haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

初三英语总复习 翻译填空解题技巧点拨 课件3

发布时间:2013-11-26 08:46:31  

翻译类题在中考试题中出现的频率极高,出题形式 有翻译填空、翻译句子、英汉词组互译、选择正确译句 等,而中考翻译类题采用最多的还是“翻译填空”这种 形式。下面就谈谈翻译填空题解题技巧。 先说这类题的出题形式吧!这类题一般采用根据给出 的汉语句子完成英语句子的形式,它一般空出一个或几 个空,空格内有时限填一个词,有时不限制词数。要求 考生补全空格从而使所要表达的思想完整。 还有一种出题形式是给出汉语句子和几个英语单词, 要求把这几个词按照汉语意思排列成正确的顺序,有时 还需要加上几个词。翻译填空题常把哪些部分空出来呢? 即它常考查哪些内容呢?先看几个中考题吧!

1.多喝水,这对你的健康有好处。 Drink more water.It _______ _______ _______ your health. 2.外面正下着大雨,你最好呆在家里。 It's raining heavily outside.You'd _______ _______ at home. 3.建造这座立交桥将花费工人们一年多时间。 It will _______ the workers over a year _______ _______ the fly-over. 4.如果明天不下雨的话,我将和父母一起去动物园。 I'll _______ to the zoo with my parents, _______ it doesn't rain tomorrow. 5.这个故事比那个故事有趣。 this story ,is,interesting,that one ___________________________________

从以上几个题不难看出翻译填空题所考查的内容: (1)一些常用词组和短语。如:be good at(for),be interested in,on show,take off等。(2)一些常用词语 的用法。如:enjoy后接 V-ing形式,had better后接动词 原形等。(3)一些常用句型、句式。如:It takes sb.some time to do sth.,so...that,so that, not...until,as...as等。(4)一些语法现象,如: 不定式,宾语从句,动词时态,被动语态等。这类题的 解题步骤是什么呢?

第一步,先读一下汉语句子,了解这个句子所要 表达的意思。 第二步,跳过空格读一下已给出的那一部分内容, 然后再仔细分析一下要求翻译的英语。 第三步,观察一下要求翻译的汉语,然后联想一 下相关词汇和句型,再考虑语态、时态、 词形变化、主语与谓语数的一致性 等问题。

第四步,试填空格。不要一看空格就填,例如有 的同学一看“照顾”就填look after,实际上根据 情况还可填take care of或take good care of。若对 第一个空格要填的词没有把握时,可从后面的空 格填起,这样即使前面的空格填不上,也不至于 全部丢分。 第五步,将已填好的句子再读一遍,从时态、语 态、词形、数的一致等方面检查一下, 若一切没问题,该题就OK了。

给出单词的题实际上属于连词成句题,做题时要: (1)先找出句子的主语和谓语。主

语和谓语一般由表示 人或物的名词和代词担任。因此要先找到名词(代词) 和动词,以确定句子的主谓语。 (2)还要注意使用习惯搭配法,用此法做起题来会简单 得多。 (3)根据实际情况,必要的时候要进行一些变化,并注 意时态和语态。 解题步骤掌握了,做题时还要注意那些词数有伸缩 性的词汇。因为这类题的空格是一定的,多填或少填都 是不对的,即使意义相符也不合要求。有些词汇的缩写 形式可以写在一格内,如:isn’t,let’s,won’t等。也可 根据情况将缩略式扩展,如可将didn’t分解为did not,将 no分解成not any等。填空时一定要灵活。如将这样一个 句子翻译成英语“他什么也没说”,若给出三个空格, 可以填: didn't say anything. 若给出四个空格,可以 He 填: did not say anything. He 只给出两个空格,则可填 He said nothing.

看看上面几个题的答案吧!

第一题考查的是词组be good for ,应填is good for; 第二题考查had better后用动词原形,填better stay; 第三题考查It takes sb.some time to do something.句型, 应填take ,to build; 第四题考查if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时, 从句用一般现在时,应填go,if; 第五题答案应为:This story is more interesting than that one. 要做好这类题,平时应怎样做呢? 1.熟练掌握常用词和词组的用法。 2.熟练掌握各种句型结构。 3.掌握语法知识。 4.熟读课文,因为有些题可能会出自课文原文。 5.平时要加强这类题的训练。

怎么样?掌握这类题的做法了吗? 做几个中考 题练练吧! 1.我们的朋友遍天下。 We have friends _______ . 2.从现在开始,我们应该更加努力学习。 We should study harder _______ . 3.一百年以后,中国将发生什么样的巨大变化? What great changes will take place in China _______ ? 4.地球围绕太阳转。 The earth _______ the sun. 5.你能把你的自行车借给我吗? Can you _______ ? 1. all over the world/everywhere 2.from now/today on 3.in a hundred years('time)/in a century/in 100 years 4.goes/travels/moves/turns round/around 5.lend me your bike/bicycle/lend your bike/bicycle to me

6他正在花园里浇花。 He _______ in the garden. 7.火车开走后他才到达火车站。 He _______ the train station until the train had left. 8在强烈的光线下看书不好。 _______ us to read in a strong light. 9.你知道他通常什么时候回来吗? Do you know when _______ ? 10.我们应该尽最大努力尽快赶上发达国家。 We should _______ to catch up with the developed countries as soon as possible.

6.is watering flowers 7.didn't arrive at/reach/get to 8.It's bad /not good for 9.he usually comes back/ he

is usually back/he usually returns 10.do /try our best/make our effort

11.你认为泉城广场和新建的泉城路怎么样? _______ do you _______ _______ the Quancheng Square and the new Quancheng Road? 12.嘲笑处于困境中的人是不礼貌的。 It's not polite to _______ _______ those people in trouble. 13.交警告诉这位司机不要再犯同样的错误。 The traffic policeman told the driver not to _______ _______ _______ _______ any more. 14.学英语的最好方法是尽可能地多说。 The best way to learn English is to speak it _______ _______ _______ _______ . 15.在21世纪,那些观念陈旧的人将落后于时代。 In the 21st century,those people _______ old ideas will _______ _______ _______ the times. 11.What,think of/about 12.laugh at 13.make the same mistake(s) 14.as much as possible 15.with,be left behind

16.入世后,中国的发展开始与世界同步。 The development of China and the world started to be _______ _______ _______ after China joined the WTO. 17.珍爱自己,远离不健康的书。 Take good care of yourself and _______ bad books. 18.我认为自己想办法要比仿照别人的样子要好。 I think it's better to find our way than _______ . 19.孩子们对科学越来越感兴趣了。 Children are becoming _______ . 20.老师要求我们保持教室的清洁和安静。 We are _______ . 16.neck and neck 17.keep(yourself)(far)away from 18.to copy/follow other's example(s)/to copy /follow other people's example(s) 19.more and more interested in science 20.told/asked to keep our classroom clean and quiet

21.球迷们正在忙于看“世界杯”。 football fans,busy,watch,the World Cup 22.这间会议室太小,容纳不下二十人。 this meeting room,is,too small,to hold twenty people 23.我认为英语并不难学。 I,think,English ,difficult to learn 24.孩子们最好不要过多地玩电脑游戏。 children,had better,play,computer games 25.雨一停,我们就去放风筝。 we,go,fly kites,stop 21.Football fans are busy watching the World Cup. 22.This meeting room is too small to hold twenty people. 23.I don't think English is difficult to learn. 24.Children had better not play computer games too much too often. 25.We will go and fly kites as soon as the rain stops.

【中考演练】 根据中文提示填入句子所缺的单词。 1. 我们该去火车站接她了。 It’s time __________ us ___________ meet her at the railway station. 2.约翰最喜欢中国食品。 John __________ Chinese food __________ of all. 3.我们每天八点钟才起床。 We ________ get up __________ eight o’clock in the morning. 4.他跑得太快了,我们都追不上他。 He runs ________ fast ________ we can’t catch up with him. 5.你每天上学花多长时间? How long _________ __________ ______

____ you to go to school every day? 1. for, to 2. likes, best 3. don’t, until 4. so, that 5. does it take

6.虽然很累了,工人们继续努力工作着。 Though they were tired, the workers _________ __________ _________ hard. 7.我们正在考虑外出玩的事。 We are ________ ________ going abroad. 8.下个星期将有一场足球比赛。 There ______ ______ a football match next week. 9.我的自行车出了毛病。 Something is ________ ________ my bike. 10.Mr. Brown是如此的激动,以至于说不出话来。 Mr. Brown is _________ excited _________ say a word.
6. went on working 7. thinking about 9. wrong with 10. too, to 8. will be

11.一到家,金太太就去睡觉了。 __________ __________ ___________ she got home, Mrs. King went to bed. 12.你怎么了?我不舒服。 -What’s ________ ________ _________ you? -I don’t feel well. 13.游泳和滑冰比汤姆更喜欢游泳。 Tom _________ swimming __________ skating. 14. 为什么不跟我们一起去钓鱼呢? Why _________ _________ _________ with us? 15. 请你帮我把门打开好吗? Will you please __________ me __________ the window? 11. As soon as 13. prefers, to 12. the matter with 14. not go fishing

15. help, open

16.如果明天天气好,学生们将在公园里进行野餐。 The students will have a picnic in the park ________ ________ _________ fine tomorrow. 17.英语比汉语容易吗? Is English __________ __________Chinese? 18. 你最好马上给你妈妈打个电话。 You’d __________ __________ a call to your mother at once. 19. 我们刚才听见有人在外面说话。 We _________ somebody __________ outside just now. 20.冰箱里的食品够吃几天的了。 There is __________ __________ for several days in the fridge.
16. if, it is 17. easier than 18. better make 19. heard speaking 20. enough food

根据中文,完成句子。 1.我们街道上一家新商店已开了三天。 _____________________ in our street for three days. 2.老师问我们是否听说过这个故事。 The teacher asked us___________________________. 3.你们班有多少口人? _______________________ in your class? 4.工人们建造座新桥将要花一年的时间。 ___________________________ a new bridge. 5.老师经常告诉孩子们上课不要说话。 The teacher often __________________________.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A new shop has been open if we had heard of the story. How many people are there It’ll take workers a year to build tells the children not to talk in class.

6.美国食品和中国食品你更喜欢哪一种? ________________ , American food or Chinese food? 7.每年冬天不是她来北京,就是我去上海。 ______________________ every winter. 8.约翰总是把钱花在电脑游戏上。 John always ___________________________________. 9.布莱克先生恐怕他的儿子落在别人后边。 Mr Black ___________________________________. 10.这对双胞胎彼此关系如

何? ___________________________ with each other? 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. which do you like better Either he comes to Beijing or I go to Shanghai Spends his money on computer games. is afraid that his son falls behind the others. How do the twins get on

11.同学们正在黑板上画画,这时老师进来了。 The teacher came into the classroom_________________. 12.别在阳光下看书,对你的眼睛没好处。 Don’t read in the sun. _____________________________. 13.交警们尽最大努力保持了交通通畅。 The police tried hard to ___________________________. 14.西湖是中国最著名的湖泊之一。 The West Lake is _______________________________. 15.他们听下来仔细听,但没有任何声音。 _______________________ , but there was no sound. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. While the students were drawing on the blackboard. It’s bad for your eyes. keep the traffic moving (going). one of the most famous lakes in China. They stopped to listen carefully

16.玛丽,给你一份礼物。 _______________________________________, Mary. 17.请进。下次不要再迟到了。 Come in, please. ______________________________. 18.这本字典比那本贵一点,你想要哪本? This dictionary ___________________________________. Which one do you want? 19.有的孩子整天忙于玩电子游戏。 Some children _________________________________. 20.知道见到他,我才知道他是一位著名的作家。 ________________________ I met him. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Here is a present for you Don’t be late next time. is a little (bit) more expensive than that one. are busy playing computer games all day. I don’t know he was a famous writer

根据中文,将句子译成英文。 1.该看篮球赛了。 2.你最好不要躺在床上看书。 3.母亲每天晚上花两个小时为我们做饭。 4.老师让我们课后用英语交谈。 5.露丝不喜欢早晨喝牛奶。 1.It’s time to watch the basketball match. 2. You’d better not read in bed. 3. It takes mother 2 hours to cook (do the cooking) for every evening. 4. The teacher asked us to talk in English after class. 5. Rose doesn’t like drinking milk in the morning.

6.你想今天下午和我们一起踢球吗? 7.请你把收音机关上好吗? 8.这本书非常有趣,大家都想看。 9.在婴儿睡觉的时候,请保持安静。 10.哥哥和我对电影都不感兴趣。 6. Would you like to play football with us this afternoon? 7. Will you please turn off the radio? 8. The book is so interesting that everyone wants to read it. 9. Please keep quiet when the baby is sleeping. 10. Neither my brother nor I am interested in movies. (Both my brother and I aren’t interested in movies.)

11.我认为英语并不难学。 12.我姐姐去过长城,我也去过。 13.这架飞机足够容纳300人。 14.你知道怎样使这个婴儿停止哭泣吗? 15.这条大街有10000米长、50米宽。
11. I don’t think

English is hard to study (learn). 12. My sister has been to the Great Wall, so have I. 13. The plane is large enough to hold 300 (three hundred) persons. 14. Do you know how to stop the baby crying? 15. The street is 10000 meters long and 50 meters wide.

16.他说这件外衣一点也不漂亮。 17.我父亲不喜欢抽烟,也不喜欢喝酒。 18.李涛跑得不如刘明快。 19.莉莉昨天没有买这件衬衣,因为她此前买了一件。 20.珍尼赶到电影院时电影已经开始十分钟了。
16. He said (that) the coat wasn’t beautiful at all. 17. My father likes neither smoking nor drinking. 18. Li Tao doesn’t run as (so) fast as Liu Ming. 19. Lily didn’t buy the blouse (shirt) yesterday, because she had had one before. 20. When Jenny got to the cinema, the film had been on for ten minutes.


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com