开始课堂教学(Beginning the lesson)
Now, who can remember what we did last lesson?
Well, can any of you tell me what we practised last time?
OK, l want a student to tell us what we learned/read about/used last lesson. Remember?
Do you remember these pictures?
We used the pictures and the cards, didn't we? We practised a talk about sports, right? Let's go over it again.
Let's read the sentences once more. What about having another practice? How about revising them once more?
二、宣布教学计划 (Announcing the teaching pIan)
first/first of all/and then/later (on)/after that/finally/by the end of-. - etc. one. ... /two... /three... /four..' Practise a dialogue Learn something now
Do some read ing / w rit ing / note tak ing Have some conversation practice Do some role play
in a few minutes/half way through the lesson/when we've finished... /near the end of the lesson/at the end of the lesson
if we have enough time/if time permits/if there's time/perhaps we may spend a few minutes on... By the end of the lesson you'll be able to talk about agreements and disagreements. You'll have learnt how to give people advice.
You'll have had practice in writing a letter asking for help. You'll be able to use the present perfect tense for checking up.
Would you move your chairs in (up, back, etc. ) ? Could you three move your desks forward l please? Will you both move your table this way please? Would you mind straightening the chairs please? Do you mind moving back a bit? Will you make a bigger space here?
Could you possibly arrange yourselves to make a group of 3 (4 ， 6, 8, etc. ) ? If you could arrange yourselves to form a group of 5. -. Please would you arrange your chairs in 3 (4, 5 t etc- )?
Would you find the handouts we were using last week please? Could you get out the polycopies you had last time please? Will you take out the worksheets you began yesterday please? Let's find the passage we were reading last lesson. Put your other books away, please. No others! That's all.
We don't need these pictures. Will you put them away? Not that book. The other one. Yes, the red one. Ready ! Now we can start.
Haven't you brought yours? Well, you'll have to share with your neighbour. Have you lost yours? Well, you may share with Li Lei.
Haven't you got yours? Forgotten? Well, you should use mine, but don't forget next time. I have some papers to give out now.
I have some new books to give out today. Here are some worksheets to hand round.
Will you please give these sheets out, Han Mei? Thanks. Please pass these papers back (round, along), please. Take one and (then) pass them on. They're for you to keep. You may have them to keep. I want the materials back please.
I want them back at the end of the lesson.
You must give them in again, so please don't write on them. OK?
Please can you clean the blackboard/the whiteboard/the board? Would you mind cleaning the board, please? Just clean this half. Leave that section. We still need this part. Just clean that bit. Don't clean that side. Not this hit. Only that part.
Just that section. Thank you very much.
Could you clean the top left-hand corner, please? Will you clean the bottom right-hand corner, please? Please rub of f the yellow words on the left at the top-
Would you please rub off the drawings on the right at the bottom? Rub everything off, please- Leave this on, please.
四、举例(Giving examples) 1. 以速度区分
You should use-ing form here, like... (入慢速度)I love playing football." 2. 以重复来区分
You will have to use 'but' when you express this idea, now listen to the sentence: 'I love swimming but I don't like swimming in winter.' (停顿，再读一遍) 3. 以重读来区分
We ought to use the form 'have done...' such as (加强重点部位的读音力度) 'Have you finished that job yet?' 4. 以手势来区分
五、谈论课堂环境 (taking about physical conditions) Don't you think it's too hot in here? Isn't it rather cold in here?
Please can you turn the fan on?
Would you mind switching the air condition or on? Then we'll be able to keep cool. I'm afraid it's too dark in here. Can you work alright? Can you see alright? Don't we need that light(s) on?
Wi1l you open the shutters?
Oh, it's much too untidy for us to study in. Please tidy up, will you?
Please would you go and ask someone to fix the light? Will you fetch someone to see to the cooler?.
六、使用教学工具与设备 (Using aids and instruments) Will you fetch the wall charts of Lesson 65?
Can you bring me those sets of flash cards of 'food and drink' ? We need a flannel board.
Now, I've got some folders of cue cards. Please could you stick the picture up here? Let's find the sticky tape to fix the chart up.
Is that alright? Straight? High enough? Can you all see it? Wil1 you give me the scissors? They are to cut these out with. Will you take them down?
I'm going to collect the cards in now and put them away.
七、使用电教设备(Using electrical equipment) Will you possibly plug the tape recorder in for me? Oh dear. It's too loud, what must you do then? (S: Well, I have to turn the volume down. )
I'm afraid it's not loud enough. You'd better turn it up a bit.
What's wrong with the recorder? Will you check the plug is in/the switch is on/the mains supply? It won't work. Can you check the plug is in? I can't get it to work.
Now, wait a minute. Let's find the right place on the tape. Shall we go back and play it again?
Did you catch that? That seemed to be a bit fast- We'l1 go back and listen again, Ready? Check it is rewound, back to the start. Wind the tape on to the empty spool.
Set the counter to O00 at the beginning of the tape.
T: Now, let's talk about some pictures. We'll need the O. H. P., that is, the overhead projector. Do you know how to make it work? (教师指引出投影仪的英文名称 ) S: Electricity.,
T: Well, do l need to switch it on first or plug it in? Ss: Plug in.
T： Plug it in, good. Can you say that? Come on ! You have... everyone. Ss: You have to plug it in-
T: Good l Well, l've plugged it in. Now what? Ss: er-.. You have to switch it...
T: Switch it on t on Everyone! You have... Ss: You have to switch it on.
T: That's it. Now I'll adjust the mirrors... oh dear, the picture's upside down ! How silly ! lt's too bright'
It's not bright enough. It's not clear enough. It's out of focus.
Let's adjust the focus.
八 进行分组活动(Dividing the class up) (1 ) Choral (2) Individuals (3) Teams (4) Pairs
I want all of you to answer the questions. (Choral)
I'd like just one person to continue the sentence. (Individual) I want this part to correct the sentence. (Team) Now let's play the dialogue out in pairs. (Pair) For this, I'm going to divide you down the middle. Now I'll divide you in half.
Whose go is it? Not yours- You be quick! It's group 6 first. Now you. Quickly! That's it. It's your turn second. It's their go third.
We'll score on the board and we'll see which team wins. I want you to work in groups. In fours. /In groups of four'
Turn round and face your neighbour.
You haven't anyone to work with, have you? What about joining in with them?
九、布置作业 (Setting homework)
At home tonight, practise the exercise on page 9. At home this evening, not now, revise this dialogue.
You are going to compose a piece of writing about today's topic in your notebooks and give it in tomorrow morning.
For homework, l want you to finish this piece of work.
Before next lesson you must go over what we've just learnt from unit 12. It must be done by next lesson.
The piece of writing must be completed by next time I see you/this time next week.
十 结束课堂教学(Ending the lesson)
One or two more minutes, just complete the task you're doing and then we'll stop- . Now time is up. We'll stop now. You've done enough of that/enough practice at that- Most of you have done that better than last time. I want to collect your papers now please. I'd like to take in your last lot of homework.
Please will you give it/pass it up to the end of the row? Put your work on my desk as you leave. Thank you, everyone. Well done.
Could you see all the library books are returned, everyone, please? Before you all leave, would you check that all the books are put away?
Li Ming, it's your job today to clean the board/collect the readers in/make sure it's all tidy forthe next class.
I have some announcements to make be fore you go. Could you listen, please?
、打招呼（Greetings） Good morning, class. Good afternoon, class 4. Good morning, everybody. Good afternoon, everyone. Good morning, boys and girls. Good afternoon, children. How are you all today?
Are you all well this morning?
打招呼之后，可以增加一两句(Beginning a chat) Well, did you have a good weekend? Well, did you enjoy the holiday?
Well, what did you do yesterday evening? Tell me what you did at the weekend? 谈谈学生衣着发型也可以：
Oh, you've got a new dress on. It's very nice. Oh, you've got a new hair style.
二、考勤(Checking attendance) 1．点名
Right ! I'm going to call the row. OK ! Listen while I call your names. Now ! I'll take the register.
Quiet f now, please. Listen while I see if you're all here. 2．问缺席情况
Now ! Let's see who's absent. Right ! Let's see if anyone's away. Is anybody absent? Is everybody here? 3. 关照新生 Oh, are you new? OK, are you a pupil?
You have just come to this class (school), haven't you?
Where do you come from? What's your name? Do you like the school? Welcome to our class. 4. 谈缺勤原因 Where's Wang Hai?
Does anyone know where Li is?
Can anyone tell me where Liu has gone? Who knows when he will be back? Han Meimei is ill today, isn't she? 5. 关照病愈者
You were absent for three lessons last week. Did you catch a cold? Oh, I'm sorry.
You'll catch up l won't you? Don't worry.
You've been absent for days, haven't you? You were away last lesson, weren't you? ' What was the matter? Why were you away? Are you better?
How are you feeling now? Do you feel better?
Well, Jane, ask your friends to help you.
OK, you'd better ask your neighbour to tell you what we've done. Come and see me after the lesson, OK?
Now, let me introduce myself. I'll just tell you a bit about myself. My name is..., spelt...
I've been teaching in the school for 1O years. I come from Shanghai.
I worked for a newspaper until last year. And what about you?
Will you introduce yourselves?
T: I went to the Summer Palace (引出话题) Yesterday. Did any of you go?
No?... Well, (无人回答，问某一学生) What did you do, -.. er... Zhang Hong.
Zhang:... er... I-. - er. -. in home. (学生响应断断续续) T: Oh, you stayed at home. (“搭救“说话的学生 ) Zhang: Yes, I stay at home.
T: OK, you stayed at home. (暗中纠正时态) What did you do then? Zhang:... TV...
T: Oh, you watched television 9 didn't you? Which programme? (继续问下去困难，可就此打住 ) 有关用语还有:
Tell me what you did 1ast night.
Will you te11 me a bit about your weekend? Could you tell us more about the programme? How did you like yesterday's party?
五．建议 (Suggesting) Let's go through the text.
Could you open your textbook and find Ex. 5 on page 45? Could you take out the cards?
Will you all think of some questions to ask each other? Will you get together in groups and discuss the idea? Try to think it out for yourself.
Let's work out how you could plan your piece of writing.
Now you've answered all the questions in full. You need to say a bit more about that.
You'd better get that right.
六．提起注意 (Directing students' attention) Quiet, now, please. Let's work in pairs. Will you face the people in front of you? Fine. Look again carefully. Are you ready to listen?
Are you all listening? OK, then.
Now then something new! Let's change the topic. That was quite good, let's do it once more.
七．请求(Making polite requests)
Could you possibly plug the cassette player in for me? Can you check the switch is on? Will you go and fetch some chalk? Will you find the wall charts?
Has anybody seen the stick/tape/drawing pins? Please could you put it up here?
Please would you mind cleaning the board?
八．指导 (Giving instructions) 1. 纠正语音
You'd better listen again. Will you listen carefully?
Now listen to the sound [a:].Not [a ], like this - you try. Don't forget it's [ not [a ] in and.
Now listen. There's something different, What's different? Listen. 2. 启发思路
Suppose a friend needs advice on the subject-
You could agree with the other person and say something else. You may ask the reason.
Shal1 1 demonstrate? Keep to the same pattern, ~ OK? What do you think the author will say next? I'll give you a cue. It's something to do with -.
Let me give you some help. When did the man use the word? 3. 介绍方法
You'd better put them together-
Ask each other questions to find out what is different. Look at the sentence before and see if you can guess.
You sort out these sentences, then copy them, taking care with capital letters. You fill the blanks in these sentences, then write them neatly. 4. 示范动作
Look at what I'm doing. You may do as I do.
Please look at my mouth, like this -.
九 宣告 (Announcements) 1．宣布教学计划
Today we're going to do three main things.
First l I'm going to introduce a few new words about weather. Then you're going to write a dialogue and act it out. After that, we are going to learn a new song. 2. 宣布某些事项
I have something to tell you before you go.
There's a club meeting on Saturday. If you want to attend it, please write your name on thispiece of paper.
Well, now, we're going to practise a short dialogue. l want to introduce to you a new programme now.
Listen to me and I'll explain the meaning of the word. Let me use the picture to show its meaning. The word ends in 'tion' so it must be a noun-
Let's see if you can guess. I'll give you an example: -. We can use this sentence to express -.
What does it mean in the context? It's clear that the man used it to blame the boy.
Look at the picture here- The man is standing by the window. Perhaps he is interested in What is happening in the street.
What might happen in a few minutes? The boy is getting angry with Mary.
There are three people sitting by the river. They are looking at the ship. The ship is very beautiful.
T: OK t everybody. Quiet now please! No more talking.
Wang Hai, stop chatting now. And you, Li Guang! Whose turn is it? S: It's my turn. (教学继续进行......) No talking! No chatting
Stop making a noise.
Without disturbing the others. No more shouting ! 客气一些：
Please will you stop interrupting the others J Would you mind not whispering? 严重一些：
There'll be trouble if you go on disturbing the others' I'll report you to Miss Zhou if you go on being silly ! 更严重些:
You shouldn't be have (be behaving) like that! Why are you passing notes?
You can't copy ! Do it on your own ! No dreaming1 Wake up! - Stop turning round ! 训练中禁止
No writing while I'm talking.
Don't move your lips while (you're) reading.
No, Wang Hai, that's not the way to learn English properly'
No, Han Meimei, it's not good to do pair practice like that- You're doing it the wrong way.
十二．指命 (Issuing a command)
By yourself. This is practice for the exam. Books closed.
Back into groups, each person can say it in turn. You work in twos with two pictures. Silence.
Quiet please. Stop now.
Watch how I write it. Watch how to do it.
Now, turn round, face the back ) without looking at the board.
Careful. This is a hard sentence- Don't forget to write neatly.
Make sure your spaces between words are clear. See that your 'U's are different from your 'v' s. Copy them taking care with spelling. Watch your punctuation.
十四、评价 (Evaluating) Wonderful ! Good ! Very good J That was good. Not bad- Well done.
That was a little better, but...
That's much better, but you forgot something when you pronounced Don't you think you have made a little progress? Nearly right, but you'd better...
That was not quite right, you didn't... That doesn't sound very good.
Not really ! /Not quite! /Watch me and I'll show you.