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# Module 11 Population (unit 1)

Module 11 Population (unit 1)
Unit 1 It’s the biggest city in China.

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27 twenty—seven 125 one hundred and twenty –five 个位和十位之间加连字符“-”，个位或十位与前面的数加and， 每隔三 位加一个单位数词，从后往前数，分别为thousand（千），million (百 万），billion (十亿）。 12，345，678，900 twelve billion, three hundred and forty-five million, six hundred and seventy-eight thousand, nine hundred. 5,600,000 five million, six hundred thousand 6,028,109,260 six billion, twenty –eight million, one hundred and nine thousand ,two hundred and sixty.

4,750,000,000
four billion, seven hundred and fifty million ? 82,550,011 ? eighty—two million , five hundred and fifty thousand, eleven ? 136,130,400 ? one hundred and thirty-six million , one hundred and thirty thousand , four hundred ? one billion, three hundred million ? 1,300,000,000

population n 人口
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sp has a population of +数词 = The population of sp is +数词 某地有…的人口 China has a population of about 1.3 billion . == The population of China is about 1.3 billion. The population of Guang’an is about 2,000,000 ==Guang’an has a population of about 2,000,000 对人口提问要用 what is the population of…. 或how large 不能用how many ,how much What’s the population of China? == How large is the population of China? What’s the population of Germany?== How large is the population of Germany? 表示人口“多” “少” 要用large / great / small Beijing has a large population . The population of China is larger than that of the USA.

population 直接做主语时，谓语用单数， 但当它表示人口的百分之几，几分之几时， 谓语用复数。
? The population of the city is six million. ? Three quarters of the population in that city are Chinese . ? Two fifths of the population ___(be) farmers . ? Thirty percent of the population ___(be) from Japan. ? what’s the population of Shanghai? ? Do you know what ‘s the population of Shanghai? (改错）

crowd n 人群
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Amy pushed her way through the crowd. crowd 做主语时，与family, police 一样 强调整体时， 谓语用单数。强调 个人时，谓语用复数。 a crowd of … 一群，许多 a crowd of people crowds of … 许许多多 There are large crowds of people in the street . crowd v 挤满，聚集 Fifty thousand football fans crowded the stadium. crowded adj 拥挤的 a crowded room The bus is crowded. be crowded with …. …被挤满…. The bus is crowded with people. The street is crowded with people. be covered with be filled with = be full of …

increase v 增长
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The number of students ___(increase) over the past/last ten years. If every family have more than o

ne child , the population will increase quickly. The population continues to increase increase to…增长到… increase by …增长了 increase with …随…而增长 Japan's industrial output increased by 2%... 日本工业产量增长了2%。 The price of the rice has increased by 30﹪in the last two years. The population of China has increased to about 1.3 billion . increasing adj (正在）增长的 an increasing population/number The increasing population is the biggest problem in the world.

smoke n 烟，烟雾(U)
smoke v 吸烟 ? I can’t stand the smell of smoke. ? He used to smoke, but he gave it up. ? smoker n
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along/together with …与…一起
? 连接两个名词或代词作主语时，谓语与前面的名 词或代词一致。 ? Tom along / together with some friends is playing basketball over there. ? Tom is playing basketball over there along / together with some friends. ? Tom with his friends ____(like) Beijing opera . ? Tom and his friends ____(like) Beijing opera. ?

minute n 分钟 second n 秒
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hour n 小时

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Every minute 259 babies are born. There are five minutes ___(leave).

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percent n 百分之一
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fifty percent ; ten percent ; one percent ; 基数词+percent +of + n …. 中的百分之…, 做主语时，谓语动词 的数由of 后的名词决定。 About forty percent of the students in our class ___(be) from the west. Thirty percent of his friends ____(walk) to school every day. Ten percent of the population of the city ___(be) Chinese. Twenty percent of the apple ___(be) bad. Twenty percent of the apples ____(be) bad. Two thirds of the apple ___( eat) already. Two thirds of the apples ____(eat) already.

appointment n 约定
? make / have an appointment with sb ? 和某人约会 ? I have an appointment with him at four o'clock.

thank sb for （doing） sth … --thanks for (doing）sth … 因…而感谢某人
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Thanks for your____. Thanks for ____me . (invitation, invite） thanks to == because of … 多亏，由于 Thanks to the girl’s help, the old woman got to the hospital and saw her husband. Thanks to the rain, the farmers had a good harvest. That’s thanks to my parents. Thanks to every who entered the competition.

make a graph 制作图表
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It’s the biggest city in China. noise n (U) ----- noisy adj ---noisily adv make a noise make much noise pollution -----population space n 太空 ， go into space space n == room 空间 （U) take too much space/ room There isn’t much space/ room left for your bag. traffic n (U) 车辆，交通 The traffic ___(be) terrible because of the snow. There ____(be) too much traffic every morning. transport n 运输

successful --- unsuccessful
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in the right place to talk about it An increasing population is an environmental problem in many cities. along / together with … look up towards prep 向；接近 come/ go / walk / run toward … I smiled and ran toward her .

at the school prize-giving ceremony 在学校的颁奖典礼
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come up 发生，举行（无被动） I will let you know if something comes up. The sports meeting is coming up next week. (will come up next week) The sports meeting will be held next week. come up (太阳）升起 ==rise I like to get up early and watch the sun come up. come out 出版，开花 ，出来

from form
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form a habit present the prizes 颁奖 have no idea == don’t know bear ,bore ,born 生育 生（孩子）； He ____(bear) in 1995. Do you know the number of the babies __(bear) every minute? babies born every minute I have a son ___(bear) on May 1. My son ____(bear) on May 1. some …. the others one …. the other… worry about == be worried about Don’t worry about me.== Don’t be worried about me. cause v 引起 ，导致 The heavy rain caused this accident . caused 过去分词做后置定语 accident caused by the heavy rain Do you know the pollution ____(cause) by too many people. Do you know the pollution which ____(cause) by too many peoople.

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get worse take up