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中考英语50个重点句型

发布时间:2013-11-21 10:37:18  

1. as soon as 一……就……

Don’t worry. He will call us as soon as he arrives in the USA.

He wrote to Mr. Gao as soon as he arrived in London.

2. as … as …和……一样…… (not as/so … as) (不如……) Our classroom is as clean as theirs.

He doesn’t run as/so fast as Jim.

3. as…as possible 尽可能……

I’

4. ask sb.for sth. 跟某人要……/要求得到……

Don’t always ask your parents for money. 向警察求救 ask the police for help

5. ask/tell sb. how to do sth.问/告诉某人怎么做某事

I asked /told the man how to get to the hotel.

6. ask/tell sb. to do (not to do) sth. 吩咐/告诉某人做(不做)某事 Tell him not to be late.

My mother told/asked me to wash clothes.

7. be (feel) afraid of doing sth. /that … 害怕……

I’m afraid of walking alone.

Cats are usually afraid of dogs.

I’m afraid that I can’t go with you.

8. be busy doing /with sth. 忙于做……

By the time the bell rang, every member of the class was busy reading. He has been busy with his work all week.

9. be late for … 迟到

Don’t be late for school again.

We are late for the train.

be famous for以……而著名 (类似的还有be ready for,be sorry for) Australia is famous for coalas.

He was late for the meeting yesterday.

10. be glad that… 对……很高兴

I’m glad that you can come.

11. both…and… 两者都

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He can speak both English and French.

12. give sb. sth. /give sth. to sb.给某人某物(类似的词还有bring, show, lend,send, pass, tell等)

Give me that piece, please.

Bring me the book when you come tomorrow.

Show me the ticket, please.

Will you please lend me your bike?

13. either … or或者……或者……(近邻原则)

They were either too big or too small.

Either you or I am wrong.

14. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做……(类似的还有hate, finish, like, mind, stop, keep, go on等)

We enjoy watching TV.

He hates doing housework.

I have finished doing my homework.

My mother likes swimming very much.

It was already dark, but they still went on working in the field.

15. get + 形容词的比较级 and 比较级 ……变得越来越……

The weather gets warmer and the days get longer.

I am getting taller and taller.

16. get on with 与某人相处

I’m getting on well with my classmates.

How are you getting on with your parents?

17. get ready for/get sth. ready 为……准备好/准备好

Have you got ready for the exam?

Please get everything ready.

18. buy sb. sth./ buy sth.for sb. 给某人买某物

Buy me a Chinese dictionary, please.

Buy a Chinese dictionary for me, please.

19. had better do (not do) sth. 最好做(不做)某事

You’d better come here earlier tomorrow.

You’d better not eat too much meat.

20. help sb with sth/help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

She helped me with my homework.

I often help my mom (to) cook dinner.

21. I don’t think + 从句 我认为……不……(否定前移)

I don’t think he can come.

22. I would like (to do) …我想要/愿意(做)……

-- Would you like a cup of tea? -- Yes, please!

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I’d like to go to the cinema with you.

23. It takes sb. time to do sth. 做某事花费(某人)……时间

I like writing to my pen friend, but it takes (me) a lot of time.

How long does it take you to get there by bus?

24. It’s bad (good) for … 对……有害(有益)

It’s bad for your eyes to read in bed.

25. It’s + adj + (for sb) + to do sth. (对于某人)做某事是……

It’s difficult (for us) to learn English well.

It’s good (for you) to get up early and go to bed early.

26. It’s time for sth. / It’s time (for sb.) to do sth. 该……的时候了

It’s time for class.

It’s time (for me) to go to bed.

27. It is two metres long/high/wide/deep.

It is four meters long.

The house is three meters high.

The river is ten meters wide.

The boy is eleven years old.

28. keep sb. doing sth使某人不断做某事 (缠着某人做某事)

Don’t keep us waiting for a long time. 让某人久等

29. keep/make sth./ sb.+adj使某物/人保持某种状态

She always keeps her room clean and tidy.

The news made me very happy.

30. like to do sth. (like doing sth) 喜欢做某事

I don’t like to be late.

31. let (make) sb do sth让(使)某人做某事

Let’s look at it.

How did Lin Feng make the baby stop crying?

32. neither … nor既不……也不……(就近原则)

He can neither read nor write.

Neither you nor he has been there.

33. not … at all 根本不

He doesn’t like playing football at all.

34. not only … but also 不但……而且……(近邻原则)

He is not only an actor but also a director.

35. not … until …直到才……

I didn’t see my mother until the evening.

They didn’t go home until the rain stopped.

36. one… the other…/some.. others… 一个……另一个……/一些……另一把这些句型尽早背过,随时抽查 3

些……

I have two friends. One is Lily, the other is Lucy.

In our class,some students are cleaning the window, others are sweeping the floor.

37. see/hear sb do /doing sth 看见/听见某人做过/正做某事

I saw him pick up the trash and throw it into the dustbin.

I saw him playing on the playfround.

38. so … that …, such…that… 如此……以至于…… (注:so后跟形容词;such后跟名词。)

The suit was so expensive that he could not afford it.

He runs so fast that none of us can catch up with him.

The skirt cost so much that she didn’t buy it.

It is such a heavy box that we can’t carry it.

so that 以便

If you know, answer in a loud voice so that all the class may hear you.

39. spend… on sth., spend …(in) doing 花……时间/钱

He spent a lot of money on books.

I spend two hours on my homework every day.

I spend two hours (in)doing my homework every day.

40. stop sb. from doing 阻止某人做某事

He stops me from picking the flowers.

41. stop to do (doing) sth停下来去做某事/停止做某事

My father stopped to listen to the weather report.

The bell rang. We stopped talking and began to have our lesson.

42. take/bring sth.with sb. 随身携带

Joe often takes/brings a camera with him.

43. The+比较级… the+比较级… 越……越……

The harder you work, the better you will learn.

44. There is something wrong with … ……出毛病(故障)

There is something wrong with my bike.

45. too +adj.+ to do … 太…以致于不能……

The water is too hot for you to drink.

46. used to do … 过去常常……

I used to live there when I was a child.

There used to be a painting on the wall in the room.

47. What (How) about doing…? (征求意见,询问消息)……怎么样?……好不好?

-- What are we going to do tomorrow?

-- What (How) about going to see a film?

-- When shall we meet?

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--What (How) about seven o’clock?

48. What’s wrong with …? What’s the matter with …? 怎么啦(出什么事了)? -- What’s the matter?

-- I don’t feel very well. I have a cold and I have a cough.

-- What’s wrong with the plane?

-- I think it’s broken.

49. Why not do … ?/ Why don’t you do…?(提建议)为什么不…?

Why not ask the teacher?

50. Will/Would/Could you please do sth? 请你做…好吗?

Would you please say it again more slowly?

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