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中考短语表

发布时间:2013-09-19 12:46:33  

初中英语常用词组和短语表

A

a bit 一点儿

a bottle of 一瓶

a few 一些, 几个(后加可数名词) a little 一些,一点(加不可数名词) a lot of = lots of 许多(加可数或不可数) a great deal of 大量的(接不可数名词) a great many 大量,许多(后接可数名词) plenty of 许多(接可数名词或不可数名词) a piece of 一张(一片,块) a cup of 一茶怀

a copy of 一份,一本 all kinds of 各种各样 all one's life 一生

all over 遍及每一部分,浑身 all over the world 遍及全世界 all the same 仍然

all the time 一直

all the year round 一年到头 after a while 过一会儿 again and again 一次又一次

at the age of (后加基数词)在……岁 at the beginning of 在……开端 at the end of 在……末尾 at the head of 在……排头 at the foot of… 在……脚下 at the moment = now 此刻

at the same time 在同时

at times 有时

as … as 和…一样 not as/so … as 和…不一样 as long as 只要

as soon as 一…就… as a matter of fact 事实上,其实 as if = as though 似乎,好像

as well as 除…之外, 也, 既…又… as usual 像平时一样 ask for 向…要…,请求 ask for leave 请假

arrive at/in 到达

at breakfast 在吃早饭 at work 在工作

at midnight 在午夜 at night/noon 在夜里/中午 at first 首先 at last 最后 at least 至少 at once 立刻,马上 B be able to 能够 be angry with sb. 生某人的气 be angry at sth. 对某事生气 be awake 醒来 be born 出生 be afraid of (doing) sth. 害怕…… be afraid to do sth. 害怕做…… be afraid that… 恐怕…… be amazed at 对……感到惊讶 be based on 以……为依据 be back 回来 be in = be at home 在家 be out 外出 be careful (of) 当心,注意,仔细 be covered with 被…覆盖 be ready for 为…作好准备 be surprised (at) 对…感到惊讶 be on 在进行,在上演,(灯)亮着 be pleased with 对…感到高兴(满意) be strict with sb 对(某人)要求严格 be strict in sth 对(某事)要求严格 be from 来自……,什么地方人be worried about 担忧…… be worth doing 值得做…… be in trouble 处于困境中 be glad to do sth. 很高兴做…… be satisfied with 对……感到满意 be free 空闲的,有空 be ill in bed 卧病在床 by and by 逐渐地 by the end of… 到……底为止 be busy doing 忙于做…… be busy with 忙于…… be excited about 对……感到激动、兴奋be famous for 因……出名 1

be famous as 作为......而出名 be fed up with 对……感到厌倦 be filled with… 被……充满

be full of 被……充满

be good at 擅长于做某事 be interested in 对……感兴趣 be late for ……迟到

be made in 在……(地点)制造 be made of 由……制成(看得出原材料)be made from 由……制成(看不出原材料) be proud of 对……感到骄傲、自豪be used to doing 习惯于做

be used for doing 被用于做某事 before long 不久以后

by air = by plane 乘飞机

by sea = by ship 坐轮船

both …and… 两者都

by the time 到……时候

by the way 顺便问一句

C

catch up with 赶上

catch a cold 着凉,伤风

catch hold of 抓住

change…into… 变成

come true 实现

come up with 提出、想出(办法、主意)come back 回来

come down 下来

come in 进入,进来

come on 快,走吧,跟我来 come out 出来,出版

come out of 从……出来

come from 来自……

D

day after day 日复一日

do one's lessons 做功课

do some shopping 买东西

do some cooking 做饭菜

do some reading 读点书

do one’s homework 做家庭作业

do morning exercises 做早操

do one's best 尽某人最大的努力 do sports 做运动

do well in… 擅长于做某事

E each other 互相,彼此 eat up 吃完,吃光 either…or… 或者……或者…… enjoy oneself 过得愉快 F fall asleep 入睡 fall behind 落后 fall down(from) 倒下,掉下 fall off… 从……下降, 跌落 far away 遥远,在远处 far away from… 远离…… find out 发现,查出(真相等) from now on 从现在起 from then on 从那时起 fill…with 把……装满 first of all = at first 首先 for example 例如 G get ready for=be ready for 为…而准备 get to 到达 get together 相聚 get up 起床 get back 回来, 取回(失物等) get down (从...)下来 get married 结婚 get rid of 除掉,去除 get in 进入,收集 get on 上车 get on well with 与……相处愉快 get off 下车 give sb.a call 给……打电话 give a talk 作报告 give back 归还,送回 give in 屈服 give sb.a chance 给……一次机会 give a message to… 给……一个口信 give birth to 生孩子 give up doing 放弃、戒掉 give…a hand 给……(某人)帮助 go back. 回去 go boating 划船 go fishing 钓鱼 go hiking 徒步旅行 2

go shopping 购物

go skating 去滑冰

go home 回家

go on 继续

go on with 继续(某事) go on doing(sth) 继续做某事 go on to do(sth) 继续做另一事 go out 外出,熄灭 go straight along 沿……一直走 go to bed 上床

go to the cinema 看电影

go over 仔细检查,复习 go out for a walk 外出散步 H

half an hour's walk 步行半小时的路程 have a good time 过得愉快 have a headache 头疼

have a look at 看一看

have a rest 休息

have a seat 坐下

have a try 尝试一下 have a talk 谈话

have a swim 游泳

have sports 做运动

have supper 吃晚餐

have to 不得不

hand in 上交

hands up 举起手

have a cold 感冒

have a cough 咳嗽

have a lesson/lessons 上课

have a meeting 开会

have a sports meeting = hold a sports meeting

开运动会

have bread for breakfast 早饭吃面包

have sth done 让人(请人)做某事 have an idea 有了个主意 had better do sth. 最好做…… had better not do sth. 最好不要做…… have a word with 与……谈几句话 hear from 收到……来信 hear of 听说

help sb.with sth. 在……方面帮助……help sb.(do)sth. 帮助……做

help oneself to sth 请随便吃…… hold up 举起 hold on 等一等 别挂断 how long …… 多长, 多久 how many…… 多少(可数名词) how much…… 多少(不可数名词),多少钱 hurry up 赶快,快点 I in a hurry…… 匆忙的 in one's twenties 在某人二十几岁时 in the middle of 在……中间 in no time= in a minute 立刻,很快 in public 公众,公开地 in order to 为了…… in the sun 在阳光下 in surprise 惊奇地 in turn 依次 instead of 代替…… in English 用英语 in fact 事实上 in front 在前面 in front of 在……前面(范围外) in the front of 在……前部(范围内) in the day 在白天 in the end=at last 最后,终于 in the future 在将来 in the open air 在户外 in this way 用这种方式 in time 及时 J just now=a moment ago 刚才 just then 那时 K keep up with 跟上,赶上 keep silent= keep quiet 保持沉默,安静 keep sb.doing sth. 使……一直做 keep diary 写日记 knock at/on 敲(门、窗) keep doing sth 保持、一直做某事 keep…from 阻止……做某事 L little by little 逐渐地 large numbers of 大量的(后接可数名词) laugh at 嘲笑 3

learn from 向……学习

leave…behind 把……落在后面 leave for 动身去……

leave…for… 离开……去…… less than 小于

look after 照顾, 关心 look at 看着

look for 寻找

look on …as… 把……当作……看待 look around 朝四周看 look like 看起来象 look out 留神 ,小心 look out of 往外看 look over 检查

look the same 看起来一样 look up 向上看,查阅(字典)等 M

make sure 确保, 确定 make telephone calls 打电话 make the bed 整理床铺 make up one's mind 下决心 more and more 越来越多 more or less 或多或少 more than 超过,多于 N

not…at all 一点也不

not…as/so…as 和……不一样 not only…but also 不但……而且… not…any more/longer 不再

neck and neck 并驾齐驱

neither…nor… 既不……也不……O

of course 当然

no longer 不再

on one's way to 某人在去…的路上at/on the weekend 在周末

on the other side of 在……另一边 no matter 无论

on display= on show 陈列,展览 on duty 值日

on foot 步行

on the left 在左边 on the other hand 另一方面 on time 按时

on watch 值班 once upon a time 很久以前 P pay for 为……付款 pick up 捡起, 获得 play a joke on 开某人玩笑 point at 指着(近距离) point to 指向(远距离) put (sth) down 放下,记下 put away 放好,整理 put off 推迟, 拖延, put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子),上演(戏剧) put up 搭起,挂起,举起,张贴 put one's heart into 全神贯注于 Q quarrel with 跟...吵架 R right now 立刻 ring up 打电话 rather than 而不,非 regard…as 把……当作…… run away 逃跑,跑开 run after 追赶,跟在后面跑rush out… 冲出去…… S set up 竖起,建起 set off 出发, 动身 send for 派人去请(叫) send out 放出,发出 send up 把……往上送,发射 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事 smile at 对……微笑 shout at 对……大喊(嚷) set one's mind to 下决心 say goodbye to 告别 sooner or later 迟早 slow down (使)慢下来,减速 speak highly of 赞扬 so far 到目前为止 so that 以便(表目的) so…that… 如此……以致(表程度)stand in line 排队 4

T

take one's advice 听从某人劝告 take down 拿下

take place 发生

take one's place 坐……的座位,代替某人职位 take the place of 代替…… take a walk 散步

take it easy 别紧张

take sth. with sb. 随身带着

take care of 关心,照顾,保管 take away 拿走

take part in 参加

take medicine 服药

take a bus 乘公共汽车 take a seat 坐下

take (an active) part in 积极参加

take exercise 做体操, 做健身活动 take pride in 为……感到自豪/骄傲 take off 脱衣, 起飞 take out 拿出, 取出 take photos 照相

take turns 轮流, 依次 take a message for 捎口信给…… leave a message for 给…留口信 teach oneself= learn by oneself 自学

talk about 谈论,议论 talk with 与……交谈 the day after tomorrow 后天

the last/past two years 最近两年 the whole country 全国

the whole world 全世界

the day before yesterday 前天

the more, the better 越多越好 the same as 与…一样 thanks for 为……感谢 thanks to… 多亏了…… think over 仔细考虑

think of 考虑, 关心, 想起 think about 考虑…… throw away 扔掉

throw about 到处扔

to one's surprise 使......感到惊奇的是 to one's joy 使……高兴的是 try on 试穿

turn down (把音量)调低 turn up 调高 turn off 关上(电灯,收音机等) turn on 开,旋开(电灯,收音机等) turn over 打翻, 翻阅 turn in 交出,上交 turn…into… 把……变成…… turn to 翻到,转向 U up and down 上上下下 used to do sth 过去常常做某事 W wait in line 排队等候 wait for 等候 wake up 醒来 waiting room 等候室, 候诊室 wait a moment 稍等 wear out 穿旧 穿破 well done 做得不错 What about…? ……怎么样 write down 写下 with one's help 在某人的帮助下,由于某人的帮助with the help of … 在……的帮助下 with a smile 面带笑容 work out 解决,算出 work hard at 努力做…… worry about 担忧……5

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