken

( ) 5. There are five ___ in our factory.

A. woman driver B, women driver C. woman drivers D. women drivers

( ) 6. In the picture there are many____ and two ____.

A. sheep; foxes B. sheeps; fox C. sheeps; foxes D. sheep;foxs

( ) 7. A group of______ will visit the museum tomorrow. A. Hungarian B. Australian C. Japanese D. American

( ) 8. There are sixty-seven___ in our school.

A. women's teacher B. women teachers C. woman teachers D. women teacher

( ) 9. We came to a ___ at last and went in.

A. watch shop B. watches shop C. watching shop D. watchs shop

( ) 10. This table is made of___.

A. many glass B. glasses C. some glasses D. glass

( ) 11. September 10th is ____in China.

A. Teacher's Day B. Teachers' Day C. Teacher Day D. Teachers Day

( ) 12. Excuse me, where is the___?

A. men's room B. mens' room C. men's rooms D. men rooms

( ) 13. This is my ____ dictionary.

A. sister Mary B. sister's Mary C. sister ,Mary's D. sister's Mary's

( ) 14. Joan is____.

A. Mary's and Jack sister B. Mary and Jack's sister

C. Mary and Jack sister D. Mary's and Jack's sister

( ) 15. The football under the bed is____.

A. Lily and Lucy B. Lily's and Lucy's

C. Lily's and Lucy D. Lily and Lucy's

( ) 16. It's about ___ walk from my house.

A. ten minute B. ten minutes' C. ten minute's D. ten minutes

( ) 17.(2009中考变式题)Let's get some _______ about tourism on the Internet.

A.information B.message C.invention

( ) 18.(2011中考预测题)After playing football for more than half an hour, the students 3 教学时间

took________ rest.

A.a few minute's B.a few minutes'

C.a little minute's D.a little minutes'

( ) 19.(2011中考预测题)—What ________ do you have for Paul?

—I think he should study harder than before.

A.news B.advice C.help D.information

( ) 20.(2011中考预测题)—Well, you look so happy!

—Because I got a good ________.

A.work B.news C.job

( ) 21.—Oh, my God! We have missed the last bus. What shall we do?

—I'm afraid we have no ________ but to take a taxi.

A.choice B.decision C.reason D.information

( ) 22.(2009中考变式题)—Good morning, madam. Can I help you?

—Sure, I'd like ________ for cooking vegetables.

A.two cups of tea B.three pieces of bread

C.one bowl of dumplings D.five kilos of oil

( ) 23.(2009中考变式题)—I hear you have to get up early every morning.

—Right. It's one of the________ in my family.

A.plans B.orders C.rules D.suggestions

( ) 24. We need some more____. Can you go and get some, please?

A. potato B. potatos C. potatoes D. potatoe

( ) 25. What big____ the tiger has! A. tooth B. teeth C. tooths D. toothes

( ) 26. Can we have some ___? -Yes, please.

A. banana B. oranges C. apple D. pear

( ) 27. When we saw his face, we knew___ was bad.

A. some news B. a news C. the news D. news

( ) 28. He is hungry. Give him ___ to eat.

A. two breads B. two piece of bread

C. two pieces of bread D. two pieces of breads

三、完成下列句子

1 __________________________(她的父母)work in a big hospital.

2 This book is __________________________________(我妹妹的)

3. ___________________________________(学生们的桌椅) are very new. 4. Please open ______________________________________(教室的门).

4

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