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unit 11 课文及翻译

发布时间:2013-11-20 13:44:24  

Eat, have fun and learn in Watertown !

Watertown is a great place for the family to take a vacation. Teenagers will want to visit the world’s largest water slides and eat at Uncle Bob’s. A different rock band plays at Uncle Bob’s every night. Kids will enjoy the Clown City Café. They have organized games and the staff dress up as clowns.

There’s also a lot for parents in Watertown. If they love good food, they can find it at the Farmer’s Market where the food is both delicious and cheap. While the children have fun, parents can take dance lessons on the beach. And everyone can learn something in Watertown. There are three museums! Teenagers love the Sports Museum and kids enjoy the Science Museum. Parents will spend many happy hours walking through the History Museum.

在水城、玩、学习 水城是一家人度假的好去处。青少年会想去世界上最大的水滑道和去鲍勃大叔的餐厅吃饭。每晚都有不同的摇滚乐队在鲍勃大叔的餐厅演奏。小孩儿喜欢去小丑都市咖啡馆。他们有组织好的游戏且有工作人员扮成小丑的模样。 水城里也有许多为家长准备的东西。如果他们喜欢吃好吃的,那么他们就会发现农夫市场的东西既好吃又便宜。孩子们玩得开心的同时,父母们也能在海滩上学跳舞。任何在水城都能学到东西。那儿有三个博物馆!青少年喜欢体育博物馆,孩子们喜欢科学博物馆。父母们将会开心地在历史博物馆度过许多小时。

Could you please lend me your pen?

Asking for information or help is a very common and necessary activity, especially when we visit a foreign country. So knowing how to ask for information politely is important. In English,

“Where are the restrooms?” and “ Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?” are similar requests- both are correct English, but the first could sound rude. It’s important to use correct language, but sometimes this alone is not enough- we need to learn how to be polite when we make requests.

In English, just like in Chinese, we change the way we speak when talking with different people. The expressions you use might depend on whom you are speaking to or how well you know them. If you said to your teacher, “ Where is my book?”, this might sound rude. But if you said,

“ Excuse me, Mr West. Do you know where my book is?”, your question will sound much more polite. On the other hand, it might be alright to say “ Where is my book?” in some situations, perhaps with people you know well.

And you would not usually say, “ Peter, lend me your pen.” A very direct order like this can sound rude in English. Usually in English polite questions are longer and include extra language such as “ Could you please…?”or “Can I ask…?” It sounds more polite to say, “Peter, could you please lend me your pen?” Sometimes, we might even need to spend some time leading in to a question or request. For example, if you stop a stranger in the street, we might first say, “Excuse me , I wonder if you can help me” or “ I’m sorry to trouble you but,” before asking them for help.

It might seem that speaking politely is more difficult than being direct, and in a way this may be true. However, in order not to offend people, learning about language etiquette is just as important as learning grammar or vocabulary. And doing this will also help you become better at English, or any other language you wish to speak.

询问信息和求助帮助是非常普通也是很重要的一项活动, 特别是当我们去国外参观学习时. 所以知道如何有礼貌的询问信息是很重要的.用英语说: “休息室在哪里?”和 “你能告诉我休息室在哪里?”都是正确的英语表达,但是第一种听起来很粗鲁.使用正确的语言是很重要,但是有时这还不够,-我们还需要学习怎么礼貌的提出请求.

用英语正如用汉语说话一样,我们在遇到不同的谈话对象时会改变我们的说话方式.你使用的方式可能是取决你要谈话的人或是你对他的认识程度.如果你对你的老师说“我的书在哪?”这将听起来很粗鲁,但是如果你说“打扰了,West先生,你知道我的书在哪吗?”,你的提问将听起来礼貌的多.另一方面,如果你对非常熟的人,在一些环境下这样说 “我的书在哪?”是可以的.

你通常不能这样说“Peter,把你的钢笔借给我” 像这种直接的命令在英语中挺起来很粗鲁。通常,在英语中有礼貌的问句会长一点并且包括一些附加的语言,比如说:你能~~~?或 我能问一下~~~吗? ‘皮特,请问你能把你的钢笔借我吗?’听起来就比较礼貌。有时,我们甚至可能需要花费一段时间去 引出一个问题或要求.例如如果你拦下一个陌生人,我们需要先说“打扰了,我想知道你是否能帮我”或者“我很抱歉打扰你,但?”

可能礼貌的说话要比直接说困难些,某种程度上说这可能是真的.然而,为了不冒犯他人,学习礼节语言就正如学习语法和词汇一样重要.这样做能让你英语更好,或任何你想说的其他语言

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