Module 8 (unit 1)
Match the two sentences
1.I’m reading a book. The book is about Bill Gates. I’m reading a book that/which is about Bill _______________________________________ Gates. 2.He is a teacher. The teacher teaches us Chinese. He is a teacher who/ that teaches us Chinese. _______________________________________
3.I don’t like the man. He is smoking. I don’t like the man who is smoking. ____________________________________ 4.Where is the picture? You bought it last week. Where is the picture that you bought last week? _______________________________________
有时只能用 that , 不用 which, 常见的情况有五种： 1.当先行词是 all, any, few, little, none, anything, everything, nothing , everybody, nobody, everyone, no one 或被它们修饰时。 That’s all that I know. Is there anything that I can do for you? He answered few questions that the teacher asked. 2. 当先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时 That is the most interesting book that I have ever read.
The first thing that I should do is to review my lessons. 3. 当先行词有the very, the only, the same等修 饰时。 That’s the only thing that I can do now. These are the very words that he used. 4. 当主句以 who 或 which开头时，定语从句的 关系词用 that, 而不用 which 或 who. Who is the girl that spoke to you just now? Which is the pen that you lost ?
The man and his dog that I always meet are standing by the gate.
1.Jane is one of the students in the class___ have ever been to China.
A. who B. Whose C. Which D. whom ? 2. I’ve become good friends with several friends in my school ___I met in the speech contest last year. A. who. B where C. When D which ? 3. The teachers ___came for a visit are foreigners. ? A. who B. whom C. whose D. which ? 4. Mary Smith says she likes to have friends ____are different from her. ? A. whose B. which C. who ? 5. The students in the higher grades ___I met in a football game are my good friends now. ? A. when B. which C. who ? 6. Tony, tell me the result of the discussion ___you had with your dad yesterday. ? A. what B. which C. when D. who
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7. We don’t like people ___talk too much but never do anything. A. whose B. who C. when D. which 8. John is the boy ___legs were badly hurt in the accident. A. whose B. that C. who D. which 9. This is the best film ___ I have seen this year. A. that B. which C. who D. whose 10. He is the third boy ____ won the prizes in the competition. A . Who B. whom C. that D. which 10.—Who is your new head teacher this term? --- The woman ___is wearing a red skirt. A. whom B. who C. whose D. which 11. The man ___gave us a talk on science yesterday is a famous scientist. A. who B. Which C. what D. where 11.
on the left / right (of…)
? ? ? ? ? ? on the left/ right of the supermarket on my left/ right Do yo
u know the man on the left ? She sits on Tom’s right. turn left / right (into…)
trouble n & v 麻烦
? trouble n (不可数） ? （be) in trouble 处于困境 ? people in trouble ? We should help people in trouble ? get into trouble 陷入困境 ? get out of trouble 摆脱困境 ? ask for trouble .自讨苦吃 ? make trouble 闹事， 捣乱 ? I am sorry to make so much trouble for you. ? have trouble /difficulty (in) doing sth 做某事有困难 ? trouble v 使烦恼 ? Don’t trouble trouble till trouble troubles you. 不要自找麻烦 ? They have trouble _____(learn) English.
shot n 照片== photo
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Can you give me a shot of yours? get shots of … 抓拍… I got some shots of Yao Ming. shot n 开枪， 击球，射门，投篮 He fired two shots from his pistol. shot n 射手，枪手 The hunter was an excellent shot.
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These kids are very lovely. kid v 开玩笑 Don’t kid us about my grades. You are kidding . The kid is kidding you.
expect v 盼望
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expect sth from sb 盼望从某人处得到某物 He is excepting a call from his home. except to do sth 期待做某事 I except to see you soon. except sb to do sth 期待某人做某事 I except you ____(write) back. I except him ___(find) a good job. except + that + 从句 I except that he will come on time.
pick up sth 捡起某物
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pick it/ them up A pen is on the floor ; please pick it up. Our teacher asked us to pick up waste paper and throw it into the dustbin. pick up sb 接某人 pick me/ him / us /them… up My father will pick me up at three o’clock this afternoon.
am sorry to t____ you, but I wonder if we could have a look. ? You are k____! I don’t want to do that. ? Our teacher ___(期待）us to study hard and enter a good high school. ? I managed to get some good s____ of the wedding.
make / have/ let /get sb do sth 使某人 做某事
? make / have / let / get sth done 使某事被做 ? make oneself understood/ heard ? I will make my father ____(mend) the bike for me. I made my bike ___(mend) yesterday. ? He had his sister ___(help) him. And he had his computer ___(repair). ? Louder, please. You can’t make yourself ____(hear). ? Louder, please. You can’t make us ___(hear) you. ? We are made ___(stand) in the sun for an hour. ? We will get the students ____(clean) the classroom. ? I must get the dinner _____(cook). ? get sb doing sth 使/让某人持续做某事 ? The band can make everyone dancing.
in front of …. （反） behind … 在…前面 在….后面 （范围之外）
in / at the front of ….. （反） at the back of …. （范围之内） Tom sits at he back of the classroom. There is a tree behind the classroom. over prep 穿越 ， 从一边到另一边 ran over the grass I can’t see over people’s heads. enter v 进入 == go / wal
k into enter the room == go into th e room enter v 参加 enter a competition enter the meeting 参加会议 you bet == of course == certainly 当然 The student who sits next to me is from Xi’an. He is the teacher who won the basketball match yesterday.
the same as…. be similar to .. be different from
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loud adj 大声的， 响亮的 louder , loudest in a loud /low voice loudly adv 大声地 --- quietly talk / sing loudly louder , please . The boy is making such a ___noise that his mother can’t watch TV. They are singing ___in the next room. She screamed as ___as she could. He is speaking in a ___voice. Those drums are really ___.
go upstairs / downstairs
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get on /off (bus, train, plane, boat …) 上/ 下车 get into / out of (the taxi/car/the lift ) get on （well/ badly) 进展… Everything was getting on well. How did you get on? get on /along （well/ badly) with sb 与某 人相处 get on /along with sth 某事进展如何 Mrs Black gets on /along well with his friends. How are you getting on with your English?
There is something wrong with sth == Something is wrong with …
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…出了毛病/问题 There is something wrong with my computer. == Something is wrong with my computer. (be) in with a chance to do sth / of doing sth 有做某事的机会 Peter thinks he is in with a chance of ___(get) the job. I am in with a chance ____(win).
quite adv 十分，完全
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You are quite right/unhappy . quite a + adj + n == a very +adj + n a very tall boy == quite a tall boy. She is a very good student. == She is quite a good student. Have you learn German? -- Yes, It’s ____language I’ve ever learned. A. a quite difficult B. quite a difficult C. a difficult quite D. difficult a quite
go v 消失不见，has/ had gone
? I left my bike outside the shop and when I came out again it had gone. ? Oh, my god. My money has gone. ?