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英语七年级下册新教材unit11_how_was_your_school_trip_Section_A_1

发布时间:2013-11-27 11:31:53  

Unit 11 How was your school trip?
Section A 1 1a— 2d

Practice
A: What does he /she often do on weekends? do they B: He/ She often… They do his homework
does play football

plays

go shopping
watch TV

What do you do every day?

What did you do last weekend? play basketball played basketball

play the guitar

played the guitar

play computer

played computer

What did you/he/she/they/Mr. Green do last weekend?

studied for the test

watched TV

had a party

did some reading

played tennis

went to the beach

went to the mountains

一般过去时
一、 一般过去时的概念
一般过去时用来表示过去某一时间内发生的动作或存在的 状态以及过去习惯性、反复性的动作;过去主语所具备的 能力和性格。谓语动词要用动词的过去式(v-ed), 基本结构:主语+动词过去式+其他; 常和表示过去的时间状语连用, 如yesterday昨天、last night昨晚、last week上周、 last year去年,等。

二、一般过去时的结构(可分三类不同的结构)
are---were 1. Be动词的一般过去时 am/is ---was wasn’t 肯定句式:主语 + was / were + 其它. =was not 否定句式:主语 + wasn’t /weren’t+ 其它. weren’t 一般疑问句:Was/Were + 主语 + 其它? =were not 肯定回答:Yes,主语+ was / were . 否定回答:No,主语+ wasn’t /weren’t. 2. 行为动词(v.)的一般过去时态 【did not = didn’t】 肯定句式:主语 + v-ed+ 其它. 否定句式:主语 + didn’t + v原形+ 其它. 一般疑问句:Did + 主语+ v.原形+ 其它? 【do , does---did】 肯定回答:Yes,主语+did. 否定回答:No,主语+did’t.

1. They ______ (have) a good time yesterday. had didn’t watch 2. They ___________ (not watch) TV last night. Did go 3. ____ you _____ (go) to the park yesterday? did No Yes, I____. / _____, I didn’t. 注意:1. did和didn’t 是构成一般过去时的助动词, 其特点是要在其后跟动词的原形。 2. 实意动词do的一般过去时 I do my homework every day.(用yesterday改写句子) I did ____my homework yesterday. didn’t do I _________ my homework yesterday.(否定句) Did ____ you ____ your homework yesterday? do Yes ,I did. /No, I didn’t.(一般疑问句)

3. 情态动词的一般过去时态 肯定句式:主语 + 情态动词的过去式 +v原型+ 其它. 否定句式:主语 + 情态动词的过去式 + not +v原型 + 其它. 一般疑问句:情态动词的过去式 + 主语 + v原型+ 其它? could might 注:情态动词的过去式:can→_____ , may→______, would must should must→_____ ,will-______,shall-______。 4.特殊疑问句式:特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句? 1)特殊疑问词+was/were+主语+其他? 2)特殊疑问词+情态助动词过去式+主语+v.原形+其他? 3)特殊疑问词+did+主语+v.原形+其他? Why ____he late for school last Monday? 1)____ was 他上周一为什么上学迟到了? What ______she ____twenty y

ears ago? do 2)_____ could 20年前她能做什么? Where did go 3)_____ _____you_____ yesterday?昨天你去哪了?

三、一般过去时的判断标志词

一般过去时的判断标志词 yesterday , yesterday morning, the day before yesterday , last + 时间 , this morning, 时间 + ago , just now , a moment ago , in + 过去的时间 , 等。 注意:一般过去时表示过去经常或反复发生的动作, 也常和often经常,always总是,once a week一周一次, 等表示频度的时间状语连用。

四、动词过去式的构成

1. 规则动词的过去式 1) 一般情况下,在动词原形后面加-ed。 2)以不发音e结尾的动词,在词尾直接加-d。 3)以“辅音字母+ y”结尾的动词,先将 y 改为i ,再加 –ed。 4)以重读闭音节(即辅音+元音+辅音)末尾只有一个 辅音字母的动词,要先双写这个辅音字母后,再加 –ed。 look cooked try looked cook tried watch watched live lived play played start used started use stop stopped visit tasted plan visited taste planned pull pulled study studied stop stopped

口诀:一加ed,二加d,三要双写, 四注意,y变成ied,特殊形式特殊记。

2.不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。 was am(is) are(是) could do/does(做,干) can(能) had have (has)(有) go(走) came feed (喂) come(来) bought eat(吃) buy (买) grow(生长) grew ride (骑) ran run(跑) say (说) saw see (看见) get(变得,到达) taught take(带) teach(教) swim(游泳) swam learn(学习)

were did went fed ate rode said got took learned learnt

五、 一般过去时的基本用法

① 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 worked My father _______in Shanghai last year. 我爸爸去年在上海工作。 ②表示过去的习惯性或经常发生的动作,常和often经常, always总是,once a week一周一次,等表示频度的时间 状语连用。 I often went to school _____________on foot.(过去)我经常步行去上学。 ③与when等连词引导的 状语从句连用。 had When she got home,she _____a short rest. 当她到家时,她稍微休息了一下。

What did you do last weekend?

watch ed TV

listen ed to music
go(went) swimming

played soccer

What did you do last weekend?
go to the beach went cleaned the room play ed the computer games

What did you do on your last school trip?
went to the beach (go) went to the zoo

saw some pandas (see) took photos (take)

What did you do on your last school trip?

had / ate ice cream (have/ eat)

went out with friends (go)

bought a gift (buy)

visited Visitors’ Center (visit)

A: Did you +V. …….?
buy a gift (bought)

B: Yes, I did. I V.-ed ……. (No, I didn’t.. I didn’t +V.….

have a pizza ( had) take photos ( took) go swimming (went)

A: Where did you go last Sunday?
B: I went to Beijing City.

A: Where did she go

last Sunday?

B: She went to the beach.

A: Where did he go last Sunday?
B: He stayed at home.

A: Where did they go last Sunday? B: They went to a farm.

Do you know what animals there

are on the farm?
farm n. on the/a farm v.

chickens

ducks

goose
geese

dogs

pigs

horses

cows

sheep sheep

farmer

farm

grow

feed

milk

pick

go for a walk
went for a walk

milk the cow
milked a cow

ride a horse
rode a horse

feed chickens

talk with a farmer

take some photos

fed chickens

talked with a farmer took some photos

Look at the picture. This is a farm. Last week Carol and his classmates had a school trip. They went to the farm. What did they do on the farm? How was their school trip?

What did he do on the farm? He_____a horse. rode ride ____he _____a horse? Did Yes, he____. did

Did milk _____he _____a cow? Yes milked ____, he did. He______ a cow.

Did ride _____he _____(ride) a horse? didn’t No, he_____. Did feed _____he _____chickens? did fed Yes, he___. He Did go ____he____ to____chickens. the zoo? No ___, he didn’t. He _____to a went farm. ____he see any cows? Did Yes, he did. He ____quite a lot. saw

____they _____any strawberries ___the Did pick on did farm? Yes, they____. were How _____the strawberries? were Were_____delicious. They _____the strawberries good? were weren’t Yes, they____. No, they_______. How _____their school trip? was was It ____great.

1a Match the phrases with the pictures.

went for a walk e milked a cow b rode a horse a fed chickens c talked with a farmer f took some photos d

feed+食物+to把…喂给…吃 went for a walk fed-feed feed on 以…为食 =take a walk feed 1.Please ____some grass ___the cow. to 2.Sheep feed on ______grass.绵羊以草为食。

1b Listen and circle the three things Carol did on her school trip in 1a.

went for a walk milked a cow rode a horse fed chickens talked with a farmer took some photos

1. —Did you see any cows? —Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot. (1)quite a lot (of)+(不)可数名词, quite a few +可数名词 quite a little +不可数名词 相当多

quite a lot of little e.g. 1)We drank ______________wine.我们喝了不少酒。 quite a lot of few 2) I saw ____________ cows.我看到了相当多的奶牛。 quite a lot 3) I play tennis ___________in the summer. 夏天我经常打网球。 4)Quite a a few _____________students were late.不少学生迟到了。 Quite lot of (2) quite +a/an+形容词+n.=a very +形容词+n. 1) It’s quite a nice /a very nice car.这是一部相当漂亮的车。 ____________________ quite a clever 2) He’s _______________boy.他是一个相当聪明的男孩。 a very clever

1c Ask and answer questions about Carol’s school trip.
A: Did Carol take any photos? B: Yes, she did. A: Did Carol ride a horse? B: A: Did Carol talk with the farmer? B:

2. Did Carol take any photos? 卡罗尔拍照片了吗? take与photo, picture等词搭配时,表示“拍摄,摄影”。 表示“拍摄某物或人”,就要在

短语后面接介词“of”引

入所拍摄的对象。 take a photo/take photos of 为…拍照
e.g. 1) He _____________________his mother. took many photos of 他拍了他妈妈的许多照片。 2) Don’t take photos ___________here.不要在这里拍照。

2a Listen and check the questions you hear.
__What did the farmer say? ___Did you grow any apples? √ √ __What did you see? ___Do they grow apples? __Did you learn anything? ___Did you eat them? __Did you ask him any questions? ____Were they good? √ √ 1. anything 不定代词,“某事,某东西”, 主要用于否定句,疑问句中代替something, didn’t see anything He saw something. --否? He__________________.

2b Listen again. Circle T for true or F for false. show sb. around+某地 1 The farmer showed Carol around the farm. T F 带领某人参观…… learn about+n/代词/v-ing 2 Carol learned a lot about farming T F 了解/知道有关… 3 The farmers grow strawberries =know about… from December to June. T F pick…采摘,挑选 4 The farmers don’t grow apples. T Fpick up 捡起,拾起 5 Carol picked some strawberries and took them home. T F

2c Ask and answer questions about Carol’s visit to the farm. A: What did Carol do? B: She picked some strawberries.

2d Role-play the conversation.
Peter: Hi, Eric. How was your trip last week? Eric: It was excellent. I visited my grandparents in the countryside. Peter: Oh, nice. What did you do? Eric: I went fishing every day. And I fed the chickens with my grandpa. It was so much fun. Peter: Sounds good. How was the weather there? Eric: It was great, and the air was so clean. I watched the stars at night. They were so beautiful. Peter: Lucky you.

1. How was your trip last week? 上周你的郊游怎么样? How was…? 询问某事情况句型 答语: It was great. It was OK. It wasn’t good. All right. (很好) It was not bad. 等 How +be+…?? what +be +…+like? How ___her holiday? 她的假期过得怎么样? Eg: _____was It was not bad __ ___ ___ ____.还不错。 2. It was excellent. 太好了。 excellent adj.极好的,优秀的 ? very good excellent Eg: The food is__________ here.这里 的食物很好。 She is an __________ doctor.她是位优秀的医生。 excellent 3. I visited my grandparents in the countryside. 我在乡下看望了我的祖父母。 in the countryside 在乡下? in the country country n.国家,农村,乡下 adj. 乡下的

4. It was so much fun. 非常有趣。 fun n(u) 表示“乐趣,开心,有趣的事情”, 1) great/much/a lot of+fun 非常有趣(的事) have fun=have a good time 玩得开心 are _____ _ much fun e.g. The children____having so____ ____.(正玩得很开心) fun Riding a bike is great____.骑自行车是件很有趣的事。 2) so adv so much 有很多 so much There is ___ ______water。有很多水。 5. It was great, and the air was so clean. 天气很好,而且是空气是那么干净。 clean adj.?dir

ty v. 打扫 clean He is always wearing _____clothes.他总是穿干净的衣服。 clean We must keep our hands______. 我们必须保持手干净。 is _________the blackboard.她正在擦黑板。 She __cleaning

6. Lucky you! 你真幸运! 相当于You’re so lucky. 这是一句非正式口语, Lucky之后的人称还可以改为me, him。

Exercise
I. 写出下列单词的过去式

talk

talked

am /is was go went feed fed did

milk milked are were ride rode
take took see saw

do

II. 译出下列短语 去散步 去购物 去钓鱼 挤奶牛 骑马 骑自行车 喂小鸡 和某人谈话 拍照

go for a walk go shopping go fishing milk a cow ride a horse ride a bike feed chickens talk with … take photos

III. 用适当的词填空 1. How ___ your school trip? It was great. was 2. How _____ you yesterday? were was 3. Today is Monday. Yesterday ___ Sunday. did 4. What ___ you do the day before yesterday? Did ____ you ride a horse last week? 6. ____ he see any cows on the farm? Yes, he did. Did didn’t 7. Did he milk a cow on the farm? No, he ______. 8. Were the strawberries good? Yes, they _______. were saw 9. Did you see any cows? Yes, I did. I ___ quite a lot. 10. I ___ the chickens last week. fed

IV.根据提示完成句子 get 1.I usually ___(get) up at 6:30 in the morning. Today I ______ (get) up at 7:20, I ______ (be) late for class. got was told Mr. Yang ______(tell) me not _______(be) late again. to be Did 2. --______you ______ (have) a good time last Sunday? have went --No, I _____ (do not). I _____ (go) camping with my didn’t rained friends, but it __________(rain). called 3. –Where ______(be) you last night? I ______ (call) you, were but you ________(be) not in. were –Oh, I _________(be) in my uncle’s house. was I ______ (have) supper there. had

V. 汉译英
1. 他上周在农场骑马。 Last week he rode a horse on the farm. 2. 他上个月爬山了。 He climbed the mountain last month. 3. 他一小时前喂了小鸡。 He fed chickens an hour ago. 4. 你昨天去了动物园吗?没有,我去了农场。 Did you go to the zoo? No, I didn’t. I went to the farm.

5.你在农场看到一些奶牛吗?看到了,看到了相当多
Did you see any cows? Yes I did. I saw quite a lot.


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