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冀教版九年级中考英语复习时态课件

发布时间:2013-09-20 09:43:24  

Tenses(时态)
长兴中学 黄惠儿

1、The Present Simple Tense
2、 The Past Simple Tense 3、 The Future Tense 4、 The Future in the Past

(一般现在时) (一般过去时) (一般将来时) (过去将来时) (过去进行时) (现在完成时)

5、 The Present Continuous Tense (现在进行时) 6、 The Past Continuous Tense 7、The Present Perfect Tense

8、The Past Perfect Tense

(过去完成时)

八种时态的用法和构成
The Present Simple Tense(一般现在时)
用法: 1、现阶段经常性、习惯性动作; 2、目前的状态; 3、客观真理。 构成: 主语是第三人称单数时,作谓语的行为动词要加词尾 -s(-es), 其他人称和数用动词原形。 常用时间状语:often, always, sometimes, every day, on Sunday… 例句: We have five lessons in the morning. Jack often goes to school by bike.

Guangzhou is 2313 kilometres away from Beijing.

The Past Simple Tense(一般过去时)
用法: 1、过去发生的动作; 2、过去存在的状态。 构成: 用动词的过去式。

常用时间状语:yesterday, two days ago, last week, in 1990…
例句: He went to work by bus yesterday. Han Meimei was in the classroom a moment ago.

The Future Tense(一般将来时)
用法: 1、将来发生的动作; 2、将来存在的状态。 构成: 1、助动词 will(shall) + 动词原形; 2、am(is,are) + going to 常用时间状语:tomorrow, next week, in two hours… 例句: They will (are going to) meet outside the school gate tomorrow afternoon. The people will not be pleased if you jump the queue.

备注: 在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中用一般现在时代替将来时。

The Future in the Past(过去将来时)
用法: 从过去某一时间来看将来要发生的动作或存在的状态 构成: 1、助动词 would + 动词原形; 2、was,were + going to 常用时间状语:(the) next day, (the) next year, that afternoon… 例句: Linda said that she would (was going to) visit her uncle next Saturday. He wanted to know if they would go to the mountain village that afternoon. 备注:常用于宾语从句中

The Present Continuous Tense(现在进行时)
用法: 说话时或现阶段正在进行的动作。 构成: am(is,are) + 动词的现在分词 常用时间状语:now

例句:Kate’s parents are working in Canada now.
Look, the child is playing in the street. 备注:come,go等动词的现在进行时形式可表示将要发生的动作。

The Past Continuous Tense(过去进行时)
用法: 过去某一阶段或某一时刻正在进行的动作。 构成: was(were) + 动词的现在分词 常用时间状语:at four yesterday afternoon, at this time yesterday, 表示过去时间的状语从句… 例句: He was mending his bike at ten o’clock yesterday. The twins were sweeping the floor when the teacher came in.

The Present Perfect Tense(现在完成时)
2、

从过去开始延续到现在的动作或状态。(未完成) 构成:have(has) + 动词的过去分词

用法:1、到现在为止已经完成的动作;对现在还有影响。(已完成)

already, yet, just, ever, before, these years, 常用时间状语: since 1990, for ten years…
例句: I have never heard of that before.

The visitor has been here for two days. Three months have passed since I arrived in Sydney.
备注:不能和表示过去的时间状语连用。

The Past Perfect Tense(过去完成时)
用法:1、到过去某一时间或动作之前已经完成的动作;对过去还有 影响。 2、从过去某时开始到另一个过去的时间为止的动作或状态。 构成: had + 动词的过去分词 常用时间状语:by ten last night , by the end of last year, 表示过去时间的状语… 例句: We had learned 900 English words by the end of last term. The train had already left when they got to the station. When I arrived Kate had just left.

备注: 有时没有时间状语,过去时间由上下文表示出来。

时态的区别
一般时态与进行时态的区别 We ________ (read) newspapers every day. read is reading She ______ now ________ (read) the newspaper. sings He _______ (sing) well. is singing He _________ (sing) a revolutionary song(革命歌曲). 1)一般时态通常表示经常的动作或状态,而进行时态则表示 在某一时刻或某段时间正在进行着的动作; 2)一般时态表示主语的固有特征、能力等,而进行时态则表 示主语在某一时刻或某段时间内所进行的具体动作。

一般过去时与过去进行时的区别
She ________ (write) a letter to her friend yesterday. wrote was writing She __________ (write) a letter to her friend at nine o’clock yesterday evening. She was writing (write) a letter to her friend when her mother __________ ________ (come) home yesterday evening. came 一般过去时通常表示过去发生的一个单纯的事实,而过去进行 时则表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间正在进行的动作。

现在完成时与一般过去时的区别 1) I __________ (lose) my pen. Can I borrow yours? have lost lost She ______ (lose) her pen yesterday. 2) My sister has seen (see) the film twice. _________ She ______ (see) the film last week. saw 3) A: ______ you ______ (have) your lunch? Have had

B: Yes, I ________. have
did have A: When _______ you ________ (have) it?

had B: I ______ (have) it an hour ago.
现在完成时和一般过去时都表示在过去完成的动作,但现在完成 时强调这一动作与现在的关系,如对现在的结果、影响等,而一 般过去时则表示动作发生在过去,不一定表示和现在的关系。

过去完成时与一般过去时的区别 1) Deming _________(go) to bed at 9:00 last night. His mother went came ______(come) back at 10:00. had gone came Deming _________(go) to bed before his mother ______(come) back. missed

2) Uncle Li _______(miss) the train yesterday, because the train had left got _______(leave) when he _______(get) to the station. 过去完成时和一般过去时都表示在过去完成的动作,但过去完成 时强调这一动作到过去某一时间或动作之前已经完成的动作(即 强调过去的过去),对过去有影响。

1. Tom’s uncle ______ as a chemistry teacher in a works school. 2. He ____________ there since Tom was born. has worked _____________________

worked 3. He ________ there more than thirty years ago. ____________________________
4. He ____________ in the science lab__________________ when Tom called was working last night. __________ 5. He _____ he ___________ in the lab for two hours. said had worked ______________

is still working 6. Now he _______________ in the lab. _____
7. He _____ he ___________ there for three more years. said would work __________________

will work 8. He ___________even harder _____________________ in the coming three years. ______

1. Betty _____________ TV this time last night. was watching _____________________

2. The Shutes_________ ______ supper at 6:30. usually have
3. Mrs Green __________ back _________________ in half an hour. will come are playing 4. The boys ____________ football on the playground _____ now. has talked 5. Mr White ___________ to him several times already. ________ left 6. Lucy ______ the classroom twenty minutes ago. _____________________ 7. The little girl ___________ 300 English words by had learned ___ the end of last month. _______________________

练习(复习卷P.51)
1、Her father ______ (know) Beijing very well because he knows

________ (be) there many times. Now he ________ (tell) the has been is telling ——— —— boys something about the Great Wall. — has gone 2、Our maths teacher isn’t here now. She ________ (go) to the library. She __________ (return) in fifteen minutes. will return —————— were picking 3、The students ___________ (pick) — apples on the farm when it — began suddenly _______ (begin) to rain yesterday. — ——— goes 4、Lin Tao often ________ (go) back— his home town. He has been to _______ ____ (be) there many times. ________ Will go will go 5、______ you ______ (go) for a picnic with us ——— tomorrow? I ______ does rain rains (go) if it ______ not ______ (rain) tomorrow.— it ______ (rain), I If _ ___________ (stay) at home instead. will stay

练习(复习卷P.51)
6、I can’t find my dictionary. ______ you ______(see) it anywhere? Have seen 7、A: Look at my book. It ____ (be) very interesting. is did buy B: Where ____ you _____ (buy) it? bought A: I ________ (buy) it at the bookshop near our school. B: ____ you often _____ (buy) new books at the bookshop?. Do —— buy A: Not very often.I usually _______ (borrow) books from our _____ borrow school library. go B: ______ you ______ (go) to the library ———— tomorrow? Will A: Oh, I _______ not _____ (go)

because — have just _______ I ______ __ borrowed will go (borrow) some books from the library. was listening knocked 8、I ___________ (listen) to the music when someone __________ (knock) at the door half an hour ago.

练习(复习卷P.51)
has lost 9、The gate keeper doesn’t let him in because he ________ (lose) his ticket. 10、_____ you ______ (like) science books? DO like have just bought are Yes, I _____— _______ (buy) some. Look, they _____(be) all interesting. — 11、 ______ the foreign friends _______ (arrive) yet? Have arrived —— have arrived Yes, they ______. They _______ (arrive) fifteen minutes ago. ——————— — Homework: 1) Go over the six tenses. 2) Finish P.5-8

练习(复习卷P.52)
1、 were、 doing

have、 finished、didn’t do、 did、 2、 are、staying、am doing、
didn’t、 did、do、was、 took、 got、was、 was、will、take、 will finish 3、 Have、been、 haven’t、will go 4、 will buy、 has lost

goes see、was playing、saw、 Does、 play、 does、plays、 5、 Did、
6、 has turned 7、 have waited、hasn’t come 8、 Have、drawn、have、 drew

Homework: 1) Go over the eight tenses; 2) Finish P.80-88 Ex.7.


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