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定语从句(关系代词篇)

发布时间:2013-11-24 09:39:29  

The Attributive Clause

定语从句

1.定义:在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句
2.先行词: 被修饰的名词或代词 3.关系代词: 引导定语从句的词

关系代词:who, whom, whose, which, that

关系代词的用法
指代
that which who whom whose 人;物

所做成分

是否可省略

主语;宾语 作宾语可省 主语;宾语 作宾语可省 主语;宾语 作宾语可省 宾语 定语 可省 不可省


人 人 人;物

?

1. who, whom, that

这些词代替的先行词是人的名词或代词,在 从句中所起作用如下: ? Is he the man who/that wants to see you? ? 他就是你想见的人吗?(who/that在从句中 作主语) ? He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday. ? 他就是我昨天见的那个人。(whom/that在 从句中作宾语)
?

?

2. Whose ? 用来指人或物,(只用作定语), 例如: ? They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down. ? 那人车坏了,大家都跑过去帮忙。 ? Please pass me the book whose cover is green. ? 请递给我那本绿皮的书。

?

3. which, that ? 它们所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词, 在从句中可作主语、宾语等,例如: ? A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside. 农村 出现了前所未有的繁荣。(which / that在句 中作宾语) ? The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped. 你拿的包快散了。 (which / that在句中作宾语)

常见考点
? ? ?

1.指物时只用that 或which 的情况 2. Whose 用法 3.指人时that 与who的区别

?
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4.定语从句中的主谓一致问题
5. 关联词的省略

考点一:that 与which 的区别
只能用that引导定语从句的几种情况
1)先行词是不定代词all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything, thing等.

2)先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰时。 3)先行词被all,any,every,each,few,little,no,some等修饰。

4)先行词被the only,the very,the same,the last修饰时。
5)先行词既有人又有物时。

6)当句中已有who时,为避免重复。 7)用作关系代词,修饰表示时间的名词,如 day,time,moment等,代替when.

考点二 Whose 用法 1. whose引导定语从句,其后应紧跟名词, 构成名词短语。 That’s the child whose father is a teacher. 2.whose引导定语从句,其先行词不仅可 以指人,还可以指物。 Do you know the woman whose husband is a doctor? This is a book whose cover is green.

考点三: that 与who的区别 在anyone, those, he/she/I / they作先行词 时, 用”who” 代替 “that”. who Anyone _____breaks the law is punished.

who Those _____ break the law are punished. who He _____ breaks the law is punished.

考点四:定语从句中主谓一致问题 定语从句中的动词在人称和数方面应该与它 的先行词保持一致。

1.I am not one who ______afraid of

is difficulty.

2.Don‘t choose me, who _______not fit for am this job.

3. This is one of the best books _______. A. that have ever been written B. that has ever been written C. that has written D. that have written 4. She is not the only one of the girls ___ well in class. A. which sings B. who sing C. who sings D. who to sing

?考点五:关系词的省略

1、关系代词做主语是不能省略。
2、关系代词做宾语时可以省略。 3、whose不能省略。

判断下列关系词是否能省略 1. I know the man who is standing there. 2. I have read the book whose name is Time. 3. I want to visit the place which has a long history. 4. The woman who can speak Russian got the job. 5. The man who everyone likes is kind. 6. The woman whom we saw got the job. 7. The boy whom you want to talk to is in the lab. 8. Can you lend me the book which you talked about last night. 9. A plane is a machine that can fly.


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