Unit 10 By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.
rang rung went gone
left left started started
be was/were been take took taken run ran run get got gotten
What do you usually do in the morning?
get up, take a shower, brush teeth, have breakfast, go to school, do sports.
So,we are busy in the morning. Do you like morning? why?
My brother did sports
I got up
By the time I got up, my brother had done sports.
By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.
by the time 意思是 “到…的时候”, 相当于 when , 后接过去时的句子 时, 主语的谓语动词用过去完成时态， 即 had +过去分词。
oversleep overslept overslept
someone was taking a shower
By the time she got up, someone ______ already ___________in the had gotten shower.
the bus left
By the time she got outside, the bus _____________. left had already
she ran to school.
left her backpack at home
When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home ___________________________.
Listen then fill in the blanks
1.By the time I got up, my brother had alreadygotten in the shower.
2.By the time I got outside ,the bus had already left .
3.When I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home.
Look at the pictures and retell(复述） the story .
Tina’s bad morning
Tina had a bad morning yesterday. She
When she got up ,
her brother had already gotten in the ____________________________________ shower got outside _________. By the time she ___________,
had already left the bus _________________. So she had run to school to______________. Oh , dear !
When she got to school , she realized
she had left her backpack at home
Guess what happened then?
Number the pictures 1-4 in the correct order.
Fill in the blanks with the correct verb forms, finish 2b.
1.When I got home(get home), I realized (realize) I had left (leave) my keys in the backpack. 2.By the time I got (get) back to school, the bell had rung (ring). 3.By the time I walked (walk) into class, the teacher had started(start) teaching already.
Continue the story
Then she ran home to get her backpack.
What was worse , when she got home, she realized she had left her keys in the backpack. So she ran back to school without her keys or her backpack. By the time she got back to
school, the bell had rung. By the time she
walked into class, the teacher had already
By the time I got home… By the time I came in… By the time I got to school… By the time the bell rang… By the time I got up…
3a Read the story and write the
invents in the correct order
1.My father went into the bathroom.
2.I woke up late. 3.I took a quick shower. 4.I had some breakfast. 5.I ran off to the bus stop.
6. The bus had alread left.
7.I got to the bus stop. 8.I started walking to school. 9.I got a ride with a friend. 10.Igot to school. 11.The final bell was ringing. 12.I got to my class.
1. 构成: had +V-p.p(过去分词） 2. 过去完成时态的含义:
主要是表示在过去某个时间,或是动作 之前已经发生或完成的动作.也就是： 过去的过去.
1、表示过去的过去，通常由when或by引导的 短语或者从句做时间状语或时间状语从句 When I got there, they had already left 2、常用在宾语从句中 I realized I had left my backpack at home. 3、体现在上下文中 I didn’t go to the movies yesterday
because I had seen it twice
ring get go leave start be take run wake
rang got went left started was/were took ran woke
rung gotten gone left started been taken run woken
一。根据括号内的汉语和句末括号内的英语单词提示完成句子： 1. 到我起来时，我哥哥已经在洗澡了。(get) ___________________I got up, my brother __________ By the time had already___________in the shower.
2. 当我到达学校时，我意识到我把书包忘在家了。(leave) When I got to school, I realized I _________________ had left my backpack at home. 3. 到上周为止，他已学会了大约一千个单词。(learn) He _____________1,000 English words by last week. had learned 4.到上个月末，他们去过两次上海。(be) They _________________Shanghai twice by the end had been to of last month.
1. By the time I turned _______(turn ) on the TV, the TV play
had ended __________(end) already. had played 2. When I got there, he _____________(play) tennis for half an hour.
3. By the time she was five, she ____________（learn） had learnt ten English songs. 4. When he came in, I ______ just ____________(finish) my had finished homework.
5.By the time I got to the cinema, the film ____________(be) had been on for ten minutes.