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中考英语语法复习的整体思路附新题型解题技巧

发布时间:2013-11-26 11:36:06  

孩子补课班的详细情况有兴趣的家长可以与吕老师联系

初中英语语法精讲完型填空阅读理解专项提高初三定制班市重点中学名师执教凑班

授课内容:语法模块:分年级系统进行针对中考的英语语法、词汇、阅读、写作知识梳理,以牛津教材为基础进行知识点的扩充;完整系统讲解初中阶段语法包括时态语态名词性从句状语从句形容词副词代词情态动词介词数词简单句并列句;授课强调互动,不只是简单的应试,让学生知其然并知其所以然,摒弃传统中学老师教授“这个是固定搭配记下来”。学生听完可后普遍反映语法清晰了,思路有了,做题速度提高了,准确率改善了。完型阅读模块:帮助学生啃下完型填空和阅读理解这块大骨头通过几十篇完型填空以及阅读理解操练讲解让学生逻辑、思路清晰找到完型填空阅读理解的做题秘籍。在学生学有余力的情况下,会增加初三年级以及高中难度的完型,为学生阅读理解保驾护航。绝大多数练习都是历年中考一模二模试卷中的真题。课程内容实战性很强,以操练讲评为主。

师资:延安中学高一备课组长吕老师上海市延安中学英语教师,华东师范大学英语教育硕士,上海人,有近八年的中学教学经验。长期对中考英语进行全方位系统分析,对中考高分策略有独到研究。在英语听力教学中,采用情景分类教学,使考生迅速领会出题者的意图。在英语语法教学中,以最详细的广度囊括所有中考考纲中出现的语法点。在英语阅读教学中,独创了英语阅读三步大法,通过“题干----原文----选项”比较思维的革命性解题方法,帮助考生摆脱由于词汇量不够、意群理解不透彻、解题速度跟不上等原因造成的得分障碍,能使考生在最短时间内保证最高正确率完成阅读部分的解题。著有《中考英语强化训练》、《京津沪特级教师高中英语语法疑难分析》、《上海市中考英语总复习要求》、《全国外国语学校英语综合素质训练》等十余本畅销著作。

多年的实践中,已成功许多考生激发英语学习的热情,领悟英语学习的真谛,化繁为简,减轻考生学习和精神负担,真正减负,引领了高分目标创新。

授课地点:长宁区福泉路天山西路口附近交通地铁二号线淞虹路站公交141825等费用:120/2h月结当中如有请假可向后顺延

授课形式:第一次可试听每班人数控制在4人以下

授课时间:初预年级周六下午两小时或晚上6:30-8:30

初一年级周六上午8:00-10:00或周六下午2:30-4:30

初二年级周日上午10:00-12:00或周六下午16:30-18:30

初三年级周日下午16:30-18:30

有兴趣的家长可以站短我或短信联系吕老师18964373422

★语法四选一SECTION解题秘籍

(20题20分,增加1-2题音标考核)

26题-27题会出现的题型

例1:Ihadsomemilkandbreadforbreakfasttoday.Whichofthefollowingiscorrectfortheunderlinedwordinthesentence?

A./bred/

/brε?d/

例2:Whichofthefollowingunderlinedpartsisdifferentinpronunciationwithothers?

A.Dadboughtanewforme.B.Niceday!Let’sflyainthepark.

C.It’sonlyfifteenminutes’totheschool.

D.I’dliketoyoutomybirthdayparty.

例3:Whichofthefollowingwordmatchesthesound/su:n/?

A.sonB.soonC.signD.sandB./bri:d/C./brΘd/D.

例4:Whichofthefollowingisright?

A.Peter,wouldyoulikesometea?↗

B.No,thanks.↘

C.Whataboutorangejuice?↗

D.Thatsoundsgood.↘友情提示:请各位考生关注中考考纲词汇单词的正确发音以

g对话部分的intonation及平时在课本中容易忽略的speakinspeakingintonation

部分。

一.冠词

积累:havepityon,loseweight,losetemper,beintrouble

takeamessagefor,makealiving,makea

decision,havealookat(09真题)

withthehelpof,taketheplaceof,inthefuture,

makethebed,laythetable

1.Myparentsaskedmetosendthem

week.

A)a

2.Dudu,B)anC)theD)/e-mailoncea11-year-olddog,gaveusawonderfulperformanceonChina'sGotTalentShow.

A)a

D)/B)anC)the

3.Thereis________“u”intheword“university”.(13浦东university”二模)

A)theB)anC)aD)/

4.Thisnovelcanmakeyoulaughandcryat______sametime.(上海中考真题)

A)a

D)/

二.介词

1.YoucanimproveyourspokenEnglish

moreandmore.

A)in

C)by

D)from

2.Alltheboyswentswimmingthatafternoon________Bobbecausehehadacold.

A)except

D)withB)includingC)besidesB)atusingitB)anC)the

3.________thehelpoftheteacher,mysonhasmadegreat

.progressinEnglishnglish.

A)By

D)With

4.TheboywaspleasedforhavingmadeB)UnderC)OnsuchgreatprogressinEnglish.(11静安一模)English.(11

A)at

D)with

5.Nowadayssomeoldfamousbuildingsarenotfamiliar_____thenewcitizensofShanghai.

A)withB)onC)forD)toB)forC)to

6.Excuseme,couldIpay

A)by

C)on

D)withcreditcardinyourrestaurant?B)for

7.Wearethankfultothosewhosupporteduswhenwewere__________trouble.

(13黄浦二模)

A)in

D)forB)byC)about

8.Icouldn’tdoit______yourhelp.Thanksalot!(13广州)couldn’

A)with

C)for

9.Thechemicalsinthevegetablesandfruitarebad________ourhealth.(上海中考真题)

A)fromB)withC)ofD)forB)withoutD)to

三.代词

1.Computersaresupercalculatorsandpeopleoftencall——

A)they

2.Treesonelectronicbrain.B)theirC)theirsD)themsidesofthestreetaredecoratedbeautifullytowelcomethegreatevent.

A)eitherB)bothC)neitherD)all

’sneverbeentoHainanIslandforholiday.3.MissFangFang’

Mr.Lin.

A)NeitherisB)Neitherhas

D)SohasC)Sois

4.Parentsshouldunderstandthattheycan’tdo_______forcan’

(徐theirchildrenandkidshavetolearntobeindependent.independent.(

汇一模)

A)something

C)everythingB)nothingD)anything

5.Afriendis______thatwecandependonwhenweareintrouble.(徐汇二模)

A)nobody

everybodyB)somebodyD)anybodyC)

’s6.Iliketovisittwoshopsonmywayhome.OneisSandySandy’

Bakery,______istheColdstonewhichsellsniceice-cream.

A)other

othersB)theotherD)theothersC)

’tunderstandwhatyoutoldus,could7.-Mr.Lu,Istillcancan’

youshowme________example?

(13浦东二模)

A)theother

D)othersB)theothersC)another

8.Shegotuptogetsomesleepingpillsbutfoundtherewas_______leftathome.(13宝山)

A)nothing

C)somethingB)noneD)anything

’sinit?(13长宁9.Ben,showmeyour________hand.WhatWhat’

二模)

A)theother

C)other

others

10.________ofthesetwohatslooksgoodonmydaughter.Doyouhaveanotherone?

(中考真题)

A)Both

四.名词

1.PeopleinEnglandprefertobuymany

supermarketatweekends.theB)AllC)NeitherD)NoneB)anotherD)

A)breadB)meat

D)potatoesC)rice

2.Overtenyears'workineducationfield,Simonhasgotalotofinteaching.

nB)experienceA)informatioinformationexperience

importance

五.形容词/副词的原/比较/最高级

1.Thestoryinthenewspapersounds________,butwheredidthewomanjournalistgetit?

A)well

loudlyB)trueD)properlyC)C)discussionD)

’sAdventureis_________,soit’s2.ThefilmTintinTintin’it’

welcomedbyteenagers.(12卢湾)

A)amazing

C)boring

3.Theroastbeeftastesso

piece,mum?

A)well

C)deliciousB)badD)terribleB)excitedD)bored.MayIhaveonemore

4.MyoldneighbourCharlesfelt________afterhischildrenmovedout.(13上海)

A)lonely

happilyB)safelyC)angrilyD)

5.Ipadis______acceptedbytheyoungpeoplethanthoseofotherbrands.

A)widely

widely

_______fastfood6.Inordertokeephealthy,weshouldeateat_______

_________________________freshvegetables.andand__________________________________________________fresh

A)less...more

fewer...moreB)fewer...fewerD)more...lessC)B)morewidelyC)mostwidelyD)themost

7.Mysonlikesreadingstories.Nowhecantellastoryas_______ashissister.(12卢湾)

A)better

D)well

’tplaytabletennis________hedidlast8.Mr.Wudoesndoesn’

year.(13宝山二模)B)bestC)good

A)sobetteras

D)aswellasB)sowonderfulasC)asgoodas

9.AmongtheearringsIchoose

’tbringenoughmoneythatday.didndidn’

A)cheap

D)thecheapest

.ThemovieBatmanandJokeris1010.

everseentheseyears.

A)excitingB)moreexcitingB)cheaperpairbecauseIC)cheapestonethatI'veC)themostexciting

D)mostexciting

.FrankisplayinghisiPhone5s________,buthisfather1111.iPhone

looksunhappy.

A)lovely

D)politely

12.Theyoungladyseems__________.Shekeepssinging12.

andsmilingallthemorning.

A)happyB)unhappyC)happinessB)happilyC)friendly

D)happily

六.情态动词

1.You

alreadyknownit.

A)needn’tneedn’tellhimthegoodnewsbecausehehasB)maynotC)mustn’tmustn’D)can’tcan’

2.Nowadaysevenasmallpersonalcomputer______storehugeamountsofinformation.

A)mustB)needC)shouldD)can

3.Beforeboardingontheplaneeveryone__________gothroughthesecuritycheck(安检).(13黄浦二模?10年中考真题改编)A)need

D)must

4.YoueithersetthealarmclockoraskforaB)mayC)canmorningcall.(13普陀二模)

A)shouldB)mayC)oughttoD)must

七.基数词/序数词

1.Dr.Sitwelltookuptheprojectonwaterpollutionwith

.severalassistantsinher________________.

A)sixty

sixtiethsB)sixtiesC)sixtiethD)

八.连词(★语境理解)

1.Domoreexerciseeveryday,

thanbefore.

A)soB)butC)andD)or

wejoinedthesame’llbestrongeryouyou’2.Wehavebeengoodfriends

singinggroup.

A)until

C)since

thoughB)whenD)

ination________youdo3.Youmayfailtopasstheexamexamination

yourbesttogooverthelessons.

A)afterB)becauseC)unlessD)when

4.Parentsshouldalwayskeepaneyeonlittlechildren,_____theycaneasilygethurt.

A)or

C)but

D)soB)and

5.Ireallyenjoyedyourlecture______thereweresome

’tquiteunderstand.partsIdidndidn’

A)because

when

6.YoucanbuythelatestiPhoneattheAppleauthorizedstore(专卖店).Theyareusuallymoreexpensive,_______youcangetbetterafter-saleservice.

A)and

C)so

D)or

________globalwarming7.Nowadaystherearefrequentfloodsfloods________

becomesmoreandmoreserious.

A)so

C)becauseB)andD)butB)butB)unlessunlessC)thoughD)

8.OftenJamesBond007wasinadifficultanddangeroussituation,______healwaysmanagedtoescape.(13闸北)

A)because

though

9.TheperformanceofyesterdaywassodullthatIleftthetheatre_______itwasover.B)soC)butD)

A)after

though

untilB)beforeC)D)

.Susandoesn’twanttobuytheskirtbecause________1010.doesn’

thecolor________thesizefitsher.

…norA)neitherneither……orB)eithereither……andC)bothboth…

…butalsoD)notonlyonly…

九.非谓语动词

1.ThefunnystorytoldbyZhoulibomadethelittlegirllot.

A)laugh

C)laughsB)laughedD)laughing

2.Thepoorbabyhaskept________foralongtimebecause

’tfindhismother.hecancan’

A)cry

D)cried

3.ThechiefeditoraskedMichael

”.about“MemoryMemory”

A)wroteB)towriteC)writingD)writesanarticleB)cryingC)cries

4.ManyspecialpassageshavebeenbuiltinChinatoenable

.peoplewithdisabilities(残疾)______freelyfreely.

A)travelB)travelingC)traveledD)totravel)

5.Yesterdaytheteacherwarnedthestudents______outtoplaybecauseoftheheavysmog.

(13长宁二模)

A)go

D)nottogo

6.Theyoungmanhasdenied______themotorcycleneartheWal-Martstore.

A)steal

stole

7.Wouldyoumind__overthere?Thisseatispreserved(保留的).

A)sitB)sat

D)sitting

8.NewspaperssaythatsofarH7N9(禽流感)hascausedseveralpeople_______.(13松江)C)tositB)tostealC)stealingD)B)togoC)notgo

A)die

D)diedB)todieC)dying

9.InsomebigcitiesofChinasalariesareexpected

__________byfifteenpercentthisyear.(13黄浦二模)

A)increaseB)increasingC)increased

D)toincrease

10.Tobeanexcellentsnookerplayer,DingJunhuipractices______thesnookereverydaywithgreatefforts.

A)playB)toplay

D)played

.Youhadbetter_______becauseyouhavetodriveback1111.You

.(中考真题)homehome.

A)notdrinkingB)notdrinkC)don'tdrinkC)playing

D)nottodrink

12.Thewomanfeelsthatsheshouldletherson________his

owndecisionthistime.(09中考)

A)makes

D)makingB)makeC)tomake

十.词义辨析McDonald1.________________________________McDonaldmenupricesinChinaby

0.50yuanto1yuanperitemlastNovember.

eA)rosrose

D)grew

__eatingvariousspicyfoods.2.MostpeoplefromSichuanSichuan__

A)use

D)usedto

3.Hehasthestrange______ofbitinghisfingernails(指甲)whenheisnervous.

A)hobbyB)habitC)customD)activityB)areusedtoC)usetoB)raiseC)lifted

4.Thepilotfoundoutoneofthewingswasbrokenshortly

.aftertheplane____________.

A)tookoffB)tookupC)tookoutD)tookaway

5.Thekindgirlpromisesto_____charityasherjobwhenshegrowsup.

A)takeup

D)takeawayB)takeoffC)takeout

6.

Thoughwehadn'tmeteachotherforalongtime,he

__onthephoneatonce.recognizedmymy__

A)noiseB)talkC)soundD)voice

7.Thestudentsarekeenontheschoolsciencefestivalandtheywill_____itwell.

A)getalongwith

D)getreadyfor

B)coveredwithC)satisfiedwithA)worriedaboutaboutB)

responsiblefor

9.Heisnotthefirstbosshereto______andsayalotofrudewords.(13闸北)

A)losehislife

temperB)losehiswayD)loseweightC)loseD)B)gettiredofC)getridof

’smotherwassurprisedtoseeherson_______all10.JackJack’

thefoodonthetablequickly.

(13长宁二模)

A)eatupB)lookup

D)giveupC)takeup

十一.感叹句

1.

us!

A)WhatB)WhataC)WhatanD)Howusefuladviceonmydietourteacherhasgiven

2.______amazingperformancetheboygaveintheTalentShowyesterdayevening!

A)HowB)WhatC)WhataD)Whatan

3.Oh,______interestingthemusical(音乐剧)wesawwas!

A)whataB)whatanC)whatD)how

十二.疑问句(特殊疑问句+反义疑问句)

1-______isitfromourschooltoShanghaiInternationalConventionCenter?

’ride.Shallwegoandvisitit?-Aboutoneandahalfhourshours’

AHowlongBHowoftenCHowsoonDHowfar

2A:______canElaineloseweightsosuccessfullyinsuchashorttime?

B:Bydoingexercisesregularlyandbeingonastrictdiet.AWhyB.WhatCHowD.When

3Ourgovernmentsetupalotofnewbuildingsrecently,_______?

A)doesit

D)didn’titdidn’

Wendyis______lateforschool,isn’tshe?4.4.Wendyisn’

A)seldom

D)sometimes

5YourEnglishteacherhasneverlosthistemper,______he?(11上海)

A)has

D)didn’tdidn’

’dbetternotstayoutdoorsinthiskindofweather,6.YouYou’

________you?(13普陀一模)

doA)A)do

’tD)hadnhadn’

十三.时态A.简单句最基本,时间状语是线索,信息词汇要留心B)’tdondon’C)hadB)’thasnhasn’C)didB)hardlyC)never’titB)doesndoesn’C)didit

B.并列句前后看,时间关系是关键复合句句套句,动词时态要呼应,习惯用法需记清

1.TheOTVToweralotofvisitorsfromallovertheworldeveryyear.

A)willattractB)attractsC)attractedD)hasattracted

2.Wechat(微信)isveryconvenient.SendingWechat________popularnowadays.

A)gettingB)got

getD)isgetting

3.WegreatprogressinEnglishsinceMissHuangcametoteachus3yearsago.

A)madeB)make

havemadeD)hadmade

4.Theforeignteacherbasketballwithhisstudentsat4:30yesterdayafternoon.

A)playedB)wasplayinplayinggC)hasplayedhadplayedC)C)D)

5.Bytheendoflastmonth,we________enoughmoneytohelppeopleinLushan.

A)hadcollected

D)werecollecting

6.JennywillstaywithaCanadianfamilywhen

she_________forafurtherstudynextyear.

(13普陀一模)

A)goes

willgoB)goD)goneC)B)havecollectedC)collected

7.Hewasstillworkingonhisprojectwhileotherpeople________arest.(中考真题)

A)werehavingB)arehavingC)willhaveD)have

8.Theofficialsaidthey___anewlawtoprotectthetouriststhenextyear.(13上海)

A)makes

madeD)havemadeB)wouldmakeC)

十四.被动语态

1.SomeoftheChinesecelebrities(名人)_______toattendtheOscarAwardCeremony.Itwasabigeventearlythisyear.(12徐汇)

A)haveinvited

D)areinvited

2.Manygraduates

100thbirthdaylastweek.

A)haveinvited

areinvitedB)willinviteC)bytheuniversitytocelebrateitsB)wereinvitedC)willinviteD)wereinvited

3.Hurryup.Oncetheconcertstarts,nobody_________toentertheconcerthall.

A)allows

allowedB)allowedD)isallowingC)is

”______intoamoviesoon4.Thefirststoryof“HarryPotterPotter”

.(11杨浦)afteritsappearanceappearance.

A)willbemadeB)ismade

十五.宾语从句

’tremember1.Theoldladycouldncouldn’C)hasmadeD)wasmade

A)whereshehadputherglassesB)wherehadsheputherglasses

C)wheresheputsherglasses

glasses

2.Amoment,please.I’mcheckingifMr.Smith______freetomorrow.

A)is

wasB)willbeD)hasbeenC)D)wheredidsheputher

3.Wouldyoupleasetellmewhenwe______ourclassmeeting?

A)havehad

D)hadhad

4.Duringhislecture,thefiremanexplainedtothestudents______fromaburningbuilding.

A)howcouldtheyescape

C)whatcouldtheyescape

十六.情景对话

’sabitcoldtoday.Wouldyoumindclosingthewindow?1.-It-It’

(经典题)B)howtheycouldescapeD)whattheycouldescapeB)wouldhaveC)willhave

-A)Nevermind.

C)Ofcoursenot.’rewelcome.B)YouYou’D)No,thanks.

’dbettergotoseethe2.-Youcoughalotthesedays.YouYou’

doctor.

-B)Notatall.

D)OK,I’lltakeyourA)I’msorry.’sallrightC)ThatThat’

advice.

3.—I’mafraidFrenchistoodifficultforme.

___Youcandoit!—_______________

’tgiveup.A)DonDon’

that

C)SoamI.

4.’stooawful.D)ItIt’B)I’msorrytohear’texpectmyfirstinterview—I’msoexcited!Ididndidn’

couldbesosuccessful!—

A)Thankyou.B)Congratulations!C)Whatapity!

D)Goodidea!

附吕老师所写的中考英语总复习思路语法完型模块大家好!本人教学期间,看到无数学生特别是初三学生有时候很迷茫,不知道初三应该如何有效复习,冲刺高分。题目貌似作了很多,成绩却没有大幅上涨;每次拿到试卷,看到很多题目,觉得“哎呀,都是粗心惹得祸”。本人这里说几句,供大家参考。

关于语法语法学习,学校里教师在讲解,学生似乎是操练最多的,但为什么到考试还会有“失误”?坦诚的说,我觉得很多其实不是“失误”,是学生的盲点,漏洞。如果我说电脑漏洞可通过打补丁完成,那我们是不是也要及时打补丁呢?当然需要。现实状况是,学生现在每天只做题,作完后很多时候核对一下答案,看错了几题,然后就放在一边了。这样的作法是很低效的。个人建议方法是:初三首轮复习,还是按照章节复习比较好,(具体顺序如下)从时态,被动语态,名词性从句(中考宾语从句为主),状语从句,形容词,副词,代词,非谓语,词的用法。。首轮复习,1)阅读该章相关知识点,以时态为例,阅读完后,能否在做题之前,内心很清楚时态与时态之间的区别与联系/每个时态的定义(eg:现在完成时和过去时的定义,区别,havegoneto/hasgoneto;beusedtodo/beusedtodoingsth/usedtodo)….本章节阅读三遍,然后进入步骤2)做题关于做题一定的题量是需要的,阅读完一个章节后一般至少需要100-200道题目做支持,做巩固3)核对答案4)找出疑问,请注意这个步骤是最关键的,请注意不仅要关心你错的题目更要关心你在做题时发现似是而非的选项,不确定的选项5)找专业的教师(学校里任课教师/培训机构教师/家庭教师。。。)为你指点迷津,彻底补上漏洞

我一直和学生强调,测试,练习只能帮助你“找到漏洞”,如果不及时修补漏洞,本质上你所作的练习/测试是浪费的

这里我特别强调了“做练习前一定去阅读相关章节语法规则”,先看书,后做题。请各位同学和家长一定要注意,先阅读,后做题会优化学习效果的。这就好比一位连基本游泳规则也不知道同学,直接在泳池中游泳,很可能会淹死的。。。。抱歉我大概这里例子举的有些夸张哈哈。。。

最后我想说一句,请一定重要语法的学习。中学中学习的语法都是“标准语法”,都是“规则”,语法在中高考中不仅直接涉及到“语法词汇板块”,更是和后续“完形填空”“阅读回答问题”“写作板块”息息相关。(完型填空)

这几年教学实践中,无论是优等生培优,中等学生提高,还是成绩相对不是很理想的同学的“保级”,完形填空都是一道难以攻破的“槛”。

每次考试结束后,经常可以听到几个同学在为完形填空的答案争论不休。对于语法和词汇,同学们大多心里还算有数,可到完形填空板块,很多同学就有点“发怵”了,说真心不确定,能不能拿高分那要看“人品”!但是我们必须认识到,能否在完形填空部分拿到高分对中考的成败至关重要。说了这么多,那完形填空到底应该如何应对呢?下面吕老师告诉你如何攻克完形填空,让它爱你其实并不难!

完形填空出题理论完形填空出题是基于格式塔心理学,该理论认为,人的大脑里储存着已有的知识和完整的知识体系,当人们感知外部事物和对信息进行加工时,这些已有的知识和完整的知识体系会有意识或无意识地起作用。该理论还认为人们在感知不完整事物时,在内心深处总是倾向于将其补全,使之“完形”即一个完整体。

而完形填空正是一种需要补全,使之完整的残缺语篇材料。因此,完形填空是基于格式塔心理学原理而设计的语篇综合测试。简单说来,就好比同学们小时候玩拼图,图案就在那里,其实大家都是有天赋能把拼图拼完整的。完形填空也是如此,答案就在那里,我们要有信心。(元方,你同意吗?哈哈)

完形填空的一些教学/做题误区

在教学实践中,我听过一些中学一线教师授课,也询问过学生做题一些方法,很多学生和我说,他们往往采用“翻译法和代入法”,即做题时翻译文章内容,感觉哪个合适选那哪个,看看划横线处有没有一些固定搭配,然后作选择或者填空。其实这样做是很危险的,在实际考试中,翻译很容易受母语影响,进行错误选择;其次,并不是所谓固定搭配一定是正确选项,完形填空是考察单词在语境中运用,如果这个搭配或短语是不符合语篇、段落逻辑的,即便是固定说法,也是不合适的,在阅卷的时候这样的答案一定是错误的。

完形填空考察重点以及解题思路纵观这几年中考真题、一模、二模试卷,以及一些学校的月考、期中、期末试卷发现,完形填空重点考察单词,短语在句子、段落、篇章中的含义,而并非单词本身的“认知”含义。这就为什么一些同学其实单词量并不缺乏,但完形却得分率不高的原因。

完形填空非常强调逻辑对应,请大家注意以下几点:

1.首句重点读。首句很多情况是topicsentence(主题句),告诉你文章的背景和主旨。首句一般不设空,如果首句设空,请重点读后面的例子,例子里面会提供线索。现在很多考题都是用后面的例子印证首句。例如:(2011年上海长宁区,初三一模试卷)Thesedays,itis______forchildrenasyoungasSammytobesogoodatcomputers.ManyChildrenusecomputersathomeoratschoolandsomeschoolsevenhavetheirownwebsites.

A.hardB.unusualC.commonD.dangerous如果教师或者学生去分析这四个词用法,那就和这道考题背道而驰了,首句设空,我们重点读后面的那句话“很多孩子在家里,学校使用电脑,甚至一些学校有他们自己的网站”,说明对电脑的使用是持肯定意见的,选项C为正确答案,A、B、D都为否定意见,故不选。

2.重点关注例子与例子之间的关系。几个例子联合起来都是去证明

例如:(2008年上海高考)Ifthetesttakeranswers_______,thenextitemwillbemoredifficult.Ifheorsheanswersincorrectly,thenextquestionwillbeeasier.

A.brieflyB.smartlyC.correctlyD.thoroughly

“moredifficult.”与后面“easier”形成对比,“incorrectly”对应的显然是

”correctly”。

3.选词请重视“具体表达”、“最佳适用原则”。我曾经给学生举过这个例子,如果这样出题。这位男士很_________,每次和女生一起出去逛街的时候都会为女生拉开商场大门,直到身边所有的女生都通过。假设选项如下AgoodBniceCgentleDhandsome你会如何选?很多学生会选good,觉得good是万能用词,什么都可以说好,但这里错了,完形填空一定要基于语境,选择一个最适合,最具体,不是最宽泛的词语。因而Cgentle很绅士是最佳答

案。4.选词之场景原则。例如:(2011上海长宁一模)SammyLiu,asix-year-oldboyfromKowloon,hasbecomeaherorecently.Onedayheusedthefamily’s________tostoparobbery.A.radioB.computerC.recorderD.telephone

后文都在说关于电脑使用,这里选择ACD显然不合适,文章里根本就没有提到收音机,录音机和电话,虽然电话也能用来报警,但是一定要基于原文的场景。

5.平行原则的运用。完形填空文章很多时候是围绕一个话题展开,每个段落有的时候发展模式都是差不多的,前面提到如果首句设空,除了关注到后面的例子,还不妨可以关注下一段首句或者再下下段首句。类似的如果某段末句设空不妨也可以关注一下下面一段的末句。例如有一篇文章是讨论积极态度给生活、工作、健康带来的好处,其中第二段末句这么写:withanactive_______,youcanovercomeallthedifficulties.需要我们填空。在第三段末句出现了withanactiveattitude,youcanbehealthy.如果学生在阅读的时候关注到这句,使用了“平行原则”,自然就能填出attitude.

完形填空到底应该如何入手呢?

1.做题前先花30-45秒时间预览文章,大致了解文章的体裁(记叙、议论或者……)、文章内容、几个段落、是否有小标题和项目符号(这个往往是该段的主题句)。

2.做题时,首句和小标题重点读,充分体会文章论证结构,灵活使用技巧(例子与例子的关系,例子与中心句的关系,平行关系等等),注意逻辑对应,指代清晰。

特别提醒大家,绝对避免见空填空,(即看到一个空格,直接看选项进行选择),这样很危险,失误率会大大增加。再次强调,完形填空强调单词、短语在语境(句子层面,段落层面,篇章层面)的应用。请填第一格词,务必读到第二格,很多时候两格之间出题者往往给了很多暗示和线索。依次类推,填第二格请务必读到第三格。

如果第一格在第二段,也请认真读完第一段,切莫跳过,因为前文可能在给全文或者该段足够的背景叙述。同理,如果最后一格后面还有句子或者段落,请务必读完。

3.完成试题后,请重读该文1-2遍,确保单词在该句语法,语义,语境都合适。

完形填空并非是道难过的“槛”,只要方法得当,勤于操练,建议非毕业年级每周练习

10篇完形,毕业年级至少每周需要练习20篇完形,量变到质变,一定会有很大改善的。“路漫漫其修远兮,吾将上下而求索”,让我和大家一起共勉!加油吧!

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