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怎样上好一节初中英语课

发布时间:2013-11-19 12:52:30  

怎样上好一节初中英语课

作为英语老师,也许我们不及语文老师的出众文采,生花妙语;也不及数学

老师的敏捷思维,一丝不苟;但是根据学科特点,挖掘学科特点,上好每一节英语课是我们每个英语老师的心愿,让课堂生活过程之旅常新,让课堂生活理论之树常绿,是我们的理想。那么在英语课上如何激活学生的思维?如何将课堂气氛推向高潮?如何使创新的火花不时被点燃?如何让课堂教学的有效性得到很好的体现?下面谈谈我工作中的几点体会。

一、教师要有扎实的教学基本功。

教师扎实的教学基本功是教师在三尺讲台“立住脚”、“站稳脚”、“站好脚”

的前提,作为英语教师,顺畅的知识脉络,恰当的语音语调,简练到位的知识讲解对下面听课的学生和教师都会有强烈的吸引力;教态亲切、自然、板书工整、美观,言简意赅,层次分明,而且能熟练运用现代化教学手段,是成功的课堂教学的基础。

二、教师要透彻理解教材,教学设计从实际出发。

一项优秀的教学设计必须具有方向性、科学性的品质外,还必须具有实践性、可行性和可操作性的品质。教师在正确和透彻理解教材基础上,把握好教学对象的实际、认识教学环境的实际和教师自身条件的实际,同时制定明确的教学目标,然后回绕这个教学目标展开各种教学活动,设计层次清晰的教学步骤,使教学过程有序而富有逻辑性,各环节之间的衔接能自然、流畅。所以,教师要创造性地

使用教材,对教材进行适当的调整和取舍,教学设计必须符合学生的实际。 如果把学生比作田里的幼苗,那么做为园丁的我们就应该做到:当苗儿需要一杯水的时候,我们绝不送上一桶水; 当苗儿需要一桶水的时候,我们绝不送上一杯水。适时,适量的给予是一个好园丁的技艺,也是我们教育的艺术以我今天讲

的Unit 2 Topic 1 Section A 为例,这是一节对话课,教学目标有两个:1,学习如何表述身体的种种不适。2,学习如何用 should ∕ shouldn’t给他人提建议。因为教学内容贴近生活,学生易于掌握,可操作性强,因此在教学设计上思路非常清晰,整个流程分为三段:1,学习有关身体不适的短语;2,通过对1a的学习,1b的能够表述身体的种种不适并给出适当的建议;3,对本课内容进行总结并做巩固练习题。教材上根据知识特点进行了合理的整合,把知识串到一条线上,围绕教学目标由浅入深,层层递进,根据对话课特点,让学生多张嘴,从运用中获取知识,是一杯水还是一桶水要适时给予,让自己的苗儿茁壮成长。

三、教师要营造“亮点”,让课堂教学高潮迭起课堂教学的“点”。

所谓教学“亮点”是指教师的教学给学生留下最深刻鲜明的印象并得到学生最富于感情反应的时刻,这时师生双方的积极性达到最佳配合状态。课堂教学要牢牢地抓住学生的注意力,不失时机地精心制造教学的亮点,把课堂教学推向高潮,以使学生达到情绪高涨、智力振奋的积极状态。课堂亮点的出现使学生受到良性的强烈的刺激,使课堂教学的境界得到升华。“亮点”可以是事先设计的,最精彩的往往是课堂随机生成的。教师在课堂教学中至少要设计一个高潮,最好高潮迭起。本节课我就抓住易于驾驭的特点,运用简单易懂的肢体语言吸引学生,激发学生融入其中,跃跃欲试的高涨情绪,把学生完全的吸引住,并能够积极参与,成为课堂上真正的主人。

四、教师要充满激情。

做一个充满激情的英语教师,就需要教师在课堂上全身心地投入,真诚地对待学生,教师真诚的关注容易感染学生。英语教师要做到“让学生喜欢你的英语课,让学生喜欢英语学习,让学生有终身学习英语的意识”的境界有很多途径,而充满激情无疑是其中很重要的一条。

总而言之,“课堂活动是实际的、千变万化的;课堂是质朴的、守成的、粉饰的、思辨的、分析的、批判的、创新的、激昂的;课堂是思想生命火花的碰撞与展现,是情不自禁地从灵魂深处流露出不断滋润精神之园的丝丝甘泉的发源地。”理想的课堂总是以理服人、以志激人、以情动人的。我认为英语课上教师把握了以上四个要素,这堂课一定会突现魅力,散发出更加夺目的光彩!

我们上课时的第一环节一般都是学生进行对话练习,把上节课的内容进行复习巩固,然后是单词的听写;第二环进行新课,从单词的领读,听读,个别学生读,到齐读,分组读等,可根据实际情况任选一些进行,之后讲解单词的用法;第三环节进行课文及对话的学习,也是先进行多种方式的读,然后由学生进行翻译,老师进行指导,对话学习时可让学生进行改写训练,自己编个对话来操练。对话和课文中的重点短语要重点讲;第四环节进行练习,巩固本堂课的所学内容;最后布置家庭作业。最重要的一点是要记住,把课堂的时间尽可能的多给学生,老师只是起辅助作用,多激发学生的兴趣,使学生自己主动学习。

My name is Lily, a Grade eight student. I like my school life very much because it’s really enjoyable. In school, I spent the time with my lovely classmates and teachers. They all help me a lot with my study and life.

I have six classes each day from Monday to Friday and forty minutes each. The courses I learn in school are Chinese, mathematics, English, geography, sports and so on. I like English most because it’s very interesting and my teacher is so lovely and kind. In one word, my school life makes me happy and I learn a lot in school.

My name is Lily, a Grade eight student. I like my school life very much because it’s really enjoyable. In school, I spent the time with my lovely classmates and teachers. They all help me a lot with my study and life.

I have six classes each day from Monday to Friday and forty minutes each. The courses I learn in school are Chinese, mathematics, English, geography, sports and so on. I like English most because it’s very interesting and my teacher is so lovely and kind. In one word, my school life makes me happy and I learn a lot in school.

My name is Lily, a Grade eight student. I like my school life very much because it’s really enjoyable. In school, I spent the time with my lovely classmates and teachers. They all help me a lot with my study and life.

I have six classes each day from Monday to Friday and forty minutes each. The courses I learn in school are Chinese, mathematics, English, geography, sports and so on. I like English most because it’s very interesting and my teacher is so lovely and kind. In one word, my school life makes me happy and I learn a lot in school.

Happy Primary School Life

My name is Daisy, I have a happy and full primary school life. I normally get up at half past six in the morning to go school from Monday to Friday. When I get to school, I do the morning reading and hand in my homework firstly. There are three classes in the morning as the same as in the afternoon. At the lunch time, my grandpa takes me home for lunch and rest after lunch, then drives me to the school at two p.m.

The last class in the afternoon is usually our handicraft class , music class, art class and other extra-curricular classed, we can choose one of them to take part in, it is our favorite time.

At half past five, class is over, and my mom drives me home. I can play with my friends after my homework finished. My primary school life is full and happy.

.定义: 一般过去时态表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用;也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,常和表示频度的时间状语连用。

2.时间状语:yesterday , in 1990, two days ago , just now, this morning(afternoon,evening), a moment ago(刚才),yesterday morning(afternoon,evening),last night/ week,the day before yesterday(前天),just now(刚才)等。

E.g. My father was at work yesterday afternoon.

He always went to work by bus last year.

【No. 1】一般过去式的构成

a.规则动词过去式的变化可速记为"直"、"去"、"双"、"改"四字诀。

①一般情况下在动词原形后直接加-ed。如:wanted,played。

②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e再加-ed。如:hoped,lived。

③重读闭音节单词需双写最后一个辅音字母再加-ed。如:stopped。

④以辅音字母+y结尾的动词变y为i,再加-ed。如:studied,worried

规则动词过去式的读音也有规律可循。请记住:清后[t],元浊[d],[t] [d]之后读[Id]。 ①清辅音[p] [k] [f] [s] [F] [tF]等后,ed要读[t]。如:worked,finished。

②元音或浊辅音[b] [g] [v] [z] [m]等后,ed要读[d]。如:lived,called。

③[t]或[d]后,ed读[Id]。如:started,needed。

b.不规则动词变化,要逐一熟记。be动词过去式有两种形式,主语是第一、三人称单数形式使用was,其他人称用were。

【No. 2】一般过去时的形式:

a. be动词过去式的句式。否定句是在was/were后面加not,was not (wasn't)/were not (weren't)。一般疑问句是把was / were提前并放到句首,要求首字母要大写。

b.实义动词过去式的句式。

①肯定式:主语+动词过去式+其它。

如:They had a good time yesterday.

②否定式:主语+did not(didn't)+动词原形+其它。如:They didn't watch TV last night.

③一般疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形+其它?肯定回答:Yes,主语+did.否定回答:No,主语+didn't. 如:Did they have a meeting two days ago? Yes,they did. / No,they didn't.

④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?如:What time did you finish your homework?

【No. 3】一般过去时的用法

a.主要用于过去某个时间发生的动作或状态。

My father worked in Shanghai last year.

b.表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,常与often,always等表示频度的时间状语连用。I often went to school on foot.

c.与when等连词引导的状语从句连用。

When he got home,he had a short rest.

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