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英语中“变”的用法

发布时间:2013-11-21 14:01:05  

英语中的“变”

1、become 、get

①become 和get主要指一个人暂时性的身心变化或永久性的自然变化:

become [get] angry, famous, fat, ill, old, well, deaf, strong, etc 生气,成名,发胖,得病,变老,痊愈,变聋,变强,等

He became(got) angry.

She becomes famous.

His dream has become a reality.

他的梦想变成了现实。

Her cheeks went a very pretty pink.

她的脸颊变得绯红。

His coat has become/got badly torn.

他的外套已经非常破了。

Our country is getting/becoming stronger and stronger.

我们的国家日益强大。

The days are getting longer and longer. (get较多地与形容词比较级连用) It's becoming/getting colder and colder.

天变得越来越冷。

She became a lawyer.

她成了一名律师。

It’s becoming a serious problem.它正在成为一个严重问题。

(误)I hope you will become well. (become一般不用于“将来成为”的意思) (正)I hope you will get well.

②become 和 get 还可用于指天气的变化和社会的趋势:

It’s becoming [getting] cold (dark, cloudy, etc). 天渐冷了(黑了,多云了等)。 Divorce is becoming [getting] more common. 离婚现象越来越常见了。

2、 go 、come

①go 和come表示变化时,前者主要指一种由强到弱或由好到坏的变化(可用于人或事物),后者则主要指向好的方面变化:

go bald (deaf, insane, etc) 发秃,变聋,发疯等。

He went mad.

Hearing this, she went red.

The meat’s gone off (gone bad). 肉变味(变坏)了。

The radio’s gone wrong. 出毛病了。

Her wish came true. 她的愿望实现了。

Everything came right. 一切顺利。

She went [turned] blue with cold. 她冻得脸色发青了。

The rotten meat went [turned] green. 这块腐烂的肉变绿了。

They went out of fashion years ago.它们好多年前已变得不时新了。

② go后接形容词通常表示的结果(见上例),在个别搭配中也表示现状:go hungry 挨饿,go naked 光着身子

③ come 除表示向好的方面变化外,还有以下常见搭配值得注意:come untied 解开,come loose 变松,come undone 松开

④ get, go, come能接现在分词,不过它们已失去“成为”的意思。如:

They went in and got chatting together.(get意为“开始”)

他们进去后开始聊天。

We often go swimming.(go意为“去”)

我们常去游泳。

He came running in(来)

3、grow

grow 主要表示逐渐变化,强调变化的过程:

It began to grow dark. 天色渐渐黑了。

The sea is growing calm. 大海变得平静起来。

The pollution problem is growing serious. 污染问题日见严峻。

My younger brother is growing tall.我的弟弟渐渐长高了。

You’ll soon grow to like her. 你很快就会喜欢她的。

The little plant grew into a tree. 幼苗长成了一棵树。

4、turn

①turn多接表示颜色的形容词,也接表示天气的形容词,它侧重变得与以前完全不同。如:

The man turned blue with fear.

那个男人因害怕而脸发青。

The weather suddenly turned much colder.

天气突然变得冷多了。

The leaves turn yellow in autumn.

秋天树叶变黄了。

When she saw this,she turned red.

看到这个,她的脸红了。

②turn后接名词时,往往表示意想不到的变化,名词前通常用零冠词: He turned writer after he graduated from a medical college.

他从医学院毕业后当了作家。(比较:He became a writer after graduating from college.)

He has turned scientist.他已经变成了一名科学家。

5、be

be表示“成为”的意思时,多用于将来时、祈使语气或。如:

He will be a scientist.他将成为一名科学家。

I would like to be a bus-driver.我想成为一名公共汽车司机。

6、run

run有时用作“变(成),变得”

The river was beginning to run dry.

河水开始干涸起来。

7. change

change的用法

①用作名词,表示“变化”、“改变”,多用作可数名词,有时也可用作不可数名词:

自1978年以来这里发生了巨大的变化。

正:Great changes have taken place here since 1978.

正:Much change has taken place here since 1978.

②表示在某一方面的变化或改变,通常用介词 in。如:

There has been a change in the program. 节目已有变动。

We hope there will be a change in the weather. 我们希望天气会变好。

③ change??into??意为“把??变成(换成)??”。如:

He changed his dollars into francs. 他把美元换成了法朗。

We can change ice into water by heating it. 通过加热我们可以把冰变成水。 ④在下列表达中,change 后的名词用复数形式:

change trains (hands) 转车(手)

change seats [places] 换座位

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