Module 3 (unit 2-3)
Liu Xiang was trained for gold.
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n 鼓励 encourage sb to do sth 鼓励 某人做某事 be encouraged to do sth 被鼓励做某事 The doctor encouraged him ____(lose) weight. When we meet with difficulties , our teacher always ____(鼓励）us to work them out by ourselves. He _____(encourage) to make a speech. He _____(encourage) his son to make a speech. Who will _____(encourage) to enter the match?
n 奖牌， 奖章
win a gold medal He is a gold medal winner.
overnight adj 突如其来的，持续 整夜的
? ? ? ? an overnight success 一夜成功 Xiao Shengyang is an over success. Liu Xiang wasn’t an over success. He wish to be an over success.
set set set 设置，制定 setting
? set up =start = open 建立，创立（公司， 机构等） ? We are planning to set up a new company. ? The man ____(set) up a company. ? The organization ____(set) up in 1998. ? set off 出发， 动身
? sports yearbook
v 记录 recorder 录音机
? Make sure you record the number of the tickets you sell. ? He is ____(record) what the teacher said. ? If you press the red button. The conversation _____(record) by the recorder. ? record n 最高纪录 ? set / break / keep /hold the record 创造/打破/保 持纪录 ? He broke a world record in running.
first of all 首先，第一， 强调事情的重要性
? at first 开始，起初 ? First of all, let me introduce myself to you. ? When the earthquake happens, first of all, we should stay calm. ? At first, she didn’t want to go with us, but soon she changed her thoughts.
v 代表， 象征
? The rose represents England. ? He represented our school. ? He will be chose to represent China at the Olympic Games. ? Kate couldn’t go to the meeting, so Rose _____(代表） her.
advertisement == ad
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an advertisement advertise v 为…等广告 The ____(广告） in the newspaper are very boring. They put up an ___(广告） for their new school. We often see Liu Qian ____(appear) on TV. Liu Qian is often seen ____(appear) in ____(广告）. coach 教练 coaches (pl) She is a swimming coach. coach v 指导， 训练 He coaches basketball and soccer.
regular adj 有规律的 irregular adj 无规律的
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regularly adv 有规律地 irregularly adv 无规律地 irregular verbs 无规则动词 train regularly Can you remember all the _____words? Jack and his friends go to the movies ____. We play football ____(regular) , usually once a week. He was trained ____(regular) .
? sportswoman ---- sportswomen (pl) 女运动员 ? hurdle n (跨栏赛跑中用的）栏架 ? hurdling n 跨栏赛跑 ? 110m hurdles ? Liu Xiang does well in hurdling. ? Liu Xiang won a gold metal in
110m hurdles event in 2004.
n 比赛 == match
He won a gold metal in the swimming race. He broke the world r_____. Liu Xiang’s c____ is Sun Haiping. I was chose to r_____ our school to speak in the meeting. Teachers often ___(鼓励） their students. She won an Olympic gold _____(奖牌） in swimming.
advise sb (not ) to do sth
They advise me ___(accept) their invitation. The students _____(advise) on how to write composition tomorrow. ? be advised to do sth ? allow sb to do sth ? be allowed to do sth ? allow doing sth ? advise / suggest doing sth 建议做某事 ? The doctor advised ____(take) more exercise ? The doctor is advised ____(take) more exercise. ? advice --- suggestion ? a piece of advice ? some suggestions
notice sb do sth notice sb doing sth
? be noticed to do sth ? We notice a thief ___( enter） the room. ? The thief was noticed ___(enter) the room. ?begin began begun ? begin ---- be on ? finish --- be over ? The film ______(begin) for five minutes.
invite sb to do sth
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invite sb to sp be invited to dos sth invitation If you _____(invite) Jack to the party, he will be pleased. If you ____(invite) to the party, I will go there as well. He ______(invite) _____(give) a talk next week. Thanks for your ______(invite).
? choose sb to do sth ? be chosen to do sth ? Tom _____(choose) to give a talk at the meeting last week. ? Tom ____(choose) me to give a talk at the meeting last week.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? successful adj successfully adv succeed v succeed in … 在…成功 It is a great ____. His ____makes his father happy. He ______in swimming. The game is very _____. He got the first prize ______. Liu Xiang is a ______sportsman.
now （that） 既然， 由于=since
? Since you like it, I will give it to you
tomorrow. ? Now that you have grown up, you shouldn’t depend on your parents. ? Now that Mr Liu has arrived ,we can begin our meeting. ? Now that you are invited , you should go .
high jumping 跳高 long jumping 跳远
? a high jumper
compare A with B 把A和 B比较
? compare A to B 把A比作B ? Parents often compare their children with others’. ? He compared his pencil with mine. ? We compare our teachers to the candle. ? compared / to / with …. 与…相比 ? I think Big play very well compared with/to HAS now.
use sth to do sth
? be used to do sth == be used for doing sth ? be/ get / become used to doing sth 习惯于做某 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
事 used to do sth 过去常常做某事 Knives are used ___(cut) things. Knives are used for ___(cut) things. He is used to ____(do) morning exercises. There used to ____(有) many fish in the river. He used to ____(live) in Shanghai.
find out 查明，弄清
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? I’ll go and find out who stole the bike. Could you find out her addre
ss for me , please? in the same year go for medal in the future make notes 做笔记（注解） take up 占用 take up the least room /space take up a lot of her time
discuss v 讨论 discussion n 讨论
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class / group discussion under discussion 在讨论中 award v 授予 award sb sth 授予某人某物 They____ (award )her a medal last year. She ____(award) a medal last year. award sb sth for sth 因某事授予某人某物 He _____(award) the first place for his composition.
finishing line 终点线
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（run） across the finishing line The other players help him run across the finishing line. turn n 次序，轮流 take one’s turn to sth 轮流做某事 It’s one’s turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事 turn v turn left/ right turn n 跑道 take the wrong turn 跑错道 marathon n 马拉松 taekwondo n 跆拳道 do taekwondo belt n 带子
after +时间 == 时间 + later ,用于一 般过去式
? in + 时间 将来时
? three days later == after three days ? in three days
? an hour later == after an hour
? enter == go into
? enter the room == go into the room
? enter into the room (改错）
must 必须 mustn’t
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You must stay here and don’t move. You mustn’t play with fire. It may hurt you. Must we come tomorrow? Yes, you must. No, you needn’t / . No, you don’t have to must 一定 表推测，用于肯定句 may be 可能 can’t 不可能 ， 用于否定句 must be 对现在的肯定推测 must have done 对过去的肯定推测 变反意疑问句时， 根据must 后的be 或have 来定。 It must be Jim’s , isn’t it ? He must have finished it, hasn’t he ? You must hard, mustn’t you?
continue with sth == go on with sth
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? More than == over less than 少于 less than five years patient adj 有耐心的 patience n 耐心 patient n 病人 at the same time（ as…） （与…) 同时 athlete n 运动员 total n 总数 a total of… crowd n (人） 群 a crowd of children crowded adj 拥挤的 crowed street be crowded with… ..被…拥挤 The bus is crowded with people. be covered with …. 被…覆盖
enormous adj 巨大的
? medium n 媒体 （pl ) media ? coverage n 报道 ? enormous media coverage ?