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人教新目标版八年级上册Unit_9_Can_you_come_to_my_party__Section_A_1__1a-2d

发布时间:2013-11-25 13:38:32  

What do you usually do on weekends?

I usually help my parents.

What do you usually do on weekends? I usually help my parents.

prepare for an exam

meet my friends

Let’s go hiking tomorrow.

Sorry. I have the flu. I have to go to the doctor.

根据箭头指向的汉语说出英 语短语。 play basketball 准备考 试 have the flu 去音乐 去看病 会 play the piano 去见 go to the doctor 弹钢琴 朋友 help my parents go to the concert 打篮球 得了流 prepare for a test 帮父母 感 meet my friend

A: Can you come to my party? B: Sure, I’d love to.

Sorry, I can’t. I have to …

A: Can you play basketball with us? B: Sorry, I can’t. I have to …

study for a test

A: Can you … ?

B: Sorry, I can’t. I have to …

go to the doctor

A: Can you …? B: Sorry, I can’t. I have to …
visit my friend

go to the concert

1. prepare v. 使做好准备;把??准备好 e.g. Don’t prepare dinner this afternoon. Let’s eat outside. 下午不用准备晚饭了。我们出去吃。 2. prepare for 为??做准备 e.g. We need to prepare for the New Year. 我们需要为新年做一些准备。

3. exam n. (= examination)考试 e.g. Did you do well in the math exam? 你在数学考试中做得怎么样?

4. flu n. 流行性感冒;流感 e.g. Doctor, I think I have the flu. 医生,我觉得我得流感了。

1a Match the phrases with the pictures (a-e).

1. prepare for an exam ______ a e 2. help my parents ______

3. go to the doctor 4. meet my friend 5. have the flu

______ d ______ b ______ c

1b Listen and write the names
(Tim, Kay, Anna and Wilson) next to the correct students

in the picture.

Tim

Anna

Kay

Wilson

1c
You are the students in the picture. Student A, invite three students to your party. Student B, C and D, give answers.

Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?

Sure, I’d love to.

Sorry, I can’t. I have to prepare for an exam.

I’m sorry, too. I must go to the doctor.

Listen and circle 2a can or can’t.

1. Jeff (can / can’t ) go to the party. 2. Mary (can / can’t) go to the party. 3. May (can / can’t) go to the party. 4. Mei Ling (can / can’t) go to the party. 5. Paul (can / can’t) go to the party.

2b Listen again. Who can’t go to the
party? Why? Complete the chart. Names Jeff May Reasons meet his friend on Saturday has the flu

Mei Ling study for a math test

1. available adj. 有空的;可获得的 avail + able → available

e.g. Is there a room available tonight? 今晚有空闲的房间吗?

2. another time 其他时间;别的时间 e.g. Let’s talk more another time. 改天再谈。 We can do it another time. 我们可以找别的时间做。 He’s busy. Why don’t you come another time? 他很忙。你们另外找时间再来怎么样?

3. until conj. & prep. 到??时;直到??为止 not … until 直到??才 e.g. Go straight down the street until you see the bank. 一直走,直到你看见银行。 He didn

’t go home until he finished his work. 直到完成工作后他才回家。

4. hang v. (hung) 悬挂;垂下 e.g. Hang your clothes on the line. 把你的衣服挂在绳上。 5. hang out 常去某地; 泡在某处 e.g. I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜欢和朋友们一起 去购物中心闲逛。

6. catch 及时赶上;接住;抓住
e.g. I have to run to catch the bus. 我不得不跑着去赶公交车。

2c
Look at the reason in the chart in 2b. Write some more. Then, Student A, invite your partner to do something. Student B, say you can’t go and why.

1. too much homework 2. ____________________ 3. ____________________ 4. ____________________

Hey, Dave. Can you go to the movies on Saturday?

I’m sorry, I’m not available. I have too much homework this weekend.

That’s too bad. Maybe another time.

Sure, Joe. Thanks for asking.

2d

Read the conversation and answer the questions.

1. What did they do last fall? ___________________________________ They went bike riding. 2. What does Nick have to do on Saturday?

Nick has to prepare for an exam. ___________________________________
3. When will they hang out?

On Monday night. ___________________________________

Role-play the conversation. Hey! Nick, can you come to my house on Saturday? … Oh, Sam! I remember we went bike riding together last fall when …

1. Sam isn’t leaving until next Wednesday. 在英语中,not … until …是一个常见句 型,表示“直到……才……‖。在口语 中,还可使用till代替until,构成not … until…结构。 e.g. Don’t leave today’s work till tomorrow. 不要把今天的事留到明天去做。 I didn’t go to bed last night until past midnight. 昨晚我过了午夜12点才睡。

2. Catch you on Monday! 礼拜一见! 这是英语中道别的又一种说法,相当 于See you on Monday! 类似的说法还 有:Catch / See you later! (回头见!)

假设你将于这个周末过生日,并开一 个生日聚会,你邀请朋友们参加你的聚会, 但有几名同学因故不能来,请你将与他们 的对话用英语写出来。

Hey, Nick, can you come to my house on Saturday? …

Oh, Sam! I remember we went bike riding last fall when …

Can you play soccer tomorrow afternoon?

Sure. I’d love to.

I’m afraid not. I have the flu.

Can Kate go fishing tomorrow morning?

No, she can’t. She must prepare for the math exam.

Can Linda hang out on Saturday afternoon?

No, she’s not available. She has to help her mom.

Can Nick and Peter go hiking tomorrow?

No, they are not free. They might have to visit their grandparents.

根据课本内容,完成下列句子。 1. 星期六你能来我的聚会吗? Can ____ you come to my party on Saturday? _____ 2. 当然,我乐意去。Sure. ____ ____ ___. I’d love to 3. 对不起,我必须为数学考试而学习。 must study for Sorry, I _____ ______ ____ a math test. 4. 明天晚上你能去看电影吗?

Can you ____ to the movies __________ go ____ tomorrow night?

5. 当然可以,听起来很棒。 _____, that _______ _____. Sure sounds great 6. 恐怕不行,我得了流感。 afraid flu I’m ______ not. I have the ____. 7. 他能去聚会吗? ____ he ___ to the party? Can go 8. 不能。他得帮助他的父母。 No, he _____. He _____ to help his parents. can’t has 9. 她能参加棒球比赛吗? ____ she go to the baseball ______? Can game

10. 不,她没有空。她必须去看医生。 No, she’s ____ _________. She ______ not available must ___ to the _______. go doctor 11. 他们能去看电影吗? ____ they ____ to the _______? Can go movies 12. 不,他们没有空。他们可能必须去见朋 友。 free might have No, they’re not ____. They _____ _____ ___ meet their ________. to friends

can 用于表示“________‖,如: 能,会 汤姆会骑马。___________________ Tom can ride a horse. Can you…? 表达 “____________‖, 邀请或建议 答语:同意用 Sure, I’d love to. _________________ 不同意用 Sorry, I can’t. I … __________________________ __________________________ 或 I’m afraid not. I have to … 如:恐怕不行,我要去探望我的姑姑。 I’m afraid not. I have to visit my aunt. __________________________________

1. invite v.

邀请

e.g. I’d like to invite you to dinner. 我想邀请你吃晚饭。

2. accept v. 接受
e.g. They didn’t accept his money. 他们没有接受他的钱。

Complete the answers with might 3a and one of the phrases in the box.

watch TV, on the weekend, my cousin, visit my grandparents, practice the violin

1. A: What are you going to do on Saturday? watch TV B: I’m not sure. I might __________. 2. A: What are you planning to do after school? B: I don’t know. I might practice the violin ______________________.

3. A: When will you finish the science homework? I might finish it on the weekend B: ______________________________. 4. A: Who are you going to the movies with? B: __________________________. I might go with my cousin 5. A: Are you free to come to my place on Saturday? B: Sorry. I might visit my grandparents ________________________________.

Complete the sentences below. Use 3b the words in brackets to help you. 1. Inviting: ____________________________ (can/play tennis) Accepting: ________________________ 2. Inviting: _____________________________ (would like to/go to the movies) Refusing: _____________________ Reasons: ____________________________ (might have to)

3. Inviting: ___________________________ (can/hang out with us tonight) Refusing: __________________________ Reason: _____________________ (must) 4. Inviting: ___________________________ __________________________ (would like to / come to my birthday party) Accepting: _________________________

答案:
1. Can you play tennis with us? Sure. I’d love to. 2. Would you like to go to the movies? I’m afraid I can’t. I might have to prepare for th

e math exam. 3. Can you hang out with us tonight? Sorry. I can’t. I must help my mom at home. 4. Would you like to come to my birthday party? Sure. I’d love to.

3c
Write down everything you have to do next week. Choose a day and time to have a party. Then invite classmates to your party.
MON. TUE.

WED.
THUR. FRI.

SAT.
SUN.

Invite your classmates to your party. See if they are available. Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? Sure. I’d love to.

I’m sorry. I must practice the violin on Saturday afternoon.

I’m afraid not. I have the flu.

A: Hey, Bob. 1. ___________ B: I’m sorry. I have to help my parents. A: 2. ________. How about you, Ling Ling? Can you come to my party? L: 3. _________ A: On Saturday afternoon. L: Oh, no, I can’t. 4. ____________ A: That’s too bad. 5. _____________. L: Sure! Thanks for asking.

A. That’s too bad.
B. Can you come to my party? C. Are you going shopping with me? D. Maybe another time. E. I have to study for a test. F. When is it? G. I’d love to.

1. ____ 2. ____ 3. ____ 4. _____ 5. _____ B A F E D

1. Write down these phrases. prepare for … 1) 为??做准备 ______________

2) 得了流感 _____________ have the flu
3) 去见朋友 ________________ meet the friends

4) 当然,我愿意去 Sure. I’d love to. _______________
5) 太多作业 ___________________ too much homework

6. 对不起,我没空。 Sorry. I’m not available. ______________________
not … until 7. 直到??才 _____________ hang out 8. 泡在某处 ___________

9. accept反义词 ________ refuse

2. Make an invitation to your friends. — hang out, tonight; — study for a math test — play tennis; — not free, go to the doctor — come to my party; — I love to. 1) — Can you hang out with us tonight? — Sorry. I must study for a math test.

2. — Can you play tennis with us? — I’m not free. I must go to the doctor. 3. — Can you come to my party today? — Sure. I’d love to.

calendar

1. 问“日期”的句型有:

What’s the date today? 今天是几号?
或 What date is it today? ―日期”的表示法有例如 :11月 5号 It’s November 5; November 5th; 读做November (the) 5th

2.询问“星期” 的句型: What day is (it) today? It’s Monday. 在英语中表示“星期”的词有: Monday Friday Sunday 星期一; Tuesday 星期二; 星期五; Saturday 星期六; 星期日 Wednesday 星期三; Thursday 星期四;

3. 询问几号星期几的句型: What’s today? 今天几号,星期几?

It’s Monday, the 28th.
今天是28号,星期一。

1. — What day is it today? — It’s Tuesday. 2. — What day was it yesterday? — It was Monday. 3. — What day is it tomorrow? — It’s Wednesday. 4. — What day is it the day after tomorrow? — It’s Thursday.

— What’s the date today?

— It’s October the 19th.
1. — What was the date yesterday?

— It was October the 18th.
2. — What’s the date tomorrow?

— It’s October

the 20th.
3. — What’s the date the day after tomorrow?

— It’s October the 21th.

1b Write the words below the correct dates.
Sunday the _____ 17th Monday the _____ 18th weekday Tuesday Wednesday the _____ the _____ 19th 20th today weekday tomorrow weekday

the day before yesterday tomorrow

weekend

Thursday Friday the _____ the ______ 21st 22nd the day after weekday tomorrow weekday

Saturday the ______ 23rd weekend

1c Ask and answer questions about the days in 1a.

A: what’s today?
B: It’s Monday the 14th. A: what’s tomorrow? B: It’s Wednesday the 15th. A: what’s The day after tomorrow?

B: It’s Thursday the 16th.

1. the day before yesterday 前天 e.g. He arrived in New York the day before yesterday. 他前天到达了纽约。 2. the day after tomorrow 后天 e.g. I'll leave Beijing the day after tomorrow. 我将于后天离开北京。

3. weekday n. 工作日 e.g. He is always busy on weekdays. 他在工作日总是很忙。 4. look after v. 照顾;照料 e.g. She must look after her sister at home. 她必须在家里照顾她妹妹。

1d
Listen. Can Vince play tennis with Andy? Circle Yes or No.

Yes

No

Listen again. Match Vince’s 1e activities with the days in 1d.
Vince’s activities ____ play soccer b a ____ go to the doctor ____ study for a test a b ____ have a piano lesson ____ look after his c sister Days a. today b. tomorrow c. the day after tomorrow

Fill in the blanks according to 1d.
Vince ______ play tennis with Andy. He can’t _____ go to the doctor and study for a test has to today. __________, he __________ soccer. has to play Tomorrow After that, he has a piano ______. And he is lesson going _____ to babysit his sister _____________________. the day after tomorrow

He is really _____ this week. busy

Andy invite Vince to play tennis. Hi, Vince. Can you play tennis with me?

When?

Today.

Sorry, I can’t. I …

Make a list of the kinds of 2a parties people have. birthday party, Singing party Dancing party English party Ice-cream party housewarming

1. invitation n. 邀请;请柬 preparation n. 准备;准备工作

动词+ ion (后缀)→invitation 动词+ ion (后缀)→ preparation e.g. She didn’t accept my invitation. 她没有接受我的邀请。 He didn’t do any preparation for this exam, so he failed. 他考试前没做任何准备,所以不及格。

2. reply v. 回答;答复
e.g. They replied my letter three days ago. 三天前他们回复了我的信。 3. print v. 打印;印刷 e.g. Can you print this for me? 你能给我印出这个来吗?

4. delete v. 删除

e.g. Please delete my names from your list.
请把我的名字从你的清单中删除。 5. turn down 拒绝 e.g. Why did she turn down your

invitation? 她为什么谢绝你的邀请?

6. forward v. 转寄;发送 adv. 向前;前进 e.g. You can forward e-mail to someone else. 你可以将电子寄件转发给别人。 She stepped forward in order to see clearly. 她向前走了一步以

便能看得更清楚。

7. sad adj. (令人)悲哀的; (令人)难过的 e.g. She was very sad when her cat died.
她的猫死后,她很悲伤。 8. glad adj. 高兴;愿意 e.g. I am glad that you can come. 你能来我很高兴。

9. goodbye interj. & n. 再见 e.g. She said goodbye and walked away. 她说了再见就走了。

10. take a trip

去旅行

e.g. I’d like to take a trip to England. 我想去英国旅行。

11. glue n. 胶水 e.g. The glue doesn’t work well. 这胶水不粘了。
12. without prep. 没有;不(做某事)

e.g. A life without a friend is a life without
a sun.

人生没有朋友,犹如生活中没有太阳。

13. surprised adj. 惊奇的;感觉意外的 动词surprise + d → surprised 惊奇的

e.g. He was surprised to find
nobody was at home.

他很吃惊地发现没人在家。

14. look forward to 盼望;期待
look forward to + V–ing 形式

e.g. We look forward to seeing you again. 我们盼望再次见到你。
15. hear from 接到(某人的信,电话等) e.g. I hear from my cousin every two months. 我每两个月就会收到我表哥的来信。

2b
Skim the messages below. Why did the people write them? Match the reason with each message.

Message 1: ________________________ accept an invitation
turn down an invitation Message 2: ________________________

Message 3: ________________________ make an invitation

Message New Rely Forward Delete Print Move to 1 Hi David, What a great idea! I really like Ms. Steen a lot. She helped me to improve my English so much. I’m sad to see her go, and this party

is the best way to say “Thank you and
goodbye.” I can help to buy some of the food

and drinks. I can help to bring MS. Steen
to the party. I already have a great idea

about how to do that.
He Wei Hi David 3 Thanks so much for planning this. I’d love to come to the party, but I’m not available.

My family is taking a trip to Wuhan at the

to the US. We’re very sad that she’s leaving because she is a fun teacher. To show how much we’re going to miss her, let’s have a surprise party for her next Friday the 28th! Can you come to the party? If so, can you help with any of these things? Please tell me by this Friday.

1) Buy food and drinks.
2) Think of games to play.

3) Prepare things we need for the games (glue,
paper, pen,…). 4) Bring Ms. Steen to the play without telling so that she can be surprised. I look forward to hearing from you all. David

2c

Read the messages again and answer the questions.

1. What kind of party is it? ____________________________ 2. Who is the party for? _____________________________ 3. When is the party? _____________________________

4. Who did David invite to the party? _______________________________ 5. What can people do at the party? _______________________________

指导: ? 通读这三段信息,可知将David为Ms. Steen的离去举办一个聚会。第三条是聚会的 具体情况。第一、二条

是He Wei和Jake的回 复。 ? 第三条是David对同学们所发的邀请,包 括对聚会的准备情况。因此,回答问题应主 要根据第三条的内容来回答。 ? 在理解五个问题的基础上,重点在第三条 内容中寻找。

答案: 1. It’s a saying goodbye party.

2. It’s for Ms. Steen. 3. It’s on next Friday, the 28th. 4. All the classmates.
5. People can say ―Thank you and goodbye‖ to Ms. Steen; They can also play games, eat things.

so that 与 so…that辨析
【辨析】 so that 意为“以便于;以至于”后常跟 目的状语从句,从句中常用can,could。 so … that意为“如此??以至于”, that 后为结果状语从句。

2d
Complete the invitation with words and

phrases from the messages on Page 69.

We are planning a housewarming _______ at our new house this Saturday. Can you _________? Our house is at 2 London Road. We are serving ______ and ____________ from 7:30 p.m. Please __________ your friends and family. A party is more __________ with more people! Please let us _________ by Wednesday ______ you can come to the party. Hope you can make it!

指导: ? 通读全文可知,短文是邀请朋友来参 加聚会。 ? 首先,通读本段文字,掌握大意。重 点把握有空格句子的意思,分析空格 处的意思。 ? 然后,根据记忆用2b短文中的词汇来 填空,补全这篇短文。

答案解析:

1. party; 句意“我们计划本周六在我们的 新房子里举办一次聚会”,可知本空格处 为party一词。 2. come; 这是表示邀请的说话“你能来吗?‖
3. food; drinks。由空格前serving一词可知 句意为“我们从七点半开始提供食物和饮 料”。

4. bring; 空格后为名词“朋友及家人” , 可推知,空格处意为“带……来”。
5. surprised; 由空格前的is及more可知空格 处应为一多音节的形容词,推测句意为 “一个有更多人的聚会才会更另人惊奇。 6. know, if。句意“如果你能来参加聚会, 请于周三前让我们知道”。

2e
Imagine one of your favorite teachers is leaving. Plan a party for him/her. Answer the questions with a partner.

1. Why is he/she one of the favorite teacher.

__________________________________ Because she’s really good with us.
2. What do you want to say to her? __________________________________ I want to say “Thank you and goodbye” __________________________________ to her.

3. When is the best time to have the party? I think Saturday afternoon is the best time. ____________________________________ 4. Where can you have the party? _____________________________________ We can have the party in the classroom. 5. What kind of food will there be? Some fruits, cakes, candies and hamburgers. _____________________________________ 6. What kind of drinks would you like to serve? Cola, Spring, tea and water. ____________________________________

7. Who will come to the party?

All the students in our class. ________________________________ 8. What activities will there be at the party? Singing, dancing, playing the guitar, ________________________________ playing the violin, cross talking… ________________________________ 9. How can you make the party a surprise for your teacher? ________________________________ We are going to bring her to the party ________________________________ without telling her.

1. Read the passage after class. 2. Write your own sentences with the phrases below. 1. bring … to … 3. think of 5. so that 7. surprised 2. take a trip 4. without doing … 6. look forward to 8. hear from

Let’s review the phrases. 1. 后天 _______________________ the day after tomorrow 2. 前天 _______________________ the day before yesterday 4. 照看;照顾 look after __________ take a trip 5. 去旅行 ___________________

6. 带??去?? ________________ bring … to …

7. 乐意做某事 be glad to do sth. ________________
8. 以便于;以至于 _____________ so that

9. 盼望;期待 _________________ look forward to …

Fill in the blanks with the right words. Ms. Steen is a fun teacher. She’s going back to the US soon. So, all the students are very ____. sad To show how much they’re going to ____ miss her, David wants to have a _______ ____ surprise party for her next Friday the 28th. He needs prepare some students to help him ________ the party.

He Wei really likes Ms. Steen a lot because she helped her to ________improve her English so much. She can help buy food and _______. She can also help to ______ Ms. Steen to drinks bring the party ________ telling her. Jake would without love to come to the party. But he’s not _________, because his family is _______ available taking a trip to Wuhan at the _____ of this month to visit his aunt and end

uncle. However, he’s still be _______ glad to help out with any of the party ___________. All the students are preparations looking ________ to this great party. forward

What kind of party is it?

It’s an opening of a new hospital.

1. opening n. 开幕式;落成典礼
动词 open + ing → opening e.g. My father has to go to the opening of a new theater tomorrow. 我爸爸明天必须去参加一个 剧院的落成典礼。

2. concert n. 音乐会;演奏会 e.g. I got a ticket to the pop concert. 我得到了一张流行音乐会的票。 3. daytime n. 白天;日间 e.g. I can’t sleep in the daytime. 我白天睡不着觉。

4. headmaster n. 校长 e.g. We would write a letter to the headmaster. 我们将写封信给校长。 5. event n. 大事;公开活动;比赛项目

e.g. The flower show is a yearly event in our city. 我们市的花展一年一次。

4. headmaster n. 校长 e.g. We would write a letter to the headmaster. 我们将写封信给校长。 5. event n. 大事;公开活动;比赛项目

e.g. The flower show is a yearly event in our city. 我们市的花展一年一次。

6. guest n.

客人;宾客 e.g. We must prepare a room for our guest. 我们必须为客人准备一个房间。
7. calendar n. 日历;日程表 e.g. Is there a calendar here? 这里有日历吗?

3a Read the invitation and answer the questions. Dear Parents, I would like to invite you to the opening of our new library at No.9 High School. The opening

will be on the morning of
Wednesday, January 8th at 9:00.

After this, you can enjoy our school concert. Then

lunch will be in the school hall at 12:00. I would also like to invite each parent to bring one book as a gift for the new library. Please reply in writing to this invitation by Friday, December 20th. Larry Smith Headmaster

3a
Read the invitation and answer the questions. 1. Who is making the invitation? _____________________________ 2. What is the invitation for? _____________________________ 3. When will the event happen? _____________________________

4. What will happen after this? _____________________________ 5. Do parents have to bring anything? _____________________________ 6. How should people reply to this invitation, and when? _____________________________

阅读指导

首先,浏览一下邀请信,了解邀请信的 目的及大意。 其次,读后面的问题,明确其意思。 然后,带着问题,细读邀请信,在信中 找出回答该问题的依据,并作出相应的回答。 最后,再通读一遍短文,检查所回答问 题的正确性。

答案解析: 1. Larry Smith; 由邀请信的结尾处的署名 可知是“Larry Smith, Headmaster” 。

2. It’s for the opening of the new library at No. 9 High School. 由邀请信的第一句可知。

3. It will be on the morning of Wednesday, January 8th at 9:00. 由邀请信的第二句可知。

4. They can enjoy the school concert. 由邀 请信的第三句可知。

5. Yes. They should bring one book as a gift for the new library. 由邀请信的倒数 第二句话,可知答案。 6. They should reply in writing to this invitation by Friday. 由邀请信的最后一 句可知答案。

Write an invitation to a party or any other event. Reply to your partner’s invitation. If you turn down the invitation, give a good reason.

Include the following information ? kind of party or event ? when and where it will be ? if guests should bring anything ? if guests should reply to the invitation ? when and how guests should reply

Use the following words and phrases: would like to, will be, after this, please, reply ___________________________________

___________________________________
___________________________________

___________________________________
___________________________________ ___________________________________

写作指导:
? 本题要求学生们写作两个小作文,一个是 写一个邀请他人参加某聚会或活动的信函; 另一个是答复你伙伴的邀请信。 ? 首先,认真阅读邀请信所包含的内容:聚 会或活动的类型;举

办的时间与地点;客人 的着装;客人是否须带东西;客人是否须答 复此信;何时及如何答复此信。 ? 参照3a写一个包含上述内容的邀请信,注 意运用右栏中的提示词语。

One possible version:
Dear parents, ___________________________________ I’d like to invite you to the opening ___________________________________ ceremony for the new students at No. 10 ___________________________________ Middle School. The opening will be on ___________________________________ the morning of Wednesday, September ___________________________________ 4th at 8:00. After this, you can visit our ___________________________________ school. Please dress smartly. I would also ___________________________________ like to invite each parent to think of some ___________________________________ words to encourage your child to study ___________________________________

___________________________________ hard at school. Please reply in e-mail to ___________________________________ this invitation by Monday, September, ___________________________________ 2nd. Our e-mail address is __________________________________ Number10MS@sina. com. I look __________________________________ forward to hearing from you all. ___________________________________ Huang Zongsheng __________________________________ Headmaster

One possible version:
Dear Headmaster: ___________________________________ Thanks so much for inviting. I’d love to ___________________________________ go to the opening ceremony, but I’m not ___________________________________ available. I have an important meeting in __________________________________ Beijing this weekend. I’ll think of some ___________________________________ words and give them to my child. Then, ___________________________________ I’ll visit the school another time next week. ___________________________________ Li Ming’s father. __________________________

Explanation
1. 与时间相关的短语有很多。例如:
today
今天

tonight
tomorrow

今晚
明天

the day after tomorrow yesterday the day before yesterday two days ago the year before last after three weeks in two years

后天 昨天 前天 两天前 前年 三个星期后 过两年

2. 问日期的句型有: 今天是几号? What’s the date today? 或 What date is it today? 3. ―日期”的表示法 例如: 11月 5号 November 5; November 5th 读做 November the fifth

4. Monday (名词) ―星期一” 在英语中表示星期的词有:

Monday

星期一; Tuesday 星期二;

Wednesday 星期三; Thursday 星期四; Friday Sunday 星期五; Saturday 星期六; 星期日

注意:
表示“星期”开头的字母要大写。

表示星期的单词都以“day‖ 结尾。
问“星期”的句型有:

What day is it today?
What day is today?

5. Thank you for 后接名词或动名词形式,表 示“因为……而感谢你” Thanks for your photos. (photos为名词) Thanks for helping me. (help

ing为动名词) 如果说: 谢谢你邀请我去做什么事情。 我们可说: Thank you for your invitation to visit next week.

6、invitation是名词,当“邀请”讲时,是不
可数名词,当“邀请书,请帖”讲时,是可数

名词.
e.g. Come at the invitation. 应邀前来

They received invitations to the party.
他们收到了参加聚会的请帖.

invite的用法:
(1) invite sb. to sw=ask sb. to sw(某地)

邀请某人到某地

e.g. He invited many people to his house. (2) invite sb. to do sth=ask sb.to do sth. 邀请某人做谋事 e.g. He also invited a singer to sing for his friends. (3) invitation to sw /to do sth. 去某地/做某事的邀请 e.g. an invitation to the party an invitation to go to the summer camp

7. I look forward to hearing from you all.
我期盼着你们的答复。 look forward to 是一个固定搭配,表示“期待 期盼”, 其中to 是介词,因此后面如果使用动 词,要试用其-ing 形式。又如: I look forward to your reply. 我期待你的答复。 I’m really looking forward to seeing my little grandson again. 我好期待再次见到我的小孙子。

8. have a piano lesson 上钢琴课
have a lesson 上课 have a try 试一试

have a (good) rest have a look 看一看
have a good time have meals 吃饭 have breakfast / lunch/ dinner/ supper

9. Hope you can make it! 希望你能参加(聚会)! 此句中的make it 是个独立地表达方式,表示 通过努力或是历经困难后取得成功、完成某 事,可译为“ 成功;胜利”, 但有时也要视 语 境及上下文灵活进行翻译,此处便是如此。 e.g. If we run, we should make it. 要是我们跑的话,应高不会迟到。 Though it was difficult, they still made it.

虽然很难,但他们依然成功了。

10. Please reply in writing to this invitation by
Friday, December 20th.

请于12月20日以前以书信方式回复此邀请。
1)replying in writing 表示“ 以书面的形式 进行回复”。其中reply相当于 answer,但要 比后者更加书面化且正式许多。此处介词in表 示方式,相当于汉语“ 用……方式(形式)” 之意。

2)reply作动词时,不直接跟宾语,须由介词to 引入宾语内容,构成 reply to … 的结构。如: Did you reply to these letter? 你回复这些来信了吗? 3)在此句中,介词by 译为“ 截止……; …..之 前到……为止”。介词before 也有“……之前 ”之意,但区别于before不包含其后的时间, 而 by 则包括。

e.g. You should get your homework ready by Friday. Remember: Friday is the last day! 你应当最迟于周五前把作业做好。记住: 周五是最后一天。 can you come and meet me before Friday? I’ll be away early Friday morning. 你能在周五前来见我一面吗?我周五一 大清早就走了。

4
Student A, look at your calendar on the right. Student B, look at yours on Page 81. Find a t

ime when you can both go shopping.

Can you go shopping with me next week?

Sure. I’d love to. When?

Well, what are you going to do on Monday evening?

I must study for the English test. What about Tuesday evening?

4. Student A, look at your calendar on the right. Student B, look at yours on page 81. Find a time when you can both go shopping. A: Can you go shopping with me next week? B: Sure, I’d love to. When? A: Well, what are you going to do on Monday evening? B: I must study for the English test. What about Tuesday evening?

Student A’s calendar MONDAY FRIDAY Daytime: school Daytime: school Evening: Susan's party TUESDAY SATURDAY Daytime: school Morning: play tennis with Dad Evening: study for math Afternoon: do homework WEDENDAY SUNDAY Daytime: school Morning: visit grandparents Evening: go to a concert THURSDAY Daytime: school Evening: help parents

Making invitations 发出邀请 “Do you have any plan next Friday night? We are having some friends over for a dinner party. Would you like to join us?‖ ―Are you free next Friday night?‖ ―Are you doing anything Friday night?‖ ―Would you be interested in coming to our house that night?‖ ―How do you like to join our party Friday night?‖

Accepting invitations
Someone asks: ―Would you like to...‖ You: ―I’d love to, thank you.‖ ―That’s very kind of you, thanks.‖ ―It sounds great, thank you.‖ ―That will be lovely, thank you.‖ Someone asks: ―Do you like to go to the movie theater with us this afternoon?‖ You: ―That’s great, thank you.‖ ―What a good idea, thank you.‖

Declining invitations
―That’s very kind of you, but actually I’m planning to see my grandma next Saturday.‖ ―I’m really sorry, but I have to do something else on next weekend.‖ ―I really don’t think I can make it—I am supposed to be at airport picking up my friend next Sunday morning.‖ Remember:
当你拒绝他人的邀请时, 要特别注意礼貌。通常你 要给个理由, 说明为什么无法接受邀请, 或者道歉。

Can you go shopping with me next week?

Sure. I’d love to. When?

Well, what are you going to do on Monday evening?

I must study for the English test. What about Tuesday evening?

1. Fill in the blanks in the conversation.

A: Hi, Peter. 1.____ you come to my party 2. _____ the weekend? B: Sure, 3.______ love to. A: How about 4. ______, Jenny? C: I’m afraid I 5. _____. I 6. ______ to look after my little cousin. A: 7._____ you come, Jeff? D: I 8.______ be able to, but I’m not sure. 9. _____ let you know tomorrow.

答案解析
1. Can; 2. on; 句意“你好,彼特。你在周末 能来参加我的聚会吗?” 第一空用情态动词 can表达请求;第二空后有时间the weekend, 故用介词on来表示这一具体时间。 3. I’d; 由后面的love to,可知。本句是表达 同意,故用I’d love to 一句来表达。

4. you;由空格后的人名“Jenny”,可知 本句意为“你呢,

詹妮?”,故填you一词。

5. can’t; 由空格前I’m afraid“我恐怕” , 可知空格处应表“不能”,故填can’t一词。 6. have; 分析本句主、谓、宾具全,且空格 后有to一词。故空格处应为have to“必须”。
7. Can;本句为邀请Jeff参加。故用情态动 词can。 8. might;由下一句“但不太确定”,可知 空格处意为“有可能”,故用情态动词 might来表达“可能”之意。 9. I’ll; 句意“明天我会通知你” 。

2. You get these invitations but can’t go. Write a refusal and a reason.
1. Invitation: ―Can you come to my party on Saturday?‖ Reply: ________________________ 2. Invitation: ―Let’s go to the movies tomorrow night.‖ Reply: ________________________

3. Invitation: ―Let’s go to the concert tomorrow night.‖ Reply: ________________________

4. Invitation: ―Do you want to go shopping with me next week?‖ Reply: ________________________ 5. Invitation: ―Can you play soccer with me after school today?‖ Reply: ________________________

Possible answers:
1. I’m afraid I can’t. I have to prepare for the math exam. 2. Sorry, I can’t. I have to look after my sister at home. 3. I’d love to. But I’m not available. I’ll visit my grandparents with my family.
4. I’m afraid not. I have to go to the dentist. 5. Sorry, I can’t. I have to practice violin.

opening 1. I’m very busy, I can’t go to the ________ (落成典礼) of the new library. 2. I get his _________ (邀请) but I can’t go. invitation 3. I have too ______ (多) homework to do. much 4. Mr. King sometimes goes to the _______ concert (音乐会).


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