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新目标七年级英语下期重点词组与句型

发布时间:2013-11-25 11:33:53  

新目标七年级英语下期重点词组与句型

Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

1.pen pal = penfriend (笔友) 2.be from = come from (来自于..)

3.the United States = the USA = America (美国)

4.the United Kingdom = England = Britain (英国)

5.city (单) 复) 6.speak + 语言 (说某种语言)

7.same (相同的) <前面常与the连用,后面接单数名词>

8.different (不同的) <后面接复数名词>

9.too (也)<位于肯定句句末> = also (也) <靠近动词>

10.too (太) <位于形容词之前>

11.Where is/are sb. from? Sb. am/is/are from…….。

12.Where do/does sb. come from?

Sb. come(s) from……

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

1.There is/are (有) + sth.(某物) +sw. (某处) (有某物在某处)

2.Sb. have/has + sth. (某物) (某人有某物)

3.next to….(贴近;靠近)4.between….and…..(在两者之间)

4.across from…= on the other side of….(在……对面)

5.in front of…..(在…..外面的前面)

6.in the front of……(在…..里面的前面)

7.turn right/left (向右/左转) 8.on the right/left (在右/左边)

9.on one’s right/left (在某人的右/左边)

10.near here = in the neighborhood (在附近)

11.in the picture (在图中) 12.go straight (直走)

13.Go/Walk along/down…..(沿着…..走)

14. 问路: a.Where’s the…….,please? (请问,…… 在哪儿?) b.Is there a/an……near here/in the neighborhood?

(这儿附近有…….吗?)

15. take the + 序数词 +turning +on the right/left

turn right/left at the + 序数词 + turning.

16.Excuse me (打扰一下;劳驾一下)

17.You’re welcome = That’s all right. =Not at all. (不用谢)

18.clean (干净的) dirty (脏的) 19.new(新的) old(旧的)

20.big (大的) small (小的) 21.quiet(安静) busy(忙的)

22.Welcome to.(欢迎到…….) 23.the way to….(..的路)

24.the beginning of…… (…..的开始) 25.go through (穿过)

26.take/have a walk = go for a walk (散步)

27.take a taxi/bus (坐的士/汽车) 28.with (和…一起;有着)

29.enjoy doing sth. (喜欢做某事)

Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?

1.kind of = a little bit (有几分) 2.a kind of….(一种….)

3.all kinds of…..(各种各样的…..) 4.be afraid of….(害怕….)

5.leaf (单) leaves (复) 6.at night = in the evening (在晚上)

7.smart = clever (聪明) 8.during the day (白天期间)

9.beautiful ugly (丑陋的)

1

Unit 4 I want to be an actor

1.want to be a/an….(想要当…..) 2.shop assistant (店员)

3. What + do/does + sb. +do?

What + be +sb.?

What’s + one’s +job ? (某人是干什么工作的?)

4.give sth. to sb. = give sb. sth. (把某物给某人)

5.talk to/with…..(与….交谈) 6.TV station (电视台)

7.police station (派出所) 8.in a hospital (在医院里)

10.in hospital (住院) 11.go out (出去) 12.go back (回去)

13.come out (出来) 14.come back (回来)

15.in the day (在白天) 16.thief (单) thieves (复) 17.hard = difficult (困难) easy (简单)

18.be in (参加;在家) 19.school play (校园剧)

20.young (年轻的) old (老的)

21.put on (穿上) <动作> wear (穿着) <状态>

22.listen to….(听……) <对象> hear (听见) <结果>

23.look at….(看……) <对象> see (看见) <结果>

Unit 5 I’m watching TV

1.现在进行时: a.现在正在发生或进行的动作.

b.构成: 主语 + be动词 + 动词的现在分词 <两者缺一不可> c.动词现在分词的构成:<1>一般直接在词尾加“ing”;

<2>以不发音“e”结尾的,去 “e”加 “ing”;

<3>双写最后一个字母,再加 “ing”; eg: begin,get,let,sit,put,run,

drop,hit,forget,swim,stop,travel,plan,shop;

d.现在进行时的标志词:look, listen, now, It’s + 时刻,

2.do one’s homework = do homework (做家庭作业)

3.a.看电视/比赛用“watch”; b.看书/报纸/杂志用“read”;

4.wait for….(等候….) 5.TV show (电视节目)

6.at school/home/work (在学校/家/工作)

7.Make telephone calls (打电话)

a.Hello,here is/it’s + 电话号码 (你好!这儿是……)

b.Hello,may/can/could I speak to……,please?

(你好,我可以与……通话吗?)

c.Who’s that (speaking) ? (你是谁?)

d.This is…….(speaking) . (我是…..)

e.Is that…….(speaking)?/Is…….. there ? (你是….吗?)

Unit 6 It’s raining

1.cloud (云) cloudy (多云的) wind (风) 有风的) sun (太阳) sunny (晴朗的)rain (雨/下雨) rainy (下雨的) snow (雪/下雪) snowy (下雪的)

2.询问天气: What’s the weather like? = How’It’s + 气候.

3.How’s it going ? (情况怎样了?)

4.pretty (相当) = quite /very (十分) pretty (漂亮) = beautiful

5.hot (热) cold (冷) 6.cool (凉爽) warm (暖和)

7.humid (潮湿) dry (干燥) 8.lie (躺) lying

9.Thanks for sth./doing sth. (因….而感谢)

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10.on vacation (度假) 11.on the beach (在沙滩上)

12.take photos/pictures (照相)

13.a group of…(一群…) <后接复数名词>

14.beach volleyball (沙滩排球) 15.be surprised (吃惊的)

16.have a good/great/nice time = have fun (玩得高兴)

17.everyone (每人) someone (某人) everything (一切)

something (某物) nobody (没有人) <作主语时,当作第三人称单数> 18.want sb.to do sth. (想要某人做某事)

19.in order to……(为了….)

Unit 7 What does he look like ?

(掌握描述人物外貌的形容词)

1.short hair (短发) long hair (长发)

2.straight hair (直发) curly hair (卷发)

3.medium height (中等个子) 4.medium build (中等身材)

5.What does/do + sb. + look like? (某人长什么样?)

a.Sb. + be + 形容词/ b.Sb. has/have + 名词

6.look like = be like (看起来像…….)

7.always (总是) never (决不)

8.stop doing sth. (停止做某事) stop to do sth. (停下来做…..)

9.tell jokes/stories (讲笑话/故事)

10.remember (记得) forget (忘记)

Uuit 8 I’d like some noodles

1. I’d like = I would like she’d like = she would like

2.would like = want to sth./to do sth. (想要某物/做某事)

3.clean (干净的) <形容词> dirty (脏的)/ (打扫) <动词>

4.beef and tomato noodles (牛肉西红柿面)

5.chicken and cabbage noodles (鸡肉白菜面)

6.potato and mutton noodles (土豆羊肉面)

7.What kind of….would you like ? (你想要哪种……?)

What would you like/do you want ?(你想要什么?)

8.What size bowl of noodles would you like?

(你想要多大碗面?)

I’d like a small/medium/large bowl of noodles.

9.as well as…(也;而且) 10.green tea (绿茶)

11.orange juice (桔汁)

12.a. or (或者) <用于选择疑问句中>

b.or (和) <用于连接否定中并列内容>

Unit 9 How was your weekend ?

1.一般过去时:过去发生的动作或存在的状态。只表明过去某个动作发生过。

a.构成:由be动词/情态动词/实义动词的过去式构成。

b.规则动词过去式的构成:<1>一般在动词词尾加 ed;

<2>以“e”结尾的动词,加 “d”构成;

<3>辅音字母加 “y”结尾的动词,要先变 “y”为 “i”,再加 “ed”;

<4>重读闭音节结尾的动词,先双写最后一个字母,再加 “ed”;

eg: stop, plan, travel, drop, shop

c.过去式的标志: yesterday (昨天) /last + 单数名词 (上一个…..)

时间段 + ago (…..以前)/just now = a moment ago (刚才)

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2.help sb. with sth. (在….方面帮助某人)

3.help sb. do sth. (帮助某人做某事)

4.do some +动词 “ing” (做点…….) eg; do some reading

5.stay at home (呆在家) 6.have a party (开晚会)

7.visit (a person) (拜访…..) 8.talk show (访谈节目)

9.study for the <math> test (准备….<数学>测验)

10.How/What about….(怎么样?) <用于反问别人或提建议>

11.practice sth./doing sth. (练习…./做某事)

12.How was your weekend? (你周末过得怎样?)

13.What did you do last weekend?(你周末做了什么?)

14.middle school (中学) 15.cook…for sb.(为某人做…饭)

16.It’s time to do sth. /It’s time for sth. (是该….的时候了)

17.sit down (坐下) 18.watch sb. do sth. (观看某人做…)

19.look for….(寻找….) find (找到;发现)

Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation ?

1.summer camp (夏令营) 2.have fun doing sth. (做…快乐)

3.expensive=dear (贵的 cheap (便宜的)

4.两者中的另一个用 “the other”. 5.Sichuan food (川菜)

6.in the water/rain/snow/sun (在水中/雨中/雪中/太阳下)

7.in the corner (在角落里) <内部> at the corner <外部>

8.find sb. doing sth. (发现某人做某事)

9.make sb. do sth. (使某人做某事)

10.decide to do sth. (决定做某事)

11.walk <back> to (走<回>到…..)

12.be lost = get lost (迷路;走散)

13.the Great Wall (长城) 14.the Palace Museum (故宫)

15.Tian’an Men Square (天安门广场)

Unit 11 What do you think of game shows ?

1.What do you think of/about….?(你认为…怎么样?)

How do you like……? (你觉得…..怎么样?)

2.think of/about….. (考虑….)

3.soap opera (肥皂剧) 4.can’t mind (不介意,无所谓)

5.mind doing sth. (反对做…..) 6.game show (游戏节目)

7.in fact (实际上) 8.ask sb. about…..(问某人有关….)

9.key ring (钥匙圈) 10.agree with sb. (同意某人)

11.show sth. to sb. = show sb. sth. (出示某物给….)

12.English Today (今日英语) 13.Sports News (体育新闻)

14.Healthy Living (健康生活) 15.Culture China (华夏文化)

16.Chinese Cooking (中国烹饪) 17.Animal World (动物世界)

Unit 12 Don’t eat in class !

1.祈使句;a.以动词原形开头;b.变否定句时,在动词前加 “don’t”;

2.in class (在课上) in the class (在班上)

3.school rules (校规) 4.in the hallways (在走廊里)

5.dinning hall (餐厅) 6.be late for… (…..迟到)

7.get to….. = arrive in/at….= reach… (到达….)

8.have to (不得不) <有时态和人称变化>, 表示客观要求

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must (必须) <无时态和人称变化>

9.else (别的,其它的) <常位于疑问词之后> what else would you like?

10.too many (太多的….) <后接可数名词复数>

too much (太多的…) <后接不可数名词>

11.No + 名词/No + 动词的 “ing” (禁止……..)

12.Children’s Palace (少年宫) 13.Summer Palace (颐和园)

新目标英语七(下)unit1~6单元重点短语及词组

unit1

1、be/come from:来自

2、live in Paris:住在巴黎

3、write to me soon:快点给我写信

4、play sports:运动、锻炼

5、speak a little French:讲一点法语

6、like going to the movies with my friends:

喜欢和我的朋友去看电影

7、tell sb about...告诉某人关于、、、、、、

8、an interesting country: 一个有趣的国家

9、in November: 在十一月

10、speak a little French: 说一点法语

11、like playing sports:喜欢做运动

12、her favorite language:她最喜欢的语言

13、write to Tom:写信给汤姆

14、Jolie’s pen pal:朱利的笔友

15、likes and dislikes:好恶、爱憎

unit 2

1、打扰了Excuse me

2、散步 take a walk

3、玩的开心 have fun

4、向左/右转 turn left/right

5、一个干净又宁静的超市 : clean and quiet supermarket

6、一直走 go straight

7、穿过公园 go through the park

8、在右边 on the right

9、欢迎来中国 Welcome to China

10、参观格林大道 visit Green Street

11、世界之旅的开始 the beginning of the world tour

12、买一些食品 buy some food

13、饭店隔壁 next to the restaurant

14、乘出租车 take/have a taxi / by taxi

15、沿着长街走 go down /along/up Long Street

16、穿过第六大道 go through Sixth Street

17、在新公园右转 turn right at New Park

18、在大桥街 on Bridge Street

19、旅途愉快 have a good trip

20、去学校的路 the way to school

21、邮局:post office

22、公用电话:pay phone

5

23、第五大街 Five Avenue

24、中心街道 on Center Street

25、靠近… next to

26、在…对面 be across from

27、在…和…之间 between... and....

28、在一个安静/繁忙的街道上on a quiet/busy street

29、在附近 near here=in the neighborhood

30、在你家附近near your home

31、在你的右边 on your right

32、欢迎到…来 welcome to...

33、花园区 the Garden District

34、花园游览the garden tour

35、步行穿过…take a walk through

36、经过…pass...

37、有花园的房子… a house with a garden

38、….的开头 the beginning of...

39、一个玩的高兴的好地方a good palce to have fun

40、在超市买些食buy some food in the supermarket

41、去我家的路 the way to my home

42、一个干净的公园a clean park

43、一条安静的街道a quiet street

44、一家旧旅馆an old hotel

45、一个繁华的超市a busy supermarket

46、三个很脏的房间three very dirty rooms

unit 3

1、let sb do sth.让某人做某事:Let him go .让他走吧。

2、kind of=a bit =a little 稍微、有点

3、有点有趣:kind of interesting

4、有点懒:kind of lazy

5、来自南非:be from South Africa

6、对某人友好:be friendly to sb

7、和某人友好相处:be friendly with sb

8、喜欢做某事(习惯性的):like doing sth

9、喜欢做某事(偶尔一次的、未发生的): like to do sth

10、保持安静:be/keep quiet

11、在白天:during/in the day

12、在晚上:at night=in the night

13、每天:every day

14、每天的、日常的:everyday

15、和朋友一起玩:play with one's friends

16、在白天睡觉:sleep during the day

17、他12岁:He is twelve years old.

18、起床:get up

19、吃叶子:eat leavies

unit 4

1、他是干什么的?:What does he do?=what's he?=What's his job?

2、和某人一起工作:work with sb

3、在、、、、、、工做:work at/in.....

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4、为、、、、、、工作:work for...

5、给某人某物:give sth to sb=give sb sth

6、从、、、、得到、、、、:get sth from ....

7、穿着白色的制服:wear a white uniform(状态)

8、穿上你的衣服:put on your coat(动作)

9、有点危险:kind of dangerous

10、两个小偷:two thieves

11、和某人交谈:talk to/with sb

12、谈论、、、、、:talk about sb/sth

13、问某人问题:ask sb questions

14、工作得晚:work late

15、做某事迟到:be late for sth.

16、出去就餐:go out to dinners

17、忙碌:be busy

18、忙于做、、、: be busy with sth=be busy doing sth

19、对、、、、、、、感兴趣:be/become interested in....

20、一个有趣的工作:an interesting job

21、努力工作:work hard

22、艰苦的工作:hard work

23、一项给你的工作:a job for you

24、给你提供一个工作:have a job for you

25、和演员一起工作:work with actors

26、打电话给晚报:call the Evening Newspaper

27、在医院:in/at a hospital

28、很多,许多:a lot of=lots of

29、 想要做……:want to do...

30、招聘广告:want ads

31、其他年轻人:other young people

32、参加校园剧的演出:be in the school play

33、需要一名医生:need a doctor

34、售货员,店员: sales assistant

35、警官:police officer

36、银行职员:bank clerk

37、 害怕,恐怕…: be afraid of

38、电视台:TV station

39、警察局:police station

40、流行歌手:pop singer

41、重要人物;Very Important Person

42、出去:go out

43、校园剧:school play

44、尽可能快地:as soon as possible

45、晚报:evening newspaper

46、数钱:count money

47、有点儿危险:kind of dangerous

48、写故事:write stories

49、运动教练:a sports coach

50、图书管理员:a library assistant

51、在将来:in the future

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unit 5

1、看电视:watch TV

2、看书: read a book=read books=do some reading

3、看一只小鸟 see a bird

5、看电影:go to the movies

6、做家庭作业:do (one's)homework

7、那听起来还不错:That sounds good/nice.

8、写信:write a letter

9、这个电视剧无聊: This TV show is boring/isn't interesting.

10、等候……:wait for....

11、等候某人做某事:wait for sb to do sth

12、游泳:swim=have a swim=go swimming

13、购物:shop=go shopping=do some shopping

14、在图书馆:in the library

15、 打篮球:play basketball

16、谢谢你的来信:Thanks for your letter.

17、谢谢某人做某事:thanks/thank sb for doing sth

18、在第一张图里:in the first photo

19、一些图片:some photos

20、在游泳池里游泳:swim at the pool

21、下一张图片:the next photo

22、在家里:at home

23、和某人在一起:be with sb

24、最后一张图片:the last photo

25、我的全家福:a photo of my family

26、打电话:talk on the phone

27、我的一些照片:some of my photos

28、电视节目:TV show

29、这是、、、、、:This is....(介绍人用)

unit 6

1、今天云南的天气怎么样?:How's the weather in Yunnan today?= What's the weather like in Yunnan today?

2、做晚饭:cook dinnner/supper

3、玩电脑游戏:play computer games

4、你怎么样?(两人见面时)How's it going?

5、相当好:pretty good

6、好天气:fine/nice weather

7、在雨中:in the rain

8、一个有风的晚上:a windy night

9、环球节目:Around The World show

10、中央电视台:CCTV

11、阳光明媚的一天:a beautiful,sunny day

12、许多人:many/a lot of /lots of people

13、在度假:on vacation(介词)

14、在度假:take a vacation(动词)

15、多云的:be cloudy

16、刮风的:be windy

17、热的/冷的/温暖的/凉爽的/潮be hot/cold/warm/cool/humid

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18、拍照:take photos=take a photo

19、躺在沙滩上:lie on the beach

正 躺在沙滩上:be lying on the beach

20、一群学生:a group of students

21、这群孩子:this group of children

22、打沙滩排球:play beach volleyball

23、看上去很酷/漂亮/年轻:look cool/beautiful/young

24、惊讶:be surprised +从句

25、惊讶做……:be surprised to do sth

26、对……感到惊讶:be surprised at....

27、在高温下/在这么热的天:in this heat

28、玩的高兴:have a good time=have fun=enjoy oneself

29、戴围巾:wear scarfs

30、中央电视台世界各地节目:

CCTV's Around The World show

31、确实很舒适 :really very relaxed

32、弹吉他:play the guitar

Unit 7

1.short/curly/long/straight hair:短/卷/长/直发

2.medium height/build:中等高度/身材

3.look like:看起来象

4.the captain of the basketball team:篮球队队长

5.be a little bit quiet:有点儿少言寡语

6.stop doing sth.:停止做某事

7.like playing chess :喜欢下棋

8.wear glasses:戴眼镜

9.a pop singer:一个流行歌手

10.a new look:一个新的形象

11.black/brow/blonde hair:黑色/棕色/金黄色的头发

12.last month:上个月

13.a woman with long black hair:一个有着长长金发的妇女

Unit 8

1.what kind of:哪一种

2.would like sth.:想要某东西

3.a small/medium/large bowl of noodles:小/中/大碗的面条

4.orange juice: 桔子汁

5.green tea:绿茶

6.a dumpling house/House of sumplings:一家饺子店

7.phone number:电话号码

8.tomato soup:西红柿汤

Unit 9

1.do one’s homework:做家庭作业

2.play soccer:踢足球

3.clean one’s room:打扫某人的房间

4.go to the beach:去海滩

5.play tennis:打网球

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6.go to the movies:去看电影

7.last weekend:上周末

8.do some reading:阅读

9.practice English:练习英语

10.study for the match test:为数学考试准备

11.last week :上周

12.on Saturday morning/ aternoon/ evening/ night: 在星期六的早晨/下午/晚上/深夜

13.an interesting talk show:一个有趣的谈话节目

14.go for a walk:去散步

15.a nice day:晴朗的一天

16.play with:与…一起玩

17.a busy weekend:一个繁忙的周末

18.look for:寻找

19.watch a movie:看电影

20.It’s time to do sth.:是做某事的时候了

Unit 10

1.visit sb.拜访某人

2.summer camp:夏令营

3.visit museum:参观博物馆

4.on vacation:度假

5.great weather:好天气

6. all day/night/year:整天/夜/年

7.have great fun playing:玩得高兴

8.be crowded:拥挤

9.find sb. doing sth.:发现某人正在做某事

10.be lost:迷路

11.help sb.do sth.:帮助某人做某事

12.make sb. do sth.:使某人做某事

13.be tired:疲倦

14.decide to do sth.:决定做某事

15. The Great Wall:长城

Unit 11

1.talk/game/spors show:谈话/游戏/体育节目

2.soap opera:肥皂剧;连续剧

3.situation comedy/sitcom:情景喜剧

4.don’t mind/like:不介意/喜欢

5.can’t stand:不能容忍

6.think of:认为 7.agree with sb.:同意某人意见

8.in fact:事实上;实际上

9.a thirteen-year-old boy:一个13岁的男孩

10.sports shows:体育节目 11.Animal World:动物世界

12.Tell it like it is!:实话实说

13.Culture China:中国文化

14.Chinese cooking:中国烹饪

15.key ring:钥匙链

16.ask sb. about sth:问某人关于某事

17.colorful clothes:颜色鲜艳的衣服

18. English Today:今日英语

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19. Sports News:运动新闻

Unit 12.

1.be late for class:上课迟到

2.listen to music:听音乐

3.have to :不得不

4.what else:别的什么

5.sports shoes:运动鞋

6.go out :出去

7.after school/class:放学/下课以后

8.What’s up ?:什么事?

9.chool magizine:校刊

10.I don’t .either.:我也不

11.on school nights:在学生有课的晚上

12.Children’s Palace:少年宫

13.chool/family rules:校/家规

14.make dinner:做饭 15.wear a uniform:穿制服

16.gym class:体育课

17.enjoy nice words about my looks:喜欢赞美自己的话

18.wash the clothes:洗衣服

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