否定句 一般疑问句 特殊疑问句
1. 句子中有be，在be后加not。 1) I am a student. I am not a student. 2) They are blue . They aren’t blue. 3) He is Kangkang. He isn’t Kangkang .
1) I have a book . I don’t have a book. 2) They like Chinese . They don’t like Chinese. 3) We come from China. We don’t come from China.
1)She has a small mouth. She doesn’t have a small mouth. 2)Maria likes China. Maria doesn’t like China. 3)Jane comes from the U.S.A. Jane doesn’t come from the U.S.A.
1. I am a teacher. I am not a teacher. 2. We are students. We aren’t students. 3. Jane is a girl. Jane isn’t a girl. 4. They like English. They don’t like Chinese 5. I come from China. Idon’t come from China. 6. He likes Chinese. He doesn’t like Chinese. 7. Maria comes from Cuba. Maria doesn’t come from Cuba. 8. We know Maria. We don’t know Maria.
二、肯定句变为一般疑问句变化规则 1)含be动词和情态动词的把它们提前。 2)没有情态动词/be两项的加do/does。 3)句末用“？”，开头单词字母大写。 （注；有第一人称的要变第二人称）
即：把I 变为you, 把we变为you, 把my变 为your, 把our变为your; 把am变为 are。
1、句子中有be/情态动词，把他们提到句首 Be:am,is are 情态动词：can, may, could, would 1) I am a student. Are you a student? 2) They are blue. Are they blue? 3) He can play the guitar. can he play the guitar?
1) I have a book . Do you have a book? 2) They like Chinese . Do they like Chinese? 3) We come from China. Do you come from China?
1) She has a small mouth. Does she have a small mouth? 2) Maria likes China. Does Maria like China? 3) Jane comes from the U.S.A. Does Jane come from the U.S.A? 4) She knows Maria. Does she know Maria?
Are you a teacher? 1. I am a teacher. Are they Students? 2. They are students. Is Jane a girl? 3. Jane is a girl. 4. They like English. Do they like English? 5. I come from China. Do you come from China? 6. He likes Chinese. Does he like Chinese? 7. Maria comes from Cuba. Does Maria come from Cuba? 8.We speak Chinese. Do you speak Chinese?
Are you Maria ? 肯定回答：Yes , I am.
肯定回答： Yes , 主+助/系. 否定回答: No, 主+助/系+not.
2.问句和答语的助动词保持一致. 1) Are you a student? 肯: Yes, I am. 否： No, I’m not. 2) Is he Kangkang? 肯：Yes，he is. 否：No，he isn’t. 3) Do they like Chinese? 肯：Yes, they do.否：No, th
ey don’t. 4) Does she have a small mouth? 肯：Yes, she does.否：No, she doesn’t.
3.问句和答语中的主语保持一致。（必须用主 格） 1) Is Jane from the U.S.A?
肯:Yes, she is. 否:No， she isn’t.
2) Does Kangkang come from China?
肯:Yes, he does. 否:No, he doesn’t.
3) Do Jane and Maria like China?
肯:Yes, they do. 否:No, they don’t.
4) Is this a ruler?
肯:Yes, it is . 否：No，it isn’t.
5) Is that a desk?
肯：Yes，it is. 否：No，it isn’t.
6) Are these books?
肯：Yes，they are. 否：No，they aren’t.
7) Are those pencils?
肯：Yes，they are. 否：No，they aren’t.
8) Are these erasers?
肯：Yes , they are. 肯：Yes , it is . 否：No，they aren’t. 否：No，it isn’t.
9) Is that an orange?
练习：给下列句子做肯定回答或否定回答。 1.Are you a student? am . No, I’m not . Yes, I 2. Do they like English? Yes, they do . No, they don’t . 3.Is Jane a girl? Yes, she is . No, she isn’t . 4. Does Maria like China? Yes, she does . No, she doesn’t .
5.Is Kangkang a student? is . Yes , he No , he isn’t . 6.Is that a girl? is . Yes , it No , it isn’t . 7.Are those telephones? Yes , they are . No , they aren’t . 8.Does Tom know Jane? Yes , he does . No , he doesn’t . 9.Do they come from the U.S.A? Yes , they do . No , they don’t . 10.Is this an egg? is . Yes , it No , it isn’t .
特殊疑问句其实就是用疑问词引导的疑问句 叫做特殊疑问句。它的结构就是： 特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句！ ? 疑问代词：what，who，whose， ? 疑问副词：where，how
? what—―什么”，对事物，人名，职业，时 间，电话号码提问 ? 注意：what class/grade 对班级提问 ? what color 对颜色提问 ? what is +人 对职业提问（干什么的） ? what time is it ?=what is the time?(对时间) ? Who –-―谁”，对人名，与人的关系提问 ? 注意：who is Lily? ? She is my sister.
Whose –―谁的”，对所属关系提问 The book is mine. (划线部分提问) Whose is the book. These are my books. (划线部分提问) Whose books are these? Where—―哪里”，对地点、地方提问 如:1) My sister is from China. (划线部分提问) Where is your sister from? 2) He comes from China. (划线部分提问) Where does he come from?
?How –―怎么样”，对身体状况，天气提问 ? 如：My father is fine. (划线部分提问) ? How is your father? ? ?注意：how old 对年龄对问 “多少”，对 ? how much+不可数名词 数量提问 ? how many +可数名词复数 ? how much +is/are …？“多少钱”
? 将划线部分去掉,分析句意. 1.My name is Nancy. What’s your name? Where are you from? 2.I am from China. 3.I am fine . How are you? 4. Miss.Wang is our English teacher. Who is your English teacher? 5.Lucy is ten years old. How old are you? 6.He is in Class One Grade Two. W
hat class is he in?
? 特殊句式： ? What does he/she/其他主语 +do? 对职业 提问“她/他是干什么的？” ? What does he /she look like?对人的外貌的 提问“他/她长什么样子？” ? What can I do for you? 购物用语，对人的 需要提问，“我能为你做什么？” ? Can/may I help you? ―我可以帮你吗？” ? What do you think of…=How do you like… ? 你认为什么怎么样？
7.My telephone number is 5805000. What is your telephone number? 8.They are cars. What are these ? 9.This is my cap. Whose cap is this? 10.My favorite movie star is Bruce Lee. Who is your favorite movie star ? 11.It is yellow . What color is it？ 12.She is tall. What does she look like ?
1.Please give Jane the book. Please give the book to Jane. 2. Could you please tell me your name? Could you please tell your name to me? 3. He has short hair. His hair is short. 4. I have a big nose. My nose is big. 5. You have a wide mouth. Your mouth is wide.
6.My English teacher is old . My English teacher is not young . 7. Betty is not short. Betty is tall . 8.This is my book. This is mine . 9.This jacket is not new. This jacket is old . 10.My ruler is not long. My ruler is short . 11.She looks like her mom. She and her mom look the same . 12.They come from China. They are from China.
? 1、指示代词变化: ?
this变these ,that变those .
I 变we ;he/she/it变they;My 变 our; his/her/its 变their ，第二人称
4、名词要做相应的变化；注意不 规则变化的一些词：(man-men, woman-women, child-children Japanese, Chinese, English不变)
如：1)I think she is that woman’s child .
We think they are those women’s children.
It is a box .
This is a ruler.
That is an eraser.
He is a student.
This is a bus.
are are are
That is a pen.
2.将下列句子变成单数。 It 1.They are pencils. 2.These are erasers. This 3.They are boys. He is is 4. They are girls . She 5.Those are books. That This 6.These are desks. 7.These are boxes. This That 8.Those are cars. is a pencil.
an eraser. a boy. a girl. is a book. is a desk. a box . is is a car .
Thank you !