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常用主动语态表示被动含义的单词

发布时间:2013-11-20 12:45:11  

黄治森 编写

【中/高考必备资料】习惯用法大于天,一对一来管一点,这些单词要熟记,习惯用法记心里。

单词

英语例句

汉语翻译

第一类 实意动词类的半连系动词 (后接形容词)

feel

The cloth feels smooth.

这块布料摸起来很滑。

The body of the cat feels soft.

小猫的身体摸起来软乎乎的。

smell

The flowers smell sweet.

这花儿闻起来很香。

The fish smells bad.

这鱼有臭味。

taste

The food tastes nice/ delicious.

这是物味道很鲜美。

These apples cook well, i.e. taste good when cooked.

这种苹果宜于熟吃。

sound

The saying sounds reasonable.

这种说法似乎很合理。

Does this sentence sound right?

这个句子听上去对吗 ?

prove

The story proved quite false.

这一套话证实是假的。

Buying new furniture may prove too costly.

购买新家具可能会花钱太多。

look

Although he is over eighty, he looks hale and healthy. 尽管他已经八十多岁了, 看上去还很健壮。

Is anything wrong? You look ill.

怎麽了? 你脸色不好。

第二类 “洗穿读写”类实意动词 (后面不带宾语)

sell

It can sell high.

这能以高价出卖。

The book doesn’t sell well.

这本书卖的不好。

This kind of machine made in China sells very well abroad. 中国制造的这种机器在国外很畅销。

open

The door won’t open.

这门打不开。

The shop opens all the time except during the spring festival. 除了春节期间,商店总在营业。

write

The new pen writes very smoothly.

这支新钢笔写起来很流畅。

This pen doesn't write well.

这支笔不好写。

wear

The cloth has worn thin.

这块布磨薄了。

These shoes wear long.

这些鞋很耐穿。

divide

The sentence divides into two parts—the noun phrase and the verb phrase. 这个句子分为两个部分:名词短语和动词短语。

All things invariably divide into two.

事物都是一分为二的。

blow

Mind your hat, it’ll blow into the river.

当心你的帽子吹到河里去。

The clouds will soon blow over.

云即将吹散。

catch

How did your coat catch on a nail?

你的衣服怎样挂到钉子上啦?

Will the disease catch?

这病传染 吗 ?

work

Are your plans working out successfully?

你们的计划进展顺利吗?

The pill doesn’t work.

这种药丸不起作用。

lock

The door won’t work.

门锁不上。

Move the handle to the left and the door will lock.

向左转动把手,门就会锁上。

cook

The electric stove cooks well.

这个电炉很好煮。

The meat cooks slowly.

肉熟得慢。

clean

The screen cleans easily.

这屏幕擦起来挺容易。

A porcelain sink cleans easily.

瓷水槽容易弄干净。

shut

That door won't shut/fasten.

那扇门闩不上。

His eyes shut and he fell asleep.

他合上眼睛睡着了。

read

After being touched up, the essay reads more smoothly. 稿子经过这样一改,念起来就顺口多了。

The clock reads four - twenty.

这钟显示的时间是4点20分。

wash

This kind of cloth washes very well.

这种布料很耐洗。

Thick black ink like that won't wash off easily. 那么浓黑的墨水不容易洗掉。

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