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Module 11(unit 2-3)

发布时间:2013-11-24 12:34:39  

Module 11(unit 2-3)
It was a quiet country village.

冠词的用法(表泛指)
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?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

不定冠词的用法a, an an hour , a university, a European country an unhappy girl ; a honest boy an (A,E,F,H ,I ,L ,M , N , O ,R,S ,X) There is ____“s” and ____“u” in the word “us” . ①表示数量“一个“的概念,相当于one This is a book. Population is a big problem for cities. I have an uncle and an aunt. This is a useful book. There is _____ “h” and ____“f” in the word “half”. ②表示“每一” 的概念,相当于every I go to school five days a week. There are 60 minutes in an hour. ③ 指某人某物,但不具体说明人或物。 Lend me a book, will you? A girl wants to see you . A girl is waiting for you. ④固定短语 ; have a good time …

定冠词(the)的用法 (表特指)
? ? ? ? ? ?

?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

①指上文已经提到过的人或物。 There is a book on the desk. The book is mine. He bought a house. The house is big. ②指世界上独一无二的事物(the sun/moon/earth…) The moon goes around the earth. ③特指某人某物。 Please open the window. ④专有名词前: the Great wall ; the Summer Palace; ⑤用于序数词,形容词最高级和方位名词前 (in the south/north …. the biggest city; on the second floor ⑥用在形容词前,表示一类人或物 (作主语谓语用复数) the rich/poor / old / young ⑦用在姓的复数前,表示一家人或夫妇 (作主语谓语用复数) the Blacks ; the Browns ; the Wangs The Blacks ___(have) lunch now. ⑧用在乐器名词前 play the piano/ violin … ⑨用在固定的短语中 on the left ; in the morning ;go to the cinema;

不用冠词(零冠词)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

①不可数或名词的复数表泛指时,不用冠词。 I don?t like hamburgers. Milk is easy to get bad. ②国名,人名前不用冠词。 China is a great country with a long history. This is Mary. ③季节,月份,节假日,日期,星期等表示时间的名词前不用冠词。 on Women?s day. Spring follows winter. ④表示语言,球类,棋类,学科,三餐等名词前,不用冠词。 English is my favorite subject. play basketball; play chess ; have breakfast / lunch/ dinner ⑤固定短语或习惯搭配 by bus/ air … ; on foot ; in fact ; … stay in bed

有无冠词意义不同的词组
? ? ? ? ?

?
?

go to school --- go to the school; take place (发生) --- take the place (代替) in hospital ---- in the hospital on earth --- on the earth in front of ---- in the front of… at table (吃饭) -- at the table 在桌子边

? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

1. This is ___empty bottle. Could you give me ___full one. 2. ____Greens are on ___visit to a beautiful city in China. 3.Mr Black broke his leg. He h

as just had ___X-ray examination. ___doctor said he need ___operation. 4. ___book on the desk is ___useful one. 5. What ___bad weather it was yesterday. 6. My sister can play ___violin very well. A. the B. a C. / 7. ___Browns were having dinner when the telephone rang. A. A. B. An C. The D. / 8. Cindy is ___amazing singer. She has lots of fans . A. a B. an C. the D /

? 9. –Did you have ___nice holiday? ? -- Yes, it was ____best holiday I ?ve ever had. ? A. the ; the B. the ; a C. a ; a D. a ; the ? 10. There is ___big apple on ___desk. ? 11. –Are you ____American or English? English. We are working in WuHan. ? A. a B / C. the D. an ? 12 We can have ___bluer sky if we create ___less polluted world. ? A. a; a B. a ; the C. the ; a D. the; the

crime
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

n 犯罪

It is a crime to waste money like that. It?s the police?s duty to protect people from crime. flat n 公寓 (C)== apartment build flats in a flat Do you live in the flat or a house? Our governments have built many flats for the poor people. ? He lives in a flat on the third floor. ? flat adj 平的,平坦的 ? Of course , no one believes that the earth is flat.

law n 法律 (C)
? lawyer n 律师 ? make /obey / be against the laws ? 制定/遵守/违反法律 ? That?s against the law. ? We must ____(obey) the law . ? The law must ____(obey) by everyone. ? They ___(make) the law to protect the people from crime. ? A lot of law should ____(make) to protect people. ? We need more ____(law) and more ___(school)

rubbish n 垃圾 (U) litter n 垃圾 (U)
Pick up your litter / rubber after a picnic. ? Don?t throw away rubbish anywhere. ? Take rubber away ,please. ? take away sth ? suburb n 城郊住宅区 ? in a suburb ? They live in a suburb of Beijing. ? tax n 税 – taxes (pl) ? We need and more ___(tax). ? pay the taxes 交税 ? It?s our duty to pay the taxes. ? ____(pay) the taxes is our duty. ? We need more ____(law) and more ___(tax).

vision n 景象,幻影
visions of …. ? When I was a child, I had visions of being a king. ? visions of the city
? ?

add v 增加
? ? ? ? ? ?

?
? ?

add to (happiness/ difficulties/traffic/pollution) 增加(困难,欢乐,污染等) The bad weather only added our difficulties . This adds to the traffic and pollution. add sth to .. 把… 加到…上 Add some honey to the tea. She added sugar to her coffee. add up to … 合计 。 后跟合计的数目 His whole school education added up to no more than one year.

fault
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n 错误 (C)

?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

It is my fault. That was not her fault. Why should I say sorry when it?s not my fault? It is one?s fault that + 从句 做某事是某人的错误 It was his fault that we were late. mistake make a mistake make mistakes His article is full of spelling mistakes. There are a lot of mistakes / faults in your paper

.

police 集合名词,本身就是复数, 作 主语,谓语用复数
? We need more laws and more ____(police) ? There _____(be not) enough police in the city. ? The police ___(say) that they will try their best to find the lost visitors. ? policeman --- policemen ? policewoman --- policemen ? His father is a policeman.

cure v 治愈,治疗
? ? ?

cure illnesses 治病 The pills can cure your headache.

quiet adj 安静的
? quite 十分, 非常 quite +a/ an +adj + n == a very +adj + n ? quite a tall boy ==a very good boy ? quite a quiet village == a very quiet village ? over the last 50 years 在过去的50年里 (现在完成时) Great changes ____(take) place in my hometown over the last 10 years.

block n 街区 ,板子
? ? ? ? ? ?

?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

a wooden block in the countryside in the country country n 国家,农村 in the city ---- in town visions of the city in the centre of … I live in the centre of town . at that time on the edge of… in the distance 在远处 You can see some hills in the distance. disappear into the distance the distance of … ….的距离 be close/ next to… 靠近, 离…近 ------ far (away ) from …

a place/room to live in
? ? ? ?

?
? ? ? ? ? ?

somewhere to live Tigers have no place to live in. They need somewhere to live . around the edge of … room , space n 空间 make room /space for … 为..让出空间 Can you make room for the old man? close down 关闭,倒闭 close it / down The shop closed down at the end of last year.

more + n (可数,不可数) more money / people
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?
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?
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more hospital more milk less + n (不可数) 更少的 fewer + n (可数) 更少的 less time fewer cars With the increasing population , there is ___clean water and ___jobs. ( fewer , less) The more careful you are , the ___mistake you will make . less and less + n (不可数) fewer and fewer + n (可数) more and more (可数,不可数) With more and more people , less and less water is needed.

run v 跑 ran run
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?
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go running run v 管理 ,经营 run a hotel It?s difficult to run a school. Can you give me some advice on how to run a supermarket? protect …from (doing ) sth 保护…不受…侵害。 It?s the police?s duty to protect people from crime . He wears sunglasses to protect his eyes from the sun. the same as … be different from.. be similar to ..

public
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

transport 公共交通

firstly (first ) …. Secondly (second) …. Thirdly (third ) …. Fourthly (fourth…. make loud /much noise take off --- land take off --- put on don?t have to == needn?t do sth at the same time 同时

overpopulation 人口过剩
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? short adj 短的 shortage n 不足,缺少 Overpopulation and shortage of water are the m

ain problems. available adj [??veil ?bl可用的 ;有效的 Less and less water is available . The available water is polluted. disease n [di?zi:z 疾病 carry disease underground adj. 地下的 n 地铁 =(subway) there used to be .. == there was / were there will be …. pie n 馅饼


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