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初中英语宾语从句课件

发布时间:2013-11-21 12:47:58  

语法专项复习 ------ Object Clause宾语 从句

一、宾语从句的概念
宾语从句即句子作宾语,而不再是一 个词或短语作宾语。

I like my teacher.(名词作宾语) I know him .(代词作宾语)
I know Mr Li teaches English. (句子作宾语)

包含宾语从句的句子结构: 主句+连接词(引导词)+宾语从句

二、宾语从句三要素
连 接 词









(一)连接词
1.that 2.whether/if
3.连接代词
who whom whose what which

4. 连接副词when why where how。

注:that 在句中无词汇意义,在从句中不能充当成分,
在口语当中往往省略
e.g.
he will be back in an hour 1. I hear (that) _______________________. (一小时后他会回来) he missed us very much 2. He said (that) ______________________. (他非常想念我们)

3. The teacher told us (that) ___________________________. the earth moves around the sun
(地球围着太阳转)

注意:当从句是客观真理的时候,无论主句什么时态,从 句一律用一般现在时

由从属连词whether, if 引导的宾语从句
e.g. whether (if) he can come 1. Ask him _____________________. (他是否
能来)

2. I don’t know whether it is going to rain or not ___________________________.(是否要下
雨) 当句末为or not时,引导词只能用whether而不能用if.

If 与whether 的区别
1. I don’t know _____ he will come or not. 与or not 连用只能用whether 2.I don’t care of ______ he is handsome. 介词后只能用whether 3.He wondered ______ to stay here the next week.

与to do 不定式连用只能用whether
4.____ he will come is not decided.

作主语只能用whether

由连接代词what, whom, whose, which, what及连接 副词 when, where, how, why引导的宾语从句

1. He asked __________________________.
(谁能回答这个问题)

2. Do you know_________________________.
(他们在等谁)

3. Please tell me _______________________.
(我们什么时候开会)

由连接代词what, whom, whose, which, what及连接 副词 when, where, how, why引导的宾语从句

4. Can you tell me _______________. (
他在哪儿)

5. Could you tell me ______________________. (我该怎么
去车站)

6. Would you tell me _________________ (为什么火车迟到了)

(二)语序:陈述句语序

即:陈述句结构(主+谓+其他成分) 将下列句子换成陈述句语序 1.Is there a bank near here? 2.Are they doing homework?

? (三)时态(时态一致性) ? 1. 如果主句的时态是一般现在时,宾语从 句的时态根据具体情况来确定,可以是 任何 _________时态。 I don’t think (that) you are right. Please tell us where we’ll go fishing tomorrow. ? Do you know when Mr. Smith moved here?

? 2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能 用相应的_________时态(一般过去时, 过去 过去 进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时

)。例如:

? He told me that he was born in Beijing in 1992. ? He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon.

? 3. 如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真 理,即使主句用了过去时,从句仍 用 _______ 时态。例如: 一般现在 The teacher said that the earth moves around the sun.

巩固练习:

I.从下列A、B、C、D中选择一个正确选项填空。

C 1.Do you know __________________?
A. where does she live C. where she lives B. she lives where D. where she live

B 2. His parents wanted to know what he ______at that time.
A. is doing C. has done B. was doing D. will do

3.—We don’t know ______. C -- It is said that he was born in Canada. A.what he is B. when he was born C. where he comes from D. if he lives here
4.Lily’s mother looked for her for half an hour, but could not find ________? C A.what Lily was B. what was Lily

C. where Lily was

D. where was Lily

A 5 The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with them.
A. took C. takes B. take D. will take

6 Linda said the moon___ round the earth. C A. travelled C. travels B. has travelled D. had travelled

? 7. Could you please tell me ________ he A will come here tomorrow? ? A. if B. weather C. what D. which ? C 8. Could you tell me ___?

A. when will they leave Beijing B. when would they leave Beijing

C. when they will leave Beijing D. when did they leave Beijing

II.改错:
Miss Zhang asked me why I was late for school. __________________________________________

1.Miss Zhang asked me why was I late for school.

2.Father told me the sun always rose in the east.
Father told me the sun always rises in the east. __________________________________________ 3.He doesn’t know that when she can come back.

He doesn’t know when she can come back. __________________________________________

将下列句子合并为一句:
1. Where do they stop on the way? I asked.
I asked where they stopped on the way. 2. What will you say at the meeting? Could you tell me? tell me what you will say Could you at the meeting? 3. Do they like to make friends with us? He asked. He asked if they liked to make friends with them.

4. “ I am doing my homework.” He said. He said that he was doing his homework.
5. “I will come back.” Tom said. Tom said that he would come back.

宾 语 从 句 小 结
一.结构
1. 当陈述句作宾语从句时, 结构:主句+that + 主语 +谓语部分 2. 当一般疑问句作宾语从句时,结构:主句+ if(whether) +主语 + 谓语部分 3.当 特殊疑问句作宾语从句时,结构:主句+特殊疑问词+主语 + 谓语部分

二.主从时态关系
主句 1.一般现在时 2. 一般过去时 3.(特殊):任何时态 从句 时态不变 时态相应变化 一般现在时 (客观、自然现象)

三.语序:陈述语序


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