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九年级英语第三单元

发布时间:2013-11-20 13:44:27  

U nit 3 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.

知识梳理

Section A

1.allow=permit允许

allow sb. to do允许某人做…

allow doing sth.

be allowed to do sth. 被允许做…

2.need 作实意动词

need to do sth.需要做…(人做主语)

need doing 某物需要被…(物做主语)

We need to repair the window.我们需要修理窗户。

The window needs repairing.窗户需要被修理。

need 作情态动词,用于否定句或疑问句。

You needn’t do it.你不必做它。

3.seem 似乎,好像

It seems that=sb. seems to do 似乎,好像

seem 后面往往接名词、形容词、that从句

It seems that he doesn’t have many friends.他似乎没有许多朋友

He doesn’t seems to have many friends.他似乎没有许多朋友

4.sixteen-year-olds 合成词

sixteen -year-olds相当于sixteen -year-old teenagers,意为“16岁的孩子/年轻人”。

5.get their ears pierced 扎耳洞

get +名词 +过去分词 让…做…

6. They talk instead of doing homework. (P19)他们会说话而不做作业。

instead of是复合介词,意思是“代替”,后面往往接名词、代词、动名词或介词短语, of后面的内容是被否定的。

I want that book instead of this one. 我要那本书而不是这本。

We went to swim instead of playing basketball.

我们没有去打篮球,而是去游泳了。

特别提示

副词instead和instead of意思相同,但用法却不同。instead意为“代替,顶替”,常位于句首或句末,可不译。

I didn’t go to cinema. Instead, I went to go shopping.

我没有去看电影,我去购物了。

The water here is not good, so I drink coffee instead.

这里的水不好,所以我改喝咖啡。

7.剪发cut one’s hair

have one’s haircut

have a haircut

8.stop doing 停下做…

stop to do 停下来去做…(另一件事)

stop from doing 忍不住

I’m always stopping from watching TV.

.我总是忍不住看电视。

9.wear=be in =be wearing=get/be dressed in 穿的状态

put on穿的动作

dress给别人穿(主语必须是人)

10.silly头脑简单、傻头傻脑(有感情色彩)

foolish (口语)

stupid智力差的

11.1).so +系动词/助动词/情态动词 +主语 表示主语所作动作与之前相同

We have a lot of rules at my house.

So do we.

2).否定句中,用neither/nor代替so.

Neither/Nor do we.

3).so +主语 +系动词/助动词/情态动词 表示赞同前者说法

He is a clever boy.

So he is.

Section B

1. get

get to 着手做…

get out 出去

get up起床

get ahead 进步

get away 离开,脱离

get off 下车,脱衣服 get on 上车,穿衣服

2. sometimes 有时

sometime 有时

some times 有几次

some time某时

3. Find someone who is allowed to stay up until 11∶00 pm. (P20) 找出被允许熬夜到11点的人。

(1)who is allowed to stay up until 11∶00 pm是一个定语从句,用来修饰前面的someone。 The man who is smoking is my father. 正在抽烟的那个人是我的父亲。

The foreigner who visited our class is from Canada.

访问我们班的那个外国人来自加拿大。

(2)stay up在这里是“熬夜”,“不睡觉”的意思,相当于not go to bed。

He stayed up too late last night. 他昨天晚上熬夜到很晚。

She promised the children they could stay up for homework.

她承诺孩子们可以熬夜做作业。3.Do you ever worry that you’ll fail a test? (P21)你曾经担心过考试不及格吗?

fail表示考试“不及格”或“不通过”,相当于not pass。

I think I may fail in the English exam this time.我想这次英语考试我可能不及格。

6. Parents should not be too strict with teenagers. (P21)父母对青少年不应该要求太严格。

形容词strict是“严格的”,“严厉的”的意思,对人严格时用介词with,对工作等严格时用介词in。

The teacher was very strict with his students. 这位老师对学生非常严厉。

He is always strict in his work. 他总是对工作要求很严格。。

3. The other day, my friends and I talked about the rules that we have in school. (P22)那天,我

和我的朋友们谈论我们学校的各种规章制度。

(1)the other day表示“几天以前,不久前的一天” = A few days ago。

I saw him in the street the other day. 不久前的一天,我在街上看到了他。

Li Ming and I went shopping the other day. 几天以前我和李明去购物了。

(3)本句中的get to意为“开始,着手”,后面接动词的-ing形式,表示“着手或开始做某事”。 We get to working after a short rest. 我们歇息了一会儿后就开始干起活来。

He got to wondering why he was in the job.

他对自己为什么会从事这份工作感到诧异。

6. Our teachers believe that if we did that, we would concentrate more on our clothes than our studies. (P22)我们老师相信,如果我们那样做了,我们就会将注意力更多地集中在服装上,而不是学习上。

(1)believe是及物动词,意为“相信”,其后可跟名词或从句。

I don’t believe his story. 我不相信他的故事。

I believe he told us the truth. 我认为他告诉我们的是真的。

believe in表示“信任”(即trust)。

She doesn’t believe in God. 她不信奉上帝。

(2)在that if...的句中,that放在believe后面用来引导一个宾语从句,而if则在宾语从句中引导一个条件状语从句,we would...则是宾语从句中的主句。

We are sure that if they come on time, they won’t be in the rain.

我们都确信,如果他们准时到的话,就不会被雨淋了。

(3) concentrate on sth,“专心致志于…,精神集中…,全神贯注做…”。

I can’t concentrate on my work when I’m hungry. 我饿了就无法集中精力工作。

We must concentrate our attention on efficiency. 我们必须把注意力集中在效率上。

7.be good for对…有益

8.a way to do一种做…的方法

6.both A and B A和B 都…

7. I know we get noisy sometimes, but we learn a lot from each other. (P22)我知道我们有时很吵,但是我们相互之间可以学到很多东西。

(1) learn...from向……学习”。

We used to learn English from Da Shan. 我们以前常常跟大山学英语。

He never learns from his mistakes. 他从来不从错误中吸取教训。

learn to do sth“学习,学会做某事”。

I’m learning to keep rabbits. 我正学着养兔子。

How did Bill Gates learn to work out a software program?

比尔·盖茨是怎样学会设计软件程序的?

learn of“听到”,“获悉”。

He learned of the accident just now. 他刚才听到事故的消息。

8.At present= At the present time目前

9.old people’s home敬老院

10. We think young people should look smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes. (P22)我们想年轻人应该看起来漂亮潇洒,因此我们想穿自己的衣服。

would like sb to do sth表示“想要某人做某事”。

I’d like you to help me with my homework. 我想要你帮助我做家庭作业。

特别提示

feel like也可以译为“想要”,有时可以与would like替换;其后接名词或动词的-ing形式。 She feels like a good meal. 她想美美地吃一顿。

I feel like seeing a film tonight. 我今晚想去看电影。

11.have +时间段 +off

12. I would like to reply to the article “Helping and Learning” in your last newsletter. (P23)我想回答你们上期简讯上“帮与学”这篇文章中的问题。

(1)本句中的reply意为“回答,应答”,一般只用作不及物动词,后面与to连用,表示“回答别人的问题、话语、信件等”。

He didn’t reply to my letter. 他没有给我回信。

How can you reply to my questions? 你如何回答我的问题呢?

特别提示

reply严格地说是经过深思熟虑后,一一答复对方的问题或观点,故当以answer表示像answer the telephone这样一般性的应答时,不能用reply代替。

(2)in your last newsletter是介词短语,在句中用作定语,修饰article。

13.agree with… 同意某人的意见,看法

disagree with…不同意

agree on…就…达成一致

agree to…同意计划,安排,建议

1.get in the way of妨碍

2.sucess/succeed/successful/ in在某方面成功

3.1).as…as 第一个as 是副词,第二个as是连词,意为“和…一样”

Tom is as tall as I.汤姆和我一样高。

2).在否定句中,常以so代替as。

Science is not so popular as Chinese.自然科学不像语文那么受欢迎。

3). as…as中间加形容词、副词原形。

He runs as fast as I.他跑的和我一样快

4.be /fight against反对

5.happen(偶然) take place (必然)

6.be serious about对…认真

7. “I know my parents care about me,” he says. (P24)“我知道父母关心我,”他说。

本句中的care about为及物动词短语,意为“关心,在乎,介意”,其后接名词或代词,一般用于肯定句或疑问句。

The girl never cares about others. 那个女孩从不关心别人。

She didn’t care about anything people might say. 人们说什么她都不在乎。

8.be always doing总是做…

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