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2013八年级英语Unit 8最新教案

发布时间:2013-11-19 12:52:31  

Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

Section A 1 (1a-2d)

一、教学目标:

1. 语言知识目标:

1) 能掌握以下单词: shake, milk shake, blender, turn on, peel, pour, yogurt, honey, watermelon, spoon, pot, add, finally, salt

能掌握以下句型:

① ─How do you make a banana milk shake?

─First, peel the bananas?

② ─How many bananas do we need?

─We need three bananas.

③ ─How much yogurt do we need?

─We need one cup of yogurt.

2) 能了解以下语法:

掌握用how much 和how many对事物的数量提问。

3) 学会描述做一些常见食物的过程,并能正确地运用表示顺序的词汇。

2. 情感态度价值观目标:

1. 通过制作食物的介绍, 培养学生的实际生活能力, 了解生活知识, 增长生活阅历, 培养实践操作能力和动手能力。

2. 通过食物制作过程的介绍, 让学生认识到劳动成果的来之不易, 使之懂得不能浪费食物, 珍惜他人的劳动成果。

二、教学重难点

1. 教学重点:

1) 用how much与how many来对数量提问。

2) 动词词组;描述过程的顺序词。

2. 教学难点:

能恰当地使用祈使句表达食物的制作过程。

三、教学过程

I. Warming up

1. T: What’s your favorite fruit?

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S: apple, orange, strawberry, banana, pear, watermelon.

2. T:What’s your favorite drink?

S: Cola/ milk/ juice/ tea/milk shake?

II. Lead-in

T: Great, those taste nice. Today we are going to learn how to make a banana milk shake. How many bananas do we need? How much milk do we need?

S: ?.

Teacher shows the pictures to students, and makes students know the process of making milk shake. Then write down the key words on the blackboard.

[来源:中.考.资.源.网]

2. Do 1a. Ask Ss to write the names of the actions. Choose the correct words. Ask Ss to fill in the blanks on their own. Then check the answers.

3. Teach the names of all items. Point to the pictures of the items and ask students to repeat.

Focus on the pictures. Ask the students to tell what they see in the picture. Describe each action and ask students to repeat the following:

peel the bananas, cut up the bananas, put the bananas and the , milk in the blender, pour the milk in the blender, Turn on the blender; drink the milk shake.

4. Point out the actions in the picture and the list of actions in activity 1b . Play the recording and check the answers. Ask students to recite the conversation at once.

Ⅲ. Listening [来源:Www.zk5u.com]

1b Listen and put the instructions in order.

Ⅳ. Game

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1. Show some pictures in the big screen.

2. Let Ss tell what they can see.

3. Let Ss try their best to say how to make a banana milk shake.

Ⅴ. Pair work

Work on 1c:

1. Let Ss read the model with a partner.

2. Use the information in 1b. Ask and answer with a partner.

3. Let some pairs ask and answer about the chart.

Ⅵ. Listening

Work on 2a:

1. Let Ss look at the pictures below. Let one student read the words in the pictures if necessary.

2. Play the recording for the Ss to listen and complete the chart.

3. Play the recording again to check the answers.

Work on 2b:

1. Let Ss read the chart below. Tell Ss that they should write the ingredient under the correct amount in the chart.

2. Play the recording for the Ss to write the correct answers in the chart.

3. Play the recording again to check the answers.

Ⅶ. Pair work

1. Tell Ss to ask and answer questions about how to make fruit salad.

2. Give a model to the Ss.

3. Ss work in pairs. Try to ask and answer about how to make fruit salad.

4. Ask some pairs to act out their conversations.

Ⅷ. Role-play

1. Read the conversations and fill in the chart below.

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2. Explain some new words and main points in the conversation.

① one more thing 另外一件事情

another ten minutes 再多十分钟

“数字+ more + 物品” 指“另外的??”

“another + 数字 + 物品” 指“另外的??”

当数字为one时,常与more连用或只用another [来源:学.科.网]

Give me two more hamburgers, please. 请再给我两个汉堡。

The boys rode another two hours.

那些男孩子们又骑了两个小时。

Do you want one more cup of tea?

Do you want another cup of tea?

你想再来杯茶吗?

② forget to do sth. 忘记(去)做某事

Don’t forget to close the windows.

不要忘记关上窗户。

3. Let Ss read the conversation after the teacher. [来源:学|科|网]

4. Practice the conversation with their partner. Then let some pairs to act out the conversation.

Homework:

做自己喜欢的水果奶昔,并简要说明过程。

可以用下列表示过程的词汇来让你描述更加清晰明了。

first, next, then, ? finally?

板书设计:

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Section A 2 (Grammar focus-3c)

一、教学目标:

1. 语言知识目标:

1) 学习掌握下列词汇:sugar, cheese, popcorn , corn, machine, dig, hole

2)进行一步复习巩固学习Section A 部分所学的生词和词组。

3)掌握正确用how much和how many对事物的数量进行提问。

4) 能够熟练运用所学的知识,来正确描述做简单食物的过程,正确运用表示顺序的词。

2.情感态度价值观目标:

1. 通过制作食物的介绍, 培养学生的实际生活能力, 了解生活知识, 增长生活阅 历, 培养实践操作能力和动手能力。

2. 通过食物制作过程的介绍, 让学生认识到劳动成果的来之不易, 使之懂得不能

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浪费食物, 珍惜他人的劳动成果。

二、教学重难点

1. 教学重点:

1) 复习巩固Section A 部分所学的生词和词组,达到熟练运用的目标。

2) 掌握正确用how much和how many对事物的数量进行提问。

2. 教学难点:

1) 能够熟练运用所学的知识,来正确描述做简单食物的过程,正确运用表示顺序的词。

2) 能够分清可数名词与不可数名词,会用数量词来计量一些不可数名词。

三、教学过程

Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

1. Game: How do you make a banana milk shake?

Let some Ss describe how to make a banana milk shake.

Attention to use “first, next, then, finally” correctly.

2. How do you make a Russian soup?

Attention to use “first, next, then, finally” correctly.

Ⅱ. Grammar Focus.

1. 学生阅读Grammar Focus中的句子,然后做填空练习。

① 你怎样做香蕉奶昔?

_____ do you _____ banana milk shake?

② 首先,将香蕉剥皮。

______,_____ the bananas.

③ 接下来,将香蕉放入果汁机中。

____, _____ the bananas in the blender.

④ 然后,将牛奶倒进果汁机中。

_____, _____ the milk ____ the blender

⑤ 最后,打开果汁机。

______, _______ ___ the blender.

⑥ 我们需要多少香蕉?

______ _______ bananas do we need?

⑦ 我们需要三只香蕉。

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We ______ three _________.

⑧ 我们需要多少酸奶?

_____ _______ yogurt do we need?

⑨ 我们需要一茶杯。

We need ___ _____ ____ yogurt.

2. 学生们根据记忆,看大屏幕来完成填空练习。

3. 学生们完成填空试题后,可以打开课本检查答案,对错误的句子,单独进行强化记忆。 Ⅲ. Try to Find

一、如何问答名词的数量:

1. 询问不可数名词的数量:

_________ +不可数名词?? ?

2. 回答不可数名词的数量:

___________ + 不可数名词

一杯________; 一碗 ________

3. 询问可数名词的数量:

__________ + 可数名词?? ?

练一练:句型转换:

① We need three cups of sugar. (提问)

_________ _______ sugar do we need?

② They need ten tomatoes for the soup. (提问)

_____ ______ tomatoes do they need?

③ The T-shirt is twenty dollars. (提问)

______ ______ is the T-shirt?

④ We have five six bottles of juice. (提问)

_____ ______ bottles of juice do you have?

Ⅳ. Practice

Work on 3a:

1. Circle the correct word in each question:

① 1. How (much/many) bananas do we need?

② How (much/many) sugar do we need?

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③ How (much/many) bread do we need?

④ How (much/many) tomatoes do we need?

⑤ How (much/many) cheese do we need?

2. 方法指导:指导:应根据括号后面的名词是可数名词还是不可数名词来确定。 比如,第一句中bananas是可数名词的复数形式,故用how many。其他类似。

3. 最后,教师与同学们一起校对答案,并对学生们有疑问的地方进行解释。

V. Work on 3b:

1. 让学生们阅读对话,整体把握对话的意思。

2. 然后仔细读制作爆米花的过程,根据图片及上下文意及时态来确定空格处所应填的词。 第一句话中句子的主语、谓语、宾语都有,故应用副词how来构成疑问句。

在第二句话中,空格后有名词corn,故前面应用how much来对其数量提问。

第三句中的主语、谓语有,但没有宾语,故应用what 来对接下来做“什么事情”进行询问。 在第四句中,空格后有名词salt,故前面应用how much来提问数量。

3. 和学生们一起校对答案。

4. 让学生们朗读并表演这个对话。

ⅤI. Group work

1. 让学生们看表格中的四个活动项目,让学生们根据自己的生活阅历来选择一个较为熟悉的话题,并与自己的小组成员进行讨论如何做此事。

2. 将做这个事情的过程例一个较为清晰的单子,并用英语描述一下。

3. 与一位同学一起用英语讨论一下,如何做这个活动。

4. 听一听其他同学们擅长的项目,并表达自己的想法或问题。

(最后,可以经学生们评议来推举谁是最会做事情的同学)

VII. Exercises

If time is enough, do some more exercises on big screen.

重排下列句子,成为一段完整的对话。

A. First, put the water into the pot

B. Next, put the noodles into the pot and cook for ten minutes.

C. How many noodles do we need?

D. How much water do we need?

E. How do we make egg noodles?

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F. What do we do next?

G. Five bowls.

H. Half a kilo.

I. Finally, put the egg into the pot and cook for another five minutes. ___, ___, ____, ____, ___, ___, ___, ____

Homework

1. 复习Grammar Focus 中的内容。

2. 从3c中选择一个活动项目,用英语将其过程描写出来。注意正确运用表示顺序 的词汇:

fist, next, then, after that, finally。

板书设计

Section B 1 1a-2e

一、教学目标:

1. 语言知识目标:

1) 能掌握以下单词:sandwich, butter, turkey, lettuce, piece, Thanksgiving, traditional, autumn, traveler, England, celebrate, mix, pepper, fill, oven, plate, cover, gravy, serve, temperature

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2) 能掌握以下句式结构:

① ─Do you like lettuce in a sandwich?

─Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.

② It’s a time to give thanks for food in the autumn.

③ Cut the turkey into thin pieces.

2. 情感态度价值观目标:

1)在活动中渗透中西方餐饮文化,了解西餐的制作方法在语言的运用中感受中西方饮食

文化的不同。

2)通过食物制作过程的介绍, 让学生认识到劳动成果的来之不易, 使之懂得不能浪费食物, 珍惜他人的劳动成果。

二、教学重难点

1. 教学重点:

1) 掌握本课时出现的生词及表达方式。

2) 进行听力训练,提高综合听说能力。

3)阅读短文,获得相关信息,提高学生们的综合阅读能力。

2. 教学难点

1). 听力训练

2). 阅读2b部分的短文并完成相关要求。

三、教学过程

Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

1. Daily greeting. Check the homework.

2. 头脑风暴: 将下列名词分为可数名词与不可数名词。

1) milk 2) tomato 3)teaspoon

4) popcorn

7) apple

10) shake 5) yogurt 6)salt 8) onion 9)dumpling 11) juice 12)meat

13) cup 14)porridge 15)watermelon 16)mutton 学生们可以小组为单位进行比赛,看谁写出来的最多。(在五分钟内)

3. 让学们复述如何做爆米花。

S1:First, put half a cup of corn into the popcorn machine.

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S2:Next, turn on the machine.

S3: Then, pour the popcorn into a bowl.

S4: Finally, put some salt. You can eat it.

4. 让部分学生复述如何植树或其他项目。

Ss try to retell how to plant a tree or other things they can do.

Ⅱ. Presentation

1. Ask Ss that what ingredients they need. Ask two students to say and write the ingredients on the Bb.

Ⅲ. Talking

1. Talk about the ingredients they like in the sandwich.

2. S1: Do you like lettuce in a sandwich?

S2: Yes, I do.

S1: Do you like tomatoes?

S2: No, I don’t. What about you?

S1: ?

3. Let Ss ask and answer in pairs.

Ⅳ. Listening

Work on 1c:

1. Tell Ss to listen and circle the words they hear in 1a.

3. Play the recording for the Ss to listen and circle.

4. Check the answers:

Work on 1d:

1. T: Now please look at the chart in 1d. Tell Ss to listen again and write the ingredients in the order they hear them.

听力指导:本题要求同学们听清在做三明治时,每个步骤中所需要的原料;因此,同学们在听的时候应将注意力放在“每个步骤中的原料”上;第一遍仅听,努力记住这些原料;第二遍的时候再写出来。

2. Ss listen to the recording carefully and try to fill in the blanks.

3. Play the recording again and check the answers with the class.

Ⅴ. Group work

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1. Work in groups. Discuss the traditional food people eat on special holidays in China. Then make a list.

2. Ask some Ss to read their lists to the class.

3. Ask some other Ss add more.

Ⅵ. Reading

1. T: Look at the article and the pictures. Can you guess what the passage is mainly about?

Let some Ss try to guess the meaning of the passage.

(It’s about the turkey dishes in Thanksgiving in the United States.)

2. Let Ss read the passage quickly and number the pictures [1-5].

3. Ss read the passage quickly and number the pictures [1-5].

4. Check the answers with the Ss.

5. Show the new words on the big screen and teach Ss the new words in the passage. Ⅶ. Reading [来源:中.考.资.源.网WWW.ZK5U.COM]

1. T: Now let’s work on 2c. First, let’s read the sentences and make sure we know the meanings of all the sentences. Then read the passage again and try to answer the questions.

2. 方法指导:首先,应读懂五个问题的意思;然后,带着这五个问题再次认真阅读短文的内容,特别是认真阅读短文中与某问题相关的部分,以便根据上下文意及整个段落的意思来确定如何回答这个问题。 综合上下文的意思,确定最贴切的答案。

3. Ss read carefully and try to find the answers to the questions.

4. Check the answers with the class.

Ⅷ. Reading

1. T: Now let’s read the short passage in 2d. It’s the instructions for making a turkey dinner written in different way. Put them in order. Write First, Next, Then and finally in the blanks.

Read the passage again. Then answer the questions with short sentences.

2. 方法指导:首先,通读这五个句子的意思;然后,根据上次读短文时的印象,将制作火鸡宴的过程排为正确的顺序;如果没有记住制作火鸡宴的过程,还应再去2b的短文中有关制件火鸡的部分去读一下。并最终排成正确的顺序。

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3. Ss try to answer put the sentences in order. Check the answers.

Ⅸ.Discussion

1. T: Show some special days in China on the big screen. Ask: What do you think is the most special day in China? Then Let Ss say the special food in the special days.

2. Ask the questions in 2e. Ss think and answer the questions.

3. Let some Ss say their answers.

Homework

1. 课后阅读短文,试着复述课文,总结课文出现的重难点词组及表达方式。

2. 课下再根据2e部分的内容;选择自己认为重要的节日,并写出你较为熟悉的食物的制作过程。

板书设计:[来源:中.考.资.源.网WWW.ZK5U.COM]

Section B 2 3a-Self check

一、教学目标:

1. 语言知识目标:

1) 复习如何制作火鸡宴,以及其他学生们熟悉的传统食物的制作过程。

2) 能够综合运用所学的知识以及根据所给的提示词来完成阅读填空的任务。

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3) 能够综合运用所学的知识来学习写作自己所熟悉的食物的制作过程以及所需的原料。

4)通过完成Self check的中练习题来全面复习how much和how many的用法。

2. 情感态度价值观目标:

1. 通过制作食物的介绍, 培养学生的实际生活能力, 了解生活知识, 增长生活阅历, 培养实践操作能力和动手能力。

2. 通过食物制作过程的介绍, 让学生认识到劳动成果的来之不易, 使之懂得不能浪费食物, 珍惜他人的劳动成果。

二、教学重难点

1. 教学重点:

1) 能够综合运用所学的知识以及根据所给的提示词来完成阅读填空的任务。

2) 能够综合运用所学的知识来学习写作自己较为熟悉的食物的制作过程。

2. 教学难点:

能够综合运用所学的知识来学习写作自己较为熟悉的食物的制作过程。

三、教学过程

Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

1. Fill in the blanks of the main idea of the passage in 2b: (On the big screen) Thanksgiving is a s_______ holiday in the U.S.A. It always on the f______ Thursday in November. There are many r______ for this special day. For some people, it is a time to give thanks for food in the a______. At this time people also remember the first t_______ from E______ about 500 years ago. These days most Americans still have a big meal at home to c________ it. The main dish of this meal is almost always t________.

How to make a turkey dinner?

First, m____ together some bread pieces, onions, salt and pepper. F___the turkey with this bread mix.

Next, put the turkey in a hot oven and c____ it for a few hours. Then, place the turkey on a large plate and c_______ it with gravy.

F_____, serve it to your friends with some other food.

2. Check the answers with the Ss.

3. Ask your partner his/her most special day in China.

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Ⅱ. Lead-in

1. Ask Ss about what special food in the town (city) they live?

e.g. Mapo toufu, Gongbaojiding, dumplings, ?

T: Well, my favourite food is Yunnan Rice Noodles.

Do you know how to make it?

Now, let’s read the passage in 3a and find how to make it.

2. Show some pictures of Yunnan Rice Noodles on the big screen.

Let Ss discuss the ingredients in this special food.

Ⅲ. Reading

1. Tell Ss to work on 3a. First, read the words in the box. Try to make sure the meaning of each words.

2. 写作指导:

首先,阅读方框中的词汇,掌握其意思,然后阅读短文,整体把握短文大意。

其次,分析有空格的每个句子,根据上下文意及句子结构确定空格处应填哪一个词。 最后,将单词填在空格上,并完整的读一遍短文,看是否通顺。

3. Ss try to read the article and try to fill in the blanks.

4. Check the answers with the Ss.

① have; 由括号中的句子“Of course, you can also have other things? 当然你可也可以准备其他的东西??”,可知空格处应为have一词。

② First; 通过读下文及关键词then,可知下面是在 叙述制作云南米线的过程。这是第一步。

③ wash;句意“将生菜洗净并切碎。”

④ Next;读短文可知,在第一步完成后,这是接一下的一个步骤,故空格处用next。 ⑤ cut; 句意“将鸡肉切成碎片。”

⑥ put; 由后面的介词in,可知这是put?in词组。句意“将鸡蛋、肉及生菜等逐个放入热汤中”。

⑦ Finally;读短文可知这是制作的最后一个步骤,故应填finally一词。句意“最后,将米线放入汤中”

⑧ enjoy;句意“现在是该享受米线的时候了。”。

Ⅳ. Writing

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Work on 3b:

1. Read the headings below. Think about your own favorite food in your hometown.

2. Then make a list of the ingredients of the food.

(If you don’t have any ideas, you may look at the food in P62. )

3. Ss try to think about the ingredients of the food and try to write them down.

4. Check the answers with your partners.

Work on 3c:

1. Tell Ss to use the notes in 3b and write a recipe for your favorite food. (Write about the ingredients you need and how to make it).

2. 写作指导:

?

? 因此,时态应用一般现在时态;

? 应先根据3b中的所列的原料清单,说明做此食物所需的原料。

? 然后,描述一下制作此食物的过程。同学应注意使用first, next, then, finally

等表示做事情的次序的副词来使你的描述更加清晰与明确。

3. 学生们根据写作提示,及指导的内容来试着写自己的食谱。

4. Let some Ss read their passage to the class. Give any help if necessary. Ⅴ. Group work

1. Make up a crazy recipe with your partner. [来源:Z,xx,k.Com]

(You may first make a list of the ingredients and the produce.)

2. Tell another pair of students how to make this crazy food. The other pair will have to draw it.

3. Give Ss some examples:

? First, put some yogurt on a piece of bread. Then, cut up one apple, and an onion

and

put them on the yogurt?

4. Ss try to write about their own crazy recipe in pairs. Then tell another group.

5. See which recipe is the craziest and which group draws the best.

Ⅵ. Self check

Work on Self check 1

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1. Tell Ss the sentences below is about how to make tomato and egg soup.

They are not in the right order. Please read the sentences and put them in the right order first. Then complete the instructions with the words in the box.

2. Ss work by themselves the try to number the instructions first. [来源:Z§xx§k.Com]

3. Then put the words first, next, then, finally in the blanks.

4. Check the answers and explain some main points.

理解句意:

? 将所有的东西搅合在一起然后可以吃了。

? 煮五分钟后放入两个鸡蛋。

? 将三个西红柿切碎,并将其放入锅内。

? 加入一些水、糖和盐。

5. 学生们试着复述制作西红柿鸡蛋汤的过程。

Work on Self check 2

1. Tell Ss to write questions and answers using the words in brackets below.

2. Give Ss some directions:

? 根据要求可知第一句为疑问句,特殊疑问句的结构为“特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句?”

故应先看其有没特殊疑问词。

? 如没有特殊疑问词,则为一般疑问句,则应根据句子的谓语动词来确定将 be动词

还是助动词放在句首。

3. Let some Ss try to make their own sentences and check the answers. VII. Homework

想一想,你在家里最喜欢吃的一道菜。了解一下它的做法,用英语将做这个菜所需的材料以及简单的过程用英语描述出来。

板书设计:

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