New College English 2 Book Ⅰ
Foreign Languages Department, Pingdingshan Institute of Technology
What do you think of growing up? Is it easy or full of adventures?
To find the answers in the song:
Say a little prayer before you go to sleep, every day in every way, it’s getting better and better (You should hold your hope all the time.) It’s a long way to go, a hard row(行,列) to hoe(锄). (Life is not easy; life is adventurous.) Life is just what happens to you while you’re busy making other plans. (Life is full of surprise.)
Writing For Myself
Looking Ahead Introduction to the Content Discovering Structure Language Study Further Development
I. Pulitzer Prize
Author: Russell Baker
III. Spaghetti vs. Noodles in China IV. American Educational System
以J.普利策的遗赠为基金设立的奖金。开始于1917年 ，分设文学、历史、 音乐、新闻等奖，以新闻奖的比例最大 。新闻奖授予有优异成就的美国 新闻工作者和新闻机构，每年1次 ，在春季4月由哥伦比亚大学新闻研究 生院颁发 。评选机构为普利策奖金评选委员会，成员是哥伦比亚大学校 长和奖金设立者之孙小J.普利策，以及知名的报纸编辑或发行人。每届 任期3年，可连任3届。授奖项目有优异公众服务奖、一般地方报道奖、 特殊地方报道奖、国内报道奖、国际报道（包括联合国报道）奖、社论 写作奖、漫画创作奖、现场新闻摄影奖、特写摄影奖、评论奖、批评奖、 特稿写作奖等12项 。
“It is set specially for excellent Journalists.”
About the Author
? Russel Baker, American journalist and writer. Writing for myself is taken from his autobiography Growing Up, which won him a Pulitzer prize.
Spaghetti vs. Noodles in China
Ramen stewed noodles Sliced noodles
The US Grade School System In the united States, education is the responsibility of individual states, not the federal government, so requirements may vary from one state to another. The following is a generalization:
Kindergarten: under 5 years old
Elementary/primary school (grades 1~6): 6~11 years old
Junior high/middle school (grades 7~8): 12~13 years old Senior high school (grades 9~12): 14~17 years old College, institute, academy(学院), university
What American teachers wear in school Nowadays, people in the U.S. love to dress
casually. Even among those companies with a rigid
dress code some now allow employees not to wear suits on Fridays. U.S. teachers wear fairly formal clothes to school, but not necessarily suits and ties. Bow ties are considered even more oldfashioned than ties.
The author just told a story as:
I wanted to be a writer, but I found English grammar dull and difficult. Mr. Fleagle became our E
nglish teacher, and he was very prim. I tried to finish my informal essay before the due day. One title attracted me, “The Art of Eating Spaghetti”, because I have experienced the real joy and happiness of our whole family while eating spaghetti. I wanted to relive the pleasure of that evening.
Mr. Fleagle read my essay before the whole class, who were laughing with open-hearted enjoyment.
I finally found that my words have power to make people laugh. ( In another word, I have successfully relived the enjoy with my words.)
? Off and on (or on and off ): 断断续续地；有时 ? Example: It has been raining on and off for a week. That's why the clothes feel damp. ? As her patient slept soundly during the night, Nurse Betty was able to doze off and on in a bedside chair. ? Note:at times;on occasion; now and then ? possibility: 可能（性）There is a ~ of doing sth ? Example: Is there any possibility of life on Mars?
? take hold: 生根，确立 ? Example: The idea of one child only has taken hold in many Chinese families.
Match the words below
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Turn in Hold back Put down Turn out Off and on What’s more Out of date ? ? ? ? ? ? ? In addition Wirte down Hand in Old-fashioned Now and then Produce Restrain/inhibit
? bore: 使（人）厌烦 ? Example: The speaker went on and on, and the audience grew bored by his speech. ? Note: boring man ? I feel totally bored
? associate (with): 使联系起来；使联想 association ? Example: We associate Egypt with pyramids. " ? I can't associate this gentle young woman with the radical political essays she has written. ? Jim wished to forget everything associated with his former life.
? turn out: produce 编写；生产，制造 ? Example: New computers are soon outdated since newer models are turned out constantly. ? anticipate: expect look forward to 预期，期望 ~ doing sth
? Example: The police had anticipated trouble from the soccer fans and were at the ground in large numbers. ? They anticipate that deaths from AIDS will have doubled by 2002. ? tedious: boring a.乏味的；冗长的 ? Example: The movie was so tedious that many viewers left before it was over. ? Laura found George to be tedious and decided not to see him any more.
? reputation：n.名声 have a high/low ~ for sth ? Example: Premier Zhu Rongji has a high reputation as a statesman in the world. Jim Kerry has quite a reputation for being comic. ? inspire: vt.激励，鼓舞 encourage to do; ~ to do; stimulate to do ? Example: Martin Luther King's speeches inspired people to fight for equal treatment of African Americans. ? rigid: prim a.一成不变的，严格的 ? Example: If he had been a little less rigid about things, his daughter would not have left home at such a young age. ? ? out of date: old-fashioned 过时的 Example: Although her clothes were out of date, the old woman appeared
clean and dignified.
? severe: 1) completely plain a. 朴素的 ? Example: Earnest Hemingway is known for his severe writing style. ? 2) stern, strict严厉的，严格的 ? Example: Only those who have undergone severe training can be accepted into the air force. ? 3) causing very great pain, difficulty, worry, etc.严重的，剧烈 的 ? Example: The severe chest pain experienced by the Vice-President proved to be a heart attack. ? tackle: deal with Vt. 处理，应付 cope with; handle ? Example: Toshiba (东芝) recently designed a robot that can tackle ? almost any kinds of house-work. ? The classroom was quiet as students were busy tackling the final exam.
? finally: at last ad.最终，终于 in the end ? Example: Mr. Smith lived in Turkey, France, and Norway before finally settling in Mexico. ? Finally he came to realize his mistake and apologized to his parents. ? After years of war the two countries finally signed a peace agreement.
? face up to: 勇敢地接受或对付 ? Example: Now that your daughter is born, you'll have to face up to the responsibilities of being a father. ? ? scan: v.浏览，粗略地看 Example: The banker scanned the financial section of a dozen newspapers over breakfast.
? sequence: n. 次序，顺序 ? Example: A sequence of bad harvests forced some African countries to ask for foreign aid. ? The Fall of the Roman Empire was written in historical sequence. ? ? image: n.形象；印象；（图）像 ? Example: Many pop stars try to improve their public image by participating in charity events. ? ? vivid: 形象的，生动的；有生气的 Example: In the little girl's vivid imagination the curtain wrapped around her body became a princess's gown.
? recall: bring back to the mind; remember (usu. followed by noun/gerund, or that-clause) vt.回想起，回忆起 ? Example: I recognize the face but can't recall her name. ? I don't recall ever meeting her. ? argument: disagreement, quarrel n.论据，论点；争论 ? Example: The bride and her mother got into an argument about whether to wear white or red on her wedding day. ? put down: write down 写下 ? Example: What’s the use of a password to your computer if you put it down on a piece of paper stuck to the computer screen? ? violate：act against vt.违背，违反 ? Example: Speeding in downtown areas violates traffic regulations.
? compose: vt.创作 ? Example: The president's speech is really brilliant. Do you think it was composed by himself or by someone else? ? John Lennon composed the song Beautiful Boy for his son.
? turn in: hand in 交（作业） ? Example: For your final grade, each of you must turn in a 7-page paper. ? It is said that if a policeman is ordered to turn in his gun, it is meant as a punishment.
? command: 1) n. order 命令，指令 ? Example: The commander gave the command that all prisoners of war should be well treated. ? 2)
v. give an order to命令，指令 ? Example: The captain commanded his men to leave the ship immediately.
The king commanded that the victory day become a national holiday. (As with the verbs "suggest, demand", subjunctive mood is used in a that-clause after command.)
? 25. what's more: in addition, more importantly 而且，此外 ? Example: How can you love this man? He watches TV all day long, and what's more, he seems not to have brushed his teeth for months! ? 26. hold back: 控制（感情、眼泪等） ? Example: People could hardly hold back their anger when they found that millions of dollars of public funds had been used to build luxurious houses for city officials. ? Johnny cried bitterly in the classroom, not even attempting to hold back the tears.
? avoid: keep or get away from vt.避免 ? Example: The little boy who had broken a neighbor's window ran away to avoid punishment / being punished. ? career: n.生涯，事业；职业 ? Example: In her long career as a journalist, Barbara Walters has interviewed famous people from all over the world. ? congratulation: expression of joy for sb.'s success, luck, etc. (usu. in plural form, followed by on) n.祝贺，恭喜 ? Example: They offered their congratulations on the artist's winning the Life Achievement Award.
I . Discover the structure of the text. II. Appreciate some details in description. III. Find the structure and writing strategy through detail.
Circle all the time words, phrases and clauses in Text A. (since my childhood in Belleville, until my
third year in high school, until then, when our class was assigned to Mr. Fleagle for third-year English, late in the year, until the night before the essay was due, when I finished, next morning, two days passed, when I saw him lift my paper from his desk…) Complete the Text Organization Exercise 2.
III. Text Organization
? Part One (1-2) ? Baker was bored by everything associated with English courses, including. ? Part Two (3-5) ? Baker found himself attracted by one particular topic and wrote about it for his own joy. ? Part Three (6-9) ? The experience of writing the essay helped him discover his talent for writing and realize what he wished to do in life. back
(Para. 2, line 10) To me he looked to be sixty or seventy and excessively prim. He wore primly severe eyeglasses, his wavy hair was primly cut and primly combed. He wore prim suits with neckties set primly against the collar buttons of his white shirts. He had a primly pointed jaw, a primly straight nose, and a prim manner of speaking that was so correct, so gentlemanly, that he seemed a comic antique.
What do American teachers wear in School?
Nowadays, people in the U.S. love to dress casually. Eve n among those companies with a rigid dress code some now allow employees not to wear suits on Fridays. U.S. teachers wear fairly formal clothes to school, but no
t n ecessarily suits and ties. Bow ties are considered even more old-fashioned than ties.
Questions for your better understanding:
In Part 1, what details are given to show that Mr. Fleagle was dull and rigid? In Part 2, which sentences show that at first Baker was unwilling to write the essay? In Part 3, the author didn’t tell us directly that his essay was very good. By which sentences did he manage to give us the impression that his essay was very good?
Synonymous words or phrases
a. b. c. d. dull, lifeless, cheerless, tedious turn out, write, compose, put down anticipate, prepare for formal, rigid, prim, correct, proper, respectable e. vivid memories of sth. come flooding back to sb., sth. reawakes in one’s mind, sb. recalls sth. f. recapture, relive g. pleasure, delight, happiness h. contempt, ridicule i. topic, title
In the eleventh grade, at the eleventh hour as it were, I had discovered a calling.
The idea of becoming a writer had come to me off and on since my childhood in Belleville, but it wasn’t until my third year in high school that the possibility took hold.
Grade schools in the U.S.
U.S. students generally go through elementary schools (kindergarten to 5th or 6th grade), middle schools (grades 6-8) or junior schools (grades 7-9), and high schools (grades 9-12 or 10-12). “the third year in high school” (Para. 1) equals “the eleventh grade” (Para.9).
tedious, reputation, inspire, rigid, out of date, severe, finally, face up to, scan, vivid, recall, argument, put down, violate, compose, turn in, what’s more, hold back, avoid, career, congratulation.
Three Types of Sentences
只包含一个主谓结构句子叫简单句。例如： She is fond of collecting stamps. 她喜欢集邮。
包含两个或两个以上主谓结构的句子叫并列句，句与句之间通常 用并列连词或分号来连接。例如： The food was good, but he had little appetite. 食物很精美， 但他却没什么胃口 and,but,or not only...but also,neither...nor,either...or
包含一个主句和一个或几个从句的句子叫复合句，从句由从属连 词引导。例如： The film had begun when we got to the cinema. 我们到达 电影院的时候，电影已经开演了。
Three ways of Emphasis
? ? ? ?
1.Stressed Sentence 强调句 2.Inverted Sentence 倒装句 3.Repetition of words and phrases 词句的重复
1.Infinitive 不定式 To turn out long,lifeless,paragraphs ? 2.Past Participle Pointed Jaw; graded paper ? 3.Present Participle failing grade;lying on the sofa
? ? ? ?
Name Predicate(谓语) 1.Simple Present Tense do/does 2.Simple Past Tense did 3.Present Progressive Tense be+doing 4.Present Perfect Tense have/has+done 5.Past Perfect Tense had+done
? ? ?
1. How did Bake feel about E
nglish? 2.What did Baker hear about Mr. Fleagle? 3.What was the topic that held his attention? 4.Why did he want to write about that topic? 5.What was Baker prepared for when he found all the papers were given back but his? 6.Whose essay was Mr. Fleagle reading to the class? How did the class respond? 7.Why did Baker feel delighted?
? ? ? ? ?
1. conj.但是 It is hot in summer here, but it is not cold in winter. 这里夏天热,但冬天不冷。 2. Conj.(通常用not...but...)而是 Our purpose is not to do it for you but to teach you to do it by yourself. 3. I shall have nothing to do on holiday but please myself. prep. 1. (用于nothing,nobody,who,all等词后面)除...以外 No one saw it but me. 除了我没有人看到。
Unit 1 growing up
Vocabulary & structure
1. Do you anticipate __ any trouble?
A. meeting B. meet C. met D. to meet 2. Whisky is usually associated __ Scotland. A. to B. in C. on D. with 3. The factory __ more than a hundred cars a week. A. turns out B. turns in C. turns over D. turns up
Unit 1 growing up
4. A country isn’t respected if it __ an international agreement. A. violent B. violates C. violet D. violation 5. She was so __ in her job that she didn’t hear anybody knocking at the door. A. attracted B. absorbed C. drawn D. concentrated
Unit 1 growing up
6. The chemistry teacher asked the pupils what water was __ of. A. consisted B. compounded C. composed D. conceived 7. What did the teacher assign us to __ at home? A. do B. doing C. be doing D. be done 8. Cancer is second only __ heart disease as a cause of death. A. of B. to C. with D. from
Unit 1 growing up
9. They took __ measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. A. fruitful B. beneficial C. valid D. effective
10. I felt __ to death because I could make nothing of the chairman’s speech. A. tedious B. bored C. dull D. tired
Unit 1 growing up
11. Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50 percent of patients do not take drugs __ directed. A. like B. so C. which D. as
12. In developing countries people are __ into overcrowded cities in great numbers A. breaking B. filling C. pouring D. hurrying
Unit 1 growing up
13. If I had remembered __ the window, the thief would not have got in. A. to close B. closing C. to have closed D. having closed
14. Pull yourself together and __ life. A. face off B. face out C. face up to D. face down
Keys: D C A
1. Complete the translation work in P 19..
2. Review what we have learnt today.