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Module 1( unit 2)

发布时间:2013-11-24 12:34:40  

Module 1( unit 2)
Unit 2 I was on the edge of the Grand Canyon.

nature
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

n

自然

natural adj 自然的,天生的 the natural world 自然世界 the natural wonder 自然奇迹 a natural musician naturally adv 自然地 We love ____. It is a ____ wonder. He is a ____musician.

call at +sp地点 == drop in at +sp地 点 到某人的家里活其他场合去拜访某人
? We called at Mr Wang’s house yesterday. ? call on sb = drop in on sb 拜访某人 ? They called on us at home.

get on / off the bus / train / plane 上/下 (公共汽车, 火车, 飞机等大型 交通工具)
? ?

?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

?
?

get out of / get into a car / taxi …上/ 下(小车, 出租车等小型交通工具) light adj 明亮的 , a light room It’s getting light; morning is coming. light adj 轻的 ------- heavy The box is lighter than that one. light adj 浅色的,----- dark light / dark blue His hair was light / dark brown light v 点火, 点燃 (lit ; lit ; lighted; lighted) The match lights easily. light n 光线 (不可数) , 灯 (可数) He turned off all the ___(light) when he left the room. Light travels faster than sound.

reply v 回答 replies ; replied; replied ------ -- (同) answer v (
? ?

?
?

?
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I don’t know what to reply. He replied/ answered that he was busy. answer sb / sth == reply to sb / sth 回答某 人/ 某事 answer the letter == reply to the letter 回信 answer 可表示对电话,敲门等做出“应答” 而reply 则不能. answer the telephone/ door

clear adj 清晰的, 清澈 的 clearly adv
? Are you clear? ? clear water ? Though the ___(clear) water, we could see the fish at the bottom. ? He can speak English ____(clear). ? I can’t see it ____(clear). ? The weather was ____(clear). ? clear v (云)散开, 打扫干净 (=clean) ? Suddenly , the clouds cleared and the rain stopped. ? It’s your turn ____(clear) the table.

rise v rose ; risen; rising 升起
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? rise 表示太阳(月亮)的升起,河水的上涨, 价格(温度)的上涨。 The sun rises in the east and sets / goes down in the west. 太阳东升西落 Prices continue to rise. The sun rose behind me. ----- The moon is rising. raise v 升起(旗等) 举起(手等), 筹集, raise the flag ; They had raised the white flag in surrender... 他们举白旗投降了。 raise one’s hands He raised his hand to wave... 他举手挥动起来。 raise money for… ; raise money to do sth We have raised money for Project Hope. He raised money _____(help) the poor. raise pets 饲养宠物 lift v 指用体力或机械力把某物从地面举到一定的高度, 一般可与raise 互换。 The box is too heave for me to lift.

lift v 指用体力或机械力把 某物从地面举到一定的高度, 一般可与raise 互换
? The box is too heave f

or me to lift. ? lift v (云,雾等)消散 ? The fog began to lift. ? lift n 电梯 take the lift to … ? == go up/ down by lift ? He took the lift to the fifteenth floor. ? get out of / get into the lift 上/下电梯 ? give sb a lift 让某人搭便车 ?

ground n 地面
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?
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on the ground playground 操场 on the playground

below prep 在…的下面 ,但不一定 在某物的正下方.其反义词为 above
? ? ? ? ? ?

under prep 在…的正下方 。其反义词为 over There is a bridge _____ (on, over , above) the river . There are some books ___(on, over, above) the desk. A plane are flying ____(on, over, above) the clouds. below/ above zero He is under/ below fifty.

edge
? ? ? ? ?

边, 边缘

?
?

on the edge of … 在…的边缘 She was sitting on the edge of the rock. bottom n 底部 at the bottom of …. 在… 的底部 at the top of …. 在…的顶部 I waited for them at the bottom of the hill. He put some books at the bottom of the box.

side n (墙,河, 街等的左或右) 边,面,侧.
on both sides of… == on each side of… ? == ==on either side of … ? 在…的两边 ? on one side of… 在 …的一边 ? on the other side of … 在…的另一边 ? There are trees on either sides of the road.
?

appear v 出现 - disappear v 消失-- (无被动语态)
honest ---- dishonest ? like ----- dislike ? He suddenly appeared in front of me. ? The plane disappeared behind clouds.

distance
? ? ? ?

n 距离

What’s the distance between Guangzhou and Shanghai? a distance of…. … 的距离 a distance of 200 metres A straight line is the shortest distance between two points.
? ? ?

直线是两点之间最短的距离。 in/ to the distance 在远处 disappear into the distance 消失在远方

huge adj 巨大的
large adj big adj Mr Wang lives in a huge house. (强调体积) China is a big country . (强调实力) China is a large country (强调面积).

face
? wash
? ? ? ?

n 脸

?
? ?

faces 洗脸 face v 面对 We will face many problems n the way. He turned and faced us face to face (with sb) 和某人面对面 should by shoulder hand in hand 手牵手

sight n 景象, 景观
? do some sightseeing ? go sightseeing ? natural sight

think of …. 想起
?

?
? ?

?
? ?

I think of my hometown when I see the photo. He thought of a good plan. think of / about … 考虑 He is thinking about a problem. What do you think of / about …? think over 仔细考虑 think it/ them over

deep adj 深的
? ? ? ? ? ? ? wide adj 宽的 high adj long adj The river is four metres wide. a three---meter ---deep river the greatest wonder 最伟大的奇迹 a big/ heavy rain 一场大雨 It is a ___(heavy) rain. It rained ___(heavy) yesterday.

early morning
? ? ? ? ? ?

?

go though (门,窗,洞,森林,隧道,城 市等) go through

the gate go across (街道,马路,桥梁,河面等的表 面) cross == go/walk across The river runs ____the city. --Can a plane fly ___the Atlantic Ocean? ---Yes, but it needs to go ___the clouds for hours. (through, across) walk along / down …

in front of … behind ….

in the front of … at he back of …

?in + 一段时间 用于将来时态, 对其提问 用 how soon ? He ___(arrive) here in five minutes. ? How soon will he arrive here? ?after + 一段时间 == 一段时间 + later 常 用于过去时态 ? after three years == three years later ?

look at …; look (it/them) up…; look for ; look after ; look like …
?

?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

look the same ; look different ; look as if 看起来似乎 ;look into/ out of… Look out (for) 小心… look forward to doing sth look (up/ down) at /to… look down on / upon 看不起, 瞧不起 look through 翻阅, 浏览 look over 检查 , 从…上面看 The old man looked carefully over his glasses. look across … 向…对面看 look to one’s left 向某人的左侧看

? ?

?
? ? ?

?
? ? ? ? ?

fall away 变小, 消失 The house fell away as we left the city. fall down to… 沉降到… The ground fell down to the river, far below me. the other side of… …的另一边 how far … 多远 … 对距离提问 How far is it from your home to school? on both sides of… disappear into the distance purpose n 目的 an entrance to … …的入口 for the first time 第一次

high adj 高的 ---height n 高度
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

?
?

high adj 高的 --- height n 高度 long adj 长的----length n 长度 wide adj 宽的 --- width n 宽度 It’s a ___building. The city is a ____of three hundred feet above sea level. a height of …. …的高度 in height/length/ width == high / long / wide The tree is 4 meters high. == the tree is 4 meters in height. I am afraid of heights.

view n

景色 (可数)

? fantastic views of… …的迷人景色 ? attract v 吸引 attractive adj 有吸引的 attraction n 吸引力 ? The film attracts thousands of people. ? We _____(attract) by the beautiful views. ? The garden city ____(attract) many tourists. ? Many tourists ____(attract) by the garden city. ?

describe v 描述 description n (可数) 描述 descriptive adj 描述的 ? Can you ____the animal in your own words? He writes some beautiful ____in his composition.
?

location
? ? ?

n 地点, 位置

local adj 地方的; 当地的 local hospitals / people

go down 落下
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

He got home before the sun went down/ set. faster and faster more and more beautiful more and more +n (可数, 不可数) more and more people more and more food less and less +(不可数) less and less food / water fewer and fewer + (可数) fewer and fewer people / mistakes

a lot of / lots of …
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

?
?

? ?

plenty of ….; a lot of / lots of… 后接可数或不可数 plenty of rain/ people many + 可数; much + 不可数 ( a little = a bit of + 不可数) a little water = a bit of water a (great / large / big/ small ) number of …大量的,许多。后接可数名词复数, 谓语用复数, the number of …. …的数量 ,后接可数名词复数,谓语用单数 1. The number of the students in our school ___(be) 8000. 2.A large number of students in our school _____Beijing twice. A. have been to B. has been to C. has gone to D. has gone 3. A small number of people ____(visit) Guang’an every year. 4. The number of tourists to Guang’an ___(be) 20000 every year. There ___(be) a number of books in the library.

border n 边界
?empire n 帝国 [empai?] as …as possible == as …as sb can / could ? as early as possile ? as well as possible ? We should study/read English as well/often as possible. ?== We should study read English as well/often as we can. ? as much time as possible

man—made
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

人造的

a man—made river circle n [s?:kl]圆 ,圈 bury v [beri] 埋葬 a place to bury dead people because 接从句 because of 介词短语,接名词,代词, 动名词 We had to stay at _____the heavy rain. W had to stay at home ____the rain was heavy. He had to retire (退休) early __ poor health. He was late foe school ____getting up late. He was late for school ___He got up late.

miss
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

v 错过 , 想念

miss doing sth 错过做某事 missing adj 缺掉的, 丢失的 lose lost lost be / get lost == be missing My bike is missing / lost. a missing/ lost book I’ve found the missing / lost pen.


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