U6 Great minds
1. know sth by heart
2. at the wheel 记住；背熟 坐在方向盘后；开车
有幽默感 3. have a sense of humour
4. on one’s way to
5. in the audience
6. join in
在去……的路上 在观众席上 参加；加入 遇到麻烦 实际上 7. in trouble 8. in fact
9. It’s a pleasure to do sth 做某事是一件愉快的事情
________ _________, he didn’t know the old man.
Our head teacher ________ ________ great _______ _______ _______ .
You must calm down when you ________ ________ _________
Would you like to ________ ________ our talking?
________ ________ _________ to travel with you.
1、I will present the lecture instead. (P82) 我将代你作这个演讲。
We do not have any more information at the present time.
What can I get him for a birthday present?
They are studying a new robot at present.
1. My parents gave me a computer as a Christmas present.____________
2. You should forget the past and start living in the present. ____________
3. The theatre will present a new play. ____________
4. Something must be done about the present situation. ____________
2、No one knows you here, so they won't find out. (P82) 这里没有人认识你，所以他们不会发现
解析： find out“发现，查出，查明”，通常指要经过一定的调查研究或思考才找出，又常指无形的东西，如道理，意义，罪恶等；find 的意思是“找到，发现”，通常指“寻找”的结果。也有意外或偶然发现的意思。
The police are trying their best to find out who stole the vase.
When I was walking along the street, I found a wallet lying on the ground. 当我沿着街走时，发现地上有个钱包。
( )5. We ____ a new restaurant near the office.
A. have found
C. found out B. have found out D. were found
( )6. Can you ____ what time the meeting starts?
B. find out D. found out C. be found
3、Now we are in trouble!(P82)现在我们遇到麻烦了！
解析： be in trouble“遇到麻烦”；“in+名词”表示在某种状态或状况，注意该名词前不加冠词，如：in danger“危险中”；in pain“疼痛”；in love“恋爱中”。
( )7. Her sweet smiles show that she is ____.
A. in the love B. in pain
C. in love D. in time
( )8. You mustn't laugh at them or you will be
A. in the trouble C. in a trouble B. in troubles D. in trouble
4、 Einstein sat in the audience, listened to Hans present his lecture perfectly, and joined in the applause at the end. (P82)爱因斯坦坐在听众席上，听汉斯完美地呈现他的演讲，最后还一起鼓掌。
解析： listen to sb do sth“听某人做某事”（动作已完成）；listen to sb doing sth“听某人做某事”（动作正在进行）。有类似用法的动词有：see, watch, hear, find等。 根据汉语意思完成句子。
He _____ _____ us _____ very carefully.
1. Einstein received many i_________ to talk about his ideas.
2. Hans was led to a p_______ in a great hall.
3. Einstein sat in the a_______ and joined in the applause.
4. The question is too c_______ for the girl to understand.
5. He often o______ to help his mother do the housework.
1 His attempt _____ explain how the universe works made him famous.
2 ___ these trips his driver was a man called Hans. He learns everything _____ heart.
3 It’s a pleasure _____ drive a genius like you.
4 _____ their way to a distant university, Einstein felt tired.
5 Einstein sat ____ the audience, listened ____ the lecture, and joined ____ the applause ____ the end.
6 Now we’re _____ trouble!
No one ________ you here, so you can sit ___ the __________.
He receives ___ _________ to ________ his ________ in a _________ university.
That __________ made an _________ to explain what the ________ is.
Anna danced ___________ on the __________, and the __________ warmly rang out.
1. pay no attention to sth
2. side by side
3. from that day on 4. instruct sb in sth
5. in one’s life
6. at the same time
7. be direct with sb
8. in return
9. tell the truth about...
Mr Li often _______ _______ ________ the skills of working on the maths
Look! They are walking ____ ____ ____ in the playground.
Some people _________ __________ _________ _________ their appearances.
____ ____ ____ ____ , he didn’t come here any longer.
I can give you some money ________ _________ .
He is honest and clean _________ __________ __________.
She _______ very _______ _________ others.
He is very clever, but ________ ________ _______ ________, he is also very lazy.
Can you _______ _______ _______ _______ the accident？
1、In fact, he spent so much time considering scientific puzzles that he often paid no attention to the world around him. (P84)事实上，他花了如此多的时间在思考科学难题上，以至于他不留意他周围的世界。
解析：(1) in fact=as a matter of fact“事实上”；
(2) sb spend time/ money (in) doing sth“某人花时间/金钱做某事”（in可省略）；
(3) pay (no) attention to“（不）注意，（未）留心”，其中to是介词。
____ _______ , she ________ a lot of money__________ clothes every month.
I was thinking about the football match while walking, so I_____ _____ _____ _____ the sign.
2、Some days he would go out wearing his sweater backwards. (P84)有时候他会反穿着他的毛衣就外出了。
解析：wearing his sweater backwards是伴随谓语go out而存在的状态，我们将这类用法称为伴随状语，其特点是：它所表达的动作或状态是伴随着句子谓语动词的动作而发生或存在的。
All night long he lay awake, thinking of the problem.
He sat in the chair, reading a newspaper.
3、Soon Einstein and the girl were walking side by side. (P84) 很快爱因斯坦就和这个小女孩肩并肩地走在路上了。 解析：side by side“肩并肩”，类似的用法还有one by one“一个接一个”，neck and neck“并驾齐驱”，day by day“逐日”，hand in hand“手牵手”，face to face“面对面”，step by step“一步步来”。
They will debate face to face.
4、The girl's mother could not understand why such a famous man would want to spend time with her daughter. (P84)女孩的妈妈不明白，为什么一个如此著名的人物会愿意花时间和她的女儿在一起。
解析：(1)such a famous man“一个如此著名的人物”，so 和such 都有“如此，
Her eyes are so pretty.
She has such pretty eyes.
(2) 如果名词前面有many, much, few, little (少)只能用so，如： so many people, so much water，so few rooms, so little time等。
(3)修饰单数可数名词时，可以用so 或such, 但是语序不同，即“such+a/an+adj.+单数名词”，相当于“so+adj.+a/an+单数名词”。
例如： such a generous girl，也可说so generous a girl“一个如此慷慨大方的姑娘”。
2. such+名词+that (句子)。
We have ____ ____ work to do _____ we can't go to see the film.
Mom left home ____ early ____ I couldn't see her after I got up this morning.
Tom is ____ ____ hard-working student!
= Tom is ______ ______ ______ student!
1 Einstein likes considering scientific p______.
2 Einstein sometimes wears his s______ backwards.
3 There are some w______ animals in this zoo.
4 The little girl was very d______ with Einstein.
5 The little girl brings Einstein cookies and he i_______ her in her maths homework.
6 The little girl often went to visit Einstein’s c_______ after school. 单项选择
1.He spent an hour _______ the picture.
A. to draw B. drawing C. draw
2. Einstein was walking home _____ work.
A. to B. from C. at
3. Einstein spent ________ time on her.
A. such much B. so many C. so much
4. She sent me a present and _____ return I
instruct her _____ her English homework.
A. in, on
B. on, in C. in, in
This is an ___________ ____________.
The ________ is playing the piano ________ __________.
3. 他的楷模正在全神贯注的做一项具有挑 战性的任务。
His ______ ______ is __________ in doing a _________ ________.
She wrote some _________ in black _____ on a ______.
His attempt to explain how the universe works made him famous. (P82) Einstein received many invitations to talk about his ideas. (P82)
The next train to arrive is from Washington.
My wish to visit France has come true.
下列名词之后多直接跟动词不定式作定语：ability, effort, need, promise, request, chance, hope, plan, wish等。例如：
Do you confide in his ability to do the job?
Why have you broken your promise to help me?
Is there any _______ _______ _______?
Please give me ______ ______ ______ _______ _______.
The nurse has ______ _______ ______ _______ _______. 单项选择
( )1. Whenever you have a chance ____ English, you should take it.
A. speak B. to speak C. spoke D. speaks
( )2. Our monitor, Xiao Ming, is always the last one ____ the classroom.
A. to leave B. leaving C. leave D. leaves
( )3. She feels lonely. She wants to buy some new toys ____.
A. plays with
C. playing with B. play with D. to play with
1. He has a dream. He wants to be a lawyer.
He has a dream _____ _____ _____ _____.
2. Could you lend me a piece of paper? I want to write on it.
Could you lend me a piece of paper _____ _____ _____?
3. My cousin got a chance. He was asked to work for the 26th Summer Universiade.
My cousin got a chance _____ _____ _____ the 26th Summer Universiade.
二、Question word + to - infinitive
He did not know how to answer the question.(P88)
Then he decided what to do.(P88)
1、疑问词what /when /where /which /who /whether / how等后面可接动词不定式。这个结构在句子中可充当主语、表语或宾语等句子成分。
Whether to leave for London or not hasn’t been decided yet.
The question was where to find the medicine needed.
The director told the actor what to say and how to attract the audience. 导演告诉演员该说什么和怎样吸引观众。（作宾语）
2、这种结构经常用在下列动词（词组）后面：be, know, ask, remember, forget, discuss, show, explain, teach, tell, learn, wonder, consider, discover, understand, hear, find out等。
He has to how to collect food.
He don't where to go.
Will you me how to use this machine?
( )1. — ____ for Zhuhai has been decided.
— So you should get everything ready.
A. When leaving B. Where to leave
C. Where leaving D. When to leave
( )2. I’m a little hungry. Could you give me some food ____, Andy?
A. eat B. eating C. to eat D. ate
( )3. She likes dancing very much. She has a dream ____ a dancer.
A. to be B. to being
C. be D. being
( )4. I will be free next week, but I don’t know ____.
A. how I do B. how I do it
C. what to do it D. what to do
( )5. Can you tell me ____?
A. when leaving
C. when to leave B. when left D. when leaves
Would you please give me some paper ______ _______ _______?
She has got a chance _______ _________ abroad.
Would you please show me ________ _______ _______ ________ ?
I asked my mother _______ ________ _______ __________.
The children are very thirsty. Please give them some _______ ________ ____ .
He hasn’t decided _________ ________ _______ married.
1. We are talking about how we can get there.
We are talking about ________ _______ _______ there.
2. Sally knew where to buy this kind of drink.
Sally knew ________ _______ _______ ________ this kind of drink.
3. He isn’t sure what he will do with the broken vase.
He isn’t sure ________ _______ ________ with the broken vase.