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初一英语下册知识重点

发布时间:2013-09-19 15:19:56  

初一英语下册知识重点
二十中学 杨颖

一、语法概况
M1-2 现在进行时态 M3-4 一般将来时态 M5-7 形容词/副词的比较级与最高级 M5形容词的比较级 M6 形 容 词 、 副 词 的 比 较 级 ; 多 音 节 形 容词、副词的比较级 M7形容词、副词的最高级

M8-12 一般过去时态 M8 be动词的过去式 M9 规则动词的过去式 M10 一般过去时的否定和疑问形式 M11 一般过去时的特殊疑问句 M12 不规则动词的过去式

MODULE 1
一、重点句 1.I listened carefully but I heard nothing. 我仔细听但什么也没听到。 2. We are on a school trip. 我们在参加学校郊游。 3. What are the others doing? 其他人在干什么? 二、知识重点 1. lie in the sun / on the beach躺在沙滩上 2. send sb. a postcard 寄给某人一张明信片 send sth. to sb. = send sb. sth. 3. enjoy the school trip a lot/ very much 非常喜欢学校郊游 4. anyway 无论如何 (转移话题) 5. buy some presents = shop for presents 买礼物 buy sth. for sb. = buy sb. sth. go shopping for presents 去买礼物 6. enjoy sth. 喜欢某物 enjoy oneself = have a good/ great time enjoy/ like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 7. take sth. to sw. 把某物带到某地 take away 8. at this moment=now 此时此刻 (现在进行时) 9. in different places 在不同的地方 (比较the same) 10. do different things 做不同的事情

11. leave work 下班 be at work 上班 He is at work. = He is working. 12. wait for buses 等公共汽车 run for trains 跑去乘火车 13. have afternoon tea 喝下午茶 14. go to the opera 去听歌剧 watch a ballet 看芭蕾 15. get dressed 穿衣;打扮 see friends 看望朋友 16. call home 给家里打电话 call sb. = give sb. a call= phone sb. 17. greetings from… 来自……的问候 18. talk on one’s phone 用某人的手机打电话 19. do taijiquan,打太极拳 do yangge 扭秧歌

MODULE 2

一、重点句 1. What traditions do you have at the Spring Festival? 在春节你们有 什么传统? 2.What are you doing? 3.---Are you learning a dragon dance, too? ---Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t. 二、知识重点 1. lots of traditions 许多传统 2. clean the house 打扫房子 do some cleaning 3. sweep away bad luck 扫走坏运 4. paint ……red 把……涂成红色 5. It means 它意味着…… What does it mean? (meaning n.) 6. decorate …with … 用……装饰…… 7. have a haircut 剪头发 8. everyone 后面谓语动词用单数: everyone has a haircut

9. visit our family and friends 看望亲戚朋友 10. at midnight 在半夜 (at noon= in the middle of day) 11.fireworks 用复数 12.bring sb. sth. =bring sth to sb. 给某人带来…… bring back 13. at night , in the evening 14. get ready for sth. (be ready for sth.) get ready for doing sth. 为……做准备 15. sweep the floor 扫地 learn a dragon dance 学舞龙 make lanterns 做灯笼 16.cook the meal 做饭 do some cooking 17. be int

erested in sth 对某物感兴趣 be interested in doing sth. 对做某事感兴趣

MODULE 3

一、重点句 1. be going to do 2. I’m going to do…because … 二、知识重点 1. check my email 查收我的邮件 get up early 起早 have a picnic 郊游 go to a party 去参加聚会 revise for my test 复习准备考试 (为考试而复习) do some revision stay in bed 呆在床上 at a friend’s home 在朋友家 take the plane to…=go to sw. by plane乘飞机去……/ take the plane from…to…乘飞机从……到… walk up the Great Wall 爬长城 make friends 交朋友 stay in a hotel呆在酒店里

2. What are your plans? (同义句) = What are you going to do? 3. look forward to sth/ doing sth. We are looking forward to the Spring Festival. We are looking forward to going to Guilin. 4. cook 厨师 (名词) 它还可以当动词:cook sth for sb = cook sb sth 5. How do you get (from) Shantou to Xiamen? By bus. 6. Why + 一般疑问句?用because来回答. I am late because my bike is broken. 7 in the morning on Sunday morning具体到某一天用on on a hot afternoon 有描述词用on 8. be going to +动词原形 I’m going to do my homework this evening. It’s going to rain tomorrow. It’s going to be rainy tomorrow. There is going to be rain/ snow/wind(名词)……

MODULE 4
一、重点句 1. will + do 2. I’m not sure. 3. Computers will be very small so they’ll be very light. 4. We’ll use the sun to heat our homes. 二、知识重点 1. study at home 在家学习 do the dull jobs 做枯燥的工作 do heavy work 干重活 three days a week 一周三天 long holidays 长假 free time空闲时间 be free to do sth. get warm 变暖 2. everyone every one of … 3. by email 通过电子邮件的方式 on the computer on TV on the radio 4. I’m not sure. 我不确信。be sure to do sth. 5. The teachers won’t write on a blackboard with chalk. The teachers won’t use chalk to write on a blackboard. do sth with sth = use sth to do sth 用……来做某事 chalk 不可数名词 一支粉笔 a piece of chalk 同义句:We will use the sun to heat our homes. = We will heat our homes with the sun.

7. Flying will be very cheap. flying为动名词,作主语。 家庭供暖将会很便宜。 Heating homes will be cheap. It will be cheap to heat homes. 打篮球是我最喜欢的运动。 Playing basketball is my favourite sport. 8. will + 动词原形 They will play football. will be+ 形容词 It will be cool in summer. There will be+名词 There will be rain tomorrow. There will be a big bridge over the river. 9. My dream will have big classrooms. (同义句) There will be big classrooms in my dream school. will 可以用be going to 代替,但be动词要根据单复数来变化。 There are going to be big classrooms in my dream school. There is going to be a big classroom in my dream school. 10. It’s going to rain this afternoon. It’s going to be rainy this aftern

oon. (但只有there be 句型除外,be后跟名词。) 11. In my dream school there won’t be any teachers.

MODULE 5
一、重点句 1. What’s the population of Shanghai? 2. Is Hong Kong bigger than Shanghai? 3. Cambridge is in the east of England. 4. It’s an older city. 二、知识重点 1. seven million millions of Americans 2. answer some questions for my homework 3.What’s the population of …? 某地人口是多少? 形容人口多用 big 或 large What’s its population? 4. 某地有多少人口的常用句式 Shanghai has 13 million people. Shanghai is a city with a population of 13million. The population of Shanghai is 13 million. It has a population of 13 million people.

5. be famous for 以……而出名 如:北京以长城而闻名。 Beijing is famous for the Great Wall. 6. in the east/south/west of… 在……的东、南、西…(内部) 上海在中国的东部。 Shanghai is in the east of China. 7. 问天气:What’s the weather like? / How’s the weather? 8. on the coast 在海岸线上 9. It’s never very hot in the summer or very cold in the winter. 10. with带有,有 Beijing is a city with lots of old buildings

MODULE 6
一、重点句 1. Table tennis is more popular than gymnastics. 2. No one wants to speak it badly or carelessly. 3. Betty likes basketball and she also likes cycling. 二、知识重点 1.adj.反义词: dangerous ----- safe danger / safety n. difficult ------ easy exciting ------ boring expensive ------ cheap popular ------ unpopular relaxing ------ tiring badly(worse, worst) ------ well(better, best) carefully ------ carelessly late ------ early loudly ------ quietly 2. be good at sth 擅长某事 be good at doing sth 擅长做某事 例如:我哥哥擅长篮球。 My brother is good at basketball. 我哥哥擅长打蓝球。My brother is good at playing basketball. 3. What Olympic sports do you like? Football is my favourite sport. Why do you like it? I like it because it’s exciting

4. 位移动词用现在进行时表示将来时。如:她将去学校。 She is going to school. She is leaving for school. 5. 在每周六上午九点半 at 9:30 am every Saturday 6. 早到这儿 get here early 晚到那儿 arrive there late 坐在黑板前sit in front of the blackboard 在教室后面at the back of the classroom 7. It’s +adj. + to do sth 学习英语很难。It’s very difficult to learn English. 8. 对某人讲得又慢又大声 speak slowly and loudly to sb(宾格). slowly 和loudly为副词,副词修饰动词。 9. 需要做某事need to do sth我们需要每天打扫教室。 We need to clean the classroom every day. 想要做某事want to do sth = would like to do sth. 我们想要打蓝球。We want to play basketball 10. No one 谓语动词用单数。如 No one wants to play football. 11. It’s +形容词 +for sb. to do sth. It’s very easy for him to learn math. 12. work hard 努力学习/工作 (这里 hard 就是副词)

speak English well 这里 well 就是副词

13. do some sightseeing 游览 go sightseeing 去观光 14. 带某人参观……take sb. around … 15. 将持续到……will continue/last until … 16. He needs to learn English quickly. How does he need to learn English? 17. She likes running and she likes cycling, too. = She likes running and she also likes cycling. also反在实义动词前,be动词和情态动词后。 18. 我不喜欢迟到。I don’t like to be late. 19. 我不喜欢跑步和骑自行车。 I don’t like running or cycling. 20. so 因此;所以 在英语句子中不能与because同时用 如:我饿了,所以想去买点吃的。 I’m hungry so I’m going to buy some food. 21. more +(形容词或副词)原级=比较级 more popular more exciting more dangerous more tired more quickly 22. much, a little, even +(形容词或副词)比较级 much bigger, much better, much more popular Pan Changjiang is funnier than Yao Ming. 句子中有than,要用比较级 比较级规则变化口诀: 比较级,要变化,一般词尾加er。(long-longer) 词尾若有哑音e, 直接加r就可以。(nice-nicer) , 重读闭音节, 单辅音字母要双写。(hot-hotter) 辅音字母若加y, 记得把y变为i。(happy-happier)

MODULE 7 一、重点句 1. It’s the best way to get school. 2. So British Airways is one of the busiest international airlines. 二、知识重点 1. the longest journey 最长的旅程 2. by 直接加交通工具单数 by bike/ bus/ train 3. get to school 到学校 get home/there/here 到家 4. live farthest from the school 住得离学校最远 farthest 为副词,是far的最高级可省略the,形容词最高级前面一定要加the 5.the ( best )way to sw. 去……的(最好)方式 6.the most dangerous way 最危险的方式 7. be closest to sw. 离……最近 go to work 去上班 8.take a train to sw. 乘火车去…… 9. the fastest train 最快的火车 10.from…to… 从……到…… 11. in eight minutes 八分钟后 (将来时) 12. the same … 相同的…… the same school 相同的学校 13.take some time by… 乘……花……时间 take ten minutes by car 乘汽车花 十分钟 14. more than = over 超过……,多于…… 15. one of the busiest international airlines 最繁忙的航线之一

16. a distance of …kilometres ……公里的距离 17. in nine and a half hours 在九个半小时后 18. buy a ticket at the bus stop 在汽车站买票 19. millions of Americans 上百万美国人 20. A taxi from Shanghai to the airport is cheaper than the train for two people. 对两个人来说从上海到机场乘出租车比乘火车便宜。 21. British Airways uses the Boeing 747 for long journeys. 英国航空公司使用波音747进行长途飞行。(划线the Boeing 747用which提问) 22. The Boeing 747 travels longer than other planes. 23. I like to travel by bus because it’s safer than going(动名词) by car. 24. from one place to a

nother 从一个地方到另一个地方 25. The cheapest way is by bus. 不能说:By bus is the…way. 26. travel to school 去上学 27. Who travels (the 可省略) farthest to school? 28. Who has the longest journey? 29. How interesting is the journey from …to… by train?问interesting的程度 The journey from …to…by train is the most interesting way. 30. What’s the most expensive way to travel? By plane.

MODULE 8
一、重点句 1.Where were you born? I was born… 2. Who was your first teacher? 3. What were they like? Becky was well-behaved at school but Adam was naughty. 二、知识重点 1.my/ my parents’ / sb’s past life 某人的过去生活 2.be born 出生 3.the name of --- ……的名字 4.What +be +sb. +like? 某人的性格怎么样? 5.be friendly to sb. 对某人友好 6.be strict with sb. / in sth. 对某人要求严格 7.On the east coast of America 在美国东海岸 8. lots of things 许多事情 There are lots of things to do in Shantou. 9. visit their old family houses 参观他们的故居 10. with 带有 He likes the house with a garden. a pond with fish in it 里面有鱼的池塘

11. on my bedroom walls 在我卧室的墙上 12. the last time I was there 我在那儿的最后一次 (be the first to do) 13. one day 有一天 (将来时或过去时) 14.Was anyone famous born there?有名人出生在那吗? anyone为不定代词,谓语动词用单数,形容词放在不定代词后。 There is nothing new in today’s newspaper. 15. I know what he does. 我知道他是干什么的。 动词know后的句子为宾语从句,语序要用陈述语序。 She asked where she was. The teacher asked who had a pen. 16. Tony was born in England. Tony wasn’t born in England. Was Tony born in England? Yes, he was. / No, he wasn’t. They were naughty. They weren’t naughty. Were they naughty? Yes, they were. No, they weren’t.

MODULE 9
一、重点句 1. She walked in the forest. 2. What did she pick in the forest? 3. Goldilocks didn’t live in the forest. 二、知识重点 1.once upon a time 从前 2. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 decide not to do sth. 3. go for a ride / walk 去兜风/散步 4. in the forest 在森林里 5. pick flowers 摘花 pick up sth. 捡起/拿起某物 pick it/ them up 6. be lost/ lose one’s way 迷路 She is always lost in Beijing. 7. look around+sb.(宾)看某人的四周 look around her/me /him… 8. notice sth. 注意到某物 9. hurry to + sw. = go to sw. in a hurry 急忙去某地 10. knock on / at the door 敲门 11. open 开着的adj. closed 关着的adj. The door is closed, but the window is open. open 打开; 经营 He opened the door and it’s open now. 12. enter + sth 进入…… They entered/went into the building.

13. finish sth. She finished the food soon. finish doing sth. She has to finish doing her homework now. 14. She counted three bowls. 她数了数有三只碗。 count from 1 to 100 15. rush out of + sw.

冲出某地 He rushed out of the school and rode a bike to home. 16. be tired 累 do/ try (tried) to do sth. 尽力做某事 try sth 试某物 try it/ them on 17. destroyed sth. 毁坏了某物 18. walk into the bedroom 走进卧室 19. very soon 不久; 很快 20. be asleep(形容词)= be sleeping(动词) 21. in pieces 成了碎片 22. at first 起初 at the beginning of 23. point at / to 指着…… 24. There’s the naughty girl. 倒装句,原句为:The naughty girl is there. 有一个淘气的女孩。There is a naughty girl. 25. open one’s eyes 睁开眼睛 26. be around sb. 在某人周围 The students are around the teacher. 27. jump out of bed and hurry out of the house 跳下床匆忙冲出房子

28. without sth. 没有某物 He went to school without his bag. without doing sth. 没有做某事 She left without saying a word. without anything= with noting 29. return to sw. = come back to sw. 返回某地 return= give back They returned to China yesterday. 他们昨天返回中国。 30. 讲故事的顺序:First… Next… Then… Finally… 31. and 前后的时态要一致 He entered the house and sat down. 32. the food in the big bowl 大碗里的事物 (介词短语作定语) the man under the tree 树下的那个男人 一般用which提问 33. live in the forest 住在森林里 34. answer the door 开门 I knocked on the door but nobody answered the door. 35. all around/over the world 全世界 36. tell sth to sb 或 tell sb. sth 告诉某人某事 tell a story tell stories 讲故事 tell children fairy tales 给孩子们讲童话故事 37. again and again 一遍又一遍 38. begin with “ Once upon a time…”以“从前……”开头 39. change into 变成

MODULE 10
一、重点句 1. Did you ride a bike when you were a boy? 2. We didn’t have a car. 3. He was one of the most famous writers in the world. 二、知识重点 1. listen to the radio 听收音机 2. Teachers’ Day Women’s Day Christmas Labour Day Children’s Day New Year’s Day 3. 12个月份的拼写:January February March April May June July August September October November December 4. start school 开始上学 start/begin to do sth. start doing sth 开始做某事 5. ride a bike to sw. 骑自行车去某地 go to sw. by bike walk to sw. 走着去某地 go to sw. on foot 6. play computer games 玩电脑游戏 7.we had games like chess. like 像 8.watch movies/ films 看电影 9. 英语人称顺序:你, 他/她, 我 (I 放在最后) 10. visit sb. 看望某人

11. near the sea 在海边 on the beach 在海滩上 12. travel by car/ train/ …乘……旅行 13. play the piano弹钢琴 go away 走开;离开 14. decide to be a (an) … 决定成为一名…… 15. a writer of plays and poems 一位作家和诗人 16. some of his (the) most famous plays 一些他的最著名的戏剧 17. at school 在学校 18. like watching plays 喜欢看戏剧 like doing sth. / like to do sth. 喜欢做某事 19. finish schoo

l 完成学业/ 毕业 20. at the age of … 在……岁 21. move to sw. 搬到某地 22. join a theatre company 加入一家剧团 23. a successful actor 一名成功的演员 (success, successful, successfully, succeed) 24. start writing plays开始写剧本 25. in many other languages 用许多其它的语言 26. one of the most famous writers in the world 世界上最著名的作家之一 27. The TV wasn’t in colour. 电视不是彩色的。

28. What games did you play?你们玩什么游戏? 29. like sth. a lot 非常喜欢某物 a lot = very much 非常 30. on holiday 在假期,在度假 31. He did his homework yesterday. He didn’t do his homework yesterday. Did he do his homework yesterday? Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.

MODULE 11
一、重点句 1.Why didn’t they want foreign engineers? 2. When did he work on it? 二、知识重点 1. a national hero / national heroes 民族英雄 2. the engineer of a famous railroad 一位著名铁路的工程师 3. the Chinese government 中国政府 4. want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 The Chinese government wanted a Chinese engineer to build it. 中国政府想要一个中国工程师建造它。 want sb. (宾语)想要某人 They didn’t want foreign engineers. 5. What do you think of …? = How do you like …?你认为……怎么样? 6. start in Beijing 在北京开始 finish in Zhangjiakou 在张家口完成 7. When did he work on it? 他什么时候从事这件事的? 8. form 1905 to 1909 从1905年到1909 9. Why didn’t sb. do sth? 为什么某人不做某事? Why didn’t you go to school yesterday? 你昨天为什么没去上学? 10. He died in 1919. 他1919年去世。(die, dead, death)

11. open a museum about his life 开了一家关于他生平的博物馆 12. a railroad is for trains. 铁路是给火车用的。 13. over 垂直上方,不接触 The bridge is over the river. 14. through 穿过(内部) through a mountain/ forest / window across 横穿 (表面)across the road/ bridge 15. What did the Chinese do when he died? 当他去世了中国人做了什么? 16. China’s first astronaut 中国的第一位宇航员 17. a few days ago 几天前 18. return to Earth 返回地球 19. be called 被称作 He was called “Xiao Zhang”. The boy called Kexiang is playing basketball. 20. last 持续 The rain lasted a week. 雨持续了一个星期。 last 上一个 last Wednesday, last night, last year 21. orbit the Earth 14 times = go round the Earth 14 times 绕地球运行14圈 22. reach an altitude of … 到达一个……高度 23. the next day 第二天(前面已提到了某一天, 用过去时) 24. the third country 第三个国家 China is now the third country to send a person into space. 现在中国是第三个把人送入太空的国家。

25. join the Chinese Air Force 加入中国空军 join the Chinese space programme加入中国太空项目 26. 11 years later, two months later (多长时间)后 27. with 13 other pil

ots 和其他13名宇航员 28. He trained for five years. 他训练了五年。 for + 一段时间 He rested for an hour. 29. want to be…想成为…… She wants to be a singer. 30. people on Earth 地球上的人 31. watch Yang Liwei’s space flight 观看了杨利伟的太空之行 32. wave to sb. 向某人挥手 33. show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 给某人看…… 34. have a meal of …吃了一餐…… 35. still 仍然,also也,放在实义动词前,be动词、情态动词后 36. return to the ground = land 着陆 37. 到达某地(1) reach sw. (2)arrive in sw.(大地方) arrive at sw. (小地方) (3) get to sw.

38. What happened? 发生了什么? What happened to you? 你发生什么事了? 39. the latest news 最近的新闻 a piece of news 一则新闻(不可数)

40. How did he show his skill as an engineer? 作为一名工程师,他是如何展示她的才能的? as 作为…… show one’s skill 展示某人才能

41. travel to sw. 去某地旅行 42. sick people / man/ girl…或 sb. is sick ill 只有一种用法:sb. is ill 43. open a hospital/ factory/ a company开办……

MODULE 12
一、重点句 1. My aunt and uncle met me at the airport. 2. How long did you spend there? 二、知识重点 1. two years ago 两年前 2. on the same day 在同一天 3. Who was with you? When were you born? 4. at the airport 在机场 5. go swimming a lot 6. How was your journey? It was great. 7. spend 花费(时间,金钱), 主语是人,其结构: (1)sb. spend +(时间,金钱)on sth He spent lots of money on books. We often spend much time on homework. (2) sb. spend +时间 (in ) doing sth. They spent two hours (in ) playing basketball. 8. well 形容词:身体好 副词:好(修饰动词) 语气词:嗯

9. take + 交通工具 to sw. 乘……去…… She took a bus to Guangzhou last week. 10. go for a walk / ride /swim 去散步/ 兜风/游泳 11. by plane = on a plane = by air 乘飞机 12. read the newspaper 看报纸 a piece of news 一则新闻 a piece of paper 一张纸 13. send emails 发电子邮件 14. take lots of photos / pictures照很多相片 15. fly to sw. 飞往某地 fly home(不用to) 16. Say hello to sb. 向某人问好 say sorry/ goodbye to sb. 17. How long did you +(延续性)动词? How long did you stay there? 18. have a holiday 度假 19. do a lot of shopping 购买了许多物品 20. go on a boat = go boating 去划船


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