Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
Part 1 直接引语与间接引语的概述
引用别人的话一般有两种方式，一种是直接引述别 人的原话，并把它放在引号内，这叫直接引语；另 一种是用自己的话来转述别人的话，并且不能用引 号，这就叫间接引语。间接引语在许多情况下构成 宾语从句。
布莱克先生说：“我很忙。” Mr. Black said, “I am busy.” （直接引语） 布莱克先生说他很忙。 Mr. Black said that he was busy. （间接引语）
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1，直接引语如果是陈述句，变成间接引语时，用连词that引导。从句中的人 称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等要相应变化。 他说:“他正在逛街。” He said, “I am going shopping.” He said that he was going shopping. 2，如果直接引语时疑问句 变成间接引语时，要把疑问句语序变成陈述句语序 （主语在谓语的前面），句末要用句号，主语在人称、时态和状语等也要 作相应的变化。 ? 1）一般疑问句：直接引语如果是一般疑问句，变成间接引语时，谓语动 词如果是say或said时，要改成ask或asked，原问句变成由连词if（或whether） 引导的宾语从句.没有间接宾语的，可以根据情况加上。 她问我：“你是李先生吗？” She asked me, “Are you Mr. Li?” She asked me if /whether I was Mr. Li.
他问道：“你对英语感兴趣吗？” He said, “Are you interested in English?” He asked (me) if I was interested in English.
特殊疑问句：直接引语如果是特殊疑问句，变成间接引语时，仍然用原来的 疑问句引导。 “你想要什么？”他问我。 “What do you want?” he asked me. He asked me what I wanted. 姐姐问安妮：“你给你的日记起什么名字呢？” “What do you call your diary?” Anne’s sister asked her. Anne’s sister asked her what she called her diary.
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1. He asked, “ Are you a Party member? He asked ____. A am I a Party member B was I a Party member C if I was a Party member D whether was I a Party member 2. He asked, “ How are you getting along?” He asked ___. A how am I getting along B how are you getting along C how I was getting along D how was I getting along
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3.An English teacher asked his students, “Are you interested in my lessons?” An English teacher asked his students if __ were interested in __ lessons. A. you; my B. you; his C. they; my D. they; his 4. “I am a teacher,” Jack sai
d. Jack said __ a teacher. A. that I am B. I was C. that he was D. he was
5. “You’ve already got well, haven’t you?” she asked. →She asked ________. A. if I have already got well, hadn’t you B. whether I had already got well C. have I already got well D. had I already got well. 6. John asked me _______ to visit his uncle’s farm with him. A. how would I like B. if or not would I like C. whether I would like D. which I would like
1. “You should be more careful next time,” his father said t o him. 2. Mr. Wang said, “I will leave for Shanghai on business next month, children” 3. “I haven’t heard from my parents these days,” said Mary. 4. The geography teacher said to us, “The moon moves aro und the earth and the earth goes round the sun.” 5. She said to him, “It’s time that you left here.”
1. His father told him that he should be more caref ul the next time. 2. Mr. Wang told the children that he would leave for Shanghai on business the next month. 3. Mary said that she hadn’t heard from her parent s those days. 4. The geography teacher told us that the moon mo ves around the earth and the earth goes round the s un. 5. She told him that it was time that he left there.