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广州版九年级上册英语U6 Great minds精讲精练

发布时间:2013-11-20 08:03:07  

U6 Great minds

【Reading A】

短语收藏夹

1. know sth by heart

2. at the wheel 记住;背熟 坐在方向盘后;开车

有幽默感 3. have a sense of humour

4. on one’s way to

5. in the audience

6. join in

在去……的路上 在观众席上 参加;加入 遇到麻烦 实际上 7. in trouble 8. in fact

9. It’s a pleasure to do sth 做某事是一件愉快的事情

【随堂练习】

1. 实际上,他不认识那个老人。

________ _________, he didn’t know the old man.

2. 我们的班主任很有幽默感。

Our head teacher ________ ________ great _______ _______ _______ .

3. 遇到麻烦时一定要冷静。

You must calm down when you ________ ________ _________

4. 你想不想参加我们的聊天?

Would you like to ________ ________ our talking?

5. 跟你一起去旅行真是一件愉快的事情。

________ ________ _________ to travel with you.

Key points

1、I will present the lecture instead. (P82) 我将代你作这个演讲。

解析:present作动词时意为“上演,推出,正式出席”等;作形容词意为“在场的,目前的”。

例如:

We do not have any more information at the present time.

目前我们还没有进一步的消息。

(作形容词)此外,present还可以作名词,意为“目前,现在,礼物”等。 例如:

What can I get him for a birthday present?

我给他送点什么生日礼物好呢?

They are studying a new robot at present.

他们现在正在研究一种新机器人。

提示:present作动词时,单词重音在第二音节;作形容词和名词时,重音在第一音节。

写出下列句子中present的中文意思和词性。

1. My parents gave me a computer as a Christmas present.____________

2. You should forget the past and start living in the present. ____________

3. The theatre will present a new play. ____________

4. Something must be done about the present situation. ____________

2、No one knows you here, so they won't find out. (P82) 这里没有人认识你,所以他们不会发现

解析: find out“发现,查出,查明”,通常指要经过一定的调查研究或思考才找出,又常指无形的东西,如道理,意义,罪恶等;find 的意思是“找到,发现”,通常指“寻找”的结果。也有意外或偶然发现的意思。

例如:

The police are trying their best to find out who stole the vase.

警察正尽力查找谁偷了那个花瓶。

When I was walking along the street, I found a wallet lying on the ground. 当我沿着街走时,发现地上有个钱包。

【随堂练习】

( )5. We ____ a new restaurant near the office.

A. have found

C. found out B. have found out D. were found

( )6. Can you ____ what time the meeting starts?

A. find

B. find out D. found out C. be found

3、Now we are in trouble!(P82)现在我们遇到麻烦了!

解析: be in trouble“遇到麻烦”;“in+名词”表示在某种状态或状况,注意该名词前不加冠词,如:in danger“危险中”;in pain“疼痛”;in love“恋爱中”。

【随堂练习】

( )7. Her sweet smiles show that she is ____.

A. in the love B. in pain

C. in love D. in time

( )8. You mustn't laugh at them or you will be

_____ .

A. in the trouble C. in a trouble B. in troubles D. in trouble

4、 Einstein sat in the audience, listened to Hans present his lecture perfectly, and joined in the applause at the end. (P82)爱因斯坦坐在听众席上,听汉斯完美地呈现他的演讲,最后还一起鼓掌。

解析: listen to sb do sth“听某人做某事”(动作已完成);listen to sb doing sth“听某人做某事”(动作正在进行)。有类似用法的动词有:see, watch, hear, find等。 根据汉语意思完成句子。

【随堂练习】

9. 他认真听完了我们谈话。

He _____ _____ us _____ very carefully.

根据首字母填空

1. Einstein received many i_________ to talk about his ideas.

2. Hans was led to a p_______ in a great hall.

3. Einstein sat in the a_______ and joined in the applause.

4. The question is too c_______ for the girl to understand.

5. He often o______ to help his mother do the housework.

用合适的介词填空

1 His attempt _____ explain how the universe works made him famous.

2 ___ these trips his driver was a man called Hans. He learns everything _____ heart.

3 It’s a pleasure _____ drive a genius like you.

4 _____ their way to a distant university, Einstein felt tired.

5 Einstein sat ____ the audience, listened ____ the lecture, and joined ____ the applause ____ the end.

6 Now we’re _____ trouble!

【Reading B】

Revision

1.这里没有人认识您,所以您可坐在观众席里

No one ________ you here, so you can sit ___ the __________.

2. 他收到一份邀请,到遥远的大学做演讲。

He receives ___ _________ to ________ his ________ in a _________ university.

3. 那个天才尝试解释宇宙是什么。

That __________ made an _________ to explain what the ________ is.

4. 安娜在舞台上完美地舞蹈,掌声热烈地响起

Anna danced ___________ on the __________, and the __________ warmly rang out.

短语收藏夹

1. pay no attention to sth

2. side by side

3. from that day on 4. instruct sb in sth

5. in one’s life

6. at the same time

7. be direct with sb

8. in return

9. tell the truth about...

【随堂练习】

1. 李老师在课堂上经常教我们做数学题的技巧。

Mr Li often _______ _______ ________ the skills of working on the maths

problems.

2. 看,他们肩并肩地在操场上走着呢。

Look! They are walking ____ ____ ____ in the playground.

3. 有些人不注意自己的外表。

Some people _________ __________ _________ _________ their appearances.

4. 从那天起,他再也没来过这里了。

____ ____ ____ ____ , he didn’t come here any longer.

5. 我可以给你一些钱作为报答。

I can give you some money ________ _________ .

6. 他在他的一生中都廉洁。

He is honest and clean _________ __________ __________.

7. 她对人很直率。

She _______ very _______ _________ others.

8. 他很聪明,但同时他又很懒。

He is very clever, but ________ ________ _______ ________, he is also very lazy.

9. 你们能说出这次事故的真相吗?

Can you _______ _______ _______ _______ the accident?

Key points

1、In fact, he spent so much time considering scientific puzzles that he often paid no attention to the world around him. (P84)事实上,他花了如此多的时间在思考科学难题上,以至于他不留意他周围的世界。

解析:(1) in fact=as a matter of fact“事实上”;

(2) sb spend time/ money (in) doing sth“某人花时间/金钱做某事”(in可省略);

(3) pay (no) attention to“(不)注意,(未)留心”,其中to是介词。

【随堂练习】

1. 事实上,她每个月花很多钱买衣服。

____ _______ , she ________ a lot of money__________ clothes every month.

2. 我边走边想着那场足球赛,所以没留意指示牌。

I was thinking about the football match while walking, so I_____ _____ _____ _____ the sign.

2、Some days he would go out wearing his sweater backwards. (P84)有时候他会反穿着他的毛衣就外出了。

解析:wearing his sweater backwards是伴随谓语go out而存在的状态,我们将这类用法称为伴随状语,其特点是:它所表达的动作或状态是伴随着句子谓语动词的动作而发生或存在的。

例如:

All night long he lay awake, thinking of the problem.

他整夜躺在床上睡不着,思考着那个问题。

He sat in the chair, reading a newspaper.

他坐在扶手椅里读报纸。

3、Soon Einstein and the girl were walking side by side. (P84) 很快爱因斯坦就和这个小女孩肩并肩地走在路上了。 解析:side by side“肩并肩”,类似的用法还有one by one“一个接一个”,neck and neck“并驾齐驱”,day by day“逐日”,hand in hand“手牵手”,face to face“面对面”,step by step“一步步来”。

例如:

They will debate face to face.

他们将当面进行辩论。

4、The girl's mother could not understand why such a famous man would want to spend time with her daughter. (P84)女孩的妈妈不明白,为什么一个如此著名的人物会愿意花时间和她的女儿在一起。

解析:(1)such a famous man“一个如此著名的人物”,so 和such 都有“如此,

这样”的意思,用于强调人或事物的某个性质。so修饰形容词或副词,such修饰名词。

例如:

Her eyes are so pretty.

她的眼睛是如此的漂亮。

She has such pretty eyes.

她有一双如此漂亮的眼睛。

(2) 如果名词前面有many, much, few, little (少)只能用so,如: so many people, so much water,so few rooms, so little time等。

(3)修饰单数可数名词时,可以用so 或such, 但是语序不同,即“such+a/an+adj.+单数名词”,相当于“so+adj.+a/an+单数名词”。

例如: such a generous girl,也可说so generous a girl“一个如此慷慨大方的姑娘”。

(4)“如此……以致……”有两种表达方式:

1. so+形容词+that(句子);

2. such+名词+that (句子)。

【随堂练习】

1. 我们今晚有这么多工作要做,不能去看电影了

We have ____ ____ work to do _____ we can't go to see the film.

2. 妈妈走得这么早,我早上起来已看不着她了。

Mom left home ____ early ____ I couldn't see her after I got up this morning.

3. 汤姆真是个勤奋的学生。

Tom is ____ ____ hard-working student!

= Tom is ______ ______ ______ student!

根据首字母填空

1 Einstein likes considering scientific p______.

2 Einstein sometimes wears his s______ backwards.

3 There are some w______ animals in this zoo.

4 The little girl was very d______ with Einstein.

5 The little girl brings Einstein cookies and he i_______ her in her maths homework.

6 The little girl often went to visit Einstein’s c_______ after school. 单项选择

1.He spent an hour _______ the picture.

A. to draw B. drawing C. draw

2. Einstein was walking home _____ work.

A. to B. from C. at

3. Einstein spent ________ time on her.

A. such much B. so many C. so much

4. She sent me a present and _____ return I

instruct her _____ her English homework.

A. in, on

B. on, in C. in, in

Language

Revision

1. 这是一份难以置信的作品。

This is an ___________ ____________.

2. 那位奇才正在自豪地弹奏钢琴协奏曲。

The ________ is playing the piano ________ __________.

3. 他的楷模正在全神贯注的做一项具有挑 战性的任务。

His ______ ______ is __________ in doing a _________ ________.

4. 她在一张纸上用黑色墨水写了一些谚语。

She wrote some _________ in black _____ on a ______.

【语法解析】

一、“名词+动词不定式”

本单元课本中提到了不定式作定语的用法,先看下面的例句:

His attempt to explain how the universe works made him famous. (P82) Einstein received many invitations to talk about his ideas. (P82)

上面两个例句中,名词attempt和invitation后面的不定式是起修饰作用的后置定语,可以对一个名词作进一步解释。

例如:

The next train to arrive is from Washington.

下一列到达的列车是从华盛顿来的。

My wish to visit France has come true.

我参观法国的愿望已经实现了。

下列名词之后多直接跟动词不定式作定语:ability, effort, need, promise, request, chance, hope, plan, wish等。例如:

Do you confide in his ability to do the job?

你相信他有能力做这工作吗?

Why have you broken your promise to help me?

你怎么违反了要帮助我的诺言呢?

【随堂练习】

完成句子

1.有没有一些可以吃的食物?

Is there any _______ _______ _______?

2. 请给我一些可以写的纸。

Please give me ______ ______ ______ _______ _______.

3.那位护士有5个孩子要照顾。

The nurse has ______ _______ ______ _______ _______. 单项选择

( )1. Whenever you have a chance ____ English, you should take it.

A. speak B. to speak C. spoke D. speaks

( )2. Our monitor, Xiao Ming, is always the last one ____ the classroom.

A. to leave B. leaving C. leave D. leaves

( )3. She feels lonely. She wants to buy some new toys ____.

A. plays with

C. playing with B. play with D. to play with

把两个句子合并成一个简单句

1. He has a dream. He wants to be a lawyer.

He has a dream _____ _____ _____ _____.

2. Could you lend me a piece of paper? I want to write on it.

Could you lend me a piece of paper _____ _____ _____?

3. My cousin got a chance. He was asked to work for the 26th Summer Universiade.

My cousin got a chance _____ _____ _____ the 26th Summer Universiade.

二、Question word + to - infinitive

课本例句

He did not know how to answer the question.(P88)

Then he decided what to do.(P88)

1、疑问词what /when /where /which /who /whether / how等后面可接动词不定式。这个结构在句子中可充当主语、表语或宾语等句子成分。

例如:

Whether to leave for London or not hasn’t been decided yet.

还未决定是否去伦敦。(作主语)

The question was where to find the medicine needed.

问题是到哪里去找需要的药物。(作表语)

The director told the actor what to say and how to attract the audience. 导演告诉演员该说什么和怎样吸引观众。(作宾语)

2、这种结构经常用在下列动词(词组)后面:be, know, ask, remember, forget, discuss, show, explain, teach, tell, learn, wonder, consider, discover, understand, hear, find out等。

1. 他得学会收集食物。

He has to how to collect food.

2. 他不知道要去哪里。

He don't where to go.

3. 她会建议你们做什么。

She will

4. 你能示范教我如何使用这部机器吗?

Will you me how to use this machine?

【随堂练习】

选择最佳答案

( )1. — ____ for Zhuhai has been decided.

— So you should get everything ready.

A. When leaving B. Where to leave

C. Where leaving D. When to leave

( )2. I’m a little hungry. Could you give me some food ____, Andy?

A. eat B. eating C. to eat D. ate

( )3. She likes dancing very much. She has a dream ____ a dancer.

A. to be B. to being

C. be D. being

( )4. I will be free next week, but I don’t know ____.

A. how I do B. how I do it

C. what to do it D. what to do

( )5. Can you tell me ____?

A. when leaving

C. when to leave B. when left D. when leaves

根据汉语意思完成句子

1. 你能给我一些写字的纸张吗?

Would you please give me some paper ______ _______ _______?

2. 她得到了一个出国留学的机会。

She has got a chance _______ _________ abroad.

3. 你能告诉我怎么做吗?

Would you please show me ________ _______ _______ ________ ?

4. 我问我妈妈要买哪一个。

I asked my mother _______ ________ _______ __________.

5. 孩子们很渴了,给他们一些水喝吧!

The children are very thirsty. Please give them some _______ ________ ____ .

6. 他还没有决定什么时候结婚。

He hasn’t decided _________ ________ _______ married.

同义句转换

1. We are talking about how we can get there.

We are talking about ________ _______ _______ there.

2. Sally knew where to buy this kind of drink.

Sally knew ________ _______ _______ ________ this kind of drink.

3. He isn’t sure what he will do with the broken vase.

He isn’t sure ________ _______ ________ with the broken vase.

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