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人教新目标八年级unit7优质导学案教师用第一课时

发布时间:2013-11-27 09:26:19  

Unit 8 How was your school trip?

第一课时 Section A (1a-2c)

【学习目标】:

1. 扎实掌握重点词汇和句型并能灵活应用。

2. 通过听力练习和小组合作,听懂并能谈论过去的经历。

3. 以过去为鉴,争取今天更好。

【重点】:

一般过去时的陈述、疑问和过去式的变化规则。

【难点】:

一般过去时的正确使用。

课前预习

一. 预习单词表中的单词p47-p48的单词,不会读的请记录

________________________________________.

二.回忆上学期学过的一般过去时态

1.一般过去式表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,一般与表示过去的时间连用

2.一般过去式的标志词,yesterday, last week, last year,

3.动词一般过去式的构成,一般直接在动词后加ed; 以e结尾,且e不发音的直接加d; 以辅音字母加y结尾的,变y为i加ed;

4.写出下列特殊动词的一般过去式

do_________ have_________ go _________ eat _________ is/am _________ are _________

take_________see _________buy_________hang _________ win _________ get _________

meet _________come _________ bring _________ put _________tell _________

三.翻译并熟读下列单词、短语及句子。

照相_______________ 去水族馆 ____________________

和某人闲逛________________

别的什么___________ 得到他的亲笔签名__________________

得奖____________________

There were many actors at the

aquarium._________________________________________

What else did you do? _______________________

Did you win that hat? __________________

1

Were there any sharks?

No, there weren’t any sharks. ______________________________________ 我不懂的地方:

学习过程

Task 1:展示预习作业

Task 2: 新知呈现:

T: Did you have a school trip?

S: Yes.

T: What did you do on your last school trip?

S: I went to the beach./ ?

T: How was your school trip? S: It was very funny./ ?

Task3:小组内就上个school trip进行对话练习:

Eg: A: What did you do last school trip? B: I?

A: How was your school trip? B: It was ?

Task4:完成1a并熟读。

Task5:听力训练

1. Listen to 1b and finish it.

2. Listen again and fill in the blanks. Then read the sentences below.

Kevin: Hi, Tina. How _______ your school trip?

Tina: It was fantastic, really fantastic.

Kevin: ________ you go to the zoo?

Tina: No, I ________. I went to the _______. Look, here are my ________. Kevin: Were there ________ sharks?

Tina: No, there weren’t any sharks, but there were some really ________ seals. Kevin: Wow, that sounds wonderful! What ________ did you do?

Tina: Well, I ________ out with my friends and I ________ lots of photos.

3. Listen to 2a, check the questions you hear.

4. Listen again, finish 2b. And read follow the recording.

Task6:小组合作对话练习,完成1c, 2c.

Task7: 小组自主学习,完成grammer focus.

【疑难点拨】:

1. 对比下列句子,总结一般现在式与一般过去式的区别

a. Do you go to the zoo? Yes, I do/ No, I don’t

Did you go to the zoo? Yes, I did/ No, I didn’t

b. Are there any sharks? Yes, there are/ No, thre aren’t

1 2

Were there any sharks? Yes, there were/ No,there weren’t

即,在表达一般过去式的一般疑问句及其回答时,只要把引导一般疑问句的助动词或be动词变成过去式就可以,回答同样要变成助动词或be动词的过去式

2. There weren’t any sharks, but there were some really smart seals. ___________________________________

There be 表示____________,谓语与最近的主语保持一致。Have 表示____________.

试比较: I have two pens. _______________. There are two pens in my pencilcase. __________________

3. take a photo /take photos 照相

take a photo of sb.=take sb’s photo, 意思是“拍?的照.”_______________________________________

a photo of sb 与 a photo of sb’s的区别:

A photo of sb表示“照片上的人是sb”; a photoof sb’s 表示“照片是sb的”。

4. some 与 any 的用法

some 用于肯定句当中, any用于否定句和疑问句当中

There were some sharks.

There weren’t any sharks.

Did you see any sharks?

翻译句子:操场上有一些学生正在打篮球:

___________________________________

自我检测

A) 用方框中的词填空。

Example:1. _____________ you go to the Chicago Zoo?

2. _____________ did you see at the zoo?

3. _____________ were lions and bears at the zoo.

4. _____________ any seals at the zoo?

5. _____________ did you go after visiting the zoo?

B) 根据句意,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

6. On my way home I met a famous ________(act) yesterday.

7. I must ________ (winner) a prize this term.

8. ________(unlucky) I don't have enough money to travel abroad.

9. I know many ________ (visit) come to China every year.

10. They always have fun ________(talk) to each other.

1 3 如:

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