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新目标九年级英语unit1学案

发布时间:2013-11-25 13:38:30  

Unit1 How do you study for a test ?

Section A

短语:

1. 听磁带 2、向教师请教

3、生气 4、看英语录像 5、写英语日记 、大声朗读 7、练习发音 、参加英语俱乐部 9、做某事的最佳方式、感觉不同 11、根本不 、对……感到兴奋 13、结束,告终 句子

1、--你是如何为考试作准备的? ----我通过听磁带来学习。

--- do you ---I study tapes.

2、太难理解那些声音了。

It’s hard 3、然而,有时他发现看电影让人感到灰心,因为人们讲话太快了。

Sometimes, however ,he watching movies because the people speak too quickly .

4、她补充说,跟朋友交谈毫无帮助。

She added that .

5、我们经常谈到某些事情时,变得很激动,然后就讲起中文来了。

in Chinese .

知识点讲解:

1. by asking the teacher for help(P2)通过向老师寻求帮助

(1)“ask+sb+for+名词”意为“向某人请求……”;“向某人要求……”。

They asked me for . 他们向我求助。

We asked our PE teacher for a football. 我们请求体育老师给我们一个足球。

(2)by作介词时,后接动词-ing形式,◎“通过……的方式”。

Mr Green makes a living by teaching.格 林先生以教书为生。

◎“经过(某人/某物)”。

He went by the supermarket on his way to school. 在去上学的路上,他经过那家超市。 ◎“在……旁边,在……附近”。

Li Lei sits by my side in the classroom.在教室里,李雷坐在我的旁边。

◎“在……之前,不迟于……”。

I can finish doing my homework by six o’clock. 我能在6点之前做完作业。

◎表示交通方式,意为“乘……”。

I usually go to school by bike. 我通常骑自行车去上学。

复习一下一个常用短语: by the way “顺便说一下”。用于转移话题。

By the way, I forgot to tell you the news. 哦,对了,我忘记告诉你那个消息了。

2、It’s too hard to understand the voices . (p3) 很难理解这些对话。

too…to 太……而不能... 常和so….that+从句转换,也可以跟not…enough to do 连用。 试做:He is too careless to work it out .(变成同义句)

that work it out .

He is not 1

3、He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. (P4)

他已经学了六年的英语,而且的确很喜欢它。

He’s是He has的缩写。这是一个现在完成进行时态的句子,由“助动词have/has+been+现在分词”构成,用来表示动作从过去某一时间开始,一直延续到现在,可能还要延续下去。

请翻译:

格林先生已经卧床两个星期了。

(lie) in bed for two weeks.

我们在这所学校教书已经8年半了。

We have been teaching in this school .

4、 She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. (P4)

她补充说,和朋友交谈一点帮助都没有。

(1)add的常见意思为“增加,添上,加上”。在本句中表示在说完上面的话语后又添加一些话语,是“又说,补充说”的意思。

It will add to your troubles. 这将会给你们增添麻烦的。

Mr Smith added that he would be back soon. 史密斯先生补充说他很快就会回来。

(2)at all与not, no, nothing, nobody, nowhere等表示否定意义的词连用,用来加强否定意义,表示“完全不,一点儿都不,丝毫不”的意思。

He doesn’t like swimming at all. 他一点儿都不喜欢游泳。

There is nothing in the room at all. 房间里面什么东西都没有。

◎not at all单独使用时,用来回答对方的感谢或道歉,相当于That’ s all right, You’re welcome等。但是,You’re welcome主要用于美国英语中,而英国人则多用Not at all。

—Thank you very much for your help.非常感谢你的帮助!

—Not at all./That’ s all right./You’re welcome.别客气。

5. We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese. (P4)

有些话题让我们兴奋不已 ,最后干脆说起汉语来。

(1)be/get excited about意思是“对…感到兴奋”,其中about后可接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。 She got excited about it as soon as she heard the good news. 她一听到那个好消息,就变得很兴奋。 Are you excited about going to Shanghai? 你对去上海感到兴奋吗?

类似短语

be/get worried about “对…感到担心”,be amazed at“对…感到惊讶”,be pleased with“对…感到满意”。

(2)excited表示某人对某物或某事“感到兴奋,激动”,主语常为人。

We were excited when we saw our team was winning. 看到自己的球队要赢了,我们都十分激动。 注意:

exciting作“令人激动的”,“令人兴奋的”解时,常用来修饰物或事。

The football match we watched was very exciting. 我们观看的那场足球赛非常激动人心。

(3)end up意为“达到某状态或采取某行动,以……结束或告终”,后面接动词-ing形式。 He ended up running a firm. 他最终经营了一家公司。

类似短语: eat up“吃光”, burn up“烧光”。

Section B

短语

1、口语 2、在….方面犯错

3、练习说英语 4、在学英语上有困难 5、在去学校的路上 6、练习写作 7、学会做某事 8、首先,第一 9、以后,随后 10、没关系 11、害怕做某事 12、嘲笑某人 13、写完整的句子14、…的秘诀之一 2

15、决定做某事 16、记笔记

知识点讲解

1. Maybe you should join an English language club. (P5)也许你应该参加某个英语俱乐部。

(1)maybe和may be虽然写法相似,意思也相似,但是用法区别很大。

maybe是副词,意为“也许,可能”,用作状语;

may be意为“也许是,可能是”,may是情态动词,与be一起作谓语。

Maybe you put it there. 也许你把它放在那里了。

But I’m afraid I may be a little late. 但恐怕我可能是晚了一点。

(2)join意为“参加,加入”,主要指参加、加入某党派、团体,成为一员,后面也可跟us, them, the young people等表示一群人的词或词组;

而 take part in也意为“参加,加入”,指参加群众性的活动、会议、考试、竞赛等。

My brother joined the League two years ago. 我的哥哥两年前就入团了。

We are getting ready to take part in the speech contest.我们正准备参加这次演讲比赛。

2. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class. (P6)刚开始,当老师和全班学生说话的时候,她的话对我来说很难听懂。

(1)短语first of all意为“首先,第一”,在句中作状语,强调首要的事情是什么,不一定用于列举,常用于first of all..., then..., at last...,使说明的层次更清楚。

First of all, I must finish my work. 首先,我必须完成我的工作。

First of all, I want to say that thank you for coming. 首先,我想说的是感谢你们的到来。 To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t understand every word. (P6)

刚开始,她讲得太快,我不能每个词都听懂。

本句中的to begin with意为“首先,第一点(理由)”。

We can’t go. To begin with, it’s too cold. Besides, we’ve no money.

我们不能去。首先是天气太冷了;再者,我们没有钱了。

◎begin with意为“以……开始”,其后接动词时应用动词-ing形式。

The book begins with a story. 这本书是以一个故事开头。

The party began with dancing. 晚会是以舞蹈开头的。

2. Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word. (P6)

后来,我意识到即使不理解每个单词也没有关系。

later on是由later与on构成的固定词组,但在意思和用法上与later既有相同之处,也有区别的地方。

later与later on的用法

◎later作副词用,意为“后来”,“以后”,往往以以前或现在的时间或事情为基准,因此,常用于一般过去时或一般将来时。

Later he learned how to repair television sets.后来他学会了修电视机。

The radio says the sun will come out later.广播说太阳过些时候就会出来。

◎later常和一个表示时间的名词连用,构成“时间段+later”结构。

He came back a week later.一星期后他回来了。

纠错

两天后我再来拜访。

I shall call again two days later.( )

I shall call again in two days. ( )

解析

“时间段+later”不可用于从现在算起的若干时间以后。

说“从(现在起)……之后”,应该用“in+时间段”。

◎later on作副词短语使用,也是“后来”,“以后”的意思,有时可与later互换。

That happened later on/later.后来那件事发生了。

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◎later on只可单独使用,不能用于“时间段+later on”结构。

5. It helped a lot. (P6) 它很有帮助。

在本句中a lot用作副词,表示“非常,相当”,等于very much。还要记住a lot可以用来修饰比较级。

Thanks a lot. = Thanks very much.多谢。

He is feeling a lot better today.他今天感觉好多了。

◎a lot还可作“经常,常常”解,相当于often。

They use the recorder a lot in English class.在英语课上,他们常用录音机。

◎a lot of=lots of,修饰可数名词或不可数名词,意为“许多”,相当于many或much。

There is a lot of(=lots of) homework to do.有许多作业要做。

纠错: 她在穿上没有花很多钱。

She doesn’t spend a lot of money on dresses. ( )

She doesn’t spend much money on dresses. ( )

6. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. (P6) 我认为做大量的听力练习是成为一个好的语言学习者的秘诀之一。

(1)该句是由that引导的宾语从句,当主句用一般现在时态时,从句可以用当主句用过去时态时,从句则要用 。

Shanghai. 我听说布朗先生曾去过上海。

He said these answers be )right. 他说这些答案是正确的。

(2)one of意为“(…中的)一个”,其后接名词的复数,如有形容词修饰名词时,形容词要用最高级。

中考考点啊!!识记!

popular)teachers in our school.

王老师是我们学校最受欢迎的老师之一。 7、提建议的句子:

①What/ how about +doing sth.? 如:What/ How about going shopping?

②Why don’t 如:Why don’t you go shopping?

③ 如:Why not go shopping?

④Let’ 如: Let’s go shopping

⑤ 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

SELF CHECK and READING

1、写下 2、在词典里查找单词 3、英语的重要性 4、编对话 5、处理 6、担心 7、生某人的气 8、(指时间)过去;消逝 9、把他视为朋友 10、抱怨 11、有太多的工作要做 12、把…变成…13、尽力做…. 14、在…的帮助下

15、考虑,思考 16、把…比作…

句子

1、他通过编对话来提高他的英语水平。

He improves his English by 2、如果我们不处理好我们的问题,我们很容易变得不开心。

we

3、时间流逝,好的友谊可能会消失。

Time , and good friendships may 4、我们应该把困难视为挑战,并尽自己最大的努力去克服。

to get over them .

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5、作为年轻人,在老师的帮助下尽最大努力处理我们在教育中的每一次挑战是我们的责任。 It’s our to each challenge in our teachers .

知识点讲解:

1. How do we deal with our problems? (P8)我们怎样处理我们的问题?

本句中的deal with意为“处理,解决”,相当于do with,其主语通常是人或物。但是前者与how连用,后者与what连用。

I have many problems to deal with. 我有许多问题要解决。

◎ deal with作“与……打交道”,“与……做买卖”解时,主语通常是人、公司、商店等。 My elder brother will deal with you later on. 我哥哥以后会来收拾你的。

2. Most of us have probably been angry with our friends, parents or teachers. (P8)

我们中的大部分人可能都生过我们的朋友、父母或老师的气。

本句中的be angry with意为“对某人生气”,后面常跟人作宾语;当表示生气的原因时,可以加上for doing sth。

He was angry with me for not having done anything.

我什么也没有做,他为此很生气。

注意:

be angry at表示“因某事生气”,后面接表示言行的名词、代词或v-ing形式或从句作宾语。 He was rather angry at missing the bus.他因没有赶上公共汽车而相当生气。

He was angry at what I said. 他对我所说的感到生气。

你还能说出其他的同义词吗?

3. Time goes by, and good friendships may be lost. (P8) 时间流逝,良好的友谊可能也就随之逝去了。

(1)go by是不及物动词短语,意为“走过”,“(时间)消逝,流逝”。

Two weeks went by. 两周过去了。

(2)lost是lose的过去分词。lose意为“丢失,失去”时,语气较强,一般指失去不易找回。

The man lost a leg in the war. 那个人在战争中失去了一条腿。

知识拓展

miss意为“丢失,失去”时,指东西或人丢失了,但有找到的希望。

She missed her child in the street. 她在街上把孩子丢了。

◎miss可以表示“想念”的意思,而lose则不能。

We shall all miss you when you are away. 你不在时我们都会想念你的。

拓展:

作定语或表语时,lose用过去分词形式,miss用现在分词形式。

Who has found my pen? 谁找到了我丢失的钢笔?

They set out to look for the girl at once. 他们立即出发去寻找丢失的女孩。

本单元练习题

一、词汇

用所给单词的适当形式填空。

1. I hear this dictionary is very ________( help ) for us students.

2. The _______( good ) way to learn English is to use it.

3. We should practice ______( speak ) English aloud every morning.

4. What about _____( go ) there on Sunday?

5. She spoke too ______( quick ),I couldn’t hear you clearly.

B)根据句意,填入适当的词, 使句子完整通顺。

1. Do you know how to s_______ this new word?

2. He is doing a s______ about how to learn English well.

3. I want to know how you are going to l______ your English this year.

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4. Doing more listening p______ every day is very important.

5. Some of us don’t like to study grammar. Because it is too d_______.

6. She spoke too q______ and I can’t follow him.

二、单项选择

--- His English mark is very high. --- Oh, really? How does Lin Tao learn _______ a test?

A. with B. to C. for D. from

--- How do you learn English?---We learn new words ______ reading papers and magazines.

A. by B. through C. from D. with

3. It’s best ______ English like this.

A. learning B. to learn C. learns D. learned

---Do you really understand the answer?--- No, I don’t _______ understand the answer.

A. quite B. very C. so D. too

5. --- How do you learn English?--- ______.

A. I learn English for the people B. I learn English by working with some students

C. I don’t like English D. I also like English

6. He didn’t know the matter. I didn’t know it, ______.

A. too B. also C. either D. neither

7. The difficult problems make him _____.

A. studying hard B. study hard C. to study hard D. studies hard

8. Do you have a partner to speak English ________?

A. for B. to C. on D. with

9. Isn’t she _____you today?

A. with B. for C. of D. on

10. She said that he got ______ A in this test.

A. a B. an C. the D.

五、完形填空

When you wave to a friend,you are using a sign language.When you smile at someone,you mean to be__1___.When you put one finger __2__ of your mouth,you mean “__3___”.

Yet people in different countries may use different sign languages.

Once an Englishman was in Italy.He could speak ___4__ Italian.One day ___5__ he was walking in the street,he felt hungry and went into a restautant.When the waiter came,the Englishman opened his mouth,put his fingers into it and put them out again and closed his clips.In this way,he wanted to say,”Bring me something __6___.”But the waiter brought him a lot of things to drink.First tea,then coffee,then milk,but no food.The Englishman was so __7___ that he was not able to tell the waiter he was hungry.He was __8____ to leave the restaurant when __9__ man came in and put his hands on his stomach.And this sign was clear enough for the waiter.In a few minutes,the waiter __10__ him a large plate of bread and meat.At last the Englishman had his meal in the same way.

1.A. friendly B. nice C. good D. kindly

2. A. onto B. in the front C. into D. in front

3.A. Please drink B. Please eat C. Be quiet D. Be careful

4.A. few B. little C. a few D. a little

5.A. though B. because C. while D. whether

6.A. to drink B. to eat C. to play D. to work

7.A. happy B. sorry C. tired D. worried

8.A ready B. quick C. slow D. quiet

9. A. other B. another C. the other D. else

10.A. bought B. brought C. took D. put

六、阅读理解

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Pisces (February 20 to March 20)

It’s the sign of the fish. Pisceans are very free-flowing(自由散漫的)people. They often feel bad when they cannot do the things that they want to. When things don’t run well, they will often become very angry.

A Piscean can usually make the best of a bad situation if they really want to. They can easily get along with other people and the outside world.

Quality: Negative(阴性)

Ruler: Neptune (海王星)

Triplicity: Mutable (变通型)

Quadruplicity: Water (水相)

Pisces can be given cameras, socks and shoes as presents. Music of all kinds is welcome, such as CDs, piano and concert tickets. Anything that makes a Pisces think of water and seas is great, such as ships, going boating, a trip to the sea and a hot bath.

( )1.What is the characteristics of Pisceans?

A.clever B.foolish C.free-flowing D.easy-going

( )2.What’s the best gifts for a Piscean?

A.cameras B.CDs C.a model ship D.all above them

( )3.It is easy to __________________ with Pisceans.

A.catch up B.make friends C.agree D.deal

( )4.Pisceans like to live in their own way, don’t they?

A.Yes,they do. B.No,they don’t. C.We’re not sure. D.The passage doesn’t tell us.

( )5.What’s the Chinese meaning of the blacken parts in the first paragraph?

A: 改变 B 充分利用 C 发现优势 D 适应

家庭作业:

1.Mary is from France.She studies English by _____ English movies.

A. watch B. to watch C. watches D. watching

2.If you practice ____ English every morning,you will improve it quickly.

A. to read B. reading C. read D. be reading

3.It’s Sunday today.What about ____ the mountains?

A. to climb B. climb C. climbing D. climbed

4.Tom decided ____ in China.

A. travel B. traveling C. to travel D. traveled

5.Do you enjoy ____ on the Internet? A. srrfing B. surf C. to surf D. surfed

6.—Do you have any ___ making a sentence with “science”? ----Not at all.

A. practice B. trouble C. worry D. help

7.Do you find this book ____?

A. frustrate B. frustrating C.frustrated D. ftustration

8.Can you tell me the best way ____ the problem?

A. solve B. solved C. to solve D. solving

9.I couldn’t ____ these new words because I had no dictionary.

A. look up B. look for C. look after D. look like

10.When we practice speaking English ,we often end up ___ in Chinese.

A. speak B. speaking C. spoken D. speaks

11. I learn French ____ keeping a French notebook.

A. by B. for C. in D at

12.Many students asked the teacher ___ the time of the test.

A. for B. about C. to D. of

13.Did you see them ____ basketball this morning?

A. playing B. played C. to play D. are playing

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14.Sam can’t pronounce the word.I can’t,____. A. too B. either C. also D. neither

15.Peter got ____ when she heard the good news.

A. angry B. excited C. exciting D. sad

16.Mary has ____ friends to play games____.

A. no,with B. no,in C. not,with D. no,on

18.When I have problems I often ask my father ____.

A. to helping B. help C. for help D. to help

19.---I don’t know _____ to play the piano? ----My cousin can teach you.

A. who B. what C. how D when

20.---Sorry sir,I broke your cup.----_____ are you going to deal with the broken cup?

A. Where B.How C. What D.When

21.Small children ____ to go out at night.

A. afraid of B. are afraid C. is afraid of D. are afraid

22.As a student,it is your ____ tostudy hard.

A. duty B. mistakes C. notes D.challenge

23.In 2001 China _____ the WTO and became a new member of it.

A. took part in B. attended C. joined D. joined in

24.We can’t do well in examinations ____ we study hard in school time.

A. if B. and C. since D. unless

25.If you want to study English well,please read aloud evert morning.It helps _____.

A. a lot of B. lot of C. a little D. a little of

26.He is good at maths.He made___in the test. So his teacher is very pleased.

A. few mistakes B. little mistake C. a few mistakes D. a little mistake

27.He can’t ____ English,but he can ____ it in Japanese.

A. speak,speak B. say,speak C. speak,say D. speak,talk

28.---Do you mind____? ------Of course not.

A.my turning on the TV B. I turning on the TV C.Me to turn on the TV D. me turn on the TV

, his hometown changed a lot.

A. goes by B. went by C. has gone D. passed by

30. “Who called me just now?”“I don’t know, but it was a girl’s___ .”

A. sound B. voice C. noise D. singing

31.If you don’t know how to pronounce new words,___in a dictionary, please.

A. look up B. look it up C. look them up D. look up them

32.After hearing her words, my teacher was ______ .

A. impressed B. impressing C. to impress D. impresses

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