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一般过去时的被动语态

发布时间:2013-11-25 09:34:50  

一般过去时的被动语态

在第三单元我们学了含有情态动词的被动语态,本单元我们来了解一下一般过去时的被动语态。一般过去时的被动语态应用很广泛。请仔细观察下面的例句,然后补全结论部分所缺的内容。

【例句】

1. James Naismith invented basketball.

(改为被动语态)

Basketball was invented by James Naismith.

篮球是詹姆斯·奈史密斯发明的。

2. The house was built in 1967.

这房子是1967年建的。

3. Cars were invented in 1885.

汽车是1885年发明的。

4. The machine wasn’t repaired yesterday.

这台机器昨天没有修理。

5. Was the book written in 1977?

这本书是1977年写的吗?

【结论】

A. 当动作发生在过去且句子的主语是谓语动词的________(执行者 / 承受者) 时,用一般过去时的被动语态;一般过去时的被动语态的结构为:主语+be (was / were) +及物动词的________(现在分词/过去分词)。

B. 当一般过去时的被动语态的主语是第一、三人称单数或不可数名词时,助动词be要用________;当主语是第二人称或者复数时,助动词be要用________。

C. 把一般过去时的被动语态的肯定句变成否定句时,只需在was或were后加________;变成一般疑问句时,只需把was或were提到句首。

【运用】

判断下列句子正(T)误(F),如有错误,请改正。

( )1. Potato chips invented by mistake.

________________________________________

( )2. The bridge were built two years ago.

________________________________________

( )3. Was this special pen invented by Zhang Jie? ________________________________________

( )4. When was the computer buy?

________________________________________

( )5. I didn’t was invited to the party yesterday. ________________________________________

Grammar Focus

1. F. Potato chips were invented by mistake.

2. F. The bridge was built two years ago.

3. T.

4. F. When was the computer bought?

5. F. I wasn’t invited to the party yesterday.

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