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中考英语复习之阅读与写作

发布时间:2013-11-26 13:42:31  

English Reading
中 考 试 题 阅读理解(A)

一、阅读理解A 中考题型常见设置
1. 猜单词汉语意思; 2. 哪幅图能正确反映该自然现象; 3. 判断正误; 4. 根据文中细节,做出合理推断; 5. 概括文章主旨(给文章拟标题)

例题解析
A desert (沙漠)is a large area of land, usually in a hot region(区域), where there is almost no water, rain, trees, or plants. In the desert, when the wind is blowing to the east, where will the sand hill move? To the east in the direction of the wind? Or to the west, against the wind direction?

?

It seems clear that it will move towards the east the same as the wind direction. Most people think it is because the wind should blow the higher sand down to the front of the hill. And little by little the sand hill will move forward in the same direction of the wind. That is the usual illusion to some phenomena(现象). If the sand hill moves against the wind, what will you say?

In fact, the sand moves against the wind. When the air is moving quickly, the air pressure (气压) will become small. The wind first reaches the west of the sand hill, because being stopped by the hill, the speed of the wind will become very low, the air pressure is surely much greater than that at the other side of the hill. So the strong air pressure will push the sand back. Therefore( 因 此 ), the sand hill in the desert often moves against the wind. It’s just like a huge stone under the river, it also moves against the direction of the stream. So if you understand the physics phenomena, you won’t lose your way in the desert or go to the downriver to find a huge stone lion because of the illusion.

? (B ) 1. The underlined word “illusion ” in the passage means “————” in Chinese. ? A.本质 B.错觉 C.依据 ? ( A ) 2. In the desert, when the air is moving quickly,———————————. ? A. the air pressure will become small ? B. the air pressure on each side of the sand hill is the same ? C. the speed of the wind will become high when it reaches the west of the hill ? ( B ) 3. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? ? A. A huge stone under the river moves in the direction of the stream. ? B. There is almost no water, rain, trees, or plants in the desert. ? C. A huge stone lion is always found downriver.

?( C ) 4. _______shows the moving of the
sand hill in the desert in the right way.
? ? A. B. C.

? ( B ) 5. The best title for this passage should be_______. ? A. How to find your way in the desert ? B. Feelings sometimes cheat you. ? C. The importance of feeling

二、
1.

解题方法与技巧

通读全文,了解大意

2. 带着问题,到原文找答案 3. 注意细节,逐一解决

English writing
中考作文 说明文的写法

近年来中考 说明文命题方式
一般采用三段式(总分总) 给材料作文
往往先给出一段文字材 料,然后要求同

学们说明 一下: 如何……? 怎样……?

说明文写作 五步 法

一、 拟题 二、 开头 三、 结尾 四、 论述 五、 修改成文

你有一本书,我有一本书,相互交 换,我们每个人就能掌握两本书的内容, 你有一份快乐,我有一份快乐,相互交 换,快乐就会加倍。可见,朋友在 日常生活中非常重要。 但我们如何才能交到好朋友呢? 请你以此为话题,谈谈你的想法。

Step 1、
How to make a good title?

1. 2. 3.

怎样…… …. 是必要的 … 是重要的

Step 2、
How to write the beginning?

1. 2. 3. 4.

开篇强调… 的作用 开篇巧用比喻句 开篇巧用谚语 开篇巧用设问句

Step 3、
How to end your composition?

1.具有总结性 2.具有号召性 3.反诘语气结尾

Step 4、
How to prove your opinion?

1.注意连词使用 2.注意句式的变换

1.常用连词:
First(ly), second(ly), third(ly), finally First of all, what’s more, Furthermore, Besides this, On the one hand, On the other hand, Last but not least, 等

常见句式: 宾语从句 I think/ believe that 状语从句 so … that …// such … that in order that … in order to do sth. …as soon as… // …as long as… if (如果)…, then … because …, (so) 定语从句// 强调句 It is the friends who……. 祈使句: come on with me, the +比较级, the +比较级,等
.

Step 5、
How to correct your composition?

1.注意时态的错误 2.注意语态的错误 3.注意单词拼写的错误 4.注意大小写及标点符号 的使用

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牛刀小试
进入九年级以后,很多学生整 天埋头于书海题海当中,没有时 间锻炼身体,为了完成作业,很 多同学贪黑起早,为了追求成绩, 很多同学吃不好,睡不好。 作为一名毕业班的学生, 你认为该怎样来保持健康呢? 请根据此话题,谈谈你的想法。

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