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2013年中考英语8A一轮复习精品课件

发布时间:2013-09-20 09:03:36  

第7课时 第8课时 第9课时 第10课时 第11课时 第12课时

Unit 1,Book 8A Unit 2,Book 8A Unit 3,Book 8A Unit 4,Book 8A Unit 5,Book 8A Unit 6,Book 8A

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│ Unit 1,Book 8A

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│ 基础过关

基础过关
类别 课标考点要求

1. special adj. → ____________ adv. specially 2.advertise vt. & vi. → _______________ advertisement n. 词汇 拓展 3.cheer vt. & vi. →cheerful ___________ adj. highly 4.high adj.→___________ adv. height →__________ n.

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│ 基础过关

词汇 拓展

badly 5.bad adj.→________ adv.→________ worse (比较级)→________ (最高级) worst pleasure/ple-asant 6.Please v.→____________________n. pleased →________ adj.(只作表语) 7.music n.→________adj. musical →____________n. (音乐家) musician correctly 8.correct adj. →____________ adv. incorrect →____________(反义词)

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│ 基础过关

重点 短语

1. 分享某人的快乐 ______________________ share one's joy 2.再来点食物 __________________________ have some more food 3.保密 __________________ keep secrets make sb happy 4.使某人高兴 __________________________ give sb some advice 5.给某人提出建议 _______________________ be willing to do sth 6.愿意做某事 _________________________ travel around the world 7.周游世界 _________________________ grow up 8.长大,成长 _______________

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│ 基础过关
9.因为 ______________ because of 10.感觉枯燥,无聊 _____________ feel bored tell jokes 11.讲笑话 ____________ 12.使我发笑 ___________________ make me laugh think of 重点 13.考虑,回想 ___________ 短语 14.说某人坏话 _______________________ say a bad word about sb 15.交朋友 _______________ make friends solve one's problems 16.解决某人的问题 _______________________ 17.在将来 _______________ in the future wear a smile on one's face 18.面带笑容 _________________________
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│ 基础过关

19.看上去很高兴 ______________ look happy 20.给某人一些建议 ________________________ give sb some advice 21.乐于做某事 ______________________ be ready to do sth 重点 22.投某人的票 _______________ vote for sb 短语 an article by sb 23.某人写的文章 ____________________ 24.休息(一段时间) ________________________ have (some time) off 25.很有幽默感 ______________________________ have a good sense of humour 26.与??同样大小 _____________________ the same size as?

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│ 基础过关

1. 喝点牛奶怎么样? ______________ some milk? What about 2.请问,我能喝点什么吗? 重点 Can I _________________________, please? have something to drink 句型 3.冰箱里其他什么也没有了。 There's ______________in the fridge. nothing else 4.她和我一样苗条。 She is ______________ I am. as slim as

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│ 基础过关
5.什么使你的朋友如此特殊呢? What _______________________________? makes your friend so special 6. 贝蒂和我也许没有机会经常见面,但我们将永远是最好 的朋友。 Betty and I may not ____________________ often 重点 get to see each other 句型 but we will always__________________. be best friends 7. 贝蒂长大后想成为一名歌唱家。 wants to be a singer grows up Betty ______________________ when she _________. 8. 她经常帮我做家庭作业。 helps me with/do She often ___________________ my homework.

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│ 基础过关

9.我的书比他的书有趣。 more interesting than My book is ______________________ his book. 重点 10.他是我们班上最高的男孩。 句型 the tallest boy He is ___________________ in my class. 11.我能再多吃点食物吗? have some more Can I ________________ food?

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│ 基础过关

12.那也是我们所想的。 That's ________________too. what we think 13.南希的学校生活怎么样? 重点 ________Nancy's school life________? What's like 句型 14.当我看到你们广告时,就想到了我的好友May. I __________ my good friend May_______ I thought of when read your ______________. advertisement

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│ 基础过关

1. 人

在名词前或连系动词后使用形容词描述

或事物。[详见P82 ,语法互动(六)] 2.运用比较级比较两个人或事物。 [详见P82 ,语法互动(六)] 语法 结构 3.运用最高级比较三个或三个以上的人或事 物。[详见P82 ,语法互动(六)] 4.运用“as+形容词+as”的句型比较人或 事 物。 [详见P82 ,语法互动(六)]
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重点突破

词汇点睛

1 ready adj. 有准备的;甘心的,情愿的 [搭配] be ready for…为……做准备 be ready to do sth=be willing to do sth 准备/愿意做某事 get ready for… 为……做准备 活学活用 ( C )She is helpful and is ready ________ help people any time. A.for B.With C.to D./
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2 fit v. 可容纳,装进 [拓展] fit vi.“(使)适合”“合身”,指(大小、尺寸)合身 fit adj.“健康的”,相当于healthy be fit for “对……适合,适合于……” 例: The shoes fit me well, so I want to buy them. 这双鞋很适合我,我想买下来。 The young man is fit for the job. 这个年轻人适合干这份工作。

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活学活用 keep fit (1) she tries to __________ by jogging every day. 她每天慢跑以保持健康。 (2) The job ________________ her. isn't fit for 这项工作不适合她。

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3 everyone pron. 人人,每人 [辨析] everyone和every one (1)everyone只指人,作主语时其后的谓语动词要用 第三人称单数形式,可用介词短语作定语,但习惯 上不能用of短语作定语。 (2)every one不仅可以指人也可以指事物。

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活学活用 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) He ________________ in our village. knows everyone 他认识我们村的每个人。 (2) ________________ has the right to work. Every one of us 我们每个人都有工作的权利。 2.用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 He is very friendly . Everyone ________ likes (like)him.

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4 true adj. 忠实的;真的;真实的 [搭配] come true (希望、理想等)实现,达到 [拓展] true的副词形式为truly,名词形式为truth。 tell the truth 说实话。 [辨析] real和true 两者意思都是“真的”。real表示实际上存在的,如实物、 实况、实例等相对于“无”而言,可作定语、表语,副 词为really;true表示与客观事实相符合的,相对于“假” 而言。

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活学活用

a true story (1)This is __________________. 这是一个真实的故事。 (2)Her dream has ________________. come true 她的梦想实现了。

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5 famous adj. 著名的,出名的 [搭配] be famous for? 以??闻名 be famous as? 作为??而出名 活学活用 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 Yao Ming ________________ an NBA player. is famous as 姚明作为一个NBA球员而出名。 2.单项填空 ( B )China is very ________ the Great Wall and pandas. A.famous as B.famous for C.ready to D.ready for
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6

agree v.同意,赞成……的意见;与……一致 [搭配] agree with?同意??的意见;与??一致 agree to sth 同意某事 agree on?对??达成协议,对??取得一致意见 agree+that从句 同意?? agree to do sth 同意/答应去做 [拓展] disagree v.不同意

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活学活用 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1)I ________ that your plan is better. agree 我承认你的计划较好。 (2)She ____________ my idea. agreed to 她同意我的想法。 (3)I quite ______________ what you said. agree with 你所说的我很赞成。 (4)We ______________ this point. agree on 在这一点上,我们的意见一致。
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2.单项填空 ( A )(1)—We should love animals. —________.They are our friends. A.I agree B.I disagree C.I'm afraid not D.I don't think so ( C )(2)He always ________ his friends about everything. In fact he has no thoughts of his own. A.deals with B.plays with C.agrees with D.talks with

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7

miss v.想念 [点拨] (1)miss vt.想念,后跟名词、代词。 (2)miss vt.错过,落掉,后跟名词、代词或动名词。 (3)missing adj.丢失的,不见了的,相当于lost,一般 用be+missing结构。 (4)Miss n.小姐,用在姓前,专指未婚女性。

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活学活用 ( D )(1)We are going to leave our school soon. We will ________ it very much wherever we go. A.think B.want C.lost D.miss ( C )(2)Unfortunately, they ________ the train. So they were late for the important meeting. A.got

B.caught C.missed D.lost
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8

close adj.密切的,亲密的 (1)close adj. 近的;密切的;亲切的,亲密的, 可用作表语或定语。be close to sb/sth 靠近?? (2)close vt.关、关闭,与open 相对,强调“关”的动作。 (3)closed adj.关着的,强调“关着的,不营业的”状态。 例:Cindy is my closest friend in my life. 生活中辛迪是我最亲密的朋友。

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活学活用

( B )There is a supermarket ________ my new house .It's very convenient for me to go shopping. A.in the front of B.close to C.far from D.next from

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句型透视
1 Can I have some more food too? 我还能再要点食物吗? [点拨] some more food 另外一些食物 “数词+ more + 名词”结构中,more表示“再,又”的 意思。 [拓展] 数词+ more +名词 = another +数词+名词 …… 活学活用 同义句转换 I want to buy two more books. I want to buy ___________ ______ books. another two
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2

I got to know her ten years ago. get to know“开始认识”,非延续性动词短语,不能 用在现在完成时中。 [拓展] 常用短语: get to=reach/arrive in(at) 到达 get on 上车 get off 下车 get up 起床

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get out of 从??出来 get back=return 回来 get?back 把??取(要)回来 get rid of 去除,摆脱 get on/along (well) with 和??相处(很好) get ready for/to do 为??做准备 get into trouble 陷入困境

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活学活用 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 get on/along well with You should try to __________________________ your friends. 你应努力与朋友们和睦相处。 2.单项填空 ( B )The new teacher couldn't ________his words _________ by his students. A.get; understanding B.get; understood C.make; to understand D.make; understand
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3

He tells funny jokes and always makes me laugh. 他总是讲滑稽的笑话让我发笑。 [点拨] (1)tell jokes表示“讲笑话”。 (2)make me laugh意为“使我发笑”。此处的make是使役 动词,意为“使、让??”,其后接动词原形作宾语补足语。 [拓展] 类似于make用不带to的动词原形作宾语补足语的 动词或词组有以下几类:“一感”feel;“二听”listen to, hear;“三让”使役动词let, make, have;“四看” watch, look at, notice, see, find。

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活学活用 ( ) (1) He ________ me a piece of good news. A A.told B.said C.talked D.spoke ( ) (2) He is serious . No one can make him________. A A.laugh B.laughs C.to laugh D.laughing

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4

However, he has poor eyesight because of working on the computer too much at night. 然而,他的视力很差,因为他晚上用了太长时间的电脑。 [点拨] (1)have poor eyesight指“视力差,弱视”, eyesight 是不可数名词。 (2)because of后面接名词、代词

或v.ing形式,because 后面接原因状语从句。

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[辨析] too much, much, much too, too, too many和many too much与much用法相同,用于修饰不可数名词或用在动 词后作宾语,表示“太多”;much too表示“确实,太”,与 too含义及用法相近,后接形容词或副词原级;too many与 many用法相同,用于修饰可数名词的复数形式。

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活学活用 ( A ) (1) Don't eat ________ meat . If you do so, you'll get ________ fat. A.too much; much too B.much too; too much C.too much; too much D.much too; much too ( B ) (2) They stopped working on the farm ______ the heavy rain. A.because B.because of C.so D.though

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5

I hope to become a famous singer and travel around the world in the future. 我希望将来能成为一名著名的歌手,并周游世界。 [点拨] 句中hope通常接动词不定式作宾语,表示“希望能 做某事”。become意为“变得”。 [辨析] (1)hope和wish ①hope后不能直接跟名词作宾语,可以用hope for sth结 构,通常指可以实现的愿望;wish后能直接跟名词作宾语, 也可以用wish for sth结构,通常指不能实现的愿望。

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②hope和wish都可以用动词不定式作宾语,即hope/wish to do sth。 ③hope与wish之后都可以连接that引导的宾语从句,但 “hope+that从句”表示“希望”;“wish+that 从句”则表示 “愿望”,wish后的宾语从句多用过去时态。 ④wish可以连接双宾语,即“wish sb+名词性短语”,也可 以用动词不定式作宾语补足语,即wish sb to do sth,而 hope没有这两种用法。

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(2)become, get, turn和go ①become常指人的身、心方面的变化。 ②get则常表示天气等方面的变化。 ③turn常指事物颜色的变化。 ④go常指肉体或精神上或事物的某些性质由强变弱等方面 的变化,强调变坏、变质。

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活学活用 1.用hope或wish的适当形式填空 (1)I ________ you'll be better soon. hope (2)I ________ I could be ten years younger. wish (3)She ________ you to leave quickly. wishes (4)We ________ you a happy New Year. wish 2.选词填空 become, get, go, turn (1)The boy is becoming __________ more and more careful. (2)The day ________ longer and the night gets gets shorter. turn (3)Trees ________ green in spring. goes (4)The milk ________ bad. ·译林牛津版

6 She always wears a smile on her face and happy. 她脸上总是带着微笑,看上去很开心。 (1)wear vt. 面露,面带。 (2)wear vt.穿,戴。表状态,后跟衣服、鞋帽、胡须、 头发、眼镜等。 (3)wear vt.磨损,用旧。wear out 穿坏,穿破。 例:He wore a puzzled look on his face. 他脸上流露出迷惑不解的神情。 He wore out two pairs of shoes last year. 去年他穿坏了两双鞋。
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活学活用 ( D )(1)—My

football socks are ________ out. —How long have you ________ them? A.worn; bought B.wearing; had C.wearing; bought D.worn; had ( C )(2)—Tom, don't always ________ that old jacket . It looks terrible. —But I think it looks cool,Mum. A.dress B.put on C.wear D.take off
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( a C

)1.

[2011·广安]—Which is the ________ season of year? —Summer. A.hot

高频考点
B.hotter

C.hottest ( )2. [2011·潍坊] After a three hours' long walk, C the boys look rather________. A.excited B.bored C.tired D.stressed
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(

as

B

)3. Helen learns to dance three times a week . Now she dances ________ Anita does. A.so good as B.as well C.as good as D.so well

as ( )4. [2011·淮安] Don't ________ the bus until it C has stopped. Safety is first. A.get along B.get to C.get off D.get up
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基础过关
? 词汇专练 Ⅰ. 根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.Tom is 15 years old. But there are only 11 candles. So ore we need four m_____ . ored 2.When I feel b______,my dog can make me happy. illing 3.Our teachers are always w______ to help us with our study. eady 4.We ought to be r______ to help old people in need any time.
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5.—What's your h________ ? eight —1.75 metres tall. 6.I like his eyes best because they are always s________ . miling 7. He is g_________ . He gives most of his money to enerous the poor. 8. She doesn't have curly (卷曲) hair. She has s________ hair. traight

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Ⅱ. 根据汉语提示完成句子 1. There are too many ________________ (广告)on the advertisements Internet. 2. I'm sure she is just __________ (适合)for the suitabl job. advice e 3.Thank you for giving me some pieces of ________ (建议). magazines 4.You can read many ____________ (杂志) in the reading room. 5.Living in this old, small flat must be very uncomfortable ________________ (不舒服的). 6. Xiao Wang is a top student. He always answers correctl the questions __________ ( 正确).

y

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Ⅲ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 1. The maple leaves will get much ________ ( red ) in redder autumn. 2.She is lovely, especially her ________ (smile) smiling face. pleasant 3.The trip was __________ (please), but it cost too Climbing much. to eat 4.__________ (climb) is good for our health. look 5. Can you give me something ________ (eat)? 6.Max's round glasses make him ________ (look) ·译林牛津版 smart.

? 句型专练

Ⅰ. 根据汉语意思完成句子 1.杭州是中国最美丽的城市之一。 Hangzhou is ________ the most beautiful _______ one of cities in China. 2.那件白色的上衣非常适合他。 The white coat __________very well. fits him 3. 那个女孩留着披肩发,戴着圆圆的眼镜。 That girl has _____________________ and shoulder-length hair _____________________. wears round glasses

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4. 你英语考试

中越认真,犯的错误将越少。 The _____________ you're in the English _______, more careful exam the _______ mistakes you'll make. fewer 5.我将尽力学好英语。 I'll _______________ to learn English well. try/do my best

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Ⅱ. 句型转换 1. English is more important than any other subject. (改为同义句) English is _____ _______ ___________ of all the the most important subjects. 2.She likes helping people in need. (改为同义句) She is ________ ____ help people in need. willing to 3.How do you like the film? (改为同义句) What _____ you _______ ____ the film? do think of

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4.The boy is clever_and_helpful.(对画线部分提问) ________ the boy ______ ? 5.She likes dancing, I like dancing, too.(合并为一 What's like 句) _______ she ______ like I _____ dancing. Both and 6.I hope that I can help him with his English. (改 为同 义句) to help I hope ____ ______ him with his English.

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每日一辨
enjoy 与like (1) like 表示一般意义上的“喜欢”;enjoy是带有欣赏性的 “喜欢,喜爱”,且含有“享受”之意。如: I think everyone enjoys our wonderful party. 我想每一个人都欣赏我们精彩的晚会。 (2) like后面可以跟动词不定式(即to后接动词原形),表示主 观上喜欢去做某事。但是enjoy后面不能跟动词不定式, 只能跟动名词(即动词ing形式)。如: My brother enjoys playing computer games. 我的哥哥喜欢打电子游戏。
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│ Unit 2,Book 8A

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│ 基础过关

基础过关
类别 课标考点要求

1. taste n.→________adj. tasty 2.mix v.→________ adj. → ________ n. mixed mixture useful 词汇 3.use v.→________ adj.(有用的) 拓展 →________ adj.(无用的) useless 4.health n.→________ adj . healthy healthily adv. →________

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│ 基础过关

词汇 拓展

5.long adj. →________ n. length unpopular 6.popular adj. →__________ (反义词) 7.active adj. →________ n. activity 8.different adj. →____________ n. difference

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│ 基础过关

重点 短语

1. 在每节课快结束时_______________________ near the end of each class 2.开车送某人去?? ______________ drive sb to? 3.学校生活 ______________ school life 4.你理想中的学校 _________________ your ideal school 5.驾驶课 __________________ driving lessons 6.与??不同 _________________ be different from 7.得最多分 ____________________ get the most points 8.与??一样 ______________ the same as 9.多于 ______________ more than
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│ 基础过关
10.少于;不到 ______________ less than twice a week 11.一周两次 ______________ plant trees 12.栽树 ___________ 13.谈论 ______________ talk about have a week off 重点 14.放一个星期的假 ____________________ 短语 15.有时间做某事 ______

______________________________ have time to do sth (have time for sth) the number of the students 16.学生数 ________________________ go on a trip 17.进行一次旅行 ______________ 18.半小时的家庭作业 half an hour's homework ______________________

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│ 基础过关

have cakes for supper 19.晚饭吃蛋糕 _____________________ 20.学会做某事 _________________ learn to do sth 21.上电视 ____________ be on TV 重点 22.暑假的长度 the length of the summer holiday ____________________________ 短语 23.在体育方面花费的时间 time spent on sports ___________________ 24.也 ___________ as well 25.课外活动 _____________________ after-school activities stay in hospital 26.住院 _____________________

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│ 基础过关

那就像看电视,但是广告少些。 It's like ____________, but there are watching TV fewer _______ advertisements. 2.在吃午餐时,我同朋友们见面,我们彼此总是谈 重点 得很开心。 meet my friends 句型 During lunchtime, I ______________ and we have a great time talking always ______________________ to each other. less orange juice than 3.西蒙的橘汁比桑迪的少。 Simon has ______________________ Sandy.
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1.

│ 基础过关
4.埃米的毛衣和米莉的毛衣很像。 Amy's sweater and Millie's sweater are alike ____________. 5.我的校服和约翰的校服不一样。 My uniform ________________ John's uniform. is different from 重点 6.我的校服和西蒙的校服一样。 句型 My uniform is the same as __________________ Simon's uniform. 7.你住的地方离学校有多远? How far from ________ do you live ________your school?

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│ 基础过关

8. 在我到这个学校以前,我不知道该怎样为自己做(饭)。 how to do things for myself I didn't know _________________________ before I came to this school. 9. 现在他每天开车送我上学。 Now, he drives me to school ____________________every day. 重点 句型 10. 在好友俱乐部里,大一点儿的学生向新生介绍校园 生活。 talk to At the Buddy Club, older students ________ new students about school life.
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│ 基础过关
11.开车上学比乘公共汽车用时少。 ________ school ___________________ Driving to takes less time than taking the bus. 12.我们也想看看所有朋友们的书。 We want to read all friends' books as well our___________________. 重点 13.我们有很多的时间进行课外活动。 lots of time for 句型 We will have ________________ after-school activities. the most 14.她上的电脑课最多。 She has ________ Computer Studies ·译林牛津版

│ 基础过关

1. 运用more…than, fewer…than和 less…than 比较数量。 语法 2. 运用the most, the fewest和the least比较三个 结构 或三个以上的事物。 3.运用the same as和different from表示某事物与 另一事

物完全相同或不同。

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重点突破

词汇点睛

1 mixed adj. 混合的 [拓展] mix v.使混合,搅拌 mixture n. 混合物 活学活用 用mix的适当形式填空 (1)The school is a ________ school. mixed (2)Pink and blue ________ well together. mix (3)He will have a mixture of good luck and bad luck ________ this month.

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2 length n.长度 [拓展] long adj. 长的,其名词形式为length。 类似用法还有:high adj. 高的→height n. 高度; wide adj. 宽阔的→width n. 宽广; deep adj. 深的→depth n. 深度 活学活用 用long的适当形式填空 (1)The ________of our classroom is 12 metres . length (2)Our classroom is about 12 metres ________. long
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3 tasty adj. 味道好的 [拓展] 名词加后缀y构成形容词的变化规则: (1)一般情况下直接在词尾加y。如:luck → lucky ; rain → rainy (2)以不发音的字母e结尾的词, 删去e再加y。如: noise → noisy (3)重读闭音节的词要双写词尾辅音字母, 再加y。如: sun → sunny ; fog → foggy [拓展] (1)taste vt. 品尝 (2)taste link vi. 尝起来 (3)taste n. 风味;味道
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活学活用 ( B ) The meat ________ nice. A.taste B.tastes C.tasty D.tasting

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4

practice vi. & vt. 练习;操练 [注意] practice后接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,不 接动词不定式。 [拓展] 后接动名词作宾语的动词还有:finish, enjoy, mind, suggest等。 活学活用 ( C ) Tom practices ________ every day. A.swim B.swiming C.swimming D.to swim
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5

useful adj.有用的;有益的 [注意] (1)useful前不定冠词只能用a,而不能用an, 因为第一个音素是辅音/ju:/。 (2)useful对于人用to,对于目的用for。 [拓展] useful是形容词,是由名词变来的。名词变为 形容词有以下三种常见形式: (1)加后缀ful: care→ careful; help → helpful; wonder → wonderful (2)加后缀y: wind → windy ; rain → rainy

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(3)其他形式: friend → friendly ; interest → interesting useful的反义词是useless“无用的”。 在英语中,有些名词或动词在词尾加后缀less,则构成表示否 定意义的形容词。如:use使用→useless无用的; hope希望→hopeless绝望的;help帮助→helpless无助的; care关心,在意→careless粗心的 另外,有些形容词还可以在词前加前缀帮助其构成表示否定意 义的形容词。如:important重要的→unimportant不重要的

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活学活用 ( D ) It's ________ useful animal . It's also ________ unusual animal. A.a; a B.an; an C.an; a D.a; an

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6 finish vt. 完成,结束 vi. 结束,停止,终止 [搭配] finish doing sth 完成做某事 [辨析] finish和complete 这两个词的含义都是“做完,完成”,有时可以互换, 但它们也有区别。 (1)finish

表示过去某个时候着手做的事已经做完, 或者表示对已经做完的事进行核实加工。 (2)complete 侧重表示完成某工作,特别是把某一 项任务或某工作圆满结束。

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( D ) He went back home after he finished ________ his homework. A.do B.to do C.done D.doing

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as well 也 (常用于口语) [辨析] as well, too, also和either 以上四个词(组)都有“也”的意思,但用法不同。 (1)as well常用于口语,用法与too相同,位于句尾, 但前面通常不用逗号。 (2)too是普通用词,常用于口语,常置于句尾,用逗 号与前面的内容隔开。 (3)also是较正式的用语,位于be动词、助动词、情 态动词后,行为动词前。 (4)either表示“也”时,只用于否定句,且位于句尾, 用逗号与前面内容隔开。
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活学活用 1.同义句转换 He speaks English, and he speaks Japanese, too. He speaks English and Japanese __________. as well 2.用as well, too, also, either填空 (1)Tom wants to read books on computers. I ________ also want to. (2)Mum does't like meat. Me,________. either (3)I like English. I like Chinese________. as well (4)Kate is my friend. Amy is my friend,________. too

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句型透视
1 During lunchtime, I meet my friends and we always have a great time talking to each other. 在吃午餐时,我同朋友们见面,我们彼此总是谈得很开心。 [点拨] 句中的have a great time talking意为“在交谈中 觉得很开心”。have a…time+doing sth意为“在干某事 中过得……”,相当于have fun (in) doing sth。 活学活用 ( C )They have a great time ________ during lunchtime. A.to chat B.chats C.chatting D.chatted
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2

She won't be able to play basketball for three months. 她将三个月不能打篮球。 [点拨] (1)be able to后面接动词原形,即be able to do sth 表示“能够/会做某事”,有时态的变化。 (2)be able to与can意思相同, 但can是情态动词,只有两 种时态的变化:一般现在时can和一般过去时could。 在 表示猜测时,只能用can, 不能用be able to。 活学活用 ( C )She ________ read when she was only three. A.is able to B.can C.was able to
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3 Chinese students have more weeks off in the summertime than British students. 夏天,中国学生比英国学生多几周的假期。 [点拨] “have +一段时间+off”表示“休息(一段 时间)、有(一段时间)的假期”。 活学活用 The students will __________________ at the end have two days off of next month. 下个月底学生将放两天假。
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4 Millie, Amy, Kitty and Simon left their pencil boxes in the classroom. 米莉、艾米、基蒂和西蒙把铅笔盒忘在教室了。 [点拨] leave sth …把某物忘在…… [辨析] leave和forget leave和forget都有“遗忘”的意思,

leave sth 后要接表示 地点的名词,而forget sth 后不能接表示地点的名词。 活学活用 (1) I ________ (忘记) my watch. forgot (2) I ________ (忘记) my watch at school. left
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5 What does the word ?hero? mean? 单词“hero”是什么意思? [拓展] “……是什么意思”有以下三种说法: (1)What does/do…mean? (2)What do you mean by…? (3)What's the meaning of…? 活学活用 同义句转换 What does ?e-time? mean? (1)________ ______ you ________ ______ ?e-time?? What do mean by (2)________ ______ __________ _____ ?e-time?? What's the meaning of
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(

)1. Andy is the slowest swimmer ______eight boys. A.of the B.in the C.of 高频考点 D.in ( A )2. Our school is one of ______schools in our city. A.best B.the B best C.good D.better ( B )3. Most of my classmates don't like to talk with their parents, but I am ______them.I love to talk with my parents. A.the same as B.different ·译林牛津版 from

基础过关
? 词汇专练 Ⅰ. 根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1. She likes p___ songs. op 2.Of all the ubjects s________, I like English best. 3.If you want to speak English better, you need more p_______ . ractice 4. These things are seless u_______, throw them away. 5.In a m_____ school, boys and girls have lessons ixed together.
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Ⅱ. 1. 2. 3.

根据汉语提示完成句子 Where did you go for your __________ (假期)? vacation Tim has the ________ (最少的) rice of the three. least Do you know the ________ (长度) of the longest length river in the world? 4. Mr Yang knows lots of knowledge, so all of us ________ (钦佩)him very much. admire

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5. Walking after meals is good for our ________ (健 health 康). science 6.Who is your _________ (科学) teacher? languages 7.He can speak several foreign ___________ (语言). art 8.They will have an _____ (美术) lesson this Friday.

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Ⅲ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 1. Saying is easier than ________ (do). doing 2. My mother asks us ______________ (not watch) not to watch too much TV. 3. His school has ________ (few) teachers than fewer ________ (I). mine 4. Peter is ______________(heavy) one of the six the heaviest students. 5. The girl lost her money on her way home yesterday. How __________( care ) she was! careless
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? 句型专练

Ⅰ. 根据汉语意思完成句子 1. 街上的自行车比校园的多。校园里的噪音少些。 There are ____________ in the street than in the more bikes school. There is ____________ in the school. less noise 2. 我们应该用较少的人力与财力把工作做得更好。 We should use _______ people and _____ money fewer less to do the work ________. better 3.南希的鞋子和我的鞋子尺码一样大。 Nancy's shoes _____ the ______________mine. same size as are

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4.露茜的校

服与彼得的不同。 Lucy's school uniform ________________ Peter's. is different from 5.约翰比丹尼尔学的课程少,所以他的空闲时间比丹尼尔多。 John studies ____________________ Daniel, so he fewer subjects than has ___________________ Daniel. more free time than 6.你在北京待了多长时间? ___________ did you ________ Beijing? How long stay in

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Ⅱ. 句型转换 1.Mrs Green spends two hours on housework every day. (改为同义句) It _______ Mrs Green ______ ________ ____ ____ takes two hours to do housework every day. 2. Meimei dances best of all the girls. (改为同义句) Meimei dances ________ than ______ _______ _____ better any other girl .

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3.Sandy has to stay at home to look after her brother. (改为一般疑问句) _______ Sandy have _______ to ____ stay at home to look Does after her brother? 4.The nearest supermarket is 8_kilometres from here. (对画线部分提问) ______ far _____ is the nearest supermarket from here? How

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每日一辨
sometimes与some times (1) sometimes是副词,意为“有时”,通常用于非正式场合,既 可用于现在时态的句子中,也可用于过去时态的句子中。如: Sometimes, they work at weekends. 有时候他们周末也要工作。 (2) some times意为“几次”,其中time不表示“时间”,而是 指 “次数”,是可数名词。 如: I called Sandy some times yesterday, but there was no reply. 昨天我给仙蒂打了几次电话,但是都没人接。
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│ Unit 3,Book 8A

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│ 基础过关 基础过关
类别 1. 课标考点要求 Luck n.→ ________ adj.→________

lucky luckily adv. beginning 2.begin v.→___________ n. beginner →___________ n. (新手) interesting 词汇 3.interest n.→_____________ adj.(有趣 拓展 interested 的) beautiful →___________ adj.(感兴趣的) beautifully 4.beauty n.→___________ adj. →___________ adv.
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│ 基础过关

词汇 拓展

5.wonderful adj.→ ___________ n. wonder 6.foreign adj. →___________ n. foreigner 7.final adj.→________ adv. finally 8.move v. ___________adj. (动人的) moving movement →___________n. (运动)

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│ 基础过关

重点 短语

1. 保持健康 ____________________ keep fit/healthy 2.乘船进行一次旅行 take a boat trip/have a trip by boat ___________________________________ at the beginning of? 3.在??开始的时候 ____________________ 4.在??的末尾 ____________________ at the end of? get on a bus 5.上公共汽车 ____________________ arrive at/in 6.到达 ____________________ 7.名胜古迹 ____________________ places of interest 8.自学 _______________________________ teach oneself/learn by oneself 9.邀请某人做某事 _____________________ invite sb to do sth
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│ 基础过关

10.制订计划 ___________

___ make a plan 11.由??制成(看出原材料) ______________ be made of 12.由??制成(看不出原材料) ______________ be made from 13.沿着湖漫步 __________________________ walk slowly around the lake 重点 14.感受古老公园的美 短语 feel the beauty of the old park _____________________________ 15.了解更多关于?? _______________________ learn/know more about take photos of? 16.拍??的照片 ____________________ 17.在你的支持下 ____________________ with your support keep one's secrets 18.保守秘密 ____________________
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│ 基础过关

19.在汽车的前部 ____________________ car in the front of the 20.下车 ____________________ get off bus 21.尽快 ____________________ as soon as possible from all over the world 重点 22.来自世界各地 ____________________ feel sick 短语 23.觉得难受 ____________________ play hide-and-seek 24.玩捉迷藏游戏 ____________________ 25.为某人欢呼 ________________ cheer for sb 26.决定做某事 make _____________________________________ up one's mind to do?/decide to do?

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│ 基础过关
1. 基蒂的吴老师邀请我参加他们学校组织的世界公园的 旅行。 Kitty's teacher Mr Wu _________________ invited me to join their school trip to the World Park. 重点 2. 乘长途汽车从基蒂的学校出发,整个行程花了两个小 句型 时。 The trip from Kitty's school took about two hours _______________________ by coach. 3. 丹尼尔自学了如何制作个人主页。 taught himself Daniel ______________how to make a home page.
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│ 基础过关
4. 5. 6. 歌 你需要运动来保持健康。 You ________________ and ____________. keep fit need to exercise 别忘了把你的朋友带来。 Don't ________________ your friends. forget to bring 昨天,我坐船游览了著名的港湾大桥,途中经过悉尼

重点 句型

剧院。 took a boat trip Yesterday, I __________________ under the went past famous Harbour Bridge and __________ the Opera felt sick for most of the trip House. 7.旅途中大部分时间我和基蒂都晕车。 ·译林牛津版 Kitty and I ____________________________.

│ 基础过关
8. 它是由金属制成的,而且真的非常高。 It ___________ metal and really tall ____________. is made of 9. 这儿有一百多处世界各地的名胜古迹。 There are over a hundred ________________ places of interest from all over the world. 重点 句型 10. 如果你想参加,请尽快告知我们。 as soon as possible If you want to come, please let us know _____________________. building with 11. 那是一幢带有一个大花园的漂亮建筑物。 It is a beautiful _______________ a big garden.

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│ 基础过关

12.我想知道西蒙藏在哪里。 I ____________________is hiding. wonder where Simon 13.我决定待在家里去整理我的包。 重点 decided to stay at

home I ________________________ and pack my 句型 bags instead. 14.他们不把秘密告诉他人。 kept their secrets to themselves They ______________________________.

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│ 基础过关

1. 学会运用and, but, or等连词。 [详见P84 ,语法互动(七)] 语法 2.学会动词不定式的用法; 结构 [详见P91 ,语法互动(十)] 3.学会反身代词的用法。 [详见P76 ,语法互动(二)]

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重点突破
1

词汇点睛

interest v.使发生兴趣,引起……的注意 n. 兴趣;关心 [拓展] interesting adj.有趣味的 interested adj.感兴趣的 [搭配] be/become interested in 对……感兴趣 have an interest in 对……有兴趣 hold sb's interest 吸引某人的注意力 show(an) interest in 对……表示关心(有兴趣) take(an) interest in 对……感兴趣 have/feel/take no interest in对……不感兴趣
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活学活用 根据汉语意思完成句子 Quite a few people have become ______________ the interested in TV show of the Three Kingdoms in recent months. 最近几个月以来,不少人对电视剧《三国》感兴趣。

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cheer v.(使)快活;(对)欢呼,喝彩 n. 愉快,欢呼 [搭配] cheer up高兴起来,振奋起来; 打起精神来,别灰心 cheer sb up 让某人开心 cheer for sb为某人高兴 活学活用 ( C ) [2010·南京] —I am very worried about tomorrow's maths test. I am afraid I can't pass this time. —________! I'm sure you'll make it. A.No problem B.That's right ·译林牛津版 C.Cheer up D.Don't 2

3

wonder vt. 对……感到惊讶,惊奇;想知道 [点拨] wonder 后常跟疑问代词,疑问副词以及if或 whether引导的宾语从句,其意思相当于want to know。 [拓展] 形容词为wonderful,副词为wonderfully。 wonder n. 奇迹,奇观

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活学活用 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 The Great Wall is __________________ of the one of the wonders world. 长城是世界奇观之一。 2.单项填空 ( A ) I ________ whether he can come or not. A.wonder B.wondered C.wonderful D.wonderfully

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4

instead adv. 代替 [辨析] instead 和instead of (1)instead adv. 相反,而是,代替。常放在句首或句末, 放句前时常用逗号隔开,所跟内容是已做或要做的。 (2)instead of 介词短语,意为“代替,而不是”,后跟的内 容是未做或不做的。instead of +n./pron./v.ing。

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活学活用 ( C ) (1) [2011· 陕西] We should give him a hand instead of ________at him. A.laugh B.laughed C.laughing D.to laugh ( B ) (2) [2011· 南通] I hate watching TV. Shall we go out for a walk ________? A.instead of B.instead C.because of D.because

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句型透视
1 Kitty's classmate Daniel taught himself how to make a home page. 基蒂的同学丹尼尔自学如何做主页。 [点拨] (1)teach oneself表示“

自学”之意,相当于 learn…by oneself。 (2)teach sb sth 的意思是“教某人某事”,其中sb如果用 代词,要用宾格形式。 (3)teach sb to do sth 教某人做某事。

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活学活用 ( B ) I taught ________ to ride a bike when I was ten years old. A.me B.myself C.I D.my

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2

It takes more than an hour. 这要花一个多小时。 [点拨] (1)句中more than=over,意为“超过”。 (2)take的意思如下:①花费;②吃,喝;③乘坐。 [搭配] take a day off 请一天假 take down 记下 take a walk 散步 take away 拿走,夺走 take off 取(脱)下;起飞 take a bus 乘车

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[辨析] take, carry, bring和get 这四个词作“拿,带”讲时的区别: (1)take指把某物带离说话人处,常与there连用。take sth/sb to?把??带到?? (2)carry无方向, 常表示“运,提,扛,挑,抬”等动作。 (3)bring指把某物从远处带到说话人处,常与here连用。 (4)get指“取,拿,得到”之意。

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活学活用 用take, get, carry, bring填空 (1)The teacher will ________ us to the park take next Sunday. carry (2)Can you ________ the box? bring (3)Please ________ your exercise books here next time. get (4)Shall I ________ something for you?

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3

The whole world was there in front of us! 整个世界就在我们的面前。 [点拨] in front of意为“在??前面”,指在某物外部 前面。 [辨析] in front of 和in the front of (1)in front of 表示一者在另一者的前面,两者之间不 存在 相容关系,是一种外部相对位置的关系。 (2)in the front of 表示一者在另一者内部的前面,两 者存 在位置上的相容关系,是一种内部相对位置的关系。

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活学活用 ( ) (1) Our teachers always stand ________ the class room. D A.in the front B.in front C.in front of D.in the front of ( ) (2) Mr Wu always stands ________ the C blackboard. A.in the front B.in front C.in front of D.in the front of
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4

Our team won the basketball final today. 今天我们的球队赢得了篮球总决赛的胜利。 [点拨] won是win的过去式。win作动词时,意为“赢得, 获胜”,后面只能跟指物的名词,不能跟人,所以match, game等表示比赛的名词可放在win后。参加比赛的对手则 不能放在win后。win的名词是winner,意为“获胜者”。 [拓展] beat后跟表示人的宾语,意为“战胜某人,赢了某 人”。

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活学活用 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 He _____________________ in the last sports won the first prize meeting. 在上次运动会中他获得了第一名。 2.单项填空 ( C ) I believe we can ________ them in the game. A.win B.won C.beat D.beaten

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5

You need to exercise and keep fit. 你需要锻炼来保持健康。 [点拨] (1)

need既可以作情态动词,也可作为实义动词。本 句中的need为实义动词,意为“需要,必要”。 (2) keep动词,意为“保持,保存,留住,饲养”,keep doing sth“持续做某事”;作系动词时和形容词构成系表结 构。本句keep fit中的keep为系动词,keep fit 与keep healthy 同义。 [拓展] in need of…需要…… There is no need…不需要……

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活学活用

用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 (1) You ____________ (not need) to do it again. don't need (2) Don't keep him __________ (learn) too long. Because learning it's bad for his eyes.

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6

Kitty's teacher Mr Wu invited me to join their school trip to the World Park. 基蒂的老师吴先生邀请我与他们班一起去世界公园玩。 [点拨] invite动词,其名词形式是invitation; the/a trip to+地名 去某地旅行 [搭配] (1)invite sb to+地点,表示:邀请某人去……。 (2)invite sb to do sth 邀请某人干……。 活学活用 ( B ) Mr Wood will invite ________ supper this evening. A.we to have B.us to have C.to us have D.us
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7

If you want to come, please let us know as soon as possible. 假如你想来,请尽快通知我们。 [点拨] (1)possible adj. 可能的,反义词是 impossible。 作表语时主语一般是sth而非sb,且不能用very 修饰。 (2)as?as possible=as?as sb can/could尽可能的 (3)when possible 到可能的时候;if possible 如果可 能的话 活学活用 ( B ) [2011· 海南] He will come here right away________ he hears the news. A.so B.as soon as C.became D.though
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(

)1. [2011·潍坊] Teenagers should learn to protect ________ from all kinds of danger. A.them 高频考点 B.they C.their D.themselves D ( )2. [2011·杭州] Nick, would you mind ________ those old jeans? They look terrible. D A.not to wear B.not wear C.wearing not D.not wearing ( B )3. The book is ________.I wrote ________ name on its cover ________. A.my; my; myself B.mine; my; myself ·译林牛津版

基础过关
? 词汇专练 Ⅰ. 根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1. We can take a train to Beijing instead of taking a c_____. oach 2. Who can tell me the m____ idea of this film? ain 3.Every morning, many people do exercise in the s______. quare 4. Let's go and c_____ for Liu Xiang on May 4th. heer

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5.There is a lot of t______ on the city roads. raffic 6.Daniel taught h_______ how to make a homepage. imself 7.The model Golden Bridge is much smaller than the r____ one. eal

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Ⅱ. 根据汉语提示完成句子 1. My sister is tall and slim. She wants to be a fashion ________ (模特儿) when she grows up. model 2. Our school tennis team needs your ________ (支持). support 3.When I got to the factory, I saw many _______ (金属) metal boxes near the gate. 4.Daniel made a ________ (特别的) home

page on the special Internet where he put pictures of his trip. 5.It was a great day, but they did not enjoy it at the ____________ (开始). beginning
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Ⅲ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 1. When we reached the park, we got off the bus _________(quick). quickly 2. Here are some afterschool __________ (activity). activities 3. She plays and sings well. She is very __________ musical (music). 4.Jim invited me ________ (join) their school trip to to join Xiangshan.

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5. Lucy tried to run out of the building but ______ (fail). failed 6.Most students ____________ (work) out the problem, didn't work but a few did. 7.Kitty will not go back home until finishes she_________(finish) the exercise. show 8.Would you please _______ (show) me around your school?

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? 句型专练

Ⅰ. 根据汉语意思完成句子 1.硬座位使我旅途中的大部分时间感觉恶心。 The hard seat made me __________ for most of the trip. feel sick 2.这辆模型汽车是由金属制成的。 This model car _________________. is made of metal 3.当我看到这些照片的时候,我不敢相信自己的眼睛。 I ____________________________ when I saw the couldn't believe my own eyes photos.

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4.你能计算出这些衣服花了多少钱吗? Can you __________ how much these clothes cost? work out 5.你可以更多地了解古老的北京。 You can _________________ old Beijing. learn more about 6.他们计划下午3点离开。 They _________________ at 3 p.m. planned to leave

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Ⅱ. 句型转换 1.He often shows his friends his old pictures.(改为同义 句) He often ________ his old pictures ____ his friends. shows to 2. Most students in our school like swimming. (改为同 义句)Most of the _______ ____ ______ students in our school like swimming. 3. Nick is having a great time in Australia. (改为同义 enjoying himself 句) Nick What is __________ _________ in Australia. do do 4. You need to exercise_and_keep_fit. (对画线部分提问) ________ _____ you need to _____ ? ·译林牛津版

每日一辨
forget to do sth.与forget doing sth. (1) forget to do表示“忘记要去做某事 (未做) ”。如: The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off. 办公室的灯还亮着,他忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作) (2) forget doing意思为“忘记做过某事(已做)”。如: He forgot turning the light off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。( 已做过关灯的动作)

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│ Unit 4,Book 8A

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│ 基础过关 基础过关
类别 课标考点要求

1. mouse n.→________ (复数) mice 2.loss n.→ ________ vt. & vi. lose 3.wolf n.→________ (复数) wolves 词汇 4.write vt. & vi. →________ (过去式) 拓展 wrote → ________ (过去分词) → ________ written writer n.

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│ 基础过关

词汇 拓展

5.thick adj

.→________(反义词) thin 6.follow vt. & vi.→_________ adj. following 7.medicine n.→_________adj. medical 8.safe adj.→________ adv. safety safely →________n.

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│ 基础过关

1. 第一次 ____________________ for the first time 2.没有住的地方 ______________________ have nowhere to live 3.将某人单独留下 ____________________________________ leave sb alone/by oneself/on one's own 重点 keep doing sth 4.一直做某事 _________________ 短语 5.阻止某人做某事 stop/prevent sb from doing sth __________________________ 6.生活区的丧失 _______________________ the loss of living areas 7.采取行动做某事 ______________________ take actions to do sth 8.对??产生兴趣 be/become interested in _____________________

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│ 基础过关

9.独自生活 live alone/by oneself/on one's ______________________________ own 10.失去某人的生命 ________________ lose one's life 11.一次对??的 ______________ a visit to? 12.使某人脱离危 _________________________ keep sb safe from danger 重点 13.鼓励某人做某事 ______________________ encourage sb to do sth 短语 14.处于危险中 _______________ be in danger 15.保护野生动物 _____________________ protect wild animals 16.赚很多钱 ______________________ make a lot of money

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│ 基础过关

17.用纸做成一个箱子 ______________________ make a box out of paper 18.用它们的骨头制成药 make medicine from their bones ______________________________ live as a family 19.像一家人一样地生活 ________________ 重点 20.走来走去 ____________ walk around 短语 21.向相反方向跑去 __________________ run the other way 22.砍伐 _____________ cut down 23.首先 ____________ at first 24.长成 ____________ grow into 25.在世界上,究竟 ____________ on earth
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│ 基础过关
1. 如果我死了,将没人照看你。 If I ________, no one ______________ you. will look after die 2. 我第一次看见那只熊猫宝宝时,她仅出生10天。 I first saw the baby panda when she _______________________. was only 10 days old 重点 3. 8个月之后,她就不再是一只小熊猫了。 句型 Eight months later, she was not a small baby any more ___________. 4. 一开始“希望”每天长达14小时都在喝母亲的奶。 _____________________, Xi Wang drank her At the very beginning mother's milk _____________________________. for up to for up to 14 hours a day
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│ 基础过关
5.令人悲伤的是,大熊猫在野外生存下来是非常困难的。 Sadly, _____________________giant pandas to it is very difficult for survive in the wild. 6.如果农民们砍伐了树木和森林,大熊猫将没有住处。 If farmers ________ trees and forests, giant 重点 cut down 句型 pandas nowhere to live will have _______________. 7.熊猫妈妈经常把小

熊猫单独留下两整天。 leave Mothers often ________ baby pandas for two on their own/alone/by themselves whole days ________________________________.

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│ 基础过关
8. 我们可以采取下列措施来保护大熊猫。 We can __________________________to protect take the following actions giant pandas. 9. 如果我走过热带雨林,就可以看到一些美丽的鸟。 I will see some beautiful birds if through walk I 重点 ____________ a 句型 rain forest. 10. 如果农民继续开辟新的农田,那么野生动物将得不到 足够的食物。 continue to make If farmers ________________ new farmland, won't get enough food wild animals ______________________.
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│ 基础过关
11. “希望”出生时,体重只有100克。 When Xi Wang was born, weighed just 100 grams she________________________. 12. 她长成了一只健康的年轻大熊猫。 Shegrew into ___________a healthy young giant panda. 重点 getting smaller and smaller 13.它们的数量正变得越来越少。 句型 Their number is _________________________. don't think 14. 我认为你不该买动物皮毛制成的衣服。 made of animal fur I____________ you should buy clothes __________________.
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│ 基础过关

1. 学会运用if引导的条件状语从句。 [详见P96 ,语法互动(十三)] 语法 2.学会运用because引导的原因状语从句。 结构 [详见P96 ,语法互动(十三)] 3.学会because of的用法。

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重点突破
1

词汇点睛

protect vt. 保护,保卫 [搭配] protect sb / sth from/against 防止……遭受……, 使……免于,保护……使不受…… [拓展] protect(vt.)→protection(n.) →protective(adj.)→protector(n.)

活学活用 根据汉语意思完成句子 He is wearing sunglasses to _____________________ protect his eyes from the strong sunlight. 他戴着太阳镜以抵挡强烈的阳光。
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2

encourage vt. 鼓励,鼓舞 [搭配] encourage sb to do sth鼓励某人做某事 be encouraged by 受……鼓励/鼓舞 encourage sb in 在……方面鼓励某人 [拓展] encourage 的名词形式是encouragement, 意 为“鼓励,支持”。

活学活用 ( B ) When we meet with difficulties, our teacher always ________ us to work them out by ourselves. A.encourage B.encourages C.encouraged ·译林牛津版 D.encouraging

3

continue vi. & vt. 继续,延续 (1)continue vt. 继续,用于continue+n./pron./v.ing 继续做某事 (2)continue vi.继续,相当于go on, continue to do sth 继续去做某事=go on doing sth
活学活用 Without one word, she____________ _____ ______ read continued to her book. 没说一句话,她继续看她的书。

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4

sell v.卖,出售 [拓展] sell的现在分词为selling;过去式为sold;过去分 词为sold;反义词为buy;名词为sale。 [搭配] sell off 廉价卖掉 sell out 卖完 sell high 以高价出售 se

ll well 卖得好 sell sb sth = sell sth to sb 把某物卖给某人 on sale 出售,上市

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活学活用 ( C ) —Why are you in such a hurry, Lily? —The fashion clothes are ________ in the supermarket at the moment. A.bought B.have sale C.on sale D.selling

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5

smell n. 嗅觉; vi. & vt. 闻到……气味;闻;嗅 (1)名词,意为“嗅觉,气味”。 (2)系动词,意为“闻起来”,后跟形容词作表语,类似的系 动词还有look, taste, feel, sound, seem等。 (3)及物动词,意为“闻到……气味,闻,嗅”。 例:Dogs have a good sense of smell.狗有很好的嗅觉。 The milk smells sour.牛奶闻起来酸了。 He smelt gas when he entered the room. 他一进房间就闻到了煤气味。

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活学活用 ( ) This kind of cake looks ________ and smells A ________. A.good; good B.good; well C.well; well D.well; good

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句型透视
1 I first saw the baby panda when she was only 10 days old. 我第一次看见这只熊猫宝宝时,她仅出生10天。 [点拨] (1)句中10 days old表示“有10天大”。10yearold 是复合形容词,修饰名词,其构成是“数词+名词(+形容 词)”,注意此名词不用复数,如:a fiveyear plan 一个5 年计划;a fiveyear plan = a five years? plan。 (2)the baby panda这个短语中,baby这个名词作定语, 修饰后面的panda。名词作定语时,一般用单数。

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[注意] 被修饰的名词变复数时,一般情况下,作定语用 的名词不需要变为复数形式,但由man或woman作定语修 饰名词变成复数时,两部分皆要变为复数形式,如two girl students, two women teachers。

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活学活用 1.单项填空 ( ) We will have a ________ holiday. C A.five day B.five days C.five-day D.five-days 2.用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 women There are about 60 ________ (woman) doctors in the hospital.

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2

Eight months later, she was not a small baby any more. 8个月之后,她就不再是只小熊猫宝宝了。 [点拨] (1)later是late的比较级,在此意思是“……之后”。 (2)not…any more的意思是“不再”,相当于no more。 [注意] 要注意与not…any longer/no longer在使用上 的区别:not…any longer/no longer通常指时间上不 再延长。not…any more/no more通常指在数量和程度 上不再增加。

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活学活用 同义句转换 My brother doesn't study at that school any longer. My brother ________ ________ ________ at that longer studies no school.

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3

At the very beginning, Xi Wang drank her mother's milk for up to 14 hours a day. 一开始,“希望”每天长达14小时都在喝母亲的奶。 [点拨] (1)beginning是名词,意为“开始;开端部分;初期” 等。与其有关的短语有: at the beginning of the year

年初 from the beginning to end从头到尾;自始至终 the beginning of the war战争初期 at the beginning of the road在道路的起点 a good beginning 一个良好的开端 at the beginning = at first(反义词组 at last)
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(2) up to意为“(数目)到??之多;直到(某个高级职务 )”。 up to now“到目前为止”,up to=up till。 [辨析] begin 和 start start 动作性较强,常用于“动身”、“着手”、“开始第 一步”等含义,begin则动作性较弱。因此,在描写一种状 态的开始,特别是较缓慢的开始时,用begin比start好;以 行动开始某一具体的工作时,用start更为恰当。

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活学活用 1. 根据汉语意思完成句子 A tortoise can live _________150 years. up to 乌龟能活150年。 2. 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 At the ___________ (begin) of this term, we had beginning a welcome party.

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4

If people find baby pandas alone, they will often take them away. 如果人们发现婴儿熊猫单独待着,他们常将其带走。 [点拨] (1)在find+宾语+宾语补足语结构中,宾语补足语可 以由形容词、现在分词、介词短语或副词来充当。 (2)take them away意为“把他们带走”。take away是“动词 +副词”短语,所以代词them只能放在中间。如果跟名词, 则可放在中间,也可放在后面。 活学活用 Take the knife away/Take away the knife _________________________________________ from her! 把她手里的刀拿走。
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5

I don't think that's right.我认为那不对。 [点拨] 句中出现了否定前移现象,即主句主语为第一人称, 动词(通常是believe, think, expect等)用否定式,而宾语从 句的动词用肯定式。

活学活用 改为否定句 I think I can do it myself. I ________ think I _______ do it myself. can don't

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6

The number is getting smaller and smaller. 数量正变得越来越少。 [点拨] 句中number意为“数量,数目”,相关短语区别 如下: (1)a number of表示“许多”,后面的谓语动词用复数 形式。 (2)the number of表示“??的数量”,后面的谓语动 词用 单数形式。

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活学活用 ( ) There are ________ students in our school . The B number of them ________ over five thousand. A.a number of ; are B.a number of ; is C.the number of ; are D.the number of ; is

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7

Many animals lose their lives because people buy furs. 许多动物失去生命是因为人们购买兽皮。 [点拨] lose one?s life失去某人的生命,相当于die或 pass away。 [拓展] lose one's way 迷路 lose a game 输掉比赛 lose heart 灰心,气馁 lose weight 减肥
活学活用 lost his life He _______________ in a car accident. 他在一次车祸中丧生。
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8

When Xi Wang was born, she weighed just 100 grams. “希望”

出生时,体重只有100克。 [注意] weigh v. 称??的重量。其名词形式为weight。 活学活用 同义句转换 ___________________of Xi Wang? What's the weight “希望”的体重是多少? _________________Xi Wang ________? How much does weigh ____________is Xi Wang? How heavy
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( ) 1. [2011·北京] I will send you an e-mail as 高频考点 soon as I A ________ in Canada. A.arrive B.arrived C.am arriving D.will arrive

当主句是将来时态时,状语从句用一般时代替将来时。

(

) 2. The children screamed ________ they were frightened but the dog barked ________ the wind. A.because of; because of B.because; because of C.because of; because

B

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基础过关
? 词汇专练 Ⅰ. 根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.The food s________ good but tastes terrible. mells 2. Giant pandas will s________ if we protect them. urvive 3.I like travelling by train,it's s________ and cheap. afe 4.After you finish the trip to Beijing,write an English r______ . eport 5.Protecting f________ means giving wild animals lots orests of place to live in. 6. What does her writing tell you about her c________ ? haracter
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Ⅱ. 根据汉语提示完成句子 1.Pandas like eating bamboo ________ (叶). leaves 2.Do you know what's the ________ (重量) of the weight tortoise? 3.We hope the world will be ___________ (和平的) peaceful forever! 4.I think skiing is as ____________ (危险) as diving. dangerous 5._________ (幸运的是), he was not hurt badly. Luckily 6. These ____________ ( 农田 ) were living areas of farmlands giant pandas before.

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Ⅲ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.We will go to the park if it _____________ (not doesn't rain rain) tomorrow. 2.The workers were very tired and they stopped to have _________ (have) a rest. working 3.He has poor eyesight because of _________ (work) on the computer too much.

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4.Please ask him ______________ (not watch) TV not to watch before he finishes his homework. 5. We always have a great time __________ (play) playing games after school. 6. Could you tell me which pen _________ (buy)? to buy

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? 句型专练

Ⅰ. 根据汉语意思完成句子 1.你的食物看起来很美味。 Your food________________! looks delicious 2.我认为你不应该买用动物皮毛做的衣服。 I don't think you should buy clothes __________ made of animal fur. 3.如果农民砍倒了树木和森林,野生动物将无处生存。 If farmers ___________ trees and forests,the wild cut down animals will have_________________. nowhere to live

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4. 今天完成这项工作是不可能的。 It is ____________________ the work today. impossible to finish 5.通过卖衣服,他们赚了许多钱。 They _______ a lot of money by ________ clothes. made selling 6.如果你学习再努力些,你

父母会更高兴的。 If you work ________,your parents will ___________. harder be happier

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Ⅱ. 句型转换 1.We will see beautiful_birds if we go through the forest.(对画线部分提问) ________ will ______ we see when we go through the What forest? 2.Mother often leaves baby pandas for two whole days on their own.(改为同义句) Mother often leaves baby pandas for two whole days alone ________ .

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3.Some hunters often hunt giant pandas for_their_fur. (对画线部分提问) Why do _______ _____ some hunters often hunt giant pandas? 4.At four months old, she weighed about_10km.(对画 线部分提问) How much did weigh ________ ________ ______ she ________ at four months old?

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每日一辨
alone与lonely (1) lonely 作形容词,充当表语,指“孤独的”,用于人时, 突出内心感到孤独、寂寞。侧重于因缺少同伴友谊或同 情而感到孤独、寂寞,含忧郁之意。 如: He felt very lonely without his friends. 没有了朋友他感到非常孤独。 (2) alone 作形容词,充当表语,只是陈述一个事实,表示 “独自的;单独的”,侧重于独自一人,显得孤立无援。 alone只作表语不作定语。如: He was alone in the room. 他独自一人在屋里。
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│ Unit 5,Book 8A

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│ 基础过关 基础过关
类别 课标考点要求

1. nature n.→_________adj. natural 2.easy adj. →________ adv. easily 词汇 3.important adj. →____________ n. importance 拓展 4.polite adj. →___________ (反义词) impolite

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│ 基础过关

quietly 5.quiet adj. →________ adv. 6.angry adj. →________ adv. angrily →anger ________ n. 词汇 拓展 7.noise n.→ ________ adj. noisy → noisily ________ adv. 8.frighten v.→frightened/frightening adj. ____________________

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│ 基础过关

1. 飞往北方国家 _________________________ fly to northern countries in north-east China 2.在中国东北部 _____________________ 3.常年,一年到头 _________________ all year round catch fish for food 4.捕鱼为食 _____________________ 重点 make more space 5.让出更多的地方 ___________________ 短语 less and less 6.越来越少 _________________ 7.??的重要性 _____________________ the importance of ? 8.返回学校 _____________________ return to school 9.晚饭吃面条 _________________________ have noodles for supper

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│ 基础过关

10.为考试而学习 __________________ study for exams 11.在入口处 __________________ at the entrance 12.等不及?? __________________ can't wait for ? 13.在世界的其他区域 in other areas of the world __________________________ take more space 重点 14.占更多的空间 __________________ 短语 15.发出许多噪音 ______________________ make a lot of noise 16.兴趣和爱好 ______

________________ interests and hobbies 17.防洪 ____________________ prevent the flood 18.把某物给某人看 ____________________________ show sth to sb/show sb sth

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│ 基础过关

by mistake 19.错误地 ______________ 20.进行鸟类统计 _________________ do a bird count go birdwatching 21.去观鸟 ______________________ be in danger 重点 22.处于危险中 _________________ 短语 23.一大批的 _____________________ a large number of 24.为某人提供某物 __________________________________ provide sth for sb/provide sb with sth 25.成为??的一员 _______________________ become a member of have an area of?/be?in area 26.有??的面积 ____________________________
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│ 基础过关
1. 这是一块供野生动物生长的好地方,因为它为它们提供 了食物和栖息地。 The area is a great __________ wildlife because it place for __________ food and shelter ______them. provides for 2.它是世界上最重要的湿地之一。 It is ______________________________wetlands. one of the world's most important 3.越来越多的鸟类正处在危险中,因为它们没有足够的空 间。 ____________________ are __________ because they More and more birds in danger do not ___________________. have enough space
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重 点 句 型

│ 基础过关
4.一些人想改变湿地,以便为农场和建筑开辟更多的 地方。 Some people _______________ the wetlands to want to change ________________ farms and buildings. make space for 5.这就意味着野生动物的空间将变得越来越少。 This _______there will ________________________ 重点 means be less and less space for 句型 the wildlife. 6.许多鸟常年舒适地生活在扎龙自然保护区,而有些鸟则 只在那里作短暂的停留。 live comfortably in Many birds ____________________ Zhalong Nature Reserve ______________,while some only stay all year round there _______________. for a short stay
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│ 基础过关
7.扎龙有许多动植物,其中包括不同种类的鸟儿。 Zhalong the ___________a lot of plants and is home of including animals, ________ different kinds of birds. 8.为濒临灭绝的鸟类提供食物和栖息地不是我们保护湿地 Providing food 的唯一的理由。 ______________ and shelter for endangered the only reason for birds is not __________________us to protect wetlands. to do something 9.我认为对我来说做一些保护鸟儿的事情是很重要的。 I think it is important for me _______________ to can't wait for protect birds. ·译林牛津版

重 点 句 型

│ 基础过关
11. 我打算去市场观鸟。 going birdwatching at I am _____________________ the market. 12. 研究工作将于下个月开始。 begins next month The study____________________. 13. 我们必须采取措施去保护濒临灭绝的鸟。 重点 We musttake action ______________ to protect 句型 th

e____________________. endangered birds 14. 你可以拨打010-55586390联系我或寄邮件至 amy@sunshinetown.com.cn。 You can call me __________________ or on 010-5558 6390 _____________ amy@sunshinetown. com.cn. e-mail me at
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│ 基础过关

1. 英语的五种基本句型。 语法 [详见P94 ,语法互动(十二)] 结构 2.学会用一般现在时表示将来的动作。 [详见P88 ,语法互动(九)]

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重点突破

词汇点睛

1

provide vt. 供应,供给 [拓展] provide sth for sb=provide sb with sth 为某人提供某物;还可以用以下词组表示: offer sth to sb=offer sb sth

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活学活用 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 Sheep ____________________ wool. provide us with 羊提供给我们羊毛。 2.单项填空 ( B ) The government ________ lots of food ________ the people who lost their homes in the flood. A.provides; with B.provided; for C.provided; with D.provided; on

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2 prevent vt. 防止,预防;阻止,制止;妨碍 vi.妨碍;阻止 [搭配] prevent…from… 使……不做……;阻止……做…… [拓展] prevent sb from doing sth= stop sb (from) doing sth,其中的from在主动句中可以省略,但在被动句 中不能省略。另一同义的词组keep sb from doing sth中的 from在任何时候都不能省。 活学活用 ( A )The bad cold prevented her ________ going out. A.from B.Of C.on D.in
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3

Northern adj. 北方的;北部的 [拓展] 在名词north后面加后缀- 构成形容词 ern northern。 类似的词有:south → southern ; east → eastern ; west → western 。 [搭配] in the northern part of…=in the north of … 在……的北部

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活学活用 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 Heilongjiang is _______________ China. in the north of =Heilongjiang is in the northern part of _____________________ China. 黑龙江在中国的北部。 2.单项填空 ( B ) They will travel in some ________ cities. A.north B.northern C.south D.west
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4

frighten vt. 吓唬,使惊恐 [拓展] (1)frighten vt.吓唬,使惊恐 frighten+sb/sth吓唬/吓坏某人/物 (2)frightened adj.“受惊的,害怕的”,作定语或表 be frightened of=be afraid of?害怕?? (3)frightening adj.吓人的,令人害怕的 Walk softly and don't frighten the birds. 轻手轻脚地,不要吓着这些鸟。 This is a frightened bear. He can hurt people. 这是一只受惊吓的熊。它会伤人的。
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语。

活学活用 ( D ) (1) Don't ________me. Where has my pet dog gone? A.frightened B.frightening C.frightens D.frighten C ( ) (2) When the earthquake happened, many people were so ________ that they ran________. A.Frightening ; wild B.Frightened ; wild C.Frightened ; wildly D.Frightening ; wildly
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句型透视
1 Many birds live comfortably in Zhalon

g Nature Reserve all year round, while some only stay there for a short time. 许多鸟常年舒适地生活在扎龙自然保护区,而有些鸟则只 在那里作短暂的停留。 [点拨] 句中all year round意为“一年到头”。 all year round=the whole year=all the year。 [拓展] all day long 整天 all night long 整夜 all winter long 整个冬天
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1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) I am busy __________________. all year round 我一年忙到头。 (2) He has worked for all the patients all night long _______________. 他已经为这些病人工作一整夜了。 2.同义句转换 He is on business all year round. all/t the year He is on business ________ _________ _______.

he

/whole

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2 Some people want to change the wetlands to make more space for farms and buildings. 一些人想改变湿地,以便为农田和建筑开辟更多的地方。 [点拨] (1)句中change是动词,意为“改变,兑换”等。 change 还可作名词,意为“改变,变化;零钱”等。 (2) make space/room for 意为“为……让出空位/空间/地 方”;其中room(空间)和space均为不可数名词,没有复 数形式。space作为名词还有“太空;空地;空处”等意思。

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活学活用 (1) In autumn the leaves ___________________________. change from green to yellow 秋天树叶由绿变黄。 (2) We'll ___________________ you in the back of the make room/ space for car. 我们将在车的后部为你留出地方。

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3

We return to school at 5 p.m. 我们今天下午5点钟回到学校。 [点拨] 句中的return 作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相 当于go/come back,后接表示地点的名词时要用介词to或 from连接, return to ?意为“回到某地”,return from?意为“从某地回来”。后接表示地点的副词时不用 介词。return 不能与back连用。 [拓展] return用作及物动词时,表示“归还”,相当于 give back, return sth to sb=return sb sth。

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活学活用 同义句转换 He will return to Beijing in 2 days. back He will __________ ______ to Beijing in 2 days. come/go

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(

B

) 1. We won't go with them if my uncle ______ 高频考点 tomorrow. A.come B.comes C.is coming D.will

come ( ) 2. I will go to see you as soon as I ________ to A Changchun next week. A.get B.reach C.will get D.arrive C ( ) 3. How hot! Let's go________. A.climbing B.skating C.swimming ·译林牛津版

(

) 4. [2010·兰州] —Tommy, do you know if Frank ________ to the theatre with us this B Sunday if it________? —Sorry, I have no idea. A.goes; is fine B.will go; is fine C.will go; will be fine D.goes; will be fine ( ) 5. Japan is ________ China. B A.in the east of B.to the east of C.on the east of D.east ·译林牛津版 in

cats________ in the yard when the earthquake

happened.
A playing A

.was playing B.is

C.are playing

D.were

playing ( D ) 7. [2011·包头] It will be two days before the decision ________. A.has made B.will beB made C.was made D.is made ( ) 8. Don't bring food to the party. If you ________,I’ll ·译林牛津版 take it away.

基础过关
? 词汇专练 Ⅰ. 根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1.Pandas are r____ animals. They live only in China. are 2. Every year, a lot of t________ come to visit the ourists Great Wall in China. 3. The Chinese g___________ wants to protect these overnment endangered birds.

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4. Jack did his homework c_________, so there arelessly were lots of mistakes. 5.There are some w_______ that came into the ildlife forest yesterday. 6. You should show good m_______ to old people. anners

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Ⅱ. 根据汉语提示完成句子 1. The Chinese government wants to protect these _____________ (濒临灭绝的) birds. endangered 2. Many people don't understand the ____________ importance (重要性) of wetlands. 3.These swallows ______ (飞往) to _________ (北方的) flew northern countries last summer. 4.We don't like to make the ___________ (不诚实) dishonest friends. 5.A lot of _________________ (观光者)come to the tourists/visitors Great Wall every year.
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Ⅲ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.His teacher looked at him ________ (angry). angrily 2.He is too busy. He ______________ (not have) doesn't have enough time to watch TV. 3.The Bird Watching Club needs people _________ to count (count) the birds. 4.If people change the wetlands to make space for farm, the birds won't have enough space to live _______ (live) in.
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5. Different _______________ (govern) take governments different ways to protect animals. comes 6.She won't go to bed until her mother ________ (come) back.

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? 句型专练

Ⅰ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.管理部门将供应饮食。 The management will _________ food and drink supply _____ us. for 2.地球上可供居住的空间越来越小。 There is ______________ space for us to live in. less and less 3.红灯亮的时候不要过马路,那是很危险的。 If you cross the road when the traffic lights are red, you are___________. in danger
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4.我们应该知道英语学习的重要性。 We should know the__________________________. importance of English study 5. 他在课堂上弄出很多噪音,老师生气了。 He _________________ in class and the teacher got made much noise ________. angry 6.峨眉山是野生动物自然保护区之一。 E?mei Mountain is one of ___________________ for the nature reserves _____________. wild animals 7. 他们对即将来临的新年聚会简直迫不及待了。 They ______________ the coming New Year Party. can't wait for
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Ⅱ. 句型转换 1.Write these words on the blackboard.(改为否定句) _______ ___

____ these words on the blackboard. Don't write 2. I will go back to school in_an_hour. (对画线部分提问) ______ _______ _____ ______ go back to school? How soon will you 3.Sandy told us to frighten the birds.(改为否定句) Sandy told us _____ ____ __________ the birds. not to frighten 4. To go to Beijing by train from here is not possible. (改 为同义句) ____ ____________ ____ go to Beijing by train from It's impossible to here.
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每日一辨
living, live与alive (1)living作前置定语,修饰人或动物,也可以作表语,作 表语时可用alive替换。 Three men are living/alive in the accident. 在这场事故中有3个人活着。 (2) live作动词,“居住,生活”;作形容词,“实况转播”。 She lives alone.她一个人生活。 (3) alive常作后置定语、表语或宾语补足语。 This is a living/live fish.=This fish is alive./This is a fish alive. 这是一条活鱼。
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│ Unit 6,Book 8A

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│ 基础过关 基础过关
类别 课标考点要求

foggy 1. fog n.→________ adj. 2.arrive vi.→________ n. arrival 词汇 3.warn v.→__________ n. warning 拓展 4.low adj.→________(反义词) high

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│ 基础过关

词汇 拓展

5.honest adj.→ ___________(反义词) dishonest 6.fireman n.→ firemen (复数) ________ 7.tour n. → tourist (旅行者,观光者) ________ 8.discuss vt. → __________ n. discussion

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│ 基础过关

1. 输了比赛 lose the game _______________ thousands of people 2.上千人 _____________________ wash away 3.冲走 _______________ 4.从树上跌下来 __________________ fall from the tree 重点 5.撞到树上 __________________ crash into a tree 短语 6.起先 __________ at first 7.相互看着 look at each other __________________ 8.提心吊胆 __________ in fear 9.四散奔逃 _____________________ run in all directions

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│ 基础过关

10.自言自语 __________________ say to oneself 11.呼喊求救 __________________ shout for help 12.警告某人别做某事 ______________________ warn sb not to do sth 13.待在这儿太久 ________________________ stay here for too long be covered with 重点 14.被??覆盖 __________________ 短语 15.跑下楼梯 __________________ run downstairs 16.一个接一个 ____________ one by one pay attention to 17.注意 __________________ 18.建议某人做某事 _____________________ advise sb to do sth

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│ 基础过关

19.听到像雷一样的一声巨响 ________________________________ hear a loud noise like thunder an accident report 20.一份事故报告 ______________________ 21.镇定下来 ____________ calm down 重点 stay alive 22.活着 ____________ 短语 find one's way out 23.找到出路 ______________________ be in a hurry to do sth 24.匆忙做某事 ______________________ 25.坏掉,

崩溃 ____________ break down 26.向某人分发食物和水 give out food and water to sb ______________________________
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│ 基础过关
1. 我的房子全都湿透了。 My house is all wet ____________. 2. 如果你不和我一起来,谁将把它拖干净? Who's going to mop it up if you don't _______________? 重点 come with me 句型 3. 我不知道我在哪儿。 I did not even know ____________. where I was 4. 有些人从购物中心跑出来。我也拼命跑向大街。 Some people ____________ the shopping centre . ran out of I ____________to run out to the street, too. tried my best
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│ 基础过关
5. 我的脑中掠过一阵恐惧,但我告诉我自己要镇定下来, 因为我仍然还活着。 A moment of fear _____________my mind but I went through told calm down still alive myself to __________since I was __________. 重点 句型 6. 人们迫不及待地移开砖块和石头。 in a great hurry People were ________________ to move away the bricks and stones. 7. 昨天晚上下了一场大雨。 rained heavily It ______________ last night.

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│ 基础过关

8.因为两个小时之内没有汽车,每个人不得不快一点儿。 Everybody ________________ since there would had to hurry be no buses ________________. in two hours 9.吴先生叫我们回家。 重点 Mr Wu __________________________. told us to go home 句型 10.一个名叫苏明的人在下午7:40的时候用他的手机拨 打了110。 A man ________ Su Ming____________________ named called the 110 hotline at 7:40 p.m. ________his mobile phone. using

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│ 基础过关
11.今天的天气如何? ________the weather today? How is =________the weather like today? What's 12.玻璃和砖石碎片落下时,人们狂奔。 People were ____________________ pieces of running wildly while glass and bricks__________________. were falling down 13.我正竭力寻找出路时,突然听到了来自上面的声音。 I________________________________ was trying to find my way out when I suddenly heard some noise above me. 14. 恶劣天气有时造成自然灾害。 Bad weather sometimes causes natural disasters ______________________.
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重 点 句 型

│ 基础过关

1. 学会运用过去进行时。 [详见P88 ,语法互动(九)] 语法 结构 2.学会运用while和when。 [详见P84 ,语法互动(七)]

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重点突破

词汇点睛

1 accident n.意外的事; 偶然的事 [辨析] accident, event 和 happening (1)accident具有偶然性,或因错误偶然发生,没有计划性。 出车祸等可以用accident。 (2)event意为“重大的、引人注目的事件”,如卫星的发射成 功、国家政体的改变等。 (3)happening是指日常的事件,如孩子间的吵嘴、打架等。

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活学活用 (1) He was killed ________________. in an accident 他死于一次车祸。

(2) The new book was __________________ of the year. the cultural event 这本新书的出版是今年文化界的大事。

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2

mind n.头脑,想法,精神 v.介意;在乎 [拓展] (1)mind n. 头脑,想法,精神。 如 body and mind身心 make one?s mind to do sth 下定决心去做某事 (2)mind v. 介意 mind+n./pron./v.ing介意…… Never mind.不介意,没关系。

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(3)Would/Do you mind+n./pron./v.-ing? 您介意??吗? 此句型的回答是针对mind的,表示“介意,在乎”时,用 “Yes”,后跟句子表示不让对方做某事;表示“不介意,不 在乎”时,用“No”,后跟句子表示允许对方做某事。 例:—Do you mind my closing the window?我关上窗子你 介意吗? —Yes, you'd better not.是的,你最好别关。 —No, certainly not. 不介意,你当然可以关上。

活学活用 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 Would you mind my ________ (close) the door? closing
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3

since conj. 由于,既然;自从 prep. 自……以来 [搭配] ever since 从那时起,一直到现在;此后,一直 [注意] since作“既然,由于”讲时,引导原因状语从句; 表示既成事实的原因,不可与连词so连用。 since引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时,而主句多用现 在完成时,表示从过去某一时间开始的动作一直持续到 现在。 活学活用 ( B ) Changes have taken place in your hometown ________ you left. A.after B.since C.till D.as ·译林牛津版

4

hurry vt. (使)赶紧,(使)匆忙,加速 vi. 匆忙,赶紧/快 n. 匆忙,仓促 [搭配] in a hurry 匆忙地 be in a hurry to do sth= do sth in a hurry = hurry to do sth 急忙做某事 no hurry 不忙,不必着急,有充裕的时间 hurry up 快点,赶紧做 hurry to do sth 匆忙去做某事 hurry off 匆忙离开

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活学活用 1.单项填空 ( A ) He went to school ________. A.in a hurry B.hurry up C.hurry off D.in hurry 2.根据汉语意思完成句子 ___________(快点), or you'll be late for school. Hurry up

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5

cover vt. 覆盖;铺;掩饰 n. 盖子;封面 [搭配] be covered with 被……盖住(覆盖) cover…with… 用……覆盖…… 活学活用 ( C ) Look, the ground is covered ________ snow. A.in B.on C.with D.below

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6 alive adj. 活着的 [辨析] alive, living, lively, live和 life (1)alive 是形容词,意为“活着的,在世的”,通常只作表语 或后置定语。 (2)living 可作形容词,意为“活着的,有生命的(尤指现存 的)”;又可作名词意为“生存之道,生计”。 如:make a living谋生 (3)lively 是形容词,意为“有生气的,生机勃勃的”。 (4)live 作动词时意为“活着”;作形容词时意为“现场直播的”。 (5)life 是名词,意为“生命,生活”。

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活学活用 ( B ) Mom bought a ________ fish . ________ now. A.live ; alive B.living ; alive C.alive ; living D.alive ; live

It is still

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句型透视
1 People in the shopping centre looked at each other in fear. 在购物中心里的人们惊恐地相互看着。 [点拨] in fear是介词短语,意为“恐惧地;害怕地”,在句 中充当状语。in 意为“处在……中;在……情况下”,表示 达到或处于某种状态或情形。 [拓展] in difficulties/ danger 处在困难中/ 危难中 in surprise 吃惊地

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活学活用 They looked at each other in fear when they heard a ________ whisper. 当他们听到一声低语的时候,他们相互惊恐地望着彼此。

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2

Timmy survived the earthquake. 蒂米在地震中活了下来。 [点拨] 句中survive的意思是“幸存;活下来”,可以用 live through来替换。 活学活用 改为同义句 Few people survived the earthquake. lived through Few people ________________ the earthquake.

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3

The temperature is going to drop a little. 气温将下降一点儿。 [点拨] 句中drop的意思是“下降,落下,下跌”。 [搭配] drop to… 掉到……
活学活用 ( C ) He ________ his shoes on the ground heavily. A.drop B.droped C.dropped D.dropping
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4

…I suddenly heard some noise above me. ……我突然听到一些声音从我的上方传来。 [辨析] sound, noise 和 voice (1)sound泛指可以听到的“声音” 和“自然界的任何声音”。 (2)noise则常指人们不愿听到的“噪声”。 (3)voice是名词,着重指“人的说话声,嗓音”。

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活学活用 (1) Light goes faster than ________. sound 光比声音传播速度快。 (2) Don't make so much ________. noise 别制造这么多噪音。 (3) She has a good singing________. voice 她唱起歌来很好听。

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5

Bad weather sometimes causes natural disasters. 恶劣天气有时造成自然灾害。 [点拨] (1)cause vt. 引起,使发生; 后跟名词、代词或复合宾语。 cause sth 造成……的危害 cause sb sth给某人造成…… cause sb/ sth to do sth使某人/物做某事 (2)cause n.原因;理由 the cause of sth 某事发生的原因 the cause for sth某事的理由
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[辨析] cause,reason 和 excuse (1)cause v.&n.引起;引起某事的原因,强调造成一种事实 或现象的直接“原因、根源或起因”;作可数名词用时,与of 连用;作不可数名词用时,与for连用。 (2)reason n.推理;强调一种看法或逻辑推理引出的“理 由”或“原因”,通常与for搭配使用,并可接why从句。 (3)excuse v.&n.原谅;原因,强调为了避免责咎而进行的 辩解或找出的借口。

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活学活用
( A ) (1) —Bill is ill. Do you know what's wrong with him? —Poor boy. His illne

ss is the ________ of eating unhealthy food. A.result B.cause C.reason D.end ( B ) (2) What ________his illness? A.reasons B.causes C.lead D.end

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( on D to

) 1. I didn't hear you because I ________ the news

高频考点 the radio. A.listen to
C.listened to

B.am listening

D.was

listening to ( D ) 2. [2011·河南] —I called you at 4:00 yesterday afternoon, but no one answered. —Sorry, I ________ with my friends at that time. A.swim B.swam C.will swim D.was swimming ·译林牛津版

( ) 3. I was playing the piano ________ the A doorbell rang last night. A.when B.before C.while D.after C ( ) 4. Mom was cooking while I was ________music. A.listening B.hearing C.listening to D.Sounding

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基础过关
? 词汇专练

Ⅰ. 根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 1. We are doing a roject on China's history. p______ 2. Wait here for a m_______ . I'll be back soon. oment 3.He has been here for n_____ 2 years. early 4.The temperature will d____ to 3℃ tomorrow. You'd rop better wear more clothes. 5.The little girl s_________ when she saw the snake. creamed 6.Tom fell off the tree and h____ his leg. urt
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Ⅱ. 根据汉语提示完成句子 1.I am reading an article about a car _________ (事故). accident 2. The ________ (可怕的)flood washed the village away terrible last night. 3.A ___________ (暴雨) hit Nanjing last Sunday. rainstorm 4.People ran ________ (失控地)everywhere when the wildly earthquake happened. 5.At that __________ (时刻), I didn't know what to do. moment

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6.How _________ (大)it is snowing! heavily 7.Bad weather often ________ (引起) natural disasters. causes 8. The living ____________ (条件)are getting better and conditions better for the villagers.

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Ⅲ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 1. I ____________ (do) the housework the whole was doing morning that day. 2.We felt a slight __________ (shake) before the shaking earthquake happened. 3. My mother ______________ (cook) when we was cooking _________ (arrive) home yesterday. arrived

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4.Our class teacher warned us _____________ (not not to copy) others' exercises. copy 5.Will you please give me some _________ (advise) advice on English study? 6.Don't be ___________ (frighten). It's just a toy frightened gun.

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? 句型专练

Ⅰ. 根据汉语意思完成句子 1.昨天晚上他直到完成作业才睡觉。 He ________ go to bed _______ he finished his didn't until homework last night. 2. 没有你的帮助,我做不成这件事。 I ________ do it _________ your help. can't without 3.当他们听到一声低语的时候,他们惊恐地望着对方。 They looked at each other ________ when they In fear heard a whisper.

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4.当他落入水里的时候,他尖声求救。 When he fell into the water, he ________

__________. screamed for help 5.当鸟儿听到枪响的时候四处乱飞。 When the birds heard the gun shoot, they flew _________________. in all directions 6. 我正在教室写作业时,武老师叫我们早点回家。 I ____________ my homework in the classroom and was doing Mr. Wu ______ us _______ home early. told to go 7.因为母亲去工作了,他不得不自己照顾自己。 __________ Mother went to work, he ____________ Because had to look ____________. after himself
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Ⅱ. 句型转换 1.People were in a hurry to take the sick man to hospital. (改为同义句) People ________ ____ take the sick man to hospital. hurried to 2. “Don?t walk on!” the officer said to the soldiers. (改 为同义句) The officer ________ the soldiers ______ _____ asked not to walk on.

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3.The weather today is rainy_and_cloudy. (对画线部分 提问) _______ is the weather today? How 4. The boys were playing basketball on the playground. (对画线部分提问) ________ _______ the boys playing basketball? Where were

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每日一辨
beat与hit 两者都可表示“打”,区别如下: (1) beat 强调连续或反复地“打”,因此像心脏跳动、打鼓、 打拍子等具有连续性或反复性的动作,一般要用 beat。 如: My heart beats fast. 我的心跳得很快。 (2) hit表示有意或无意地打或撞等,往往含有重重一击或用 力敲打等之意。如: He hit her hard in the face. 他重重地打了她一耳光。
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