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Unit 2 阶段专题复习

发布时间:2013-11-27 12:30:16  

Unit 2

阶段专题复习

used to的用法

【观察领悟】
仔细观察例句, 体会并写出画线部分的具体意思。 1. Mario used to be short. ( ) ( ) 3. 被用于?? )

2. He is now used to eating with chopsticks. 3. Sweaters are used to keep warm. 答案: 1. 过去经常; 以前常常 (

2. 习惯于

【探究总结】used to的用法“四步曲” 动词原形 1. 构成: used to+_________ 2. 用法: 常用来表示今昔对比, 表示过去的习惯动作或状态现 已不发生或不存在, 其中to为不定式符号, 后接动词原形。

3. 句式: didn’t use to或used not to (1)否定句: _______________________

例如: Bob didn’t use to/used not to play soccer.
鲍勃过去不常踢足球。 Used (2)一般疑问句: Did sb. use to. . . ? 或_____ sb. to. . . ? didn’t/usedn’t (3)反意疑问句: . . . , _____________. . . ? 例如: Your parents used to get to work by bus, didn’t/usedn’t they? 你的父母过去经常乘公共汽车去上班, 对吗?

4. 易混辨析: used to /be used to的用法区别 动词原形 (1)used to意为“过去经常; 以前常常”, 后接_________。 动词-ing (2)be/get used to意为“习惯于”, 后跟名词、代词或________

形式 _____作宾语。 (3)be used to do sth. 意为“被用于做某事”。

【实战演练】 Ⅰ. 句型转换 1. Mr. Black used to work in a factory. (改为否定句) Mr. Black ______ ______ / ______ to work in a factory.

2. Bob used to go to the zoo with friends on weekends. (改为一
般疑问句并作肯定回答) —______ Bob ______ ______ go to the zoo with friends on weekends? —Yes, he ______. 3. The girl used to be short, ______ she? (完成反意疑问句) 答案: 1. didn’t use/usedn’t 2. Did; use to; did

3. didn’t/usedn’t

Ⅱ. 单项选择 1. —Wow! You look different! You wear glasses.

—Yes, I did. But now I am wearing contact lenses(隐形眼镜). A. could —Yeah, it A. wanted to B. must C. used to D. would

2. —Helen, you have long curly hair!
be short straight hair. B. loved to C. used to D. helped to

3. Kate

get up late, but now she

getting up early.

A. used to; used to C. is used to; used to 4. Usually computers

B. is used to; is used to D. used to; is used to search the Internet.

A. used
C. are used

B. used to
D. are used to

本单元以“我们如何变化”为话题, 围绕这一话题运用 used to结构谈论过去, 并对照现在, 描述人们的外貌、性格及 日常生活等方面的变化。而最能全面体现本单元话题及语言 运用能力的话题作文就是“谈论变化”, 这也是单元测试和中

考等试题中常考的话题作文之一。

【习作在线】
根据表格信息提示, 以“I have changed a lot”为题, 介绍 一下自己的变化。 过 去 现 在

外貌
性格

短发
安静、害羞 玩游戏, 成绩差

长发
外向, 喜欢与人聊天 有了很大进步

爱好及
成绩

要求: 1. 不要逐字逐句翻译, 逻辑合

理通顺, 可适当发挥。
2. 词数: 80~100个。

I have changed a lot
_____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________

【思路点拨】
记叙文 (1)体裁: _______ 第一人称 (2)人称: 用_________ 一般过去时、一般现在时及现在完成时 (3)时态: 主要用___________________________________

【佳作鉴赏】 I have changed a lot How time flies! I have changed a lot in many ways. I used to have short hair, but now I have long hair. In the past I was

quiet and shy, however, I am outgoing now and I like talking
with others. I used to be terrified of insects, but now I like them. I used to spend much time playing games and did badly in all my subjects. This term, I made a decision to study hard. With the help of my teachers, I’ve made great progress. This makes my teachers and parents take pride in me.

Ⅰ. 词汇速记
1. 造成(v. )

2. 他自己; 他本身(反身代词)(pron. )
3. 有耐心的; 忍耐的(adj. ) 4. 注意; 专心; 留心(n. ) 答案: 1. cause 2. himself 3. patient 4. attention

5. terrify(v. )
6. day(n. )




(adj. )感到害怕的
(adj. )每日的

7. die(v. )


→ → 6. daily

(n. )死; 死亡
(adj. )死的 (n. )决定 7. death; dead 8. decision

8. decide(v. ) 答案: 5. terrified

Ⅱ. 短语互译 1. 过去经常; 以前常常 2. 非常害怕的; 极度恐惧的 _______ to be _______ of

3. 做决定; 下决心
4. 令某人惊奇的是??

make a ______
to one’s _______

5. 即使; 纵然; 尽管
6. 放弃 答案: 1. used 5. even 6. up 2. terrified

_______ though
give _______ 3. decision 4. surprise

7. in the end
8. no longer

9. take pride in
10. pay attention to 答案: 7. 最后; 终于 9. 对??感到自豪 8. 不再 10. 对??注意; 留心

Ⅲ. 句型攻关 1. 我弟弟过去很矮。 My brother ______ ______ ______ very short. 2. 难道你不相信我吗? ______ ______ believe me?

3. 你以前常踢足球, 对吗?
You used to play soccer, ______ ______ ? 答案: 1. used to be 2. Don’t you 3. didn’t you/usedn’t you

4. 她过去常开着电视睡觉。 She used to go to sleep ______ the TV ______. 5. 看上去似乎他改变了很多。 ______ ______ ______ he has changed a lot. 6. 父母会为孩子所做的每一件好事而感到骄傲。

Parents can ______ ______ ______ everything good their
children do. 答案: 4. with; on 5. It seems that

6. take pride in/be proud of

Ⅳ. 词汇串记 Do you know our head teacher, Mr. Brown? He is very

patient. We all
2

1

(对……感到自豪)him. And we know his

(日常的)life well.

Mr. Brown 3

(以前常常)be terrified of airplanes. One
We asked, “What 5 4 (造

day, he chatted with us.

成)that? ”He said, “Not long ago, I was

(注意)to a comic.

It’s about the death because of the airplane. I couldn’t sleep all night

. From then on, thought it is an airplane. ” 6 (纵然)I saw an 7 (昆虫), I

8

(令我们惊奇的是), he is no longer afraid of it. He 9 (决定)to help myself. ”He had never

said, “I had made a airplane.

given it up. In the end, he could go around the world by

All my friends, don’t
1. 6. 4. caused 2. 7. 3. 8.

10
4. 9.

(浪费)time. Do just like what
5. _____ 10. 2. daily 3. used to

Mr. Brown did. You can be brave!

答案: 1. take pride in/are proud of 5. paying attention 6. even though/even if/although

7. insect

8. To our surprise

9. decision

10. waste

1. (2012· 达州中考)—Peter has changed a lot, hasn’t he? —Yes. He used to in playing soccer. A. plays; interested C. play; interesting B. play; interested D. playing; interest the guitar, but now he is more

【解析】选B。本题考查固定搭配。“used to+动词原形”表
达过去常常做某事; be interested in“对??感兴趣”。由语境

可知“他过去常弹吉他, 但他现在对踢足球更感兴趣。”故选
B。

2. (2012· 西宁中考)—This dress was last year’s style.
—I think it still looks perfect it has gone out this year.

A. so that
C. even though

B. as if
D. ever since

【解析】选C。本题考查连词辨析。so that意为“以便”; as if意为“似乎, 好像”; even though意为“即使”; ever since意 为“自从”。由句意“——这件连衣裙是去年的式样。—— 我认为它看起来仍然很完美, 即使它今年过时了。”故选C。

3. (2012· 安徽中考)The man tried several times to start the car,
and he succeeded .

A. in the past B. in the end

C. at first

D. at once

【解析】选B。本题考查短语辨析。in the past意为“在过 去”; in the end“最后”; at first“首先, 开始”; at once“立 刻”。由前半句“那个人尝试几次启动汽车”可推知后半句 “他最终成功了”。故选B。

4. (2012· 烟台中 考 )The woman
charities the poor.

all of her money to

A. gave off; to help
C. gave away; to help

B. gave up; helping
D. gave; helping

【解析】选C。本题考查短语辨析。give off“发出或放出”; give up“放弃”; give away“赠送, 捐赠”, 本句是动词不定式 作目的状语。句意: 这个女人把她所有的钱捐赠给慈善机构来 帮助穷人。故选C。


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