By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.
1. Learn to narrate [n?'ret] past events. 2. Grasp the tense of past perfect.
1. By the time… 到……的时候
My little brother went to bed 8:00pm 9:00pm I got home now
By the time I got home, my little brother had gone to bed.
The teacher came into the classroom
I got to school By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom。
By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.
2.By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.
by the time 意思是 “到……的时候”，相当于 when ， 后接过去时的句子时，主语的谓语动词用过去完成时 态。 我到学校时，老师早已开始上课了。 By the time I got to school, the teacher had already started teaching.
by the time… 到……的时候
By the time I got home, ... By the time I came in, ... By the time I got to school, ... By the time the bell rang, ... By the time I got up, ...
过去完成时 1. 过去完成时态的含义： 主要是表示在过去某个时间或动作之前已经 发生或完成的动作。也就是：过去的过去。 2.构成: had (用于各种人称和数) +V-p.p
before引导的时间状语从句来表示。 ① By the end of last year, I had learned about one thousand English words. ② He said that he had never seen such a beautiful bird before. ③ When I got there, they had already left.
2)常用在宾语从句中。 ① He told me he had already finished his homework. ② I realized he had fooled me again. 3)体现在上下文中。 I didn’t go to the movies yesterday because I had seen it twice.
Read the article until fluently.
I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. My alarm clock didn’t go off , and by the time I woke up, my father had already gone into the bathroom and I had to wait for him to come out. I had to really rush. I took a quick shower, had some breakfast, and then ran off to the bus stop. Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had already left. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get to school on time. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride. When I got to school, the final bell was ringing. I only just made it to my class.
Find out these phrases in the article. Words and Expressions
alarm clock by the time get to school
闹钟 到… …时候 到学校
go off wake up wait for go into come by run off
(铃)响 醒来 等待、等候 进入 路过 跑步离开
take a shower 沐浴、洗澡 give sb. a ride 捎某人一程 come out 出来; (花)开
on time at any time
y 不幸的是 in time 及时
all the time
一直；始终 from time to time 有时,不时
Read the story and check true or false.
1.The writer is often late for school.
F 2.There was something wrong with my alarm clock yesterday. T 3.I didn’t go into the bathroom until my father came out. T 4.I got to school on time without having
breakfast. F 5. I was given a lift by Tony and his father. T
Read the story.
I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. My alarm clock didn’t go off , and by the
time I woke up, my father had already gone into the
bathroom and I had to wait for him to come out. I had
等候·· ·· ·· 出来
to really rush. I took a quick shower, had some run very quickly took a shower quickly breakfast, and then ran off to the bus stop.
Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had Unluckily already left. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get Fortunately to school on time. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride. When I
从旁边路过 让某人搭便车 办成功，做成
got to school, the final bell was ringing. I only just made it to my class.
Read the story and write the events in the correct order.
1． My father went into the bathroom. 2． I took a quick shower. 3． I had some breakfast. 4． I ran off to bus stop. 5. The bus left. 6． I started walking. 7． I got a ride. 8． I got to school. 9．The bell was ringing. 10. I got into the classroom.
Answer these questions:
1.Why didn’t the writer get up early? Because his alarm clock didn’t go off. 2.What did he do after he took the shower? He had some breakfast and ran off to the bus stop. 3.At last how did the writer go to school? By car.
3b Now answer these questions. Discribe the
situations in which these things happened.
1.Have you ever overslept? 2.Have you ever been late for school? 3.Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school? 4.Have you ever locked your keys in your house? 5.Have you ever forgotten a relative’s birthday? 6.Have you ever forgotten your parents’ birthday? 7.Have you ever forgotten a doctor’s appointment?
Ask your partner the questions in 3b. If he or she says “Yes”, ask more questions.
A: Have you ever been late for school?
B: Yes, I have.
A: Why were you late? B: The bus broke down.(出故障) A: What did your teacher say? B:… Please be on time next time.
1. We ___________(learn) two thousands words by the had learned end of last year.
had known 2. I ___________him when I was a student.
3. When we _______(arrive) at the station, they arrived __________(wait) for more than twenty minutes. had waited
had broken 4. One of the men couldn’t move, because he __________ (break) his legs.
Fill in the blanks with the correct verb forms. got home When I _________(get home), I realized _______(realize) I ________ (leave) my keys in the backpac
k. had left got By the time I ______(get) back to school, the bell __________(ring). had rung By the time I walked _______(walk) into class, the teacher had started (start) teaching already. __________
What happened to the old man? Tell a story.
blow away 刮走 get back 拿回 step on 踩到……上 dirty 脏的