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【精品】初中英语语法动词的时态讲解

发布时间:2013-11-21 08:02:49  

初中英语语法

动词的时态
主讲人:高彪

动词的时态结构歌谣
一 一般现在时,动词用原型; 般单数三人称,动词加“s” 。 时
I work. He works. I worked.

一般过去时,动词加“ed”。

现在进行时, 进 am,is,are,-ing。 行 过去进行时, 时 was,were,-ing。
例句:I am working. 例句:I was working.

一般将来时, 将 will加原型。 来 过去将来时, 时 would加原型。
I will work. I would work.

完 have/has加过分。 成 过去完成时, 时 had 加过分。 I have worked. I had worked.

现在完成时,

各种时态的用法
一、一般现在时 1.用法:A.现在经常性的动作或状态 B.客观事实和真理。 2.标志词:always,usually,often, sometimes, never,every day /week /month/year/…
gets 1.The boy usually___(get) to school early. 2.Light travels ______(travel)faster than sound.

二、一般过去时

1.用法:过去的动作或状态。 2.标志词:
yesterday,the day before yesterday, three days ago, last night/week/month…,in the past;just now=a moment ago
点击中考
Li Ming didn’t understand what American people said,_____? (2004北京市中考) A.couldn’t he B.could he C.didn’t he D.did he

三、现在进行时

1.用法: A.现刻动作:目前正在发生的动作。 B.现阶段动作:目前一个时期一直在进 行的动作,此刻不一定在进行。 2.标志词:now,Look! Listen!
中考模拟: --Mike, who____football in the yard? --Let me go and see. (2004顺义) A.has played B.will play C.was playing D.is playing

1.Look!What___the children___ over there?

A.are;do B.are;doing C.is;do D.is doing 2.Those workers____here these months. A.are work B.are worked C.work D.are working 3.--How__you___along with your workmates? --Very well. A.do;get B.will;get C.can;get D.are;getting 4.--Must I water the flowers now? --No, you needn’t. Jack_____them.
A.is watering C.waters B.watering D.is watered

注意

A.有几个瞬间动词可以用现在进行时表将 来,如:begin,start,come,go,leave。
1.--Lucy! Would you like to give me a hand? --OK. I____. A.will come B.come C.am coming D.would come

2.--When____you____for Toronto? --Tomorrow. A.do;leave B.are;leaving C.will;leaving D.shall;leave

B.现在进行时和always连用,表示说话 人较强烈的感情色彩。
?The boy ____always ____ us! (夸赞) A.is;helping B.does;help C.can;help D./;help

?You ____ always _____ the same mistake! (责备) A.do;make B.does;make C.is;making D.are;making

四、过去进行时
1.用法:过去某时正在进行的动作。 2.标志词:at that time,this time yesterday,then,when…
1.Father______when I _____yesterday morning.
A.still slept,got up B.was still sleeping,got up C.is sleeping,got up D.sleeps,get up
2.She___apples in her garden when I____to see her yesterday.  A.picked,went C.picked,was going B.was picking, went D.was picking,was going

五、一般将来

时 1.用法:将来的动作或状态。 2.结构:will (第一人称) +V.(原型) shall be going to 3.标志词:tomorrow,the day after tomorrow,in three days,in (the) future,next week/month/term…, from now on

4.shall/will/be going to之间的区别: 1 shall往往用于第一人称疑问句, will可用于任何人称。
2

will常用于表邀请或命令时以及 带有意愿色彩。

3

计划决定要做某事,一般用be going to do 结构。

1.There___two meetings tomorrow afternoon. A.are going to be B.are going to have C.is going to be D.will have

2.The twins____to the cinema with their parents tonight. A.will go B.would go C.are go D.went
3.---When____we have the meeting? ---At 8. A.are B.shall C.would D.will 4.--When___you___for London? --Next week. A.will;leaving B.are;leaving C.shall;leave D.have;left

六、过去将来时 1.用法:从过去看将要发生的动作。 2.结构:would +v.(原型) was/were/going to
试题:
1.--What did he say yesterday? --He said he____to Sydney next week. A.goes B.will go C.would go D.are going 2.--Did your son fail his English exam once again? --Yes, but he told me he____hard next term. A.studies B.is studying C.will studyD.would study

七、现在完成时 1.用法:
1 2

影响:作业都
做完了,我能出 去玩会儿吗?

过去的动作对现在的影响。 I have finished my homework. 过去的动作持续到现在。 I have stayed here for an hour! 这该死的!我都等了 一个小时了,他怎么 还不来?

现在完成时

过去

现在

2.标志词:
already, just, yet, ever, never, so far(till now/up to now), recently, in the past 3 years, before, since+时间 点,for+时间段

3.现在完成时和一般过去时的异同点: 1 共同点:动作都在过去。 2 不同点:和现在有无关系。(与现
在有关的过去动作用现在完成,与现在 无关的过去动作用一般过去。)

4.易错点:
1

have gone to+地点,表示“去了某地”。
(人已走,尚未回。只用于第三人称。)

They have gone to Europe. (They are not here.)

2

have been to+地点,表示“去过某 地”。(人已回) I have been to Europe. (I am not in Europe now.)
have been in+地点+时间段,表示“在/ 来某地多久”。 I have been in Europe for three weeks. (I am now still in Europe .)

3

5.瞬间动词和延续性动词 若句中出现时间段,则必须使用 延续性动词。瞬间动词和延续性动 词转换关系如下:
begin/start leave be on be away go there get home be there be home

die
join

be dead
be in / be a member of

open
close get to know

be open
be closed know keep have

get married come here

be married be here

borrow buy

1.The film began 5 minutes ago. The film___ ___ ___ for 5 minutes. has been on

2.They left an hour ago.
3.The man died a week ago.

have been away They____ ____ ____for an hour. The man___ been dead for a week. has ____ ____

4.He joined the club 3 days ag

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